Incantation from Gustave Flaubert’s “Salammbô” (1897). Alphonse Mucha (Czech, 1860-1939). Illustration from “L'Estampe Moderne.”
Salammbô (1862), a historical novel by Flaubert, is set in Carthage during the 3rd century BC, immediately before and during the Mercenary Revolt which took place shortly after the First Punic War. Flaubert’s main source was Book I of Polybius’s Histories.