Chinese hair ornament, thought to have been worn by the Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908).  Made from gilded copper alloy worked into phoenix-shapes, decorated with pearls, other gemstones, and kingfisher feathers.  Now in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.  Photo credit: Walters Art Museum.

Name: Dryad

Area of Origin: Greece

Dryads are tree-nymphs, found in Greek mythology. The Greek word drys signifies “Oak” , meaning that Dryads are specifically the nymphs of Oak trees, though the term has acquired a broader scope over time. Considered to be very shy creatures, Dryads often kept to themselves except when around the goddess Artemis, who was a friend to most nymphs. Like all nymphs, Dryads lived long lives and were tied to their homes, and as with many Greek mythological creatures, were composed of a variety of different kinds. The Hamadryads were integrally and physically attached to their trees, such that if the tree died, the Hamadryad associated with it would die as well.