mushafs

In deep thoughts right now?

But really, what was the first thing that came to your mind? Be really honest.

I know some might say, I’m a doctor now, engineer, architect and all those beautiful professions that Allah Azza Wa Jall made us achieve by His Permission, right?

It’s okay, it’s a beautiful achievement, but let’s face it, in this dunya unless you are amongst those who use it in propagation for Islam, because let’s be honest to ourselves, this world will perish and so will the knowledge that we gained except for that of the knowledge in deen. 

When we ask someone about this, it’s sad how we don’t [to ourselves] immediately say like I have memorized the Qur’an by heart or that I pray 5 times a day or that I know the language of the Qur’an, or anything that is in relation to our deen. This just shows how we put Islam in our lives, we put it on the end, just like how some put Allah Azza Wa Jall as the last resort, when things get worst, then that’s the only time they call upon Allah. Astagfirullah.

O my dear brother and sister in Islam, today, I want to tell you something about the Qur’an because if you are among those people who tend to set aside his or her obligation upon Allah and set aside the will of learning the Qur’an then this is for you. 

When I did my hifdh, my shaykha asked about the history of the Qur’an [tho my experience may differ to other hifdh students because I was homeschooled] and I couldn’t answer her, all i knew was that it was revealed to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam by the angel Jibrail Alaihi Salaam, that these were the words of Allah Azza Wa Jall. 

My shaykha said I was correct but she told me to go deeper, because that is the beauty of Qur’an, it lies within deeper meanings, goes beyond what we perceive it looks or sounds like, that when you study more about it you will realize how glorified Allah is and how limited our knowledge and understanding is without the blessings of Allah Azza Wa Jall.

So now, I am sharing to you some things that I have discovered and studied about the history of the Qur’an. 
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Did you know that when we talk about Qur’an, the name of ‘Uthman Ibn Affan Radiyallahu Anhu cannot be left behind? Yes, it’s because uniting the ummah with a single mushaf [quran] was his greatest achievement.

I will do my best to be brief on this, since I do not want to make it too lengthy so let me explain it by bullet form.

There were three stages in writing down the Noble Qur’an.

• First stage was during the time of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam

The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam enjoined the writing down of the Qur’an that was revealed to him through scribe or scribes that wrote. 

On this stage one Companion was known and acquired the nickname Kaatib Al Nabi [Scribe of the Prophet] because he specialized in writing down the Wahy [Revelation] and he was Zayd Ibn Thabit Radiyallahu Anhu.

When the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam died, the entire Qur’an was written down, but it was not all put together as the scribes wrote the verses on palm leaves and flat stones and was memorized in the hearts of men.

Even though it was preserved on pages and in people’s hearts, Jibrail Alaihi Salaam still reviewed the Qur’an once every year, and he reviewed it with the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wassalaam twice in the year in which he died.

• Second stage was during the time of Abu Bakr As Sideeq Radiyallahu Anhu

We all know that in the Battle of Al Yamaamah, Muslims who joined the caravan of the shuhada [martyrs] were mostly among the huffadh [people who memorized the Qur’an].

With this tragedy, Abu Bakr with consultation with ‘Umar complied the Qur’an by collecting it from the skins, bones and palm leaves on which it was written as well as from the hearts of men.

Hence we find the story of Zayd Ibn Thabit with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. [which I have written in a separate article]

The pages that were compiled then were kept with Abu Bakr during his lifetime, until he died, then with ‘Umar until he died, then with Hafsah Bint ‘Umar.

• Third stage was during the time of ‘Uthman Ibn Affan Radiyallahu Anhu

When Hudhayfah Ibn Yamaan came to ‘Uthman when he was on a campaign with the people of Syria and the people of Iraq in the conquest of Armenia and Azerbaijan, he became very alarmed by the differences in their recitation, so he told ‘Uthman:

"O Amir ul Mu’mineen, save this ummah before they differ concerning the Book as the Jews and the Christians did." 

'Uthman then sent a word to Hafsah saying, "Send us the manuscript so that we may make copies of it, then we will return it to you."

After this, ‘Uthman ordered Zayd Ibn Thabit, ‘Abd Allah Ibn Az Zubair and Sa’eed Ibn Al’As with ‘Abd Ar Rahman Ibn Al Haarith Ibn Hishaam to make copies of it, and told them: “If you and Zayd differ concerning anything of the Qur’an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish, for it was revealed in their dialect.” 

[In another narration, the ones whom ‘Uthman ordered to write the Mushaf were twelve men, among them were Ubayy Ibn Ka’b and otheres from among Quraish and the Ansar.]

So it was done until they made many copies, then ‘Uthman returned the manuscript to Hafsha, and he sent a copied mushaf to every region and ordered that all the other Qur’anic material, whether it was mauscripts or entire copies, be burnt, so it couldn’t cause differences anymore.
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Some point to clarify and highlight:

1) During the Prophet’s Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam time, the Qur’an was written and scattered on pages, flat stones, palm leaves, stones and other materials and the chapters were not all compiled in one place. 

2) On the second stage, during the time of Abu Bakr, the Qur’an was written with every chapter having its verses put in order, in pages that followed the order of the verses as they had memorized from the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. 

