modern-western

witchcraft in the dewey decimal system

this is a shortlist of good places to help you find books to use in your craft when you’re in the library

  • 000
    • 030 general encyclopedic works
    • 090 manuscripts and rare books
  • 100
    • 110 metaphysics
    • 130 paranormal phenomena, occult
    • 140 specific philosophical schools
    • 170 ethics (moral philosophy)
    • 180 ancient, medieval, oriental philosophy
    • 190 modern western philosophy
  • 200
    • 210 natural theology
    • 240 christian moral and devotional theology
    • christian denominations and sects
    • other and comparative religions
  • 300
    • 390 customs, etiquette, folklore
  • 400
    • 410 linguistics
    • 420 english and old english
    • 430 germanic languages, german
    • 470 italic languages, latin
    • 480 hellenic languages, classical greek
    • 490 other languages
  • 500
    • 520 astronomy and allied sciences
    • 540 chemistry and allied sciences
    • 550 earth sciences
    • 580 botanical sciences
  • 600
    • 610 medical sciences and medicine
    • 630 agriculture
  • 700
    • 740 drawing and decorative arts
    • 780 music
    • 790 recreational and performing arts
  • 800
    • 820 english and old english literatures
    • 830 literatures of germanic languages
    • 870 italic literatures, latin
    • 880 hellenic literatures, classical greek
    • 890 literatures of other languages
  • 900
    • 930 history of the ancient world
    • 940 general history of europe
    • 950 general history of asia, far east
    • 960 general history of africa
    • 970 general history of north america
    • 980 general history of south america
    • 990 general history of other areas
Reasons Herbs May Not Work

It breaks my heart when I see people give up on herbs too easily.

More and more people are turning to herbs because there is a growing disappointment with using pharmaceuticals for chronic illness.

Many people are getting fed up with taking a pill that never really cures their illness and gives them awful side effects. Maybe they are concerned about acetaminophen giving their young child asthma (1) or they see the growing evidence about the risks associated with statins (2) and they say enough is enough!

From this moment forward they vow to never resort to drugs again and instead try a more natural and holistic approach thus leading them to the world of herbs and herbalism.

But sometimes their love affair with herbalism is stopped short.

They reach for the closest herb book, try a few remedies and then declare that the herbs don’t work! They tried using horehound for coughing with no relief. They tried meadowsweet for their headache to no avail.

They begin to wonder, “Are herbalists a bunch of delusional wood fairies touting the miracles of something that never works?”

As much as I would love to be considered a wood fairy, I’ll have to say no, this is not the case. I’ve seen herbs work hundreds of times. I’ve seen them work for serious infections as well as serious chronic diseases. I’ve seen them work when modern medicine failed.

Yes, herbs work!

I want to share a handful of reasons why herbs might not work in a given situation.

1. Improper dosing (either too little or too much)

When buying over the counter drugs like NyQuil or Tylenol, they come in a package that is clearly marked with the dosage instructions. Generally these are very simple instructions. “Adults take 2 tablets, three times daily.”

Herbs don’t always come with directions. If you buy bulk herbs the dosing instructions are absent entirely. If you buy a tincture or a bottle of capsules the dosage listed on the bottle has most likely been chosen by the FDA’s labeling mandates and not by an herbalist.  

I am not going to lie to you. Dosage in the herbal world is confusing.

In herbalism dosage varies from person to person, from plant to plant and from preparation to preparation.

A 15 minute infusion of a teaspoon of nettle leaf will not extract the same vitamins and minerals as a four-hour infusion of an ounce of nettle leaf in a quart of water.

A few drops of lobelia tincture can promote relaxation. A strong cup of lobelia tea could make you vomit.

One way I commonly see dosages being flubbed in herbalism is people using small amounts of tonic/adaptogen herbs in tincture, versus the traditional use of large amount of tonic/adaptogen herbs as decoctions or powders. (As always go with what works, but if you aren’t getting the results you’d expect after taking 5 drops of ashwanganda tincture twice a day, consider your dose!)

Frequency of dosing can also be an issue. During acute illnesses we generally use slightly smaller amounts but with more frequency. I may take elderberry elixir 1-2 times each hour at the onset of an illness for example. General recommendations are to take herbs 3 times a day, but that won’t cut it for acute illness.

2. Low quality plant material

Herbs often don’t come with an expiration date. Quality can also vary significantly and will suffer greatly if the herbs have been improperly harvested or improperly processed.

Plants decay. They simply go bad. The rate at which they do this varies significantly from plant to plant. If you’ve just pulled a bag of herbs from your back shelf and had to blow off an inch of dust… well, they are probably not at their prime.

