multiple rocket launch system


Rocket multiple launch rocket system T34 Calliope - USA,

This MLRS mounted on M4A1 or M4A3 tanks 

T34 Сalliope , had three main modifications :

1. Rocket Launcher T34 (calliope) — modification carrying 60 rockets caliber 117 mm (4.6 inches) in tubular guides — a group of 36 guides at the top and discharged two groups of 12 tubes each under it (the version that is installed on the tank M4A1, reset guide).

2.T34E1 Rocket Launcher (calliope) — similar to the T34 design, but a group of 12 resettable tubular guides replaced by groups of 14 pieces.

3.T34E2 Rocket Launcher (calliope) — the caliber of rockets increased to 180 mm (7.2 inches), the number of tubular guides is equal to 60. This variant was used in combat in 1944-1945.

Despite the presence of rocket weapon, “M4” fully retained the weapons and the usual reservation, “Sherman”, making it the only MLRS, capable of acting directly on the battlefield.

The crew of the Sherman Calliope could fire missiles from inside the tank, the vent in the rear only needed to reload. The downside was that the pull was attached directly to the gun barrel that would not let fire out of it as long as the launcher was not reset.

The launchers T34E1 and T34E2 this disadvantage was eliminated.