The evening of August 5, 2012…five years ago…our Mars Curiosity rover landed on the Red Planet.
Arriving at Mars at 10:32 p.m. PDT (morning of Aug 6 EDT), this rover would prove to be the most technologically advanced rover ever built.
Curiosity used a series of complicated landing maneuvers never before attempted.
The specialized landing sequence, which employed a giant parachute, a jet-controlled descent vehicle and a daring “sky crane” maneuver similar to rappelling was devised because testing and landing techniques used during previous rover missions could not safely accommodate the much larger and heavier rover.
Curiosity’s mission: To determine whether the Red Planet ever was, or is, habitable to microbial life.
The car-size rover is equipped with 17 cameras, a robotic arm, specialized instruments and an on-board laboratory.
Let’s explore Curiosity’s top 5 discoveries since she landed on Mars five years ago…
1. Gale Crater had conditions suitable for life about 3.5 billion years ago
In 2013, Curiosity’s analysis of a rock sample showed that ancient Mars could have supported living microbes. Scientists identified sulfur, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and carbon – some of the key chemical ingredients for life – in the powder Curiosity drilled out of a sedimentary rock near an ancient stream bed in Gale Crater.
Later, in 2014, Curiosity discovered that these conditions lasted for millions of years, perhaps much longer. This interpretation of Curiosity’s findings in Gale Crater suggests ancient Mars maintained a climate that could have produced long-lasting lakes at many locations on the Red Planet.
2. Organic molecules detected at several locations
In 2014, our Curiosity rover drilled into the Martian surface and detected different organic chemicals in the rock powder. This was the first definitive detection of organics in surface materials of Mars. These Martian organics could either have formed on Mars or been delivered to Mars by meteorites.
Curiosity’s findings from analyzing samples of atmosphere and rock powder do not reveal whether Mars has ever harbored living microbes, but the findings do shed light on a chemically active modern Mars and on favorable conditions for life on ancient Mars.
3. Present and active methane in Mars’ atmosphere
Also in 2014, our Curiosity rover measured a tenfold spike in methane, an organic chemical, in the atmosphere around the planet. This temporary increase in methane tells us there must be some relatively localized source.
Researchers used Curiosity’s onboard Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) laboratory a dozen times in a 20-month period to sniff methane in the atmosphere. During two of those months, in late 2013 and early 2014, four measurements averaged seven parts per billion.
4. Radiation could pose health risks for humans
Measurements taken by our Curiosity rover since launch have provided us with the information needed to design systems to protect human explorers from radiation exposure on deep-space expeditions in the future. Curiosity’s Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) was the first instrument to measure the radiation environment during a Mars cruise mission from inside a spacecraft that is similar to potential human exploration spacecraft.
The findings indicate radiation exposure for human explorers could exceed our career limit for astronauts if current propulsion systems are used. These measurements are being used to better understand how radiation travels through deep space and how it is affected and changed by the spacecraft structure itself. This, along with research on the International Space Station are helping us develop countermeasures to the impacts of radiation on the human body.
5. A thicker atmosphere and more water in Mars past
In 2015, Curiosity discovered evidence that has led scientists to conclude that ancient Mars was once a warmer, wetter place than it is today.
To produce this more temperate climate, several researchers have suggested that the planet was once shrouded in a much thicker carbon dioxide atmosphere. You may be asking…Where did all the carbon go?
The solar wind stripped away much of Mars’ ancient atmosphere and is still removing tons of it every day. That said, 3.8 billion years ago, Mars might have had a moderately dense atmosphere, with a surface pressure equal to or less than that found on Earth.
Our Curiosity rover continues to explore the Red Planet today. On average, the rover travels about 30 meters per hour and is currently on the lower slope of Mount Sharp.
Get regular updates on the Curiosity mission by following @MarsCuriosity on Twitter.
• the time passes so quickly yet so slowly. it’s been a week, it’s been months, it’s been years. you do not age. nobody ages. the children don’t grow up. you start forgetting everything about your life before. you live here. you’ve always lived here.
• when it rains, you hear strange faraway howls and screams that fill you with primal terror. you never stay outside for long on rainy days.
• your crops grow within days. you plant seeds in the ground. ten days later, the fields are overgrown with corn.
