musee du paris

Empress Joséphine’s Sapphire and Diamond Parure, sold by Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, to King Louis Philippe of the French in 1821.

Georges de la Tour (1593-1659)
“Mary Magdalene with a night light” (1630-1635)
Oil on canvas
Baroque, Tenebrism
Located in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Tenebrism, from the Italian word “tenebroso,” meaning murky, is a style of painting using very pronounced chiaroscuro, where there are violent contrasts of light and dark, and where darkness becomes a dominating feature of the image. The technique was developed to add drama to an image through a spotlight effect, and was popular during the Baroque period.

Eustache Le Sueur (1617-1655)
“Melpomene, Erato and Polyhymnia” (1652-1655)
Oil on canvas
Located in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Melpomene, Erato and Polyhymnia are three of the nine muses in Greek mythology. Melpomene is the muse of tragedy, Erato is lyric poetry, and Polyhymnia is sacred poetry.

Napoleon I was exiled to the island of St. Helena and that is where he died in 1821. In 1840, his remains were returned to Paris and buried in Les Invalides. These gigantic statues surround and guard his tomb. 

Les Invalides, Paris, France

Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
“Léon Riesener” (1835)
Oil on canvas
Located in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Riesener was a French Romantic painter, and cousin of Delacroix. Enchanted by the play of light and reflections which transformed the appearance of matter, Riesener began a new aesthetic that made him one of the precursors of impressionism.