mongol hordes

ヽ༼Ὸل͜ຈ༽ノ hoist thy dongers ヽ༼Ὸل͜ຈ༽ノ ༼ ºل͟º ༽ ༼ ºل͟º༽ ༼ ºل͟º༽ ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ lets get DONGERATED ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ raise your DONGERSヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノITS a hard dong life ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ ヽ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ノ what doesnt kill me makes me donger ᕙ༼ຈل͜ຈ༽ᕗ ノ(ಠ_ಠノ ) ʟᴏᴡᴇʀ ʏᴏᴜʀ ᴅᴏɴɢᴇʀs ノ(ಠ_ಠノ) (ง⌐□ل͜□)ง would you hit a donger in your POCKET?ヽ༼ʘ̚ل͜ʘ̚༽ノ ༼ ͡■ل͜ ͡■༽ ( ° ͜ ʖ °)( ° ͜ ʖ °) (▀̿ ̿Ĺ̯̿̿▀̿ ̿) im DONG,JAMES dong (▀̿ ̿Ĺ̯̿̿▀̿ ̿) (ง ͠° ل͜ °)ง know if the dongers were turned i would show you no dong (ง ͠° ل͜ °)ง ᴍᴀsᴛᴇʀ ʏᴏᴜʀ ᴅᴏɴɢᴇʀ, ᴍᴀsᴛᴇʀ ᴛʜᴇ ᴇɴᴇᴍʏ (ง ͠° ل͜ °)ง
—  garbage-empressmachuntorumsoffismsdoseeridpiessmsoftheape100
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The Mongol hordes and their empire 

The Mongol empire was only 700,000 metres short of being the biggest empire the world has ever seen or will continue to see. It stands as the second biggest empire in the world. When you consider the first biggest was a bunch of well trained dudes with rifles (British) and the mongols were a army of horse riding nomads with swords. They did well for themselves 

The Mongol hordes began from the unicification of all the mongolian tribes under the leadership of Genghis Khan who was proclaimed Great Khan in 1206. Genghis khan was one of the most ruthless leaders in history. He led genius invasions into china and the surrounding areas however this millitary skill was nothing compared to his brutality. Victories were often followed by wholesale slaughter of the civilian population. Genghis intended to butcher so many civilians that the enemy in the next battle would be too scared to fight them. This worked and armies were fleeing from the battlefield before the battle had even begun. By the great khans death, the mongol empire had taken China, Korea, Afghanistan, Pakistan and krygistan. 

well the mongols were lightning fast warriors who awalys rode horseback. They would attack and leave as soon as they arrived. The empire managed to incorporate archers on horseback and they’re light armour made them fast when attacking cities. The Mongols did not settle or organise government. They lived in tents and slept from place to place gathering supplies. Their need to not gather supplies made them even faster. 

When Genghis died his empire was divided into 4 khanates with each one being given to his sons. The Mongol machine kept on rolling into russia. 

Keep in mind nor hitler or napoleon managed to conquer russia. 

the mongols did

The Mongols elected Ogedei Khan as their new great khan and like the cool aid man he burst onto the scene in europe invading the baltic states. However when he died. His son was chosen as his sucessor. He suffered the first mongol defeat ever and he reigned for only 8 uears before kublai khan won the throne. A desecendant from a rival mongol family. Kublai khan managed to keep the other families following his orders. By the time he died, the empire had broken into four who each pursued their own interests. 

The empire had completley fractured and dissolved and china would rise again. In its wake. 

theyankeetankie  asked:

Not really disagreeing with the rest of what you said, but do you really think people at-large directly associate Russia with the Golden Horde?

i’m not saying that when people hear russia they think “thirteenth century mongol khanate,” but a lot of the imagery and ideas the west associates with russia are based in the image of ~a mongol horde~ coming from the east that mostly comes from the invasions of the golden horde. the only people thinking about russia as golden horde in a literal sense are weirdo european identitarians who want to larp as templars lmao

anonymous asked:

Hi! If I may intervene again in defense of GRRM, about the dothraki reblog: calling him racist is kinda ridiculous. EVERY Asoiaf popoluation is violent. Apart from the fact that not all the dothcharas are awful (Dany's followers are quite decent, and Drogo had his moments) and that the mongols WERE pretty ruthless (as ALL invaders), following this logic M is racist with white people: the westeros families are mostly greedy, powerhungry and intolerant. It's only a critic against human history.

