monocline

Monoclines and Natural Resources

A monocline is a structural feature that occurs when a reverse fault beneath the surface thrusts sediments up without breaking them. This forms a fold above the fault that has gently dipping limbs in one direction and steeply dipping limbs in the opposite direction. These features can be on a very small scale in the subsurface or can be kilometres long like the one shown in the picture of the Billefjord monocline in Svalbard, Norway.

Keep reading

3

I meant to post these a while back. They’re from the day trip I took with my mother’s friends up along the northeastern coast of Taiwan.

The northern coast of Taiwan is rocky. Monocline formations like these (at the 北關海潮公園 - Beiguan Tidal Park)are pretty much what you get. You have to go to the south for sandy beaches.

The formations are colloquially known as 豆腐岩, or tofu rocks; the rectangular segments look like sliced 豆腐 sliding apart.

I see it, but they mostly remind me of the coast of western Ireland.

From the Garden of Gods Preview - Promises of Lambs (1)


Unbetaed. So this is likely full of little typos and mistakes. I’m sure my dear betas will conk me over the head when they see this little bit of the story going out without their supervision but it’s Lunar New Year and I didn’t want to disturb either of them… so, dear tumblr followers, please excuse my imperfection. 
…………………………………..

To the Northeast of the village, past the walls and slanting mountain cliffs, among vast fields of time-eroded detritus and rust-tinted hogbacks was a dried-up floodplain. The plain was surrounded on one side by steep mountain cliffs and on another by broad monoclines that opened into deep pools of quicksand. The third side was a veritable jungle of wind-carved hoodoos inhabited by beasts of the desert. The fourth and last side faced the village and aside from a single winding path was barred by jagged outcroppings of rocks.

Once, Kagome was told, a great river ran through this place. Once, streams of clear blue water came from the desert highland down the Southern basin and finally into the Gulf of Hanguri. Once, there was a small wooded grove here by the river, filled with Cottonwoods and Ponderosa Pines. It was not the handsomest patch of green this side of the continent, but it sure was a sight for sore eyes and thirsty throats back some eighty, ninety years ago.

Now, the only trace of that once great river and grove was the dusty expanse of monocline flowstones that sloped by the side of the floodplain. The earth here was empty, dead, filled with nothing but bone-dry gravel and decades old fossilized remains of deceased trees. A landslide some forty years ago had barred the old entrance to most villagers. Except for a few Suna warriors that used this place as a training field, the floodplain was vacant for most of the year.

Kalahari it was called, the name meaning ‘where the water went’ in an extinct Kaze no Kuni tribal language.

It was in this dried-up floodplain called Kalahari that Kagome’s first and subsequent sessions with the chimeric child Gaara were held. Exactly two weeks after the Mahara, on a date and time specified by the Kazekage and relayed back to her by Oren, she was led from the village and through a winding underground tunnel brought to the entry of the secluded field. Oren walked slowly by her side, one hand on her shoulder as if bracing Kagome.

“Do you remember the rules?” she asked.

How could she not? Thought Kagome as she walked alongside Oren under a dawning desert skies. After all, the Kazekage had been very clear that his concession to her request was not without requirements of his own. There was a letter sent a few days after with the rules stated clearly in written terms. Among them were two major ones whose violations, if Kagome ever dared to, would immediately put a stop to the meetings and see her back into pre-Mahara isolation.

One, she was not to seek out the boy outside of these sanctioned meetings under any circumstances, not without his express approval.

Two, she was never to mention details of these meetings to anyone, not even to her companion maidens.

“I do,” replied Kagome quietly. She could feel Oren discreetly searching her face for hints of frustration… or anger, but there was none to be found. After their confrontation in Bunpuku Chagama’s resting place, Kagome had thought long and hard about what the Kazekage had told her. His extreme paranoia and desire to control every aspect of her life was aggravating, but she couldn’t deny that there was a certain sense of logic, albeit an extremely unforgiving and pessimistic one, in his reasoning.

The rules he set were stifling, but once she thought about it, she could see that there were reasons behind them and that it wouldn’t do much good if anything for her to protest them.    

The first one was easy enough. Considering the circumstances of the her last meeting with the boy, it would only be prudent to have subsequent ones be conducted in a location where possible fallouts could be safely contained and the situation leading up to them studied in fine details. Kagome personally didn’t think anything like that would actually happen. The tanuki really wasn’t all that impressive to somebody who had seen demons far more terrible and malevolent. It was very big yes and very grumpy, but Kagome’s first impression was that it was a bit of a crybaby who, if it found it could not bully whoever was in front of it, would usually turn tail and run. It had certainly tried to the last time around. But the people of Suna didn’t know that. Their caution, as far as they knew, was perfectly reasonable.   

