In 1603, Elizabeth’s coffin was placed above Mary’s in the same vault. James I, wishing to honour his predecessor, erected a magnificent monument over the twin graves, though the only effigy is that of Elizabeth. The symbolism is powerful. In death, as in history, Elizabeth dominates her sister. Despite what was written in 1558, Mary was obscured both literally and metaphorically. But the plaque on the monument gives a different interpretation to one of the most sensitive and sad relationships in all of England’s past: ‘Partners both throne and grave, here rest we, two sisters, Elizabeth and Mary, in the hope of the resurrection.
She lead english troops against Scottish, while pregnant. She was one of the most loved queen of England. She was the first female ambassador of Europe She made fashionable the female education in England court. She was the daughter of Isabel of Castile.
For her part, Katherine seemed delighted with her younger step-daughter.On the day that she was publicly acknowledged as Queen at Hampton Court, sheasked that Elizabeth be placed opposite her at the celebratory banquet because'she was of her own blood and lineage’. This favour was repeated on manyoccasions, for Katherine always insisted that Elizabeth should take the placeof honour nearest her own.
During the months following her marriage to Henry, Katherine continued to showgreat favour towards his younger daughter, who enjoyed more visits to courtthan she had ever done before. In early May 1541, Katherine invited Elizabeth to
stay with her at the King’s riverside mansion in Chelsea, and arranged for the
young girl to be transported in great state in the royal barge. A few days
later, she ensured that Elizabeth was included in a visit that the royal family
made to Prince Edward at Waltham Holy Cross in Essex. She also expressed her
affection by giving Elizabeth various little gifts of jewelry, such as beads
with ‘crosses, pillars, and tassels attached’. Although the royal accounts
noted that these were 'little things worth’, it was the thought that
Katherine Parr was the eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Parr and his wife Maud Green, who lived at the English royal court in the early years of King Henry VIII’s reign. Maud was lady-in-waiting to the queen, Katherine of Aragon, and named her first child after her. Katherine Parr married King Henry VIII thirty-one years later.
“I was really shy when I was younger. I wasn’t even going to take drama in school, but then I got recruited for the theatre company. I always thought I’d so something practical and acting would be the hobby. I somehow ended up in theatre school, and opportunities started to come my way. It’s not that I’m not passionate about it. I just can’t believe I make a living at it.”
Mary I’s coronation on October 1st 1553 was a well-received event after the trials and tribulations of the attempt to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne. At the very start of her reign, Mary was a popular figure recognised by the people as the legitimate heir to Edward as she was the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. The failure of Dudley’s attempt to place his daughter-in-law on the throne was very much to do with the fact that he completely misjudged the desire of the people to have a ‘proper’ Tudor on the throne. Therefore Mary’s coronation was viewed by many as a happy event, which was well celebrated by the people whom she now served.
Two people had a very prominent place at the coronation procession held on September 30th – Mary’s half-sister Elizabeth and Anne of Cleves. How much Elizabeth was there simply because she was family is difficult to know. She was briefly incorrectly associated with disloyalty and was known to be a Protestant. One’s mother had been divorced to make way for the mother of the other. It is difficult to believe that there was a great deal of affection between Mary and Elizabeth, though in this era, the public display of such affection was rare even I it did exist as it was not the ‘done thing’ amongst royalty. Anne was there, so it is believed, as she was someone who had suffered the same public humiliation as Mary’s mother – divorce. Now Mary had the opportunity to make amends and to give a very public display of unity between the new queen and her former half-mother.
In her coronation procession, Mary was driven through London in a carriage drawn by six horses. She wore a purple gown with ermine edges. A small “circlet of gold” was worn on her head and observers claim that it had so many valuable jewels in it that its value was inestimable and that she had to hold up her head with her hands, as the weight of the circlet was so great.
Mary’s carriage was accompanied by knights, bishops, lords and immediately in front of her carriage was the Privy Council. Various senior nobles were in front of her carriage – The Lord Chancellor, the Earl of Oxford and Knights of the Bath.
Immediately behind Mary’s carriage was another with Princess Elizabeth and Anne of Cleves in it. Behind this carriage rode a number of “gentlewomen”.
All along the route of the coronation procession, pageants were performed, including ones by performers from Genoa and Florence. A writer described a conduit at Cornhill as “running with wine”. In the City the carriage containing Mary stopped and the Recorder of London read out a speech to her professing