Well, actually. 

This is something I could write an essay about - and other people have written essays about, but I figured that I could give you a short response.

There are a few important differences here, but the major one is in the fact that while the people of Westeros do bad shit, that’s not all they do - whereas for the Dothraki, the entirety of their culture is built around conquest, pillage, and rape. We do not see agriculture or art that comes from the Dothraki. Their culture is nothing but violence.

There is also the way that the respective cultures approach rape and violence - in Westeros things like incest, murder, and rape happen, but they’re not condoned, whereas for the Dothraki it’s public and celebrated, a central aspect of their culture rather than a deviance that happens (at least supposedly) behind closed doors. 

To put it very briefly: there is a difference between “this people is violent” and “this people is barbaric.” 

There are also distinctly different implications to presenting an Asian/Mongolian inspired group of people as violent and hypersexualized and showing white characters as violent and hypersexualized, within the context of racial stereotypes as they stand in our world.

Quoting from a book called Race and Popular Fantasy Literature: Habits of Whiteness: 

“One of the defenses against charges of racism levelled at Gritty Fantasy works is that they tend to show all cultures as savage and brutal. Good and evil is not demarcated as Western and Eastern because, the argument goes, such works refuse to construct moral binaries. If a work like Martin’s does not allow simple goodness to any character and demonstrates the failings of all societies, it nonetheless taps into Western literature’s long history of Orientalism. The Dothraki, for example, are slavers who engage, in the novels and the TV series, in public acts of sex and violence at weddings; this construct invokes orientalist imaginings of Otherness as sexually depraved. The medievalist, White Self may not be perfect, but the Eastern Other is invariably marked as comparatively worse because of particular cultural practices which are repellent according to contemporary mores.”

Also, it is worth noting that the “barbarism” of the Mongols has been, at least in some respects, exaggerated over time, and that their culture was a lot more complex than “marauding barbarians” - an image that we have in the first place because of the European narrative about the Mongol horde - the same narrative that Martin is drawing from for the Dothraki. (This is a good essay comparing the Mongols and the Dothraki.)

Whether or not George R.R. Martin is racist - and the post in question did not put it in those words, I don’t know Martin’s personal views and honestly don’t care - the depiction of the Dothraki in the books (and even more in the TV show) is racist.

anonymous asked:

why is russia so big?

I’m not sure if you want to get a serious explanation or a joke from me. I’m bad at making jokes, so: we had some good fighters and good leaders, and all those Mongols, nomad hordes, Huns, Kazakhs, Turks, Poles etc. were WEAKER THAN US; Siberia and the Far East were enormous and mostly empty pieces of land (and nobody else didn’t want them anyway back then, I guess), so colonizing them took only some time and perseverance; and, perhaps, it’s also the expansion policy of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in XIII–XIV centuries that managed to unite most of the Russian lands into a single state. I’m not very good at history, but these are probably the main reasons why these 17 125 191 km2 are ours now.

« Chaque geste que vous ferez vers une Europe unifiée protégera un peu plus le trésor du monde. Taxez-moi de romantisme, qu’importe ! Pour moi, le trésor du monde, c’est une infante de Vélasquez, un opéra de Wagner ou une cathédrale gothique. C’est un calvaire breton ou une nécropole de Champagne. C’est le Romancero du Cid ou le visage hugolien de “l’enfant grec”. C’est un tombeau des Invalides ou le Grand Aigle de Schönbrunn, l’Alcazar de Tolède ou le Colisée de Rome, la Tour de Londres ou celle de Galata, le sang de Budapest ou le quadrige orgueilleux de la Porte de Brandebourg devenue le poste frontière de l’Europe mutilée. Pour toutes ces pierres, pour tous ces aigles et pour toutes ces croix, pour la mémoire de l’héroïsme et du génie de nos pères, pour notre terre menacée d’esclavage et le souvenir d’un grand passé, la lutte ne sera jamais vaine. Frêle Geneviève de Paris, patronne de l’Europe, seule contre les hordes mongoles, tu symbolises notre esprit de résistance. Et toi, vainqueur blond au visage de dieu, macédonien aux dix milles fidèles, Alexandre, toi qui conquis le monde oriental avec ta foi et ton épée, dressé contre le destin et le sens de l’Histoire, tu symboliseras peut-être un jour le triomphe de l’Europe impériale.»

