mumineen

The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ)

Who were his (ﷺ) wives, and why did he (ﷺ) marry them?

The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) are all considered Ummuhaat Al-Mumineen (Mothers of the Believers). They are:

  • Khadeejah Bint Khuwalid: He married her when he was 25 years old and she was 40 years old. She bore all his children except one son. He did not marry any other woman whilst being married to her.
  • Sawda Bint Zam’a: She was a widow and a mother of six children. Her friend called Khawlah Bint Hakeem approached the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraging him to marry Sawda. He married her when he was 50 years old
  • ‘Aaisha Bint Abi Bakr as-Siddeeq: She was the only virgin he married, and was the daughter of his best friend. She grew up to be a great scholar, teacher and authority of knowledge in Islaam.
  • Hafsah Bint Umar: She was a widow whose husband was martyred in the battle of Uhud. After the death of her husband, her father Umar ibn al-Khattaab searched for an appropriate man to marry her. They were overjoyed when the Prophet (peace be upon him) accepted the proposal.
  • Zaynab al-Hilaaliyyah: She was a widow whose husband died in the battle of Badr. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her when he 56 years old. He married her out of concern for her welfare and to take care of her after the death of her husband.
  • Umm Salamah: She was one of the earliest people to accept Islaam along with her husband. They both migrated to Abyssinia then Madeenah. In Madeenah her husband died, leaving her behind with children. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in her old age and he was even older.
  • Zaynab Bint Jahsh: She was the cousin of the Prophet (peace be upon him). She had two previous husbands, one who had died before Islaam and the other was the adopted son of the Prophet, a freed slave. It was the custom of the Arabs that an adopted son would be considered to be ones real blood son. However Islam abolished this concept and maintained the rights of the real blood parents of a child, even after adoption to somebody else.
  • Juwairiyyah Bint al-Haarith: She was a noble woman who was captured and enslaved in war. She came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) complaining of her situation and asking the Prophet to help her to free herself by paying her ransom. The Prophet (peace be upon him) paid her ransom and then married her.
  • Safiyyah Bint Huyayy: A woman of Jewish descent, she was a taken as a war captive. The Prophet (peace be upon him) freed her and called her to Islaam. Upon accepting Islaam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) married her.
  • Umm Habeeba Ramlah: She migrated to Abyssinia along with her husband who had accepted Islaam. However her husband then went back to disbelief and died whilst drinking alcohol. He left her behind alone, with a young child, in a foreign country. The Prophet (peace be upon him) heard of her plight and requested from the Abyssinian king to send her to Madeenah in order for her to be married to the Prophet.
  • Maariah al-Qubtiyah: She was a Coptic Christian who was sent as a gift from the King of Egypt at that time. Upon her accepting Islaam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) married her and freed her from being a captive
  • Zaynab Bint Khuzaymah: She was known as Umm al-Masaakeen (the Mother of the Poor) due to her care and concern for the poor and needy. She was a widow, who had been married to two men. They either died or divorced her before the Prophet (peace be upon her) chose to marry her.
  • Maymoonah Bint al-Haarith: She was the last wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him). She had been widowed previous to her marriage to the Prophet.
O Allah, I have wronged myself, and I have been audacious in my ignorance, and I have depended upon Your ancient remembrance of me and Your favour toward me. How many ugly things have you concealed, how many burdensome tribulations have you abolished, how many stumbles you have prevented, and you many ordeals have you repelled.
—  An excerpt from Duā Kumyāl (ra). Hands down my favourite part is this section of the Du`a. This is the one that speaks to me the most.

Oh. There. There.

This is a post to remind you of that book you have there, yes, right there at the top, your bookshelf. 

Something we call “the Noble Qur’an”

Something that shouldn’t only be displayed on the bookshelf, really.
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Indeed, it is very saddening to know how “most Muslim” kids/teens nowadays are very well equipped with the latest gadgets and trending topics on the music industry and celebrity news yet at lost when it comes to strengthening their deen. Astagfirullah, we can’t deny it, it is happening everywhere.

I would like to share a short excerpt from the life of a young Companion of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam.