• you find things when you dig in the dirt. roots, clay, stone. books. skulls that don’t look like they belong to any animal you know.
• there are only two channels on tv. the weather and the fortune teller. it doesn’t matter when you turn it on, the weather program is only just starting. “it will be sunny tomorrow” the weatherman says with empty eyes and a too-wide smile. you flip to the fortune teller’s channel. “the spirits are in a bad mood today” she says, “be careful”. you shiver, and decide not to go to the mines today.
• have you always been so strong? you can chop down a tree in minutes and you can carry hundreds of stones in your backpack.
• you wake up at exactly 6 every morning. you can’t wake up earlier, or later.
• sometimes your scarecrows are not planted where they were yesterday.
• you hear whispers in the old community center. you can almost see something indiscernable out of the corner of your eye. you bring offerings, hoping to appease the spirits.
• today it’s winter. you swear two days ago it was summer.
• the berries you found in the woods have a strange metallic taste. their juices stain your mouth red. you keep eating them anyway.
• nobody ages. nobody ages. nobody ages. what year is it?
• you keep bringing offerings in the old community center. honey, milk, wine, peaches, dead animals. there are never enough offerings.
• the fruit bats that live in the small cave near your house leave fruit for you. they bring you out of season fruit, exotic fruit, fruit that comes from halfway across the world, fruit that you’ve never seen before.
• the wizard granted you the power to understand the spirits that live in the old community center. now you wish he hadn’t.
• every night when you get home, you lock the door and close the windows. every morning when you wake up, your cat is somehow inside the house.
• the train passes through stardew valley sometimes, but never stops. you can hear howls coming from it.
• you try talking to the people in the village, but they always seem to be repeating the same things. “do you have any blueberries?”, asks lewis for the 14th time this month.
• there are things in the mines. don’t go into the mines.
• “we’re insulated from the rest of the world here” says demetrius. now that you think of it, you have never received a letter or a phone call from the outside world. is there even an outside world?
• there is a bath house, north of the town. there is never anyone there, but the electricity works and the water runs. when you enter the locker room, there is a bathing suit just your size waiting for you. the water in the big bath is milky. you can’t see the bottom. you enter it anyway. when you exit, you feel happy and energised. you have nothing to worry about. come back soon!
• the bus to calico desert is out of service. the road to calico desert is out of service. do not go to calico desert. do not ask about calico desert. do no think about calico desert. there is no calico desert.
• you are out late at night, gathering berries. at exactly two am, something knocks you out. you wake up in your bed the following morning. don’t think about it. go to sleep.
• you try staying up past two am the following night, only to be knocked out again. go to sleep. go to sleep. go to sleep.
• you have been here for a couple of weeks, or maybe for decades. nothing changes. you can’t die. you can’t die. you can’t die.
I had just come out the shower and was now chilling in my boxers. There I was
laying in my bed watching the Justice League DVD on a Saturday night while my
room mate was out having fun at the club on this rainy night. In my opinion,
this was a better way to spend my night instead of going out in the rain to get
sick. I am Derek, a slender light skinned black male with brown eyes. I’m not
much of a party enthusiast as most in my age category of 18 are but I am human
and my dick was starting to make me aware of that fact as it ascended from
slumber. If you haven’t guessed already, I’m a virgin. I lowered the TV volume and just as I was about to give it some
attention, there was a text notification sound on my phone .
Me (Derek Towers)
My friend AJ
hit me up on whatsapp. Now AJ was an attractive guy with an amazing ass and
what I had to guess was a pretty good size dick. I could only imagine as I saw
the outline once while we were on the beach. AJ was an easygoing fellow about a
year older than myself. We met at my job at the hotel where I was a waiter and
he was a lifeguard. He was cool and we got along great but he was ridiculously
homophobic and there was no way I was going to let him know that I played for
conversation, I still had my little problem. I opened the tumblr app on my
phone and scrolled down looking at sexy guys for hours, occasionally watching
some porn video. Eventually, I saw a new story by my favorite author @morrisondauthor
entitled “Freak by Night 7: Freaky Sneaky.” His stories are always so
sexy that I find myself ejaculating before I get to the end. I get so upset
when he takes a while to post his stories because they give me life and take me
to a world I could never imagine. For some reason, the context usually gets me
hornier than the images he uses. I got to the good part and it made me so close
to my climax when my phone notification alarmed me. If you haven’t guessed, it
was AJ letting me know he got home safely. He went on to tell me about his
night and how he had four rounds of sex with his date in her car and she came
all 4 times. I was so jealous, I was trying to come once to satisfy myself and
he interrupted me boasting about his extravagant time. Now all I had in my mind
were images of his sexy ass f***ing her sexy ass in the car and my vivid
imagination made me ten times hornier. I had to get my nut so I told him the
Me: You got
your nut now I’m going to work on mine
Pamela? 😂😂😂 Night. Don’t forget the jergens.
