mission october


New radar technique locates lost Indian Lunar orbiter, NASA probe.

Using previously untested radar techniques, NASA has successfully located two Lunar-orbiting spacecraft, one of which has not been tracked since 2009.

Scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California beamed high energy microwaves at the Moon from the Goldstone Deep Space Communications complex in California. The waves bounced off the Moon and were picked up by the Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia. By using the return signal to estimate velocity and distance, JPL scientists were able to locate NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter – which is still operating and is currently tracked by the agency.

However, the team also located India’s derelict Chandrayaan-1orbiter whose mission ended in 2009. Due to regions of the lunar surface with a stronger gravitational pull than others – known as mascons – the spacecraft’s orbit could have been radically altered or it could have even crashed into the moon.

Since the spacecraft was known to be in a Lunar polar orbit, the team directed the microwave beam just above the Lunar north pole and hoped the spacecraft would intercept it. The returned beam picked had a radar signature in accordance to what a small spacecraft wold be expected to make. Furthermore, during the four hours the Chandrayaan-1 test took place, the spacecraft crossed the beam twice in the amount of time it was predicted to make a single orbit and return to the same point. Due to the varying strength of the Moon’s gravity over regions of different composition – known as mascons – the spacecraft’s location had to be shifted by nearly 180 degrees.

Scientists were not certain if the tests, which occurred in July 2016, would be successful. Although interplanetary radar has been used to track asteroids millions of miles away using the same technique to locate a small satellite around the moon was untried. The technology demonstrated could be useful in planning future lunar missions. The Indian Space Research Organization has no intention to reactivate the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, whose mission ended in 2009.  Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first Lunar mission, launching in October 2008.



ExoMars: Six months in orbit

Six months after its arrival at Mars (on 19 October 2016), Mission controllers of ESA’s Trace Gas Orbiter have begun the challenging process of adjusting the spacecraft’s orbit. This involves using the shifting Martian atmosphere to gradually slow the satellite in a process known as aerobraking.

Meanwhile, as the final design of the rover nears completion, the team developing the ExoMars 2020 mission has shortlisted two final landing sites, in areas where they believe traces of life are most likely to be found.

This report contains new animation showing orbits of the Trace Gas Orbiter, animation of designs for the final configuration of the 2020 rover, the ExoMars control area at ESOC and interviews recorded at ESA centres of ESOC and ESTEC.

Lt. Robert Roger Marchi standing on his Yakovlev Yak-3 of the Free French “Normandie-Niemen” 1st Squadron. GCIII Normandie (Groupe de Chasse) No.III
East Prussia, March 1945

Robert Marchi
Born July 26, 1919 in Chalon-sur-Saone (Saône et Loire)
Died in a plane crash July 17, 1946 (aged 27)
6 confirmed victories
7 victories in collaboration
1 enemy aircraft damaged
2 enemy aircraft damaged in collaboration.

“Normandie-Niemen” served on the Eastern Front of the European Theatre of World War II with the 1st Air Army. The group is notable for being one of only two air combat units from an Allied western European country to participate on the Eastern Front during the war, the other being the British No. 151 Wing RAF and the only one to fight together with the Soviets until the end of the war in Europe.

GC 3 ‘Normandie’ played an active role during the Battle of Kursk in the summer of 1943, now flying their first Yak -9s. Commandant Tulasne himself claimed a Bf 110 on 15th July and a Fw 190 on 16th July before being shot down and killed the following day on his second sortie escorting IL 2s over the Znamenskaia sector. His successor was Pierre Pouyade who enjoyed the soubriquet 'Le Loup des Steppes’ - 'the wolf of the Steppes’. Losses were to grow during the hard fighting on the central Russian front during 1943 with Pouyade obliged to leave for North Africa on a recruiting mission during October 1943. A second wave of Normandie volunteers arrived in Russia during January 1944, one of whom was Roger Sauvage. His post-war memoir “Un du Normandie-Niémen” is a classic of the genre.

During 1944 Stalin was to honour the Normandie by adding 'Niemen’ to their title in recognition for the help they rendered the Soviet Army in crossing this river. One of the first Allied fighter units to operate from occupied German territory, the 'Normandie-Niemen’ clashed with JG51 Mölders in the huge air battles over Konigsberg in March 1945. By the war’s end and over 5,000 sorties flown, the Group had achieved some 273 confirmed victories and another 36 probables before their triumphal return to Le Bourget, Paris on 20 June 1945. Forty-two of the squadron’s pilots were killed and 30 reached ace status.

(Colourised by Richard James Molloy from the UK)

Russian Roulette - Chapter 5 - Finale

→ Reader x Sehun

→ After a fateful meeting with a very shady, dark, young man bearing the name Tao, you’re sent out on a fatal mission: wooing Tao’s good friend and assistant Sehun, into leaving his fiancee.

→ Warnings: Slight violence.

Word count: 1,9K

Several rushed knocks sounded on my door.

The earlier morning still buzzed trough my veins like adrenaline and just when I had calmed down, the knuckles against wood sounding into my apartment only set it going again. After Sehun fell asleep last night without much more words, I left his apartment. Forget the mission for once- I just wanted my pride. I felt used; I felt like a prostitute, and although I knew that it wasn’t that bad, I still couldn’t help my feelings. And I suppose Sehun couldn’t either.

I felt his sudden excitement when Sera sent him that message- I could feel it.

