The Numbat, Myrmecobius fasciatus

The numbat, also known as the banded anteater, marsupial anteater, or walpurti, is a marsupial found in Western Australia. Its diet consists almost exclusively of termites.  Once widespread across southern Australia, its range is now restricted to several small colonies, and it is listed as an endangered species.  

The deliberate release of the European red fox in the 19th century wiped out the entire numbat population in Victoria, NSW, South Australia and the Northern Territory.  The red fox was introduced by the English to indulge in their traditional sport of fox hunting.