Anna Morandi Manzolini (1714-1774) was an internationally renowned anatomist, lecturer at the
University of Bologna, in a time when access to education and the academic
world was very limited for women. She started lecturing as a substitute for her
ill husband, but soon became a teacher in her own right, and was invited to
many royal courts for her extensive knowledge and talent.
She was particularly
skilled in creating detailed, accurate anatomical models out of wax, being the
first person to ever reproduce minute details such as blood vessels and nerves
using this method. Her work became the prototype for countless models used in the
teaching of anatomy.