dignify him with a response. Instead I went to the living room and sat in the
couch with nothing on but my boxer briefs. My dick stuck fully erect through
the hole in my boxers and I jacked away once again replaying Morrison’s story
in my head imagining it was me coming down the stairs to a sexy surprise. The
sound of the thunderstorm outside with sprinkles of rain violently pelleting
the window fueled my hormones and I could feel my balls ready to release the
seed from their constraints. Suddenly there was a loud crash at my doorstep
synonymous with a lightning bolt outside which ignited fear into my heart and
caused me to forget that I was horny. Cautiously I approached the door and
peered through the peep hole to notice nobody standing in the hallway. Still my
curiosity wouldn’t let me rest so I opened the door ready to put my self
defense skills to the test if I needed it. Imagine my disappointment when I
viewed my roommate, Kevin wet from head to toe lying at our doorstep in the
fetal position. He appeared to be highly intoxicated and since he doesn’t have
a car, I can only assume that a Good Samaritan literally dropped him at the
door. As the epinephrine wore off, I started to realize that I was once again
disturbed from achieving my natural high.
Even though I
was upset, I couldn’t leave him there like that so I dragged him inside. Like
AJ, Kevin was straight, usually requesting that I keep the “gay shit” to
myself. Yes, he knew about me. I’ve known him since we were kids because we
were neighbors and grew up living in each other’s homes. When I found out that
I had a taste for both girls and boys, I was around 13 and Kevin was the only
person I told at the time. His reaction to the news could have been better. He
called me a faggot and stormed out of my house. We didn’t speak for weeks
afterward. Eventually he came to me randomly one day and apologized. I couldn’t
forgive him and asked him to leave letting him know just how much he hurt me.
He didn’t give up though and proved himself from that day forth that he wanted
to be my best friend again. He fought off bullies, walked with me home from
school and acted like the friend he was before I told him. I forgave him after
a while and we were boys again. He constantly tries to get me to go out and drink
with him but like I said before, I really don’t have a taste for it. We got
this apartment when we moved to Florida for college and we get along well
despite his occasional battles with alcoholism. Even so, it’s never been this
bad.Kevin loved the gym and he worked out every weekday evening at 5 and went
jogging every morning at 6. He took his physical health very seriously which is
why I never understood why he drank alcohol. He also managed to maintain above
average grades for his track and field scholarship at UCF.
I lifted Kevin
off the floor and even though he was rather heavy, got him to the bathtub and
removed the wet clothes from his barely responsive body. I haven’t seen him
naked since we took baths together as kids but when I saw his naked body I had
to step back and admire the marvelous muscular masterpiece. My eyes wandered to
his dick which wasn’t even hard yet his uncircumcised attachment was 7 inches
long and fatter towards the base. I finally snapped back into reality left to
get a glass of warm water and an empty bucket in case he vomited. I ran some
warm water in the bathtub and thoroughly bathed him. I couldn’t believe I was
cleaning a grown man, but I didn’t want him to go into hypothermia. Not only
was he drunk, but he was also wet from the cold rain. He started to gain a reasonable
level of consciousness.
are you doing?”
and cold just relax and drink this.”
I gave him an
aspirin and the glass of warm water and watched him take it.
“You were wet
let me sleep it off?”
would you rather get a cold or die from dehydration and hypothermia?”
He sucked his
teeth, “you didn’t have to remove my boxers.”
“Hey if it’s
wet it comes off.”
