monte verita


Porto-hippies living in anarchist, Christian, alternative communities in the Swiss hills. Gusto Gräser and others, naturmenschen, men who rejected industrialization and the unnatural trends of urbanization and who adopted a ‘back to nature’ creed helped set up Monte Verità near Ascona in Switzerland. Monte Verità was similar in many ways to a hippie commune. Its founders were pacifists who wanted to establish a communal, vegetarian and clothing-optional settlement for people who had become disillusioned with the city. Artists and bohemians were attracted to this hilltop community. They included Hermann Hesse, Carl Jung, Erich Maria Remarque, Hugo Ball, Else Lasker-Schüler,Stefan George, Isadora Duncan, Carl Eugen Keel, Paul Klee, Carlo Mense, Arnold Ehret,Rudolf Steiner, Mary Wigman, Max Picard,Ernst Toller, Henry van de Velde, Fanny zu Reventlow, Rudolf von Laban, Frieda andElse von Richthofen, Otto Gross, Erich Mühsam, Karl Wilhelm Diefenbach, Walter Segal, Max Weber, Gustav Stresemann and in 1917 Theodor Reuss, Master of the Ordo Templi Orientis organized a conference there.