mittelalterlich

Zodiac sign of CAPRICORN in a 9th century manuscript on Flickr.

The zodiac sign of CAPRICORN is associated with the month of December and it is represented by the goat. In most of the standard medieval iconographic compositions, the goat is represented with two horns, standing or seated. For an animal rather familiar to the artists in that time, the portrayal of the goat tends to be surprisingly unrealistic to the extent that the goat is often shown very similar to the unicorn. Variations on this form show a creature with upper body of a goat and lower body of a fish with a tail emerging from a shell. In the modern horoscope the zodiac sign of CAPRICORN covers the period from about 22 December until 19 January. Link to the “Zodiac sign of CAPRICORN” set

Link to the “Zodiac signs” collection

Manuscript title: Astronomical-computistic encyclopedia

Origin: St. Gallen (Switzerland)

Period: 9th century

Image source: St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 250, p. 497 – Astronomical-computistic encyclopedia ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/csg/0250/497 )

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Scene from “Labors of the month November” on Flickr.

NOVEMBER Labors of the month November are generally associated with preparations for winter. This usually involves a representation of a man with a club in his hand shaking the acorns from the trees which are eaten by the pigs beneath. The scene is always shown in an open air showing three or more pigs clustered around the man`s feet. This is the traditional feeding of the animals before the start of winter. In other variations, the depiction of the activities consists of a man chopping or gathering firewood. Link to the Labors of the month November set

Manuscript title: Book of Hours

Origin: Nantes ? (France)

Period: 15th century

Image source: Genève, Bibliothèque de Genève, Ms. lat. 33, p. 11r – Book of Hours ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/bge/lat0033/11r )

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Heute oute ich mich ganz offiziell als Freund von mittelalterlicher Musik (und alles was damit zutun hat).
Umso mehr habe ich mich auf das neue Album von Faun gefreut. Auch das Thema (die germanische bzw nordische Mythologie) fand ich höchst interessant. Eine Sphäre, die sich die Nazis einverleibt haben. Das bereitete mir Bauchschmerzen. Kommt nun eine unangenehme Wahrheit über die Band ans Licht?

Dann die Nachricht auf Seite 1:
“An dieser Stelle wollen wir drauf hinweisen, dass die Tatsache, dass wir uns hier mit nordischer/ germanischer Mythologie beschäftigen, keineswegs politisch zu deuten ist. In der germanischen Mythologie sind wunderbare Inhalte, Texte, Weisheiten und Wahrheiten zu finden. Diesen, unseren Kulturschatz, wollen wir nicht Leuten mit politisch falschen und rassistischen Motiven überlassen.”

Ein großes Dankeschön an die Menschen von Faun! ❤️

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Medieval Atmosphere - Mittelalterliche Stimmung (explored) by Werner

Evangelium Longum - back cover on Flickr.

Manuscript title: Evangelium longum (Evangelistary)

Manuscript summary: The Evangelium Longum, a world-class work created by the St. Gallen monks Sintram (text) and Tuotilo (binding).

Origin: St. Gallen

Period: 9th century

Image source: St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 53: Evangelium longum (Evangelistary)
( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/csg/0053 )

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Scene from “Labors of the month August” on Flickr.

Labors of the month August are generally associated with threshing. The scene usually shows a man and a woman, or occasionally two men, beating the grain. The scene can take place both indoor and outdoor and sometimes in the background there are bound of stacks of grain. Variations of the scene might also show sowing as the activity of the month. Link to the “Labors of the month August” set.

Manuscript title: Codex Schürstab

Origin: Nürnberg (Germany)

Period: 15th century

Image source: Zürich, Zentralbibliothek, Ms. C 54, p. 13r – Codex Schürstab ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/zbz/C0054/13r )

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 403, Front cover on Flickr.