“Day 9: Victim is almost mine. Competition for his affection has surfaced.”

I played the voice tape over and over again the whole ride home, listening to my oh-so casual voice, as if I wasn’t just emotionally destroyed. I tried to play it cool as I recorded it, but I remembered the tears that were already running down and staining my face.

Keep reading

The first Omega Speedmaster to be flown in space was worn by US Navy officer Wally Schirra on the Mercury-Atlas 8 “Sigma 7″ mission in October 1962. In May 1963, US Air Force officer Leroy Cooper was also wearing his personal Omega Speedmaster CK2998 during the Mercury-Atlas 9 “Faith 7″ mission. History tells that both astronauts randomly bought their timepieces in a watch shop in Houston, Texas - USA. Display of Omega Speedmaster reference CK2998 and Omega Seamaster in the Omega museum in Bienne - Switzerland.
(Photo: MoonWatchUniverse)

1x2x1 Week - 6th - 12th October 2014

Thanks to the positive response I’m pleased to say 1x2x1 Week is running. Each day is “themed” and submissions can include anything from art, fics, comics, dj’s, screen caps/analysis, meta, edits and fanmixes. 

The blog has a rules page up and running but any questions, feel free to contact the mod and they will be answered/posted. 

Sign ups are open and will close on 30th September. Submissions will be open from the 1st October. 

The daily themes are:

  • 6th October - During the War
  • 7th October - Our First
  • 8th October - In Any Universe (AU of your choice)
  • 9th October - Civilian Life
  • 10th October - Preventer Mission
  • 11th October - Homecoming
  • 12th October - Always You 

Any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask as this is my first time running an event and I’m sure I’ll have forgotten something. 

And a massive thank you to yummy-suika for her art work to promo this week and her support! 

Factory delivered P-47D-25-RE ‘Thunderbolts’ of the “1º Grupo de Aviação de Caça - 1º GAVCA” (1st Brazilian Fighter Squadron), attached to the 350th FG, Tarquinia, Italy. October 1944.

(Delivered 6 October, first mission 31 October 1944)

42-26756 P-47D-25-RE A4 was flown by 2º Tenente, Alberto Martins Torres
42-26755 P-47D-25-RE A3 was flown mainly by 2º Tenente, Álvaro Eustórgio de Oliveira e Silva

“With the end of hostilities in Italy on 3 May 1945, the 1º GAVCA could make an account of its activities: there were 2,546 offensive and 4 defensive sorties, carried out on 445 missions during 184 continuous days of operation. Its pilots had flown for longer than the U.S. pilots, due to the lack of replacement personnel; several of them completed more than 80 combat missions. The Squadron flew only 5% of the total of missions carried out by the squadrons under operational control of the XXII Tactical Air Command, and yet was responsible for the destruction of 85% of the ammunition depots, 36% of the fuel depots, 28% of the bridges (19% damaged), 15% of the motor vehicles (13% damaged) and 10% of the horse-drawn vehicles(10% damaged).”

“But a high price was paid for all this: of its strength of 48 pilots, five were killed in combat, four in air accidents (one of them while on their training in Panama); five were shot down and made prisoners of war, while another three were shot down but were rescued by the Italian "partigiani”; and seven were removed from flying duties due to illnesses.“ (aer.ita.br)

(Colourised by Doug)

Solar System: Top 5 Things to Know This Week

1. A Ceres of Fortunate Events

Our Dawn mission continues its exploration at Ceres, and the team is working with the data coming back to Earth, looking for explanations for the tiny world’s strange features. Follow Dawn’s expedition HERE.

2. Icy Moon Rendezvous

One of the most interesting places in the entire solar system is Saturn’s moon Enceladus, with its underground ocean and spectacular geyser plume. This month, the Cassini spacecraft will be buzzing close by Enceladus several times, the last such encounters of the mission. On October 14, Cassini will perform a targeted flyby at a distance of just 1,142 miles (1,838 kilometers) over the moon’s northern latitudes. Ride along with Cassini HERE.

3. Make Your Own Mars Walkabout

You can retrace Opportunity’s journey, see where the Curiosity rover is now, or even follow along with fictional astronaut Mark Watney from The Martian movie using the free online app MarsTrek. The app lets you zoom in on almost any part of the planet and see images obtained by our spacecraft, so you can plan your on Red Planet excursion. Take a hike HERE.

4. Elusive Features on Jupiter

New imagery from our Hubble Space Telescope is capturing details never before seen on Jupiter. High-resolution maps and spinning globes, rendered in the 4K Ultra HD format, reveal an elusive wave and changes to Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. Explore Jupiter HERE.

5. Mr. Blue Sky

Another week, another amazing picture from Pluto. The first color images of Pluto’s atmospheric hazes, returned by our New Horizons spacecraft last week, reveal that the hazes are blue. Who would have expected a blue sky in the Kuiper Belt? Most of the data collected during July’s Pluto flyby remains aboard the spacecraft, but the team publishes new batches of pictures and other findings on a weekly basis. Keep up with the latest HERE.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

China’s Chang'e 5T1 test mission took this stunning photo of the Earth and Moon Monday, 27 October. The 8-day mission launched October 23 and is now making its return trip to Earth. 

The spacecraft carries a small reentry vehicle to test spacecraft properties returning to Earth at lunar velocities. This is in preparation for 2017’s Chang'e 5 mission, which aims to land a robotic spacecraft on the Moon, collect samples, and return them to Earth.