mukden incident

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The Soviet Invasion of Manchuria, Part I — The Rising Sun and the Bear

In 1930 China was in turmoil as the country was divided among a number of warlords who controlled their own independent realms.  On the pretext of defending an important Japanese built railway in the region of Northeast China called Manchuria, the highly imperialistic Japanese government stationed the Kwantung Army to protect it.  The Kwantung Army was the elite force of the Japanese Army, and perhaps the most prestigious command of in the Japanese military.  

Although under the authority of Japanese High Command, the Kwantung Army had a mind of its own as it was staffed by officers who sought power, wealth, and glory.  In 1931 the Kwantung Army conducted a false flag operation where they bombed the railway they were guarding.  Blaming the bombing on a local warlord, they used the incident as a pretext to invade and conquer all of Manchuria.  The forces of the local warlord, although larger than the Kwantung Army, were no match for the organization and professionalism of the Japanese.  Within five months, the Kwantung Army had defeated the Chinese and conquered Manchuria.  They created a puppet stated called “Manchuko”, which was ruled by a puppet emperor from the former Chinese Manchu Dynasty.  Incredibly, the Kwantung Army did all of this without any orders from the Japanese government.

Throughout the 1930’s Japan continued to expand into Chinese territory.  By the late 1930’s Japan also sought to expand into the Soviet Union, hoping to gain possession of the rich oil and gas fields of Siberia.  In the summer of 1938, a series of clashes between Japanese and Soviet forces occurred near Lake Khazan near Vladivostok. Then in 1939, the Kwantung Army attempted a full scale invasion of the Soviet Union and her ally, Mongolia.  The two armies met at a river called Khalkin Gol on May 11th, 1939.

The Japanese invaded with a massive force composed of 75,000 men of the 6th Japanese Army, a unit of the Kwantung Army.  Throughout the summer of 1939, the Japanese assaulted Soviet-Mongolian lines, but had little success.  Then a large Soviet force led by future marshal Georgy Zhukov arrived with a heavily mechanized army.  While the Japanese prided themselves on their courageous infantry, throughout World War II they always lacked armored forces.  In addition Japanese tanks were of typically light armed and armored light tanks.  Japanese tanks also had the reputation as being the among the worst tanks produced during the war. By contrast, the Soviets had a reputation for producing some of the best tanks of the war.  The pathetic tanks of the Japanese Army were no match for the steel behemoths of the Soviet Red Army.

At the Battle of Khalkhin Gol the Japanese brought 135 tanks 250 aircraft. Georgy Zhukov brought 500 tanks, hundreds of vehicles, and over 800 aircraft. In late August, he conducted a massive counterattack lead by three tank brigades and 50,000 infantry.  The Red Army easily swept the Japanese air force from the skies, while simultaneously bombing Japanese defensive positions and supply lines.  Soviet tank units made mincemeat of the Japanese armored forces while smashing through the flanks of the Japanese.  Once the Japanese flanks were destroyed, Soviet infantry encircled and surrounded the Japanese.  Zhukov demanded the Japanese surrender, but the Japanese commander, Michitaro Kumatsubara, announced that he would fight to the death.  Over the next several days Soviet artillery and aircraft pounded the Japanese as the Red Army tightened its noose around the encircled army.  It seemed that within a matter of days the 6th Army would be wiped out.  Then in August, 1939 it was announced that Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Germany, and since Japan was Germany’s ally, they were required to make peace with the Soviets.  In essence, the Japanese had been saved by the bell.

The Battle of Khalkhin Gol was the biggest ass whoopin’ dealt to the Japanese until the Battle of Midway in 1942.  Afterwards, the Japanese signed a separate non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union, pretending that the whole thing had never happened.

As a result of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, the Japanese chose not to intervene when Germany invaded the Soviet Union, then the Soviet Union overran and destroyed Germany.  However, a promise between Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt guaranteed that the Soviet Union and Imperial Japan would clash once again.

To be Continued… 

Hetalia phobia Headcanons

So I was talking with my sibling about Hetalia and we both began to speak about what it might be like if it were a bit more serious. As we spoke, I brought up a few Headcanons that I had when it came to some of the Nations worst fears and phobias. My sibling though they were rather interesting. So I decided to share them. I’ve always thought that Nations would have phobias based on their pasts and tradition. So I did some research and put together a list of some countries phobias. I don’t have EVERY country of course, but I do have a few.

Originally posted by darkesttrip

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Joker Game Timeline

So this is a tentative timeline for Joker Game. Corrections and new info might end up being added in the future… and, of course, everyone is very welcome to let me know if they’ve corrections or new info!

Some dates were found by doing some math. Some other dates might not be that relevant as they’re dates referring to the identities the spies take.

To find out all the dates I’ve used the official timeline for the anime, the anime itself (dates appear often on newspaper in addition to the ones mentioned in dialogues), the novel and… well, history.

I didn’t use D no Maou as it follows its own timeline.

So… let’s start…

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September 18, 1931

On September 18, 1931 the Mukden incident too place in Inner Manchuria in which was conducted by the Japanese army to provoke a war between Japan and China. After the incident the Japanese army invaded Manchuria leading to the next event known as Japanese invasion of Manchuria which lasted from September 18, 1931 to February 27, 1932. The Japanese invaded Manchuria with 30,000- 60,450 men, and faced a force of 160,000 Chinese troops. By February the Chinese were defeated and Manchuria became a Japanese puppet state known as Manchukuo.

Ps: I been busy this week with college, but I have some interesting historical events that I’ll post this week.

Japanese experts inspect the scene of the ‘railway sabotage’ on South Manchurian Railway, leading to the Mukden Incident and the Japanese occupation of Manchuria, 1931
The Mukden Incident, also known as the Manchurian Incident, was a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for invading the northern part of China, known as Manchuria, in 1931

On September 18, 1931, a small quantity of dynamite was detonated by Lt. Kawamoto Suemori close to a railroad owned by Japan’s South Manchuria Railway near Mukden (now Shenyang). Although the explosion was so weak that it failed to destroy the lines and a train passed minutes later, the Imperial Japanese Army, accusing Chinese dissidents of the act, responded with a full invasion that led to the occupation of Manchuria, in which Japan established its puppet state of Manchukuo six months later. The ruse was soon exposed to the international community, leading Japan to diplomatic isolation and its March 1933 withdrawal from the League of Nations.