The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ)
Who were his (ﷺ) wives, and why did he (ﷺ) marry them?
The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) are all considered Ummuhaat Al-Mumineen (Mothers of the Believers). They are:
- Khadeejah Bint Khuwalid: He married her when he was 25 years old and she was 40 years old. She bore all his children except one son. He did not marry any other woman whilst being married to her.
- Sawda Bint Zam’a: She was a widow and a mother of six children. Her friend called Khawlah Bint Hakeem approached the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraging him to marry Sawda. He married her when he was 50 years old
- ‘Aaisha Bint Abi Bakr as-Siddeeq: She was the only virgin he married, and was the daughter of his best friend. She grew up to be a great scholar, teacher and authority of knowledge in Islaam.
- Hafsah Bint Umar: She was a widow whose husband was martyred in the battle of Uhud. After the death of her husband, her father Umar ibn al-Khattaab searched for an appropriate man to marry her. They were overjoyed when the Prophet (peace be upon him) accepted the proposal.
- Zaynab al-Hilaaliyyah: She was a widow whose husband died in the battle of Badr. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her when he 56 years old. He married her out of concern for her welfare and to take care of her after the death of her husband.
- Umm Salamah: She was one of the earliest people to accept Islaam along with her husband. They both migrated to Abyssinia then Madeenah. In Madeenah her husband died, leaving her behind with children. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in her old age and he was even older.
- Zaynab Bint Jahsh: She was the cousin of the Prophet (peace be upon him). She had two previous husbands, one who had died before Islaam and the other was the adopted son of the Prophet, a freed slave. It was the custom of the Arabs that an adopted son would be considered to be ones real blood son. However Islam abolished this concept and maintained the rights of the real blood parents of a child, even after adoption to somebody else.
- Juwairiyyah Bint al-Haarith: She was a noble woman who was captured and enslaved in war. She came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) complaining of her situation and asking the Prophet to help her to free herself by paying her ransom. The Prophet (peace be upon him) paid her ransom and then married her.
- Safiyyah Bint Huyayy: A woman of Jewish descent, she was a taken as a war captive. The Prophet (peace be upon him) freed her and called her to Islaam. Upon accepting Islaam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) married her.
- Umm Habeeba Ramlah: She migrated to Abyssinia along with her husband who had accepted Islaam. However her husband then went back to disbelief and died whilst drinking alcohol. He left her behind alone, with a young child, in a foreign country. The Prophet (peace be upon him) heard of her plight and requested from the Abyssinian king to send her to Madeenah in order for her to be married to the Prophet.
- Maariah al-Qubtiyah: She was a Coptic Christian who was sent as a gift from the King of Egypt at that time. Upon her accepting Islaam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) married her and freed her from being a captive
- Zaynab Bint Khuzaymah: She was known as Umm al-Masaakeen (the Mother of the Poor) due to her care and concern for the poor and needy. She was a widow, who had been married to two men. They either died or divorced her before the Prophet (peace be upon her) chose to marry her.
- Maymoonah Bint al-Haarith: She was the last wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him). She had been widowed previous to her marriage to the Prophet.