“Get out,” he
said covering his private area.
could pass out at any minute. Look, I already lifted your heavy ass in here,
removed your clothes by myself then took my bare hands and wiped your dirty
ass. In fact it was my hands that peeled back your foreskin and cleaned your
penis. It’s a little too late for modesty.”
speechless so I said, “What’s that on the floor? Pick it up you’re making
down, “What? What are you talking about?”
lip, now get out the tub and come dry off”
funny,” he sarcastically mumbled as he stumbled out the bathtub.
I was right
there to catch him with a towel and prevent him from falling. I began to dry
his body when he smartly remarked, “I can do it myself you know”
I removed my
body support and he dropped to the ground barely breaking his fall with his
“I thought you
“Help me up”
“Help me up
“Help me up
“Help me up
“D’, I’m not
“Ok,” I began
to leave the room.
“Fine, Please help
me up Supreme Overlord Towers”
“No problem.” I
helped him up and noticed he had an erection.
yours?” I teased.
I assisted him to his bedside and helped him slide on his boxers.
“I feel so embarrassed,” he admitted
“Why? It’s just us here, chill.”
“This is not fair. You’ve seen me naked now and I even got hard,” he slapped his face in embarrassment.
“We used to bathe together all the time, washing each other’s backs and laughing at each other’s nakedness. What’s the big deal?”
He couldn’t make eye contact and stayed quiet so after sucking my teeth, I slid off my boxers, threw them to the side and danced around in a circle wagging my dick from left to right.
“Woah!” He exclaimed.
“Now I don’t have on anything. Are you happy now?”
He laughed hysterically, “that’s not what I meant.”
“Go to bed.” I helped him lay down and covered him with a warm blanket.
I turned around to leave but to my surprise, he grabbed my hand, “Please, don’t leave me again.”
“Again? I never left you.”
He burst into tears, “yes you did. When I called you by that word and you got upset with me, I didn’t know what to do with myself. I never wanted to lose my best friend. Those were the hardest months of my life, I never even cried over a girl like that.”
Confused, all I could say was, “This must be the alcohol talking.” I turned to leave again.
“Please!” He shouted.
“Okay, okay, just don’t yell like that again. The neighbors are sleeping.”
“Sleep here tonight.”
“If that would make you feel better, fine, but don’t vomit on me please.” I went to the corner to get my boxers.
“You don’t need those.”
Once again, confused but internally contented. I happily obliged, turned off the light went on the other side of his queen sized bed, pulling the covers over my exposed body.
The sound of rain pattering on the window echoed in the room and I was falling asleep. Unexpectedly, I felt a warm gentle touch on my dick that slammed the emergency brake of the train to dreamland. My dick was being massaged by none other than my best friend. I silently protested in my head not wanting to disturb the amazing sensation I was feeling which caused me to leak pre-ejaculation fluid. My brain finally gained control and I managed to stop him.
“Wait, what are you doing?”
“Shh. Just let it happen.”
“Now you sound like a rapist. This has to be the alcohol affecting you. You are not in your right frame of mind.” I got up and as I was standing up to leave, he pulled my hand and I landed supine right on the side of him. He lay against me leaning on his side I could see the shadow of his head in front of me and I could feel he was staring at me. Lightning flashed and I saw the look in his eyes that paralyzed me for that moment. I felt the heat radiating from his head increasing in intensity as he slowly approached my face. I felt like Chris from Get Out in the hypnosis scene, helplessly watching this happen through the windows of my eyes. When the eternity passed and he connected with my lips, the curtains closed but I could sense the brightest flashes of lightning outside. I regained control and participated in the best kiss of my life. Opening our eyes and pulling apart met us with nature’s fireworks applauding our performance.
“Wow,” we chorused.
He grabbed my body and brought me into a passionate make out session, rubbing his well toned body against mine allowing me to once again feel it’s shape, this time against my own. He went down to the left side of my neck and started sucking on it while rubbing his hands all over my back down to my bare ass. I hate hickeys but the euphoria was too intense to stop. I felt electricity flowing through my body as he continued. He kissed his way down to my left nipple and I expressed a soft moan. It felt like there was a string directly attached to the pleasure nerves in my dickhead. He continued kissing down my abs until he got to my pubic hairs and he got up. My eyes opened reacting to the sudden pause. We breathed deeply and synchronized.
“I never did anything with a dude before,” he admitted
“I’m still a virgin,” I countered.
