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February 5th 1788: Robert Peel born

On this day in 1788, the future Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Robert Peel, was born. Peel was born in Bury, Lancashire to a prominent family, as his father was a famous industrialist and Member of Parliament. The young Robert received an exceptional education at Oxford University, and entered politics at the young age of twenty-one in 1809. His political career took off quickly, and he rapidly rose through the ranks, becoming Home Secretary in 1822, when he was thirty-four years old. Peel served as Home Secretary for the duration of the ‘liberal’ government of Lord Liverpool, which lasted until 1827. In this capacity, Peel left his greatest legacy, as he established the Metropolitan Police Force for London in 1829. This essentially set the stage for the creation of the modern police force, and police officers in Britain and still refered to as ‘bobbies’ and ‘peelers’ in memory of Peel. Robert Peel became British Prime Minister in 1834, and again in 1841. As Prime Minister, Peel is best known for his repeal of the unpopular Corn Laws - which restricted the importation of foreign grain - and issuing of the Tamworth Manifesto, which led to the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Peel died in Westminster in 1850 aged 62, and remains one of the most famous Prime Ministers in British history.

huffingtonpost.ca
Kenney's 'Racial Slur' Against Sajjan Causes Stir In India
One prominent Indian politician wants to see the Conservative MP "be admonished and reprimanded."

A Conservative MP’s outburst toward Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan earlier this week has riled parliamentarians and spurred calls for an apology — in India.

Amarinder Singh, a popular Punjab politician, criticized Jason Kenney’s alleged request for an “English-to-English” translation of Sajjan’s remarks earlier this week about the government’s plan to combat the so-called Islamic State.

Singh, who is a current member of Parliament in the Indian National Congress, tweeted on Friday that the remark was an example of “racial humiliation.”’

He expanded on his sentiment in a statement obtained by India Today, describing Kenney’s remarks as “outrageous” and “clearly and undoubtedly racial.”

He urged the Opposition MP to apologize to Sajjan or “be admonished and reprimanded in accordance” with Canadian parliamentary law.

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February 6, 1916 - Boris Sturmer becomes Russian Prime Minister

Pictured - Sturmer in 1913.  The new Prime Minister had little political experience and was felt by many Russians to be a creature of Rasputin.

The Russian Duma was formed in the aftermath of the 1905 Revolution as a quasi-parliament, with an upper house as well, the State Council.  As part of a compromise, the Russian monarchy guaranteed limited democracy, freedom of speech, and no press censorship.  Journals published what they wanted afterwards, but the other promises were broken.  The Tsar dissolved the first Duma and narrowed the franchise, while secret police raids and autocratic policies continued. 

By 1914, Russia was on its fourth Duma.  In the patriotic euphoria at the beginning of the war, it eagerly cooperated with the monarchy, even voluntarily adjourning to better support the war effort. But losses on the front eroded support, and Duma members began to try and take more power into their own hands, especially after the Tsar became Commander in Chief in 1915 and let political affairs drift.

The Russian Prime Minister, Ivan Goremykin, was an archconservative who refused even to let the Duma convene, and so he was replaced by the Tsar in early 1916 with Boris Sturmer, a moderate monarchist.  Sturmer, however, had little experience in such a large role.  Many Russian politicians were sure that he was a creature of the Tsarina and her close adviser, the monk Rasputin.  The Tsar, too, was increasingly under their influence. 

A newspaper reported that week that 25% of Russia’s working-age population was in the military, dead, or in prison camps in Germany.  The situation was worsening by the day.  Food prices had increased 114%, and profiteering on the black market thrived. 

cbc.ca
At least 13 indigenous candidates running between NDP, Liberals in Manitoba election
7 indigenous candidates running for Liberals, 6 running for NDP, parties say

At least 13 indigenous candidates will run between the Manitoba New Democratic and Liberal parties in the upcoming provincial election — a number up slightly from the 2011 election.

The NDP intend to field at least six indigenous candidates (up two from the last election), while the Liberals aim to run a minimum of seven (up one from 2011).

On Tuesday, University of Winnipeg associate vice-president of indigenous affairs Wab Kinew threw his hat in the ring for the NDP. Kinew, who is also a former CBC journalist, is running uncontested in the Fort Rouge constituency in Winnipeg.

A few days later Nahanni Fontaine, the Manitoba government special advisor on aboriginal women’s issues, announced she, too, would be stepping up to the plate for the NDP. Fontaine is hoping to take over for Gord Mackintosh in the St. Johns constituency, following the justice minister’s announcement last week that he would be pulling out of the race.

​Kinew and Fontaine join Assiniboia candidate Joe McKellep, finance minister and Selkirk MLA Greg Dewar, The Pas representative Amanda Lathlin and Kevin Chief, who is the current jobs and economy minister and MLA for Point Douglas.

Chief is up against indigenous candidate Althea Guiboche. Guiboche, who is also known as the bannock lady, is running for the Liberals in Point Douglas.

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When God calls you to be an apostle and you just cannot stop smiling because working for Him and seeing all His good deeds are just the most amazing things you can witness! Let God be the one to lead you, not yourself, and you will see what kind of amazing things God has prepared for you!!

