What people think it takes to learn a language:

  • Be born gifted with an incredible “knack” for languages that allows you to absorb language skills virtually by osmosis
  • Use duolingo whenever you feel like it
  • Buy an EarWorms disc set to play in your car sometimes
  • Thousands of dollars of expensive stationery and software
  • A plane ticket

What it actually takes to learn a language:

  • A love or passion for you target language
  • Committed study on a daily or almost-daily basis for an extended period of time
  • A thorough study plan and well set goals
  • Dedicated language immersion through travel/youtube/music/other media
  • Willingness to study, revise, practice and repeat over and over, even once you reach your goal proficiency
  • Understanding that students who DO have a knack but don’t practice will be rapidly outpaced by those who don’t have any inherent talent but actually commit to their study
  • The decency not to erase the hard work of those who studied for language proficiency by passing their efforts off as “a knack”
  • The time, energy, passion and internet access needed to study regularly
Part 13 - Ready To Run

Throughout this thesis, I have shown the ways in which One Direction exhibit masculine anxiety through analysis of interviews, music videos, and the music itself. By embracing elements of stadium rock and folk music, and employing strategic intertextualities from these styles, One Direction is able to appropriate extramusical characteristics associated with the styles, namely heteronormative masculinity and authenticity. These characteristics challenge and upset traditional notions of boy bands, particularly from non-fans and anti-fans, that boy bands are feminine and inauthentic because of both their commercial presentation and their feminine-coded music. But investigating the tensions between One Direction the brand and One Direction the band, questions arise as to exactly whose masculine anxiety it is that causes One Direction to embrace heteronormative masculinity through the use of stadium rock and folk music.

At this point in time, it would be impossible to come to a conclusive answer to that question, and realistically the answer is probably a mixture of both One Direction and 1DHQ. The musical and media evidence I have analyzed leads me to believe that 1DHQ knowingly constructs an image of an “anti-boy band” who presents themselves as philosophically and aesthetically opposed to traditional trappings of boy bands in order to appeal to a new generation who, through social media, values the perception of authenticity more than pop fans of previous eras. It is likely that many members of the band, even Harry and Louis, also put a premium on being perceived as authentic and likely enjoy the type of music One Direction has come to make aesthetically.[1] These tensions and unanswerable questions, however, are interesting in and of themselves, and possibly signal a change in the way our mainstream culture thinks about and values traditional gender characteristics. Woodley writes, “if Harry Styles can be queer, anyone can be queer.” Whether or not he is, One Direction’s transparent struggles with emphasizing traditional heteronormative masculinity highlight how expectations of young men and values around gender identity are changing rapidly.


[1] After leaving the band and ahead of the release of his solo album Mind Of Mine, Zayn Malik told Beats 1 dj Zane Lowe that he didn’t like the music they made as One Direction. “ I just gave it a go because it was there at the time and then when I realized the direction we were going in with the music, I instantly realized it wasn’t for me because I realized I couldn’t put any input in; I couldn’t give my opinion on this or that because it didn’t fit the grain of what we were as a band or what we represented.”

“But I’m In A Cool Boy Band”: Anxiety and Masculinity in the Music of One Direction

by Scott Interrante

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Musicology.


Part 2 - The Right Stuff

Part 3 - A “Cool” Boy Band

Part 4 - Masculine Anxiety

Part 5 - Story Of My Life

Part 6 - I Can’t Compete With Your Boyfriend/He’s Got 27 Tattoos!

Part 7 - Rock Me

Part 8 - Guitars, Gender, Authenticity

Part 9 - “One, Two, Three…”

Part 10 - “The Same Three Chords We’ve All Been Using”

Part 11 - Change Your Ticket

Part 12 - Everyone Else In The Room Can See It 

Who are I.B.I? - I.B.I Masterpost

Even if you didn’t watch the show, if you’ve payed any attention to kpop then you’ve probably heard of Produce 101 and the resulting group I.O.I. Such a large scale show has resulted in a large amount of interest in upcoming trainees and the appearance of many new girl groups. Right now most attention is on I.O.I and groups like DIA and gugudan. Now, p101 fans are getting ready for the debut of the newest group resulting from p101 - the project group I.B.I!

What is I.B.I? 

I.B.I was originally just a concept created by produce 101 fans for fun. The five members of IBI all came close to making it into IOI despite Mnets evil editing and lack of screentime. I.B.I stans for il ban in, basically meaning “ordinary person”. Their motto is “I Believe It!”.

In July, it was announced that I.B.I would become a reality, as a project group managed by Loen. 

They will be releasing two digital singles and an M/V for the title track “Stealthily” on August 18th. They also will be having a showcase and will be appearing on SNL. 

Who are I.B.I?

“General” Lee Haein (22) - Unsigned 

- Recently left SS Entertainment

“Quick” Kim Sohee (21) - Music Works 

- Member of Parody group “C.I.V.A”

“Light” Yoon Chaekyung (20) - DSP Media 

- Member of parody group “C.I.V.A”

- Former member of shortlived group “Puretty”, Kara Project contestant

“Idiot” Lee Suhyun (20) - Unsigned

- Recently left SS Entertainment

“Jjaek/Twitting” Han Hyeri (19) - Star Empire 

- Confirmed member of Star Empire’s new girl group (along with p101 contestants Kang Sihyeon and Kim Yunji: together known as OMZM) 

I.B.I: Jewelry - I Really Like You Cover

Support Mix for Olympics 2016

Profile Making Footage

First Live Cast

Fan Videos

Although they haven’t been getting much attention from English speaking kpop fans, they have been getting a lot of attention from Korean fans. They have managed to gain over 10,000 fans on Melon and managed to be in the top 5 girl groups on Melon along with Black Pink, I.O.I, Gfriend and Twice. They’ve managed this before debuting. A popular webtoon artist is even releasing webtoons about the members.

I.B.I is a great opportunity for them all to get a chance to debut and develop a more solid standing in entertainment. As of now the only member confirmed to be debuting in an official group from their own company is Hyeri. Please support I.B.I so that one day they all can get their chance at success.

Watch out for their debut on August 18th! 

When creating COCA, we wanted to create a platform that could be about and enjoyed by the POC community that highlights diversity, thoughts and passions that we share. We are looking for contributors to write for our site, if you’re interested message us! So what are we about:

COCA Mag is a online and print (still in the making) magazine that showcases all forms of art, writing, music, fashion by and for p.o.c (people of color).

COCA was created as a platform that strives to give a voice and a space for p.o.c creatives. This platform is inclusive and push diversity into these mediums that allows for critical thought and open conversation. We make it our mission to publish work that is real and transparent. We tell our stories through our work and we want to share yours.