Manuscript title: 12th Century Breviary from the monastery of Disentis

Manuscript summary: This is a collection of liturgical works from the monastery of Disentis, written in the second half of the 12th century, most likely around 1200. In sequence, the volume contains a calendar (pp. 2-13), a psalter (pp. 15-90) and a hymnary (pp. 91-110), a (mixed) capitulary and collectarium (pp. 116-186), as well as an antiphonary, a lectionary, and a homiliary (pp. 203-638). Highlights from the point of view of manuscript decoration include the initial “B” at the beginning of the psalter (p. 15) and a picture of the crucifixion (p. 89). This breviary is one of the very few surviving medieval manuscripts from the monastery of Disentis. The manuscript came to Kempten around 1300; as early as the 15th century, the Disentis Breviary was held in the Abbey Library of St. Gall.

Origin: Disentis Monastery (Switzerland)

Period: 1150/1200

Image source: St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 403: 12th Century Breviary from the monastery of Disentis ( www.e-codices.ch/en/list/one/csg/0403 )

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Porrentruy, Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne, Ms. 22, f. 182v by e-codices
Via Flickr:
Manuscript title: Breviarium basileense; Manuscript summary: This breviary was meant for use in the diocese of Basel. There are still partially visible traces of coats of arms that were painted on ff. 33r, 41r, 129r and 279r and were later erased; these allow the codex to be attributed to Arnold of Rotberg, Bishop of Basel from 1451 to 1458. His successor, Jean de Venningen (1458-1478) noted on f. 5r the repurchase of the manuscript from Porrentruy Castle on June 29th 1461. Origin: Porrentruy, Switzerland; Period: 15th century; Image source: Porrentruy, Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne, Ms. 22: Breviarium basileense (www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/bcj/0022).

Fribourg/Freiburg, Couvent des Cordeliers/Franziskanerkloster, Ms. 6, f. 14v on Flickr.

Manuscript title: Antiphonarium

Manuscript summary: Antiphonary from the Franciscan Monastery of Fribourg, dated 1488 according to the colophon f. 214v. Drolleries are drawn in the margins and by the initials. The manuscript contains a miniature (f. 14v, birth of Christ) and beautiful initials (flowers, fruit, zucchini), attributed to the Master of the Breviary of Jost of Silenen.

Origin: Fribourg, Franciscan Monastery

Period: 15th century

Image source: Fribourg/Freiburg, Couvent des Cordeliers/Franziskanerkloster, Ms. 6: Antiphonarium
( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/fcc/0006 )

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Appenzell, Landesarchiv Appenzell Innerrhoden, E.10.02.01.01, f. 32v by e-codices
Via Flickr:
Manuscript title: Silver Book of the Land Manuscript summary: On 86 leaves of parchment, the Silver Book of the Land contains the statutes of the entire region of Appenzell. It is an assemblage of older legal texts; at a later time more recent statutes were added to it. Following the division of the region of Appenzell that took place in 1597, the book became the property of the Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden and remained valid into the 19th century. Rich decorations consisting of miniatures and initials indicate the great importance attributed to this volume. Origin: Appenzell (Switzerland) Period: 16th century Image source: Appenzell, Landesarchiv Appenzell Innerrhoden, E.10.02.01.01: Silver Book of the Land (www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/laai/E-10-02-01-01)

Christmas scene in a 14th century manuscript on Flickr.

Manuscript title: Graduale

Origin: Fribourg (Switzerland)

Period: about 14th century

Image source: Fribourg/Freiburg, Couvent des Cordeliers/Franziskanerkloster, Ms. 9: Graduale ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/fcc/0009 )

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Christmas scene in a 10th century manuscript on Flickr.