I myself am convinced, my brothers and sisters, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with knowledge and competent to instruct one another. Yet I have written you quite boldly on some points to remind you of them again, because of the grace God gave me to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles. He gave me the priestly duty of proclaiming the gospel of God, so that the Gentiles might become an offering acceptable to God, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
Romans 15:14-16

theglobeandmail.com
Minister eyes guaranteed minimum income to tackle poverty
Minister of Families, Children and Social Development has a positive view of basic income as a national strategy for battling poverty

The federal minister responsible for reducing poverty says he is interested in the idea of a guaranteed income in Canada.

Veteran economist Jean-Yves Duclos, who is Minister of Families, Children and Social Development, told The Globe and Mail the concept has merit as a policy to consider after the government implements more immediate reforms promised during the election campaign.

“There are many different types of guaranteed minimum income. There are many different versions. I’m personally pleased that people are interested in the idea,” said Mr. Duclos, who has a mandate to come up with a Canadian poverty-reduction strategy.

The federal Liberals have made ambitious promises to tackle poverty and to work with the provinces on improving Canada’s social safety net in areas such as skills training and employment insurance. Any major reforms would require the co-operation of the provinces, given the overlapping responsibilities for dealing with poverty. Mr. Duclos is in Edmonton this week to meet with his provincial counterparts. The agenda is expected to include a wide-open discussion of how Ottawa and the provinces can work together to address issues such as unemployment and housing shortages.

A minimum or basic income involves a government ensuring everyone receives a minimum income regardless of their employment status.

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cbc.ca
B.C. premier urges Trudeau to sign TPP or Canada will be 'shut out' of foreign trade
B.C. Legislature to pass motion calling for Justin Trudeau to ratify the Pacific Rim trade deal

B.C. Premier Christy Clark is urging Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to ratify the Trans-Pacific Partnership or face what she says would be the dire economic consequences of rejecting the largest trade deal in world history.

Clark said she supports the 12-nation Pacific Rim agreement — which was negotiated by the former Harper government — “100 per cent.”

“In every trade deal there are downsides, but you think about what NAFTA has done for Canada in terms of growing jobs” and the country cannot pass up similar net benefits with the TPP, Clark said.

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What is a "feminist"?

Although it is generally accepted that feminists are people who try to acknowledge social inequality based on “gender” and stop it from continuing, “feminism” is a term that is often misunderstood and “feminists” are often stereotyped as “bitter, angry women who want to subjugate men.” Contributing to the controversy is the fact that there are actually many, many feminist arguments - or “types” of feminism - each with their own positions on the causes of the differences between “men” and “women” and what to do about them. Some of these positions are more moderate and some are more extreme. So when someone states that they are a “feminist,” they may need to be prepared to answer the question “What type of feminist are you?”

The answer might be:
A Liberal Feminist: is an individualistic form of feminist theory, which focuses on women’s ability to maintain their equality through their own actions and choices.

A Marxist Feminist: is a branch of feminism focused on investigating and explaining the ways in which women are oppressed through systems of capitalism and private property.

A Radical Feminist: 1. is a movement that believes sexism is so deeply rooted in society that the only cure is to eliminate the concept of gender completely. 2. Is a movement that believes it is time for women to be in the ultimate position of power.A radical feminist believe in replacing “patriarchy” with “matriarchy”. This is the most commonly thought of branch of feminism.

A Cultural Feminist: developed from radical feminism, although they hold many opposing views. It is an ideology of a “female nature” or “female essence” that attempts to revalidate what cultural feminists consider undervalued female attributes. It is also a theory that commends the difference of women from men.

A Socialist Feminist: is a two-pronged theory that broadens Marxist feminism’s argument for the role of capitalism in the oppression of women and radical feminism’s theory of the role of gender and the patriarchy.

A Post-Modern Feminist: is an approach to feminist theory that incorporates postmodern and post-structuralist theory, seeing itself as moving beyond the modernist polarities of liberal feminism and radical feminism.

A Post-Colonial Feminist: is an umbrella term for a movement which has also been called “third world feminism” and “global feminism".

A Post-Structural Feminist: is a branch of feminism that engages with insights from post-structuralist thought. Poststructural feminism emphasizes “the contingent and discursive nature of all identities”, and in particular the social construction of gendered subjectivities

An Eco-Feminist: is an activist and academic movement that sees critical connections between the domination of nature and the exploitation of women…. Ecofeminist activism grew during the 1980s and 1990s among women from the anti-nuclear, environmental, and lesbian-feminist movements.

A Multi-Racial Feminist: is based on the examination of dominance through understanding social constructs of race, ethnicity, tradition, and culture. Moreover, each person experiences gender, class, sexuality, and race unique to their environment. The ultimate goal for the new generation of multiracial feminists is to increase awareness of commonalities and differences women of all races experience.

A Separatist or Lesbian Feminist: is a form of radical feminism that holds that opposition to patriarchy is best done through focusing exclusively on women and girls.

An Anarchist/Anarcha Feminist: combines anarchism with feminism. It generally views patriarchy as a manifestation of involuntary coercive hierarchy that should be replaced by decentralized free association. Anarcha-feminists believe that the struggle against patriarchy is an essential part of class conflict and the anarchist struggle against the state.

An Analytical Feminist: is a line of philosophy that applies analytic concepts and methods to feminist issues and applies feminist concepts and insights to issues that have traditionally been of interest to analytic philosophers.

and many more.
Maybe someone is a “feminist” or maybe just a feminist “ally.”

Given this very real complexity surrounding “feminism,” maybe we should all learn a bit more about these different types of feminist thought before responding – negatively or positively - to someone who claims to be a “feminist.”’