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List of things that don't exist

• fatphobia
• otherkin
• headmates
• nonbinary genders
• MAP’s that aren’t disgusting people
• healthy obese people
• non-dysphoric trans people
• pansexuality
• western society rape culture
• western society patriarchy
• western society male privilege
• a third sex
• reverse-racism (it’s just racism)
• reverse-sexism (it’s just sexism)
• useful feminism in the first world
• modern, western, cis privilege
• modern, western straight privilege
• modern, western white privilege
• a nondestructive pro-ana blog
• a point to blm
• intelligent people on tumblr. Or at least, there are very, very few of them.

youtube

Today I want to look at traditional depictions of witches in both the west and in Japan, how the magical girl genre developed out of the blending of the two, Sailor Moon being a witch, not in a crappy Madoka Magica “corruption of innocence way”, just like, she’s a witch and, by extension, how this makes Vegeta a wizard?

Closed Captioning coming soon.

Transcript below:

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Something I’ve been thinking about lately…the whole “Jews in Hollywood” argument that antisemites like to trot out as an extension of the Jews Control the World belief and something that, unfortunately, a lot of people who wouldn’t be considered antisemites believe too. 

It’s the same reason why you can find many Jewish people working in banking–historically convenient as it was one of the few professions open to them, and something that was carried over today. Before the start of talkies, movies (and a little before them, theatre) were seen as lowborn entertainment, fit only for the basest of the masses; real art, real entertainment, something that only the educated upper crust could truly appreciate, was to be found in writing, reading, and other activities like boating and walking. 

Sure, Shakespeare’s plays were popular with pretty much every Elizabethan Londoner. We still read about Aristophanes, and Dorian Gray is still one of the most popular Gothic stories ever. But just because there were exceptions, even the most widely known playwrights and actors and, later, studio teams were still regarded as unseemly. They were considered to be on par with prostitutes and the rest of the societal underclass. This was aided by the fact that their earnings were low, many often had to prostitute themselves to supplement their meagre incomes, and what they did earn was usually on a play-by-play (and movie-by-movie) basis and mostly went to paying the renting costs of the theatre, inn or what have you that hosted them. 

They depended on patronage so that they wouldn’t starve, and, along with the unfortunate fact that Plato’s railings against mimetic art in general still held strong, led to the moral and social disapproval against theatre and movies. It was lessened a bit by the fact that in the West during the 17th and 18th century more of the upper class attended plays, but this in turn only created a divide between “tasteful”  theatre and popular theatre. 

This was carried over to the movies –  nickelodeons (named for the fact that the entrance fee was a nickel in the US) and matinees were popular with a working class barely starting to transition out of the Industrial Revolution, drastically changing their leisure habits in an age when free time was still mostly a thing for the rich. Movies were projected to a large amount of people, usually in tents, converted store fronts, or even the street. 

It is of no surprise then, that a large portion of acting troupes and playwrights were made up of poor immigrants and the lower class in general – in the US, for example, the Irish and Jews (to say nothing of the overwhelmingly Ashkenazi presence in Western entertainment). Modern Jewish comedy has its roots in the big presence Jewish actors had in theatre, especially vaudeville – Ziegfield Follies, anyone?– and the subgenre of Yiddish theatre. Most people have heard of the Marx Brothers, Sarah Bernhardt, Sophie Tucker, Ida Rubinstein and Ed Wynn. 

With all of the prejudice towards the theatre extended to movies, again, this was one of the few places Jews could excel in. And it’s for this reason that all of the Big Six Hollywood movie studios, with the exception of Disney, were started by Jews. Not because some tinfoil toting conspiracist thinks that this is just ZOG in action.   

im always immediately skeptical of evolutionary studies that propose rigid gender hierarchy in humans because theyre generally extremely biased toward “proving” a very recent modern western perception of what gender roles should be like and theyre usually also bunkus and not based on any actual historical or genetic evidence. and everyone should be skeptical of this, especially if they care at all about gender equality.

anonymous asked:

Islam is backwards and needs to be removed. Muslims have never contributed anything to the progression of society.

I’m just going to leave this for you…

“… There was once a civilization that was the greatest in the world.

It was able to create a continental super-state that stretched from ocean to ocean, and from northern climes to tropics and deserts. Within its dominion lived hundreds of millions of people, of different creeds and ethnic origins.

One of its languages became the universal language of much of the world, the bridge between the peoples of a hundred lands. Its armies were made up of people of many nationalities, and its military protection allowed a degree of peace and prosperity that had never been known. The reach of this civilization’s commerce extended from Latin America to China, and everywhere in between.