So Zayd Ibn Thabit wrote what had been written at the time of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam on pages with the chapters and its verses in order in which they had been revealed.

Also, the reason it was compiled was to have the Qur’an preserved as the incident that happened during the Battle of Al Yaamamah endanger the preservation of the Qur’an with the death of many huffadh.

3) During the third stage, with the danger of creating differences, ‘Uthman Ibn Affan then was motivated to compile the Qur’an even though it had been compiled in the proper order during the time of Abu Bakr because of the alarming differences between Muslim reciters in their recitations. 

As Hudhayfah didn’t want the Qur’anic text to be tampered with and distorted as to what happened among the Jews and Christians where each community was divided against itself with regard to its Book. 

It was during this stage also that the Qur’an was compiled in a manuscript and was put together and sewn with one thread.
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These are just brief information about the history and evolution of the Noble Qur’an, these are summarized and some are paraphrased as to how I have read and understood them, so please if there is difference in opinion kindly refer to the dalil I have cited at the end of this article. in sha Allah.
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So now, you have read how scrupulously and thoroughly the Qur’an was made to reach our generation, how it was protected and preserved by great people that came before us, how much effort and time they have given for this [some with their lives] just so we, who sit in our houses like there is nothing to do, could benefit and know the beauty and importance of this Noble Book.

'Uthman had such a wonderful achievement in his life, now, you who read this, what have you done for your deen?

Because by Allah, as a Muslim, your life is all about Islam. 

I’m not gonna tell you there’s more time, but I’m telling you everyday death chases you, and with every day that you let pass without feeding your soul with the knowledge of Qur’an is a day wasted. 

So get up now, make wudhu and do your best to read the Qur’an and I’m not saying just read but reflective reading, ponder and reflect after every verse! Let the wisdom of this Book fill your hearts and souls, let us develop that amity for the Qur’an and may our lives be lived in accordance to it!
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And we pray that Allah Azza Wa Jall gives us the tawfiq to learn and understand the Qur’an in order that we develop love and increase the knowledge we have for the deen so we just like ‘Uthmaan can achieve something so great for Allah, our own and our deen. Amin.

Zohayma
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Stories were taken from the following:

• Al Bukhari, Kitab Fadaa’il Al Qur’an, no. 4686
• Hurub Al Riddah wa Bina’al Dawlah Al Islamiyyah,Ahmad Sa’eed,p. 145
• Al Bukhari, no. 4986
• Al Madinah An Nabawiyyah Fajr Al Islam wa’l Asr Al Raashidi, 2/241
• Al Bukhari, Kitaab Fadaa’il Al Qur’an, no. 4987
• ‘Uthmaan Ibn Affan, Saadiq Arjun, p. 171

Uthman ibn Affan (radiAllahu 'anhu) on the Language of the Qur'an

Narrated Anas (raa): Uthman (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) called Zaid bin Thabit (radiAllaahu ‘anhu), Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (radiAllaahu ‘anhu), Said bin Al-’As (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) and ‘AbdurRahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham (radiAllaahu ‘anhu), and then they wrote the manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an in the form of book in several copies.

‘Uthman (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) said to the three Quraishi persons.

"If you differ with Zaid bin Thabit (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) on any point of the Quran, then write it in the language of Quraish, as the Quran was revealed in their language."

So they acted accordingly. [Zaid bin Thabit (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) was an Ansari and not from Quraish].

[Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and his Companions – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 56, Hadith no. 709]

Have You Abandoned the Qurʾān?

On the Day of Judgment, our beloved Prophet ﷺ will put forward a complain to Allāh, the Lord of the Worlds. He ﷺ will complain against all those who abandoned the Qurʾān. And what fate do you think awaits those whom the Prophet complains against?!

 

And the Messenger has said, “O my Lord, indeed my people have taken this Qurʾān as [a thing] abandoned.”﴿

Al-ʿAllāmah Moḥammed b. Mukhtār ash-Shanqīṭī was asked the following question,
“Days pass by and I do not recite the Qurʾān, is this considered abandonment of the Qurʾān?”

He answered, 
❝This is considered a deprivation! And what a deprivation it is! 
If you find that days have passed and you have not recited anything from the Qurʾān, then weep over yourself. By Allāh a person is not deprived of performing an act of worship except it is an indication that they have become distant from Allāh.

Sufyān ath-Thawrī said, “I once committed a sin, and because of that sin I was unable to perform the night prayer for six months.”

So if you find days pass by and you do not recite anything of the Qurʾān then weep over yourself and ask Allāh for ʿĀfīyah (to keep you safe and sound).

Turn to Allāh repentant and seeking forgiveness. For this is only because of a sin between you and Allāh.❞ [Audio of fatwa available online.]

What makes our situation worse is how easily and readily we have available copies and recitations of the Qurʾān, but look how distant we are from it! May Allāh help us. 

Be Quick In the Race (Quran 3:133-134; Surat Al `Imran)

وَسَارِعُوا إِلَى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ (133) الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ (134)

Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the earth, prepared for the righteous,-Those who spend [for the sake of Allah], whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon people’s wrongs;- for Allah loves those who do good