As to the secrecy and the non-disclosure policy, that likely had something to do with the politics of this village. Kagome hadn’t forgotten the Go-Ikenban’s reaction to her, nor did she stop thinking of the myriads of emotions, ranging from hope to terror, coming from them when the Kazekage presented her before the village on New Year’s day. Rasa claimed that his son was a political keystone of not only this village but also the world at large. If he were being honest, then… she could see some people having a problem with his decision to allow her to maintain contact with the boy. A third of the Go-Ikenban wanted as little to do with Kagome as possible, while a second third wanted to deny her access to the boy just to see what she would do when ignored. Now that their prefered courses of actions were rejected by the final decider, the Kazekage, would they accept that quietly?

She didn’t know… didn’t care to know, but she could see the possibilities…Besides which, this was a big village. The Go-Ikenban, all twelve members excluding the Kazekage, couldn’t be the only stakeholders if Gaara’s importance was as his father claimed. Who else would not be pleased if they knew what she planned to do to the boy, to the tanuki, to the fractured state of their chimeric soul? And what would they do about it if they had the chance?

With that in mind, it was easy to understand the need for secrecy.

“Nervous?”

Oren’s question broke her train of thoughts. Shaking her head to clear her mind, Kagome smiled at the older woman.

“Not at all,” she said. She hated thinking this way. The paranoia, the politics that had little to do with doing what was right and everything to do with the fears and desires of small-hearted men and women. It was a very Rasa-esque way of thinking. Kagome hated it, but had been forced to learn out of necessity.

They arrived at dawn, as the sun was beginning to rise over the mountain peaks, and waited for the boy and his chaperon. In five minutes, two figures emerged from the same entrance they had passed through mere minutes ago. The bald warrior she had met in her first encounter with the Go-Ikenban, Baki, was in the lead, and trailing behind him was the youngest son of the Kazekage. Gaara looked like being here was the last thing he wanted to do.

“Morning, Miko-san,” Baki greeted her pleasantly before turning his attention to Oren. “I see you brought the lamb,” he said while holding out one bare hand.

“I see you brought the promise,” replied Oren as she clasped hands with Baki. There was a sensation of two invisible forces meeting each other in the middle for a split second before letting go.

“I see you are who you are,” continued Baki.

“And I you,” ended Oren, smiling pleasantly at her counterpart.   

“Get on with it,” commented Gaara testily from behind. 

3

Rare 4.0 ct Natural Clinozoisite ~ Pakistan

Clinozoisite is the same as Zoisite but crystallizes in the monoclinic system, which scientifically classifies it as an individual mineral species. Clinozoisite is also almost identical in composition to Epidote but lacks significant iron in its structure. It forms a series with Epidote, and in many cases the actual distinction between these two minerals cannot be made. In fact, some specimens from certain localities are labeled as Clinozoisite-Epidote since they are intermediary between these two minerals without an exact determination.


https://www.gemrockauctions.com/auctions/rare-gemstones/clinozoisite/item-549973

Diaphane Systems

by Alain Darbellay GGGems© 2012 gggems.com All rights diffident. 7 systems of crystallization: There are 32 possibilities of combinations of the elements of symmetry (axis of rotation, symmetry plane, centers combined inversion and operations). Since the ascertaining re the crystals reticulate structure, one could prospero by blueprint that till these 32 classes which relate upon the shapes of the crystals, correspond 230 types of network. One superficially realizes the complexity of the reasons which should be mass-produced to reidentify each one the possible combinations. The 32 classes are grouped in 7 systems. Hereabout are the figures. CUBIC SYSTEM QUADRATIC REGULARITY HEXAGONAL SYSTEM Go to Garnet Go to Zircon Go to Apatite Diamond, garnet, spinell. Zircon Beryl, Apatite ————————————————–TRIGONAL SYSTEM ORTHOROMBIC MODE OF PROCEDURE MONOCLINIC SYSTEM (Subdivision of the hexagonal system) Go to Topaz Go to Orthoclase Go in passage to Corundum Cruise to Tourmaline Calcite, corundum, tourmaline, quartz. Chrysoberyl, topaz Orthoclase ————————————————- TRICLINIC SYSTEM The coincidence of crystals: appear the following symmetrical operations: > > · Rotation· Inversion by concordance plane· Involution in harmony with a center· Combination relating to rotation and inversionThe crystals open the eyes influence their form and their cast of the properties in point of trick symmetry. And like there is a cor - respondence between reticulate plans and faces of the crystals, there is a fundamental correspondence between internal symmetry and superficies symmetry. We imagine the pen-and-ink of a tapestry, it will repeat ourselves in harmony with a simple parallel displacement (perfusion). When a crystal is examined, the aborigine All the geometrical operations which impact which draws the circumspection is a cause a repetition of the pattern are certain parallelism. One can remove all doubt the called operations of symmetry. Modernistic the repetition of faces consubstantial until various program of the crystals (external format), places of the coke. These repetitions this rendering does not appear directly. are controls by laws of regularity, On the other hand, entree their morphology, Albite the cup of tea in which self are repeated is determined by operators of symmetry, there are three principal types of them: Axis in respect to symmetry, congeniality plane and the inner essence of consort. GGGEMS.COM Gemology  Corundums  Tourmaline Characteristics  Garnets  Cutting Styles © 1987 - 2012 gggems.com The whole range rights reserved. About the Author http:\www.gggems.com\crystalline_system.htm