And this civilization was driven more than anything, by invention. Its architects designed buildings that defied gravity. Its mathematicians created the algebra and algorithms that would enable the building of computers, and the creation of encryption. Its doctors examined the human body, and found new cures for disease. Its astronomers looked into the heavens, named the stars, and paved the way for space travel and exploration.

Its writers created thousands of stories. Stories of courage, romance and magic. Its poets wrote of love, when others before them were too steeped in fear to think of such things.

When other nations were afraid of ideas, this civilization thrived on them, and kept them alive. When censors threatened to wipe out knowledge from past civilizations, this civilization kept the knowledge alive, and passed it on to others.

While modern Western civilization shares many of these traits, the civilization I’m talking about was the Islamic world from the year 800 to 1600, which included the Ottoman Empire and the courts of Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo, and enlightened rulers like Suleiman the Magnificent.

Although we are often unaware of our indebtedness to this other civilization, its gifts are very much a part of our heritage. The technology industry would not exist without the contributions of Arab mathematicians… ”

- CARLY FIORINA, CEO of Hewlett Packard 1999-2005

Y'all want to know my favorite thing about Julius Caesar?

Okay so, for the Romans, a person would live on immortally as long as they were remembered.

Now, among other things I can be bothered to type out, the main reason Caesar was killed was because a group of senators was looking at this self-proclaimed Dictator for Life (not the first one of those by the by) and getting pretty damn nervous because he seemed real damn comfortable in power and like he might be wanting and OH BOY did they not like that.

So they killed him, and then there was ANOTHER civil war (there had been at least two before: Marcus vs Sulla, and then Caesar vs Pompey).

And by doing so, they more or less cemented Gaius Julius Caesar in his future career as the single most popular figure from antiquity in modern western media. Shakespeare wrote a play about him, he’s in Xena, Asterix comics, hell, Rome’s first season is about his civil war with Pompey. He’s everywhere.

Hell, the Ides of March is still a hugely popular day, because it’s the day Caesar was killed.

Originally posted by evanrachelwouldnt

His name still lives on. So basically, by killing him like they did, Brutus and Cassius and all them did the one thing they didn’t want. They made him immortal.

sylvestriana  asked:

The Quran says its okay for muslims to rape female slaves, which is is something that the holy prophet Muhammad and his followers did themselves. WOOO FEMINISM!!!!

First, I’ve read many places that’s taken out of context and the translation uses words that didn’t mean what they do today. (Any Muslim followers want to give their insight?)

Second, EVEN IF it does say that the vast majority of modern and/or western Muslims don’t believe that or follow it. The same is true with many things said in the Jewish Old Testament and the Christian Bible.

Third, EVEN IF it says that it’s still against the law. Separation of church and state, my friend.

Fourth, EVEN IF it says that and people believe it…. What the Hell does that have to do with feminism? I challenge you to find a feminist who is like “woo rape! Woo slavery!”.

Feminism is about equality and choice. I fight for and I stand up for women and men having those things. That includes Muslim men and women being able to practice that religion, being able to cover or not cover, and to reject old and ancient teachings they disagree with.

THERE 👏 ARE 👏 LUNAR 👏 GODS 👏 AND 👏 SOLAR 👏 GODDESSES

SPACE 👏 DOES 👏 NOT 👏 PARTICIPATE 👏 IN 👏 YOUR 👏 MODERN 👏 WESTERN 👏 GENDER 👏 BINARY 👏 ASSUMPTIONS

STARS 👏 AND 👏 SPACE 👏 ROCKS 👏 DON’T 👏 HAVE 👏 GENDER

anonymous asked:

I've always been curious of where people find minis for their games- is there a post with a guide to getting started with miniatures? I've usually gone without in the past.

Hi Anon,

For the longest time I was getting by with chess pieces, cut outs and candy but now my most used minis came from the following sources.

Board Games

The Legend of Drizzt, Castle Ravenloft and Descent provided me with some nice varied minis, heroes and villains. The Heroes probably won’t fit the PC’s your group makes so keep them for villains and NPC’s. The minis are good, but not great though rank and file enemies don’t have to be. I used Imperial Assault minis for Star Wars and the quality was great! The board games can be expensive though but the tiles you get can serve to build out your map.

War Games

I had some old skeletons and zombies from the beginnings of an undead Warhammer army. You can usually pick up a regiment at an okay price and there are some decent character options. Warhammer, Malifaux and Hordes are all War game options but they can put a serious dent in the wallet. Their LotR Orcs are a better option than the Warhammer ones.