Jean de Brem

— 
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The year is 1397. 

The Great Khan Toghun II rules from the Mongol capital of Tyemzakhot (Thames City in the language of the local peasantry), a town once called London in an island province once called Britain.

The Mongol horde has realized the shamanic guarantee given to Toghun’s forefather Genghis generations ago. From one sea to the other the Mongol empire stretches, seeming to touch every land under the blue sky.

Few traces remain of the proud medieval states that once ruled Europe. Epirus and Byzantium fight a losing battle against the Ayyubids to the south, while Mongol armies surround the few city-states that remain of the Holy Roman Empire.

The past ten years have seen three popes. Leo XII, elected only months ago, resides in a comfortable manor in Gorizia, his “papal state” little more than a quaint township; Rome and the Vatican have been under Mongol rule for decades.

With old borders removed and rivalries made obsolete, Europe has begun to experience a phenomenal cultural and artistic renaissance. The Mediterranean region is florid with great artists, poets, and thinkers of every variety. Muslim, Chinese, Turko-Mongol, and European minds, freed of national boundaries, are able to come together in a way that has never before been achieved.

Latin has been supplanted by Mongolian as the common language of the European intellectual elite. Europeans write their native languages in the Latin script and Mongolian in the jagged vertical script brought to them by their conquerors; to be able to write and read this difficult alphabet is a mark of intelligence and scholarship.

Under the orders of Toghun’s grandfather, the khan’s shamans developed a state religion fusing traditional Tengrism with reverence for the khan as a servant of the divine. The Blue Sky Way, as this new religion has been termed, has proved lukewarm in its effectiveness, popular among the nobility of Europe who desire to emulate their rulers but largely ineffectual among the common people, who are unconvinced by the vagueness of Tengric teachings and reluctant to give up the Christian idea of a paradise after death. As Turkic and Mongolic culture slowly diffuses westward, however, this may well change in time.

2

Judgement at Karakorum

The death of Mongke Khan in 1259 brought the end of the Mongol Empire. Perhaps what made the Mongols most successful as conquerors was their unity, a unity which was always tenuous at best.  When Mongke Khan died he left no heirs to take over the empire, and as a result the Mongol Empire fractured between many khans and warlords. The largest and most powerful Mongol state that resulted was the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271 by Kublai Khan, which controlled all of China, Mongolia, Korea, parts of Siberia, and parts of Central Asia. 

The Yuan Dynasty didn’t even last a hundred years before collapsing, showing that while the Mongols were great empire conquerors and empire builders, they were not very good empire keepers. The Yuan Emperors created a class system with the Mongols at the top, controlling all high level government and military positions. The native Chinese were relegated to second class status within their own country, which fomented resentment against the Mongols. Furthermore, the Mongols of the Yuan Dynasty were terrible administrators, and over the decades the Chinese economy collapsed due to economic and financial mismanagement. The countryside was ravaged by outlaws and criminals. Corruption was rampant, as was political intrigue. Like I mentioned before, what made the Mongols most powerful was their unity. Without unity, the Mongols were nothing more than small bands of marauders and brigands. Infighting was common among the Mongols as heirs of Kublai Khan fought for control of the empire. The Yuan Mongols themselves were not the same Mongols bred during the days of Genghis Khan.  Rather than being fierce and ruthless steppe warriors, decades of luxurious living and wealth had transformed the Mongols into a horde of overprivileged brats who needed a good ass whoopin’ for their own good.

