Mu'awiyah and Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiallahu anhum)

When the news of Ali’s murder reached Mu'awiyah (radiallahu anhu), he began to cry. At this, his wife said to him. “Why are you crying when you had fought him?”

He replied, “Keep quiet! you do not know what the people have been deprived of in terms of excellence, figh and knowledge." 

[Al-Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (8/133)] 

Commander of the faithful, Ali ibn Abi Talib and Mu'awiyah (radiallahu anhu)

Ibn Asaakir reported from Abu Zur'ah Ar-Raazee that a man said to him, 

“I dislike Mu'awiyah.”

Abu Zu'rah said, “Why?”

He said, “Because he fought Ali.”

Then Abu Zur'ah said to him, “Woe unto you! indeed the lord of Mu'awyiyah is a Merciful and the opponent of Mu'awiyah is a merciful opponent; now where do you come in between them? May Allaah be pleased with both of them.”

[Al-Bidaayah Wa An-Nihaayah (8/133)] 


Umar ibn Abdil-Azeez said, “I saw the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alyhi wasallam) in  dream while Abu Bakr and Umar were sitting beside him. I gave the greeting of Salam to him. I was sitting with them when Ali And Mu'awiyah were brought and taken into a house which was thereafter locked; I was looking on. It was not very long after which Ali Came out while he was saying, ‘The judgement was for me, I swear by the lord of the Ka'bah.’ It was immediately after him that Mu'awiyah came out while he was saying, 'I was forgiven; I swear by the lord of the Ka'bah.”

[Al-Bidaayah Wa An-Nihaayah (8/133)] 

During his Caliphate, Mu'awiyah had requested Diraar As-Sadai'I to describe Ali to him. He then said, “Spare me of the pain, O commander of the Faithful.”

Mu'awiyah said, “You must describe him to me.”

He said, “since there is no way out of what you ask, I say, by Allaah, Ali had a loud voice, very powerful; he would say what is right, would judge with justice. He would seek knowledge in all its aspects, would talk with wisdom from all angles; he had an aversion for the world and its splendor, he use to take delight in the night and its loneliness, he expressed himself with deep thoughts, used to love coarse clothes and inferior quality food.
With us, he was like one of us; he would answer us when we asked him, would listen to us when we asked him to. We, by Allaah, despite his closeness to us and our closeness to him, we were not able to talk to him out of respect for him. He held the people of religion in high eaten and would draw the poor close to himself. He would not aid a powerful person in his wrongdoing. and the weak would not lose hope from his justice. I bear testimony that I saw him on one instance in the darkness of the night, holding his beard, fidgeting and crying like a sad person, and saying, 'O world, beguile someone other than me! Never, Never! I have taken a different path from you three times, I shall never return. Your lifespan is short, your danger is little, I bemoan about the paucity of provisions for a long journey on a lonely path.”

Having heard that, Mu'awiyah (radiallahu anhu) cried and said, “May Allaah be merciful to Abul Hasan (Ali). " 



It is narrated that it reached Ali (radiallahu anha) that two companions had insulted Mu'awiyah and cursed the people of Sham. So he wrote to them telling them to desist from what he had heard. Both of the companions then came to him saying, "O Commander of the faithful, are we not on the truth and they are false?" 

Ali said, "Yes, by the lord of the Ka'bah.”

They said, “So then why do you prevent us from insulting and cursing them?”

Ali said, “I dislike that you should be cursers, but instead say, 'O Allaah, preserve our blood and theirs, and rectify what is between ourselves and them, and distance them from falsehood.’”

[Tahqiq Muwaqif Al-Sahabah fil Fitna (2/232)]


Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alyhi wasallam) said, O Allaah! make him a rightly guided guide and guide people through him. 

[ Sahih, Sunan At-Tirmidhi with authentic chain of narration, Shaykh Albaanee (rahimahullah) no 3018 (236)


Prophet (sallallahu alyhi wasallam) also said, “O Allaah! teach him the book [the Qur'aan] and protect him from the punishment.”

[Hasan, Fadail as-Sahabah, chain of narration is good, (2/913)]


Those who curse Mu'awiyah (radiallahu anhu) do not possess knowledge equal to a grain. Its easier for them to lift their tongue than anything else.
Mu'awiya’s greatness and our love towards him will not decrease from their slander, because the barking of dogs does not hurt the clouds.

As noble Scholar, Shaykh Muqbil (rahimahullah) said,
“So let my enemies say what they will for my sins are many and perhaps because of their backbiting and slander my sins will lighted and instead fall upon their shoulder.”

May Allaah be pleased with Ali Ibn Abi Talib 
May Allaah be pleased with Mu'awiyah bin Abi Sufyan. 