I felt my face blush with embarrassment only to be aroused with pleasure at the immediate moist warm sensation that came from the head of my dick. Did he really just put my dick in his mouth? I looked down and he continued down the nine and a half inch solid shaft managing to get half of it in his mouth. That was the most mind blowing feeling in my life.
“You sure you never did this before?”
He chuckled and continued up and down repetitively sending me to a new level of heaven. He paused again and I couldn’t handle any more suspense. I reversed our positions and did exactly as he did to me in the same sequence. I thought my reaction was intense but as I sucked his neck his hands went all over my body and their favorite place was my ass. I worked my way to his nipples and he let out the sexiest deep moan that I couldn’t compare to all my years of watching porn. It send jolts through my body causing me to be extra turned on. I couldn’t take it anymore, I had to know what that dick tasted like. I skipped his abs and went straight to his pubic hairs which like mine were short lavishing in the musk they produced. I licked his dick from the base along the underside to the tip where I licked around the head tasting the pheromones produced. I experimented sticking my tongue in the entrance and he jumped.
“That was intense!” he smiled
I continued taking his head in my throat and he rewarded me with another deep moan. I continued my assault down the shaft attempting to go as far as I could. I made it as far as about 3 inches when ii felt my teeth hit his skin and I pulled back thinking about how much that hurt.
“Easy with the teeth baby”
Baby? If I wasn’t black I’m sure my face would be an apple right now. I tried again, this time opening my mouth as wide as I could and I made it down 5 inches of his eleven before I started to choke and retreat for air. He moaned again and that made me determined to get to the base. I went for it again this time holding my breath and swallowing as I went down fighting hard to resist the urge to cough. I think I made it as far as 9 inches that time but it was as far as I could possibly go. He let out another deep moan lasting longer than any of the predecessors.
“Damn baby no girl ever committed to going that far down.”
I was happy to satisfy him but after that I went up and down taking in only what I could manage, slobbering all over that sexy tool of his. After a few minutes, he pulled my head up and lead me in another intense kiss.
“I want to make love to you baby.” He stared intimately at me.
“I want to fuck you.”
“You gotta let me fuck you too”
“No way I’m letting you anywhere near my ass with that thing.” He protested
“And I’m supposed to let you in mine?”
“Yeah but I love you and I want to prove it to you by taking your virginity.”
“I love you too and you can prove your love by letting me fuck you and take your virginity as well”
“I’m not a virgin.”
“Your ass is.”
“You always did have a smart mouth. It’s one of your most attractive qualities.”
“Well, the ball is in your court”
“Ugh….Okay, just go easy on me please.”
“I could say the same.”
“Okay turn over.”
“Umm no. We need to do a couple things to prepare first”
“We? Things like what?”
“Yes we! Come on, I’ll show you”
I went in my bedroom and grabbed my fleet. It’s a good thing I got two new bottles just in case a miracle happened. Didn’t think I’d get to use them so soon. I researched online how to prepare a long time ago and even practiced a couple of times. I taught Kevin what to do and after a while we were ready. We returned to his bedroom and turned his desk lamp on dimly. The patter of the rain was the only sound for a brief moment.
“That felt wierd,” he complained.
“Well there’s one more step we have to take,” I handed him the tube of lube.
“Hold on no need to rush just yet, I want to taste that ass first,” He kissed me intently then moved both of my legs up and attacking my asshole like it was his last meal. I don’t know which was better, that blowjob or the other level he was sending me to while he ate me. I felt his tongue go places that I didn’t know anything could. All of a sudden, I had this epileptic episode I couldn’t control. I was so weak after he finally finished with me. He grabbed the lube and inserted a finger inside my hole to open me up. He worked his second finger in there. and was about to enter.
“You better go up to 4 fingers, that thing is huge”
The third finger hurt like pins and needles. and the fourth was even worse. I really thought I was bleeding. He waited until I was comfortable, somehow managing to remain hard during the entire exercise. I guess he was as horny as I was. He entered me in the missionary position and I felt a sudden sharp pain as he passed my sphincter that sent kilojoules of electricity through my body. I cried and wanted to stop but he held me down and comforted me,
“Relax baby, just relax.”