Alain Darbellay is the author of several novels inspired by his adventures researching selfsame of the strangest natural wonders: Sophisticated stone. His attractive trips modish gem producer countries such Madagascar beige Pakistan, often accompanied by his twin brother, led Alain to also publishing a series of articles whereupon the subject.

(Rob_Booth)

  “The mix was recorded at my studio when preparing my bag for the next gig at Institut fuer Zukunft, Leipzig, so it’s mainly what you would hear me play in a club. New and unreleased tracks as well as some old favorites.” - @adrianalopezColombia-born and Barcelona-based DJ, producer, label owner (Grey Report) and sound technician, Adriana Lopez is one of the most prominent South American techno artists in today’s techno scene worldwide.01. Der Amethyst - The Reaction [Subsist]
02. Violetshaped - The Oven (Kangding Ray Remix) [Violet Poison]
03. Der Amethyst - Einsamkeit [Subsist]
04. A-909 - Chapter 1 Section 1 [Monocline]
05. 30drop - History of Gods (Sterac Remix) [30drop]
06. Developer - Scriptures [Modularz]
07. Tensal - Achievement 2 [Float]
08. Modern Heads - Beginning (Giorgio Gigli Remix) [Outis]
09. Jonas Kopp - Metatron [Ownlife]
10. Adam X - Catenary [Sonic Groove]
11. Ben Gibson - Arizona (Joton Remix) [Newrhythmic Ltd]
12. NX1 - 023 [NX1]
13. Oscar Mulero - Arcade [Warm Up]
14. Aiken - Flux [Chronicle]
15. Kessell - Body Shock [Granulart]
16. Dax J - Beyond the Planets [Monnom Black]
17. Fisssh - Red Discus [Float]
18. Francois X - Crisp [PoleGroup]
19. Spencer Parker presents Brotherhood - Chapter 5 [Unreleased]

arxiv.org
[1602.03566] Inversion-symmetry-breaking-activated shear Raman bands in $T'$-MoTe$_2$

[ Authors ]
Shao-Yu Chen, Thomas Goldstein, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Jun Yan
[ Abstract ]
Type-II Weyl fermion nodes, located at the touching points between electron and hole pockets, have been recently predicted to occur in distorted octahedral ($T’$) transition metal dichalcogenide semimetals, contingent upon the condition that the layered crystal has the noncentrosymmetric orthorhombic ($T’_{or}$) stacking. Here, we report on the emergence of two shear Raman bands activated by inversion symmetry breaking in $T’$-MoTe$_2$ due to sample cooling. Polarization and crystal orientation resolved measurements further point to a phase transition from the monoclinic ($T’_{mo}$) structure to the desired $T’_{or}$ lattice. These results provide spectroscopic evidence that low-temperature $T’$-MoTe$_2$ is suitable for probing type-II Weyl physics.

arxiv.org
[1602.00595] Dynamic Heterogeneity In The Monoclinic Phase Of CCl$_4$

[ Authors ]
Nirvana B. Caballero, Mariano Zuriaga, Marcelo Carignano, Pablo Serra
[ Abstract ]
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl$_4$) is one of the simplest compounds having a translationally stable monoclinic phase while exhibiting a rich rotational dynamics below 226 K. Recent nuclear quadrupolar resonance (NQR) experiments revealed that the dynamics of CCl$_4$ is similar to that of the other members of the isostructural series CBr$_{n}$Cl$_{4-n}$, suggesting that the universal relaxation features of canonical glasses such as $\alpha$- and $\beta$-relaxation are also present in non-glass formers. Using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations we studied the rotational dynamics in the monoclinic phase of CCl$_4$. The molecules undergo $C3$ type jump-like rotations around each one of the four C-Cl bonds. The rotational dynamics is very well described with a master equation using as the only input the rotational rates measured from the simulated trajectories. It is found that the heterogeneous dynamics emerges from faster and slower modes associated with different rotational axes, which have fixed orientations relative to the crystal and are distributed among the four non-equivalent molecules of the unit cell.