By the 1350′s, Chinese hatred of the Mongols had reached the boiling point. The Mongols ruled under the Mandate of Heaven, an ancient Chinese doctrine that said that rulers governed with the blessings of the gods. However, the gods could withdraw their mandate, giving the people the right to overthrow an incompetent or tyrannical ruler. Heaven would give a sign that it had withdrawn it’s mandate with a series of natural disasters. In the 1350′s China was plagued with a number of disastrous floods, droughts, and famines, disasters which a weakened Mongol government could do little to mitigate. To the Chinese, the Mongols were both incompetent and tyrannical, it was time for them to be tarred, feathered, and run out of town on a rail.

In 1351, a religious political movement called the White Lotus Society founded the Red Turban Rebellion, a movement to kick the Mongols out of China once and for all. The Mongols were almost powerless to stop them as millions across China rose up in arms. While the Mongols were extraordinary conquerors, the sucked at defending and holding ground. Back in the days before Genghis Khan, if the Chinese sent a massive army into Mongolia to quell the tribes, the Mongols would simply pack up their yurts and bug out, disappearing into the vastness of the steppes. Now that they had to defend an empire and hold on to territory, they had lost the advantage of mobility.  The Mongols were not prepared to deal with such a mass uprising. Over the next seven years the Mongols were forced to retreat toward the north, until in 1358 the last Yuan Emperor, Toghon Temur, ordered a complete withdrawal from China. 

The Mongols would found a rump state called the Northern Yuan Dynasty in Mongolia, while a Red Turban leader named Zhu Yuanzhang claimed the Mandate of Heaven and founded the Ming Dynasty.  The Ming Chinese continued to advance against the Mongols, driving father north and eventually kicking the Mongols out of Manchuria. In 1388 the Ming invaded Mongolia with a massive army. The Mongols attempted to stop them, but were easily crushed at the Battle of Lake Biur, which resulted in 70,000 Mongols surrendering to the Chinese Imperial Army. The Ming then marched on the Mongol capital of Karakorum, and burned it to the ground. Talk about comeuppance.

After the destruction of Karakorum, the Mongols reverted back into their old tribal ways, splitting into factions that remained in almost constant civil war. The Ming watched closely, and whenever it seemed that a leader would emerge to unite the Mongols once again, the Ming would invade, cut that person down to size, and the infighting among the Mongols would begin again. As a result, the Mongols would never be the existential threat to China or any other civilization like they were back in the days of Genghis Khan. Some came close to bringing back old Mongol glory, such as in 1449 when the Mongols defeated a 500,000 man Ming army, captured the emperor, and laid siege to Beijing, but Mongol infighting destroyed the offensive and regressed the Mongols back to their old ways once again. In 1757, the Manchu Dynasty conquered Mongolia, reducing the Mongol population by 80% through warfare, disease, and genocide. In the meantime, the Russians advanced from the west, conquering and occupying traditional Mongol lands in Central Asia.

Mongolia would remain a province of Manchu China until the fall of the Dynasty in 1912. In 1924 Mongolia became a communist state under the Mongolian People’s Republic. While technically Mongolia was a sovereign nation, in reality it was a puppet state of the Soviet Union, who occupied the country with Red Army troops up until the end of World War II. As a result, around 30,000 Mongolians were executed as part of Stalin’s purges in the late 1930′s. After World War II Mongolia would become a pawn of the Soviet Union in it’s Cold War squabbles against China. Communism came to an end in Mongolia as the Soviet Union collapsed.

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jaci watches marco polo

episode 1 - the wayfarer

“Kublai Khan, King of the Mongols, reigns over the largest empire on Earth. His armies rage across the Silk Road, annihilating every holdout in his path. Except one. Chancellor Jia Sidao and his Chinese rebel army are entrenched within the walled city of Xiangyang — They have resisted the Mongol horde for over 30 years. The Polo family — merchants from Venice — venture into the heart of the great Khan’s war-torn empire.”