monuments of ancient rome  1/??

Arch of Constantine, 315 CE

This enormous edifice was built along Rome’s triumphal route by the senate and people soon after Emperor Constantine’s victory over Maxentius in 312CE. It represents the beginning of a trend toward the strategic reuse of earlier material (sometimes called spolia) in new monuments in late antiquity. For example, the bearded statues above the columns were taken from Trajan’s Forum, and the round reliefs over the side-arches are from a monument of Hadrian’s time. The narrow, horizontal reliefs running below the roundels, by contrast, were commissioned under Constantine and represent his battles with Maxentius and his triumphal entry into Rome. (x)