He was Abdur-Rahman Ibn Abza Khuza’i Radiyallahu Anu also known as “Ibn Abza“, a freed slave of Nafi Ibn Abdul Harith Radiyallahu Anhu who became a governor of Makkah during the reign of ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab Radiyallahu Anhu as Ameer ul Mumineen.

Ibn Abza RA was a very intelligent and an expert in Islamic inheritance law, but more than that, at a young age he was able to memorize the Qur’an and Allah Azza Wa Jall blessed him with such a beautiful voice that captivates the hearts of people whenever he recites. 

One day while ‘Umar RA was on a tour of Makkah, he came across Nafi RA in Afsar, a place close to the holy city. ‘Umar asked him: “Who did you appoint as ruler over the inhabitants of Makkah?”

Nafi replied: “Ibn Abza”
‘Umar asked, “Who is Ibn Abza?”
Nafi replied: “One of my freed slaves.”
‘Umar exclaimed in wonder saying, “You appointed a freed slave over them?”
nafi replied: “He can recite the Qur’an very well. Moreover, he is an expert in Islamic laws of inheritance.”
‘Umar was obviously satisfied with the decision and said: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam said: “Allah elevates a nation by the Qur’an and degrades them by it.” 

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Didn’t affect you much? Maybe because we should realize that Ibn Abza was a freed slave with no known ancestry unlike the inhabitants of Makkah yet he had the Qur’an in his heart a blessing that truly Allah Azza Wa Jall only gives to those whom He chooses. 

Because of the Qur’an in his heart, Allah Azza Wa Jall raised his status in this duniya through making him a governor over the people in Makkah during the time of ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab RA and again a governor over the people of Khorasan during the reign of Ali Ibn Abi Talib RA.

A scholar once said, “They gained honor through the Qur’an (the Sahabah) while we lost it by forsaking it.”

Astagfirullah. It is indeed a high time that we stop looking at the screens of our phones and start removing the dust that covered our mushafs. O Muslims, the more you shun away from the Qur’an, the more darkness of emotional depression and failures clutter over you. 

When you fail, you blame Allah, yet when you succeed, you don’t even remember Allah. Astagfirullah.

May this story make you realize the worth of this blessing you are forsaking! It’s never too late, you still have the hands to remove that dust on your mushaf and start reading, reciting and reflecting! Remember it will be your companion in your grave, it will emit light when layers of darkness will be upon you!

Read O son of Adam, recite in the name of Allah Azza Wa Jall!
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And we pray that Allah Azza Wa Jall puts the love for the Qur’an in our hearts and enable us to read and recite it every single day of our life as a means to be closer to Him. 

Amin

Zohayma

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Story was taken from Sahih Muslim: Salat-ul Musafireen, Hadith 817

Fatima was born on the twentieth day of Jamadil-akhira, forty-five years after the birth of the Prophet. And the cause of her death was that Qunfuth, the slave of the man (i.e. Abu Bakr), by the command of his master (Abu Bakr), hit her with his sword, from which she miscarried Muhassan, and she became severely ill from this event. And she did not allow anyone of those whom harmed her to enter her house. There were two of the companions of the Prophet (i.e. Umar and Abu Bakr) who asked Amir Al-mumineen (Imam Ali) to intercede on their behalf (and ask Fatima to allow them to enter). He (Imam Ali) asked her and she permitted (for them to enter). When they entered, they remarked “How are you O daughter of the Messenger of Allah?” She replied “I am well, praise to Allah”. Then she told them both, “Have you not heard the Prophet say “Fatima is a part of me, whosoever hurts her has in fact hurt me, and whoever hurts me has in fact hurt Allah”?” They both affirmed that. She said “I swear by Allah that you have both hurt me.” So they both left the house and she was displeased with them
—  Imam Sadiq (as), Dala-il Al-Imamah 45
Doubt is named doubt because it resembles truth. As for lovers of Allah, their conviction serves them as light and the direction of the right path (itself) serves as their guide; while the enemies of Allah, in time of doubt call to misguidance in the darkness of doubt and their guide is blindness (of intelligence). One who fears death cannot escape it nor can one who fears for eternal life secure it.
—  The Commander of the Faithful `Ālī (peace be upon him), Nāhj Al-Balaghā, Sermon 38