Christmas, also known as Nativity, refers to the accounts of the birth of Jesus mainly based on the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Traditionally, scenes of Nativity, portray the Holy Family in the stable at Bethlehem. The Christ child is represented lying in a manger or upon the straw, whilst Virgin Mary kneels in adoration before Him. In some scenes Virgin Mary is represented lying next to Jesus. Joseph is portrayed standing at one side. The scene also includes depictions of an ox and a donkey, usually in the background, gazing quietly at the scene in front of them.
Some Nativity scenes depict one or more angels who proclaim Jesus as the savior for all people, and portrayals of shepherds who come to adore Him. There are also scenes representing the wise men (The Maggi ) who, after following a star, arrive to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus. Link to the “Christmas scenes” set

Manuscript title: Homiliarium

Origin: St. Gall (Switzerland)

Period: 10th century

Image source: Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, B IV 26, p. 6r – Homiliarium ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/ubb/B-IV-0026/6r )

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Christmas scene in an 18th century manuscript on Flickr.

Christmas, also known as Nativity, refers to the accounts of the birth of Jesus mainly based on the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Traditionally, scenes of Nativity, portray the Holy Family in the stable at Bethlehem. The Christ child is represented lying in a manger or upon the straw, whilst Virgin Mary kneels in adoration before Him. In some scenes Virgin Mary is represented lying next to Jesus. Joseph is portrayed standing at one side. The scene also includes depictions of an ox and a donkey, usually in the background, gazing quietly at the scene in front of them.
Some Nativity scenes depict one or more angels who proclaim Jesus as the savior for all people, and portrayals of shepherds who come to adore Him. There are also scenes representing the wise men (The Maggi ) who, after following a star, arrive to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus. Link to the “Christmas scenes” set

Manuscript title: The four gospels in Arabic

Origin: Cairo (Egypt)

Period: 18th century

Image source: Utopia, armarium codicum bibliophilorum, Cod. 2 (Codex Pandeli), p. 11 – The four gospels in Arabic ( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/utp/0002/11 )

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 30, p. 84r by e-codices
Via Flickr:
Manuscript title: Calendarium (Prayer calendar), Latin Bible selections: Liber Psalmorum, Cantica with prayers; Hymns, etc. Manuscript summary: This codex from southern Germany is composed of two parts bound together in one German binding in 1569. The first part of the manuscript contains about a hundred leaves from the 12th and 13th centuries. It begins with a calendar featuring numerous constellations and full page illustrations. Following are prayers and liturgical songs. The second part consists of thirty leaves containing a series of Latin prayers in carefully wrought late 14th century Gothic script. Origin: Germany Period: 13th/14th Image source: Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 30: Calendarium (Prayer calendar), Latin Bible selections: Liber Psalmorum, Cantica with prayers; Hymns, etc. (www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/cb/0030)

JUNE Labors of the month June are generally associated with mowing. The scene usually shows one man holding the scythe in his hands, and occasionally a landscape is represented. Sometimes, two or more men are shown in the same scene, and occasionally the group includes women. Variations of this composition might also show two lovers or a man shearing a sheep.

Manuscript title: Book of Hours of Agnes le Dieu

Origin: Bourges (France)

Period: 16th century

Image source: Utopia, armarium codicum bibliophilorum, Cod. 102, p. 9v – Book of Hours of Agnes le Dieu (www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/utp/0102/9v)

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Christmas scene in a 15th century manuscript (detail) on Flickr.

Christmas, also known as Nativity, refers to the accounts of the birth of Jesus mainly based on the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Traditionally, scenes of Nativity, portray the Holy Family in the stable at Bethlehem. The Christ child is represented lying in a manger or upon the straw, whilst Virgin Mary kneels in adoration before Him. In some scenes Virgin Mary is represented lying next to Jesus. Joseph is portrayed standing at one side. The scene also includes depictions of an ox and a donkey, usually in the background, gazing quietly at the scene in front of them.
Some Nativity scenes depict one or more angels who proclaim Jesus as the savior for all people, and portrayals of shepherds who come to adore Him. There are also scenes representing the wise men (The Maggi ) who, after following a star, arrive to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus. Link to the “Christmas scenes” set

Manuscript title: Cistercian Gradual (Winter Part)

Origin: Prague (Czech Republic)

Period: 15th century

Image source: Luzern, Zentral- und Hochschulbibliothek, P.19.fol.: Cistercian Gradual (Winter Part)
( www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/zhl/0019/22v )

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