Hasan Ibn Ali (radiAllaahu anhu), Mu'awiyah (radiAllaahu anhu) and the Pledge

Abu Hurrairah (radiAllaahu anhu) said: “ I was with the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa salaam) in one of the markets of Al-Madinah. He left the market and so did I. Then he asked three time: ‘Where is the small child?’ So he said: 'Call Al-Hasan.’ So Al-Hasan go up and started walking, wearing a necklace of beads around his neck. The Prophet stretched out his hand like this, and Al-Hasan did the same. The Prophet embraced him and said: 'O Allaah! I love him, so please love him as well and those who love him too.’ Since Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said that, nothing or no one has been dearer to me than Al-Hasan
[Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim]

Abdullah ibn Shaddad reported from his father that, on one occasion, the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa salaam) led the Isha prayer and when he went into prostration he prolonged it. Once they completed the prayer, the people enquired about it. He said: "This son of mine (Al-Hasan) climbed on top of me and I hated to rush even out of necessity.”
[Hadith is Sahih reported in ibn Majah, The virtue of Ali  (118)]

Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq (radiAllaahu anhu) would honor, respect and love Al-Hasan, as did Umar ibn Al-Khattab (radiAllaahu anhu) and Uthman ibn Affan (radiAllaahu anhu), who honored and loved both Al-Hasan and Al-Husain dearly. 

The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) once looked at Mu'awiyah and said: ’ O Mu'awiyah, if you get to rule then fear Allaah and be just to the people.’ Mu'awiyah said: 'Due to that statement of the prophet, I was convinced that I would one day be held accountable for undertaking the task (of the caliphate).
[Reported by Ahmad (4/101), no (16486)

Upon Abi Sufyaan’s submission to Islaam, he said to the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam): “O Prophet of Allaah! give me three things.” The Prophet said: “Yes.” He said: “I have the best and most beautiful woman of all the Arabs, my daughter, Umm Habeebah Bint Abi Sufyaan. Will I give her to you in marriage?” The prophet said: “Yes.” He said: “Make Mu'awiyah your scribe.” The prophet said: “Yes.” He said: “And appoint me as a commander so that i can fight the Kuffar as I used to fight the Muslims.” The Prophet said, “Yes." 
[Sahih Muslim]

This implies that Mu'awiyah would later record down the revelation received by the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) along with the other scribe of revelation (may Allaah be pleased with them.)
[Bidayah Wan Nihayah]

Abu Bakrah (radiAllaahu anhu) narrated: 
I heard the Prophet (sallallahu alayh wa sallam) while giving an address on the minbar while Al-Hasan (radiAllaahu anhu) was by his side, He (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) would glance at the people and then at Al-Hasan, and say, ”This son of mine is a Sayyid (chief) and perhaps Allaah will bring about an agreement between two group of the Muslims through him.“
[Sahih Bukhari, Book 58, Hadith 823]

Ibn Hajar said: "This hadith contains one of the prophetic predictions and an indication of the excellence of Al-Hasan ibn Ali (radiAllaahu anhu) for he abandoned power not due to any inadequacy, lowliness or any shortcoming whatsoever, but due to a desire for what is with Allaah when he saw the preventing bloodshed of Muslims, adhering to the dictates of the religion and reconciling the Ummah were far more important than any personal aggrandizement.
[Fath Al Baree (13/66)] 

Ibn Shawdhab reported: "When Ali was murdered, Al-Hasan advanced forth with the people of Al-Iraq while Mu'awiyah advanced forth with the people of Ash-Sham until they encountered each other. Al-Hasan, however, hated to fight and so Mu'awiyah vowed to entrust the caliphate to him as his successor if he relinquished his status as Khaleefah. The companions of Al-Hasan used to say (addressing him): "Dishonor of the believers!” so he would reply: “Dishonor is better than the Hell-fire.”

The settlement of peace was reached on the grounds that Mu'awiyah agreed to pay Al-Hasan the money belonging to the Baitul-mal based in Al-Koofah. Accordingly, Mu'awiyah granted him his full share of it, precisely five million deenars. Not once did Al-Hasan failed to receive the payments from Mu'awiyah and, in the year in which he died, Mu'awiyah had treated him with exceptional deference by sending him jewels, rare offering and gifts. It was not long after this that he died.  
[Bidayah Wan Nihayah] 

The Companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)
Mu’awiyah bin Abee Sufyaan (رضي الله عنه)

He is the Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Believers), Mu’awiyah bin Abee Sufyaan Sakhr bin Harb. He was born five years before the advent of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and accepted Islaam in the year of the Conquest (of Makkah), and it is also held that he accepted Islaam after the treaty of Al-Hudaibiyah, but hid his faith. ‘Umar رضي الله عنه put him in charge of Shaam and he persevered in that position.

He was named for the position of the Khilaafah in the year 37H, and the people agreed in having him for the Khaleefah after Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee relinquished it in 41H. He used to transcribe for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and was one of those who wrote down the Revelation.

He died in the month of Rajab in 60H when he was 78 years old.

[Taken from the Explanation of Sufficiency in Creed, by Shaikh Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaimeen]

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