Cairo’s homosexuality posed one of the biggest obstacles to securing overall approval of the picture. Hammett didn’t mince words in the novel. “This guy is queer,” says Sam Spade’s secretary as she hands him an engraved card bearing his name - Mr Joel Cairo. He speaks in a “high-pitched thin voice,” carries “gaily colored silk handkerchiefs fragrant of chypre,” and walks in “mincing, bobbing steps.” … Hal Wallis realised that American audiences - not to mention the Hays Office - were not ready for a candid look at homosexuality, which traditionally drew laughs and jeers out front.
After seeing Lorre’s first day’s work, Wallis dashed off a memo to Huston: “Don’t try and get a nancy quality into him, because if you do we will have trouble with the picture.” Huston bent to Breen’s will. In the scene, Effie presents Cairo’s calling card to a bemused Spade, who holds it to his nose.
“Gardenia,” says Effie.
“Quick, darling, in with him,” replies Spade.
The rest Huston left to Lorre’s subtlety and the viewer’s imagination.
The svelte 137-pound Lorre who stepped before the camera seemed younger, fitter, swifter. More was asked of him and he asked more of himself. The role was the best of its kind to come his way in years and Lorre knew it.
“I’d often shoot a scene with Peter and find it quite satisfactory, nothing more,” recalled Huston -
But then I would see it on the screen in rushes and discover it to be far better than what I had perceived on the set. Some subtlety of expression was seen by the camera and recorded by the microphone that the naked eye and ear did not get. He’d be doing little things that the camera close on him would pick up that standing a few feet away you wouldn’t see. It was underplaying; it was a play that you would see if you were close to him, as a close-up, as a camera is close. Things would flicker there and burn up slightly, like a lamp, and then dim down, and come on again. You’re watching something as if it were in motion.
from The Lost One: A Life of Peter Lorre -Stephen D Youngkin
how do u make sure u don't info dump the first chapter? and how do u keep it interesting? sorry if this was already asked thanks!!
Hello there! Info-dumping is something a lot of people struggle with, so don’t worry!
There are a lot of reasons to avoid info-dumps - they’re not only boring, but they can also make the reader feel like they know too much and have no reason to continue reading. So, in theory, you want to methodically drop information here and there wherever it’s needed to enhance or advance the story, which keeps readers adequately informed and interested.
However, that’s usually easier said than done.
First of all, don’t worry too much about your readers being under-informed. That’s probably not the case, because most readers aren’t expecting, or even wanting, to know absolutely everything about your story from the get-go. So don’t feel that you have to spoon-feed them information at the start - leave them wondering and questioning a bit. (Just make sure you don’t give them too little!)
Your story will feel a lot more realistic and natural when this information is spread out over time. There are a few ways to do this; dialogue, progression of the plot, or flashbacks (which should be used with caution and a light hand), among others.
In my opinion, dialogue is the easiest method, or at least my favourite. Having one character tell another character information that the readers need to know is a good way to make the relaying of information seem normal. If a new character is introduced, you have an opportunity to have another character catch them up, and so on. Readers can also learn a lot simply through character interactions and observations.
However, be careful you don’t have characters repeating information to someone that they both already know. If they’re saying something the other character knows, perhaps have them add their opinion to the dialogue so there’s a reason for them to be saying this. (E.g. “It’s raining outside,” vs. “I hate the rain. Why can’t it just be sunny all the time?”)
Another way you can introduce or convey information is through flashbacks or a character’s inner monologue. Flashbacks should be used sparingly, however, as it is easy to go overboard and bore your readers or overcomplicate things. The same can be said for inner monologues, however. Your characters can (and probably should) reflect on past events, or at least think about them sometimes. However, make sure you don’t do this too often or have characters simply narrate an entire event in their head for no reason, as most people don’t do this (and that’s probably a flashback at that point).
Finally, simply progressing the plot can also sometimes give your readers some insight. They might learn something from an action a character decides to take, or understand why something happened. This method is also something that probably should be happening naturally in your story already, but you can also take advantage of this a bit and use this to relay information.
These are just a few ways you can avoid info-dumps and spread out information (which will keep readers interested), but I hoped it helped! If you’re still unclear or have any other questions, feel free to ask. Thanks for the question, and happy writing!
Besides Umbridge, my second least favourite HP character is Petunia. It’s because of the way she treats Harry and allows her son and husband to abuse Harry as well. You’d have to be a special kind of spiteful to treat your sister’s child that badly out of envy and dislike of anything ‘abnormal’.
Okay, as some of you have known (and few of you have sent me a rather hostile anon over), Hideyoshi is my least favourite playable characters in SLBP. I just don’t feel the cheeky monkey even though I adore his monkey stuff. He totally got upstaged by Hanbei in his own route and I downright dislike him in any stories involving poor Inuchiyo and SLBP can write him reaaaaly skeevy.
y’all, i feel like they’re trying to trick us into thinking that jughead’s staying with betty but i’m also super excited for this scene bc i always had the feeling that alice approved of jughead,,,although alice is my second least favourite character on the show (the first being penelope blossom) her approving of jughead makes my heart happy
It was the summer before 6th year. The marauders had finally finished becoming animagi. James could now turn into a stag, Sirius a dog, Peter a rat and me a cat. We had decided that we needed nicknames for our new animal forms. After coming up with Padfoot, Prongs and Wormtail, we were trying to decided on one for me. I was small with (Y/H/C) hair and when I was in my cat form, my normal (Y/E/C) eyes were magnified.
I felt like drawing something Harry Potter-ish. Snape and Lily’s friendship was always one of my favourite relationships in the books and since Snape is my favourite character, I just had to draw him at least once.
Just wanted to share my jumble of thoughts on my
two favourite characters and maybe a crazy theory or two.
So least season, when R+L=J came to light, I had
a little aha moment. I read the books after I started watching the show, but
during the course of reading them it stood out pretty obviously to me that
Sansa longed for a “true hero” and that Jon was the only one in the
book who fit that description. Of course I was like “Huh, too bad he’s her
brother” and didn’t think much else of it until last season, after which I
was convinced that they were endgame.
i hate when people are like ‘i love harry potter but harry is my LEAST favourite character in the whole thing hes soo dramatic lol’ like thats fucking cool and ~alternative~ but literally every reason they have for disliking harry actually stems from the fact he was forced to sleep in a damn cupboard and never experienced love for the first 10 years of his life like s .. hut up