I took slow deep breaths until the pain eased and he did not move. He waited until I was comfortable before he continued penetrating me at a steady pace. He didn’t go all the way in but he started a slow rhythm with about three inches of his massive meat. He only went further when I was in agreement. I stopped the rhythm and pushed him on his back without severing our connection. Gently I lowered myself onto his rod taking inch by inch until to my surprise, I fit the whole thing in there. I was so proud I almost didn’t notice the euphoric look on Kevin’s face.
“Damn baby, you sexy as f***,” he complimented.
I began a steady rhythm on him and I could feel him hitting my spot every time. Our session went on for a while. We went in every position we could imagine possible until he had me on my belly leaning against the edge of the bed drilling me.
“Hold on baby, you’re going to make me come,” I warned.
“That’s the plan baby,” he smirked.
I realized what he was trying to do and used every will power I had to stop myself from coming and resist him, ending that part of our session.
“You think you’re slick. I’m f***ing your ass tonight.” I retaliated.
He had a look of disappointment on his face but he lie back, removed his condom and succumbed to my wishes. He lie on his back rolling his eyes and pulled his leg up to reveal the prettiest pink spot I’ve ever seen in my life (only one I saw in person but it didn’t compare to anything in porn). I had to treat something so precious with the utmost care. I gently licked it for a few minutes before I let my tongue explore every delicious crevice of his ass it could reach. I imagine his ass would taste like ass but his was surprisingly sweet. I stuck my tongue inside and was shocked when I heard a deep moan escape his lips. I guess he was enjoying this as much as I was. I continued until I tasted something extra sweet and when I looked at it, it was a white fluid. I think he came from his ass. Damn I made him cream from eating him. I couldn’t believe it. His ass was moister than my tongue and I tasted as much as I could before grabbing the bottle of lube. I didn’t think I’d need it but I did not want to hurt him nor did I want him to chicken out. I inserted 2 of my fingers and they went in without a struggle. I had to fight with the third and fourth because his ass had a constant death grip on them. I positioned myself for entry and took it slow with him, exercising as much care as he did me. Like myself, he seemed to experience discomfort with the infiltration of the head. So I repeated the process and let him get used to it. After a while, he told me to go ahead. I started a slow rhythm and carefully eased inch by inch into him until i was working 5 inches inside him. Without warning, he reversed the situation and put himself on top like I did. He started riding me. I was speechless but it felt so good when he slammed all the way down onto my dick taking all of it. He looked so sexy, I watched as his pecks vibrated and his ass jiggled moving up and down on me. He was so sexy I wanted to cry at the beauty I was beholding. His mouth was wide open and his eyes closed with his head tilted back moaning. He was enjoying this as much as I was. Once again we had another session with multiple positions until I was backshotting him. He creamed on my dick again throughout the experience. It felt so good, I knew I would climax soon. He tried to run but I managed to pull him back every time. He said it was too intense and he couldn’t take much more, begging me to cum.
“What’s my name?”
“Wrong!” I violently pounded him.
“What’s my name?”
“I don’t know.” He cried.
“Yea you do,” I pounded harder, “what’s my name?”
“Supreme (moan) Overlord (moan) Towers,” he cried out in pleasure. With those words, 2 weeks of tension building erupted into the condom flooding it with life fluid. I came for a minute straight. I didn’t even know that was possible. The condom had the most cum I’ve ever seen in my life inside and I have know idea how all that fit in there. I looked down to see that Kevin came too. His sheets were soaked in his liquid release. There was so much I was sure he produced more than I did. We struggled to catch our breaths for bout five minutes. It was still raining and we took a shower together and had another make out session. We dried off and went to my room in our birthday suits. He spooned me and we had a long intense discussion even though it was now 3 in the morning.
“I wanted to do that for a long time,” he admitted.
“Why didn’t you?”
“I was afraid.”
“Of what? I’m your best friend.”
“I don’t know. I panicked that day you told me and the reason I freaked out is because I didn’t know how to react. I developed feelings for you and didn’t know how to express myself.”
“All these years and you wait until now to tell me. So what now?”
Disclaimer: Persons in the images used are not necessarily as the story describes do not reflect their character or sexuality. They are a mere depiction of each character’s features. However if there is a problem, please write me and they will be replaced by similar entities