Single or Multiple Blister Packs

When I needed specific race class combinations for my PCs I went to the reaper minis website and found what I was looking for mostly. I picked up some bones (cheaper, plastic) and some metal ones. Some races are harder to find the right minis for, Tieflings and Dragonborn for example. Reaper are not the one option out there, Redbox (though I ordered a wizard from here and the scale was off a bit), Otherworld, Dark Sword, Gale Force Nine, and the one I am currently looking through is Oathsworn Miniatures who have a series called Heroines in Sensible Shoes which are female minis dressed in more realistic adventurer gear, meaning no boob windows or high heels, they also have some cute animal adventurers for their Burrows and Badgers game too. I have stuck pretty close to Reaper, most minis are a couple of bucks and there are some nice sculpts. Wizkids Unpainted Minis are pretty decent too, they usually come in two packs and the heroic figures sometimes come in a lower level look and a more tricked out version.

Heroforge

At Heroforge you can custom design your own miniature with a variety of options and print it out in several materials. Don’t bother with the cheaper option, you will get a mess. I plan on getting a Tiefling made through here, they have Sci-Fi, Modern, Western and more options and add poses, accessories and gear from time to time. I have not purchased a Heroforge mini yet, the info above comes from reviews I have read and impressions from ones I have seen.

Videos

Matt Colville, because he is a river unto his people, made a video on minis a while back, it is through him I found out about Otherworld and Gale Force Nine, he covers the topic in depth so here is a LINK he also has one on terrain LINK

Painting

There are plenty of tutorials online though none beat watching someone work and for that I recommend Sorastro’s Painting guides, in particular I found his Zombicide: Black Plague videos a good way to see the difference in approaching a hero or boss mini versus rank and file enemies. Here is a LINK

Good luck!

Star Wars, Kylo Ren and the Ancient Egyptian Soul

What’s in a name? that which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet;

– William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.

Do you not know that a man is not dead while his name is still spoken? 

– Terry Pratchett, Going Postal.

Kylo Ren has no soul. I don’t say this because I hate his character, or because I think he’s a monster, I say this because he’s so clearly tried to destroy one key part of his soul - his name.

According to the Ancient Egyptians, the human soul came in five parts. The Ib, the Sheut, the Ba, the Ka and the Ren.

Your Ib was your heart and, like the other parts of your soul, was essential to you surviving in the afterlife. To enter the afterlife your heart was weighed against the Feather of Truth - if you failed your heart was devoured by Ammit and you were damned and destroyed for all eternity. This was why the heart was not placed into Canopic Jars but left in the body: so Anubis could weigh it against the feather and judge if you were worthy or not. Your heart, according to the Ancient Egyptians, was the very seat of your emotions, thought, will and intentions. If you sinned, it weighed on you here.

The Sheut was your shadow, the thing which proved you real and tangible in the world. Always present so long as there was light, always following the person, to the Ancient Egyptians it was obvious that it carried some part of the person it was attached to - indeed, following this same logic statues were sometimes referred to as shadows. The shadow was also not exempt from the afterlife - some people were given “shadow boxes” in which part of the Sheut was stored.

The Ba was the personality of a person, what made them them. Probably the part of the Ancient Egyptian soul easiest to equate to the modern Western perception of the soul, it was your defining character, your very self - where the Ib was intention and emotion, the Ba was the personality behind that. Indeed, the Ba was said to re-join the Ka in the afterlife -

The Ka being your vital spark, that which makes you alive. It is this which distinguishes the living from the dead - when the body, the Ha lost it’s Ka, it was dead. The Ka is your living energy and so, to live, it requires, like any living thing, food and drink. It is because of the Ka that food and drink were left by graves or buried with a Mummy - so that, even in the afterlife, the Ka could eat and drink it’s fill and not die.

All these things about the first four parts of the soul. But what about the fifth?

The Ren is the name given to you at birth. Egyptians could and would change their names - Pharaohs most notably, with Akhenaten, called Amenhotep before his name-change and Tutankhamun, born Tutankhnaten - but the name was still a sacred thing. It was even, when written or carved, protected by a Cartouche, and many Ancient Egyptians made numerous attempts to protect and preserve their names. Conversely, should someone be considered to have committed so great a crime there was no other punishment suitable, their name would be hacked off monuments and inscriptions, in a form of what the Romans would later perform, and called damnatio memoriae.

As Pratchett says - “a man is not dead while his name is still spoken”. So too did the Ancient Egyptians believe - if your name still existed somewhere, if it could still be read and understood and spoken… you would live. Provided the other efforts to preserve your soul, your Ba and Ka, your Ib and Sheut and, in the realm of the living, your Ren you could survive in the afterlife for ages upon ages.

