Iraqi Jews in front of Ezekial’s Tomb in Al Kifl, Iraq; 1932.
Iraq was one of the historic centers of Jewish thought in the world. Through Nazi propaganda coupled with the rise of Pan-Arabism, minority groups such as the Jews in Iraq - but also the Kurds and the Assyrians - were increasingly ostracized. This had led to a pogrom known as The Farhud in 1941 which caused the deaths of up to 780 Jewish Iraqis with a thousand injured and spelled the beginning of the end for the Iraqi Jewish community. Through their flight out of the country years later, Iraqi Jews left behind billions of dollars in property and assets and are fighting the Iraqi government for reimbursement.