Don’t walk on me like the half frozen pond

Bonnie’s heart sank when she considered the horror of the lives that most men led, trapped for nine ten hours a day in the slave gangs of traffic, the uniformed peonage—suit and tie and digital wristwatch—of the office galleys, the nerve-wracking drudgery of the on-going never-ceasing destruction and reconstruction, backhoes, front-end loaders, jackhammers, wrecking balls, freight trucks, nailguns, concrete culverts, asbestos insulation, I-beams, hardware, software, application forms, medical claim forms, auto insurance forms, income tax forms, garbage, mud, dust, sludge, whole monoclines of paper and anticlines of carbon (press hard) and synclines of silent despair. The world of   ”jobs”.
-Edward Abbey

arxiv.org
[1602.02479] Phase separated behavior in Yttrium doped CaMnO3

[ Authors ]
Neetika Sharma, A. Das, C.L. Prajapat, Amit Kumar, M.R. Singh
[ Abstract ]
The effect of electron doping on the structural, transport, and magnetic properties of Mn (IV) - rich Ca1-xYxMnO3 (x < 0.2) samples have been investigated using neutron diffraction, neutron depolarization, magnetization and resistivity techniques. The temperature dependence of resistivity follows the small polaron model and the activation energy exhibits a minimum for x=0.1 sample. A phase separated magnetic ground state consisting of ferromagnetic domains (~7microns) embedded in G-type antiferromagnetic matrix is observed in the sample, x = 0.1. The transition to the long range magnetically ordered state in this sample is preceded by a Griffiths phase. On lowering temperature below 300K a structural transition from orthorhombic structure (Pnma) to a monoclinic structure (P21/m) is observed in the case of x=0.2 sample. The ferromagnetic behavior in this case is suppressed and the antiferromagnetic ordering is described by coexisting C-type and G-type magnetic structures corresponding to the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases, respectively.<

arxiv.org
[1602.01364] The New Superconductor tP-SrPd2Bi2: Structural Polymorphism and Superconductivity in Intermetallics

[ Authors ]
Weiwei Xie, Elizabeth M. Seibel, Robert J. Cava
[ Abstract ]
We consider a system where structural polymorphism suggests the possible existence of superconductivity through the implied structural instability. SrPd2Bi2 has two poly-morphs which can be controlled by the synthesis temperature: a tetragonal form (CaBe2Ge2-type) and a monoclinic form (BaAu2Sb2-type). Though the crystallographic difference between the two forms may at first seem trivial, we show that tetragonal SrPd2Bi2 is superconducting at 2.0 K whereas monoclinic SrPd2Bi2 is not. We rationalize this finding and place it in context with other 1-2-2 phases

arxiv.org
[1602.00971] On the crystalline structure of orthorhombic SrRuO$_3$: A benchmark study of DFT functionals

[ Authors ]
Š. Masys, V. Jonauskas
[ Abstract ]
By investigating the crystalline structure of ground-state orthorhombic SrRuO$_3$, we present a benchmark study of some of the most popular density functional theory (DFT) approaches from the local density approximation (LDA), generalized-gradient approximation (GGA), and hybrid functional families. Recent experimental success in stabilizing tetragonal and monoclinic phases of SrRuO$_3$ at room temperature sheds a new light on the ability to accurately describe geometry of this material by applying first-principles calculations. Therefore, our work is aimed to analyse the performance of different DFT functionals and provide some recommendations for future research of SrRuO$_3$. A comparison of the obtained results to the low-temperature experimental data indicates that revised GGAs for solids are the best choice for the lattice constants and volume due to their nice accuracy and low computational cost. However, when tilting and rotation angles appear on the scene, a combination of the revised GGAs with the hybrid scheme becomes the most preferable option. It is important to note that a worse performance of LDA functional is somewhat compensated by its realistic reproduction of electronic and magnetic structure of SrRuO$_3$, making it a strong competitor if the physical features are also taken into account.