Kylo Ren has shed his name. His name is not even entirely a name - he is a Knight of Ren, a Knight of the Name, and what passes for his name now reflects that. He may have his Ba and Ka, he is certainly a creature of his own Sheut, but his Ib… has been shaped and moulded into something else and is weighed down by sins.

And his Ren, his name… is gone. He is just another name bound into Snoke’s service, made to shed a part of himself, a part of his soul.

Kylo Ren has no soul. Not because he’s a monster, but because he has sacrificed his name in Snoke’s service. He is a Knight of Ren, a Knight of Name.

Perhaps, a Knight in name only. Will he take on his old name? Will he take on a new name entirely? I don’t know.

But Kylo has no Ren.

10

He Duoling (何多苓) (1948, China)

‘House with Attic’ series 1: groups

He Duoling is a prominent contemporary Chinese oil painter with a broad range of influences from impressionism and Pre-Raphaelitism to Andrew Wyeth, in a style moving from realism to a more free-form and poetic manner. In my opinion, one of the most ‘complete’ figurative painters from China.

He’s House with Attic series is a set of 44 paintings to accompany Anton Chekhov’s short story usually titled An Artist’s Story or The House with the Mezzanine in English. The choice of an impressionistic style to the works is presumably a deliberate evocation of Chekhov’s period, and He explores the space and psychology between the characters with a striking ease.

rudjedet  asked:

Regarding Anubis: It is more or less incorrect to call Anubis (or Osiris) a "death god". Death was, to put it really bluntly, a passage between one state of existence and another, and therefore not a concept in itself in the way we conceptualise death. So there is no direct ancient Egyptian equivalent of "death gods". Osiris was the mummiform King of the West (the Afterlife), Anubis Protector of the Necropolis.

I think this is a really interesting point, because in ‘the west’ we tend to westernize the cultures we see across the world. That means equating Anubis and Hades, for instance, when the reality is much more complicated and Egyptian views on death don’t necessarily line up with ancient Greek or modern western views.

Edit: Add to that our modern interpretations of Hades are colored by Satan, especially when you look at things like Disney’s Hercules.

The Murder of Jeanette DePalmer

Occult-related crimes are incredibly rare in modern times, especially in Western countries such as America. Though many instances of cult activity and ritual sacrifice have been reported to police over the years, the majority of the time these turn out to be pranks or simple misunderstandings, and not the work of the devil at all.

Jeanette DePalmer was a quiet, devout sixteen-year-old girl who lived with her gospel preaching family in Springfield Township, New Jersey. On August 7, 1972, Jeanette came from from a prayer meeting and told her parents that she was going to visit a friend in a nearby town by train. After promising to be home before dark, Jeanette trotted off towards the train station. Her parents never saw her alive again.

After she failed to return home, Jeanette’s parents filed a missing persons report and anxiously waited for news of her return. Their hopes were dashed six weeks later when a man walking his dog made a gruesome discovery; near a cluster of cliffs known as ‘The Devils Teeth’ he found a human forearm with fresh teeth marks in it. He immediately rang the police, who soon found the what remained of Jeanette DePalmer; from the outset they realised they were dealing with something deeply troubling.

Though half-skeletonized and well picked over by scavenging animals, Jeanette’s body was obviously naked and deliberately arranged into a peculiar position; she had been placed face down on the ground with her head pointed directly east, and both arms were raised above her head in a 'praying’ posture. In addition to the limb arrangement, her body was enclosed by cut-off tree branches that formed the shape of a coffin when seen from above. Small wooden crosses were scattered around her body, and some reports say that animal body parts were also found near the corpse. Due to the condition of her body, DePalmer’s cause of death couldn’t be determined, though the autopsy report stated she had definitely died via homicidal means.

Perhaps inevitably, DePalmer’s murder was blamed on a devil-worshipping cult. Though the poluce generally resisted these claims, they did question several local teenagers who stated that the cliffs where DePalma’s body was found were often used as sacrificial altars, and the place held special significance because of its name.

Police also investigated a homeless man known only as “Red”, as he was believed to live in the woods near where the corpse was found. Though “Red” had hurriedly left the area after Jeanette disappeared, the police had zero evidence against him and no criminal charges laid.

As time went on the hysteria around the 'cult sacrifice’ gradually lessened, and the police tried to follow up on every lead they could find. However, all their efforts proved fruitless, and the Jeanette DePalmer murder mystery remains unsolved.