muscogee creek

The NYC Stands for Standing Rock committee is a group of Indigenous scholars and activists, and settler/ POC supporters. We belong and are responsible to a range of Indigenous peoples and nations, including Tlingit, Haudenosaunee, Secwepemc, St’at’imc, Creek (Muscogee), Anishinaabe, Peoria, Diné, Maya Kaqchikel, and Quechua. We have joined forces to support the Standing Rock Sioux in their continued assertion of sovereignty over their traditional territories. We welcome the support and participation of Indigenous peoples and allied environmental/ community/ justice organizations in the New York area.


This is an amazing piece of information that should be given to every university.


Tsianina Redfeather was born Florence Tsianina Evans at Eufaula, in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), to Creek (Muscogee) and Cherokee parents. She was trained as a singer in Denver, sponsored in part by Alice Robertson .

At age 16, Redfeather joined pianist Charles Wakefield Cadman on tour, giving recitals throughout North America. Cadman, who was white, claimed expertise in Native American music, and lectured on the subject. As “Princess Redfeather,” Tsianina performed Cadman’s compositions in traditional costume, with long braids and garments she had beaded herself. Cadman’s composition, “From the Land of Sky-Blue Water,” was Redfeather’s signature song.

Tsianina Redfeather also knew archaeologist Edgar Lee Hewett, who attempted to compliment her by saying that he admired the shape of her head, and hoped to have it for his museum after she died. “He frightened me,” she recalled, “and I had a secret fear of having my skull on display for all to see.” (Hewett died long before Redfeather did.)

During World War I, she was the only woman in a YMCA-sponsored troupe of Native American entertainers who played and danced for troops in France and Germany, just before the armistice. For her service, she received a commendation.

The opera Shanewis, with music by Cadman and libretto by Nelle Richmond Eberhart, was loosely based on Redfeather’s stories of Native American life. It debuted at the Metropolitan Opera in 1918 and toured the United States. Tsianina Redfeather sang the lead at some performances, including at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, in 1926.

In 1935, Redfeather retired from singing. She was one of the founders of the American Indian Education Foundation (AIEF), and spent thirty years on the board of managers for the School of American Research in Santa Fe.

Ghost Sickness

People who are preoccupied and/or consumed by the deceased are believed to suffer ghost sickness. The sickness is attributed to ghosts, or sometimes witches and witchcraft. Ghost sickness is related to the belief that the dead may try to take someone with them. The sufferer may be mildly obsessed with death or a deceased person whom they believe to be the source of their affliction.

Putsch states that “Spirits or ‘ghosts’ may be viewed as being directly or indirectly linked to the cause of an event, accident, or illness”.

Ghost sickness is mainly reported to occur amongst Native American tribes, (including Navajo) making it a culture-bound syndrome. Reported symptoms include:

  • General weakness.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Suffocative sensations.
  • Recurring nightmares.
  • A pervasive feeling of terror.
  • Hallucination.
  • Depression. 

Religious leaders within the Navajo tribe repeatedly perform rituals to eliminate the all-consuming thoughts of the dead.

In the Muscogee (Creek) culture, it is believed that everyone is a part of an energy called Ibofanga. This energy supposedly results from the flow between mind, body, and spirit. Illness can result from this flow being disrupted. Therefore, “Indian medicine is used to prevent or treat an obstruction and restore the peaceful flow of energy within a person”. Purification rituals for mourning “focus on preventing unnatural or prolonged emotional and physical drain.

A common belief among the Kwakiuti Indians of British Columbia is that a child’s soul is weaker or less attached to their body than that of an adult. This would make children more vulnerable than adults to ghost sickness. In this society the children are commonly referred to as adults in order to protect their souls and mislead the ghosts.


Happy Indigenous People’s Day to my fellow Natives out there! 🎉🎊
To celebrate I thought I’d post some photos of people from my tribe The Muscogee (Creek) Nation aka Mvskoke. In the top left is my Great Grandfather & family. My Native family originated from what is now Alabama & were forced to relocate to what is now Oklahoma. The top right photo is of Mvskoke poet Alexander Posey. The bottom left is of Menawa aka Hothlepoya who led the “Red Sticks” during the Creek Civil war of 1813-1814 & died during the Indian Removal aka Trail of Tears. The bottom right photo is of the current Muscogee National Council. Muscogee (Creek) Nation is considered a sovereign nation within the United States & has its own form of government.


Jesse Davis - Golden Sun Goddess. (by 123c123c123c)

I don’t speak about this much because I look like a white lady and I identify as a white lady and I was raised as a white lady, but my grandfather was of the Muscogee Creek Nation. My aunt just let me know that there is a Mvskoke language app and I downloaded it for my phone. It’s a difficult language but I am interesting in the idea of at least hearing it because so many indigenous languages are in jeopardy. it makes me really happy that they have created something as accessable as a phone app to preserve their language! Right now I only know one word and it just means “toothless one” I think it is meant to be used for elders who had no teeth but my father used it for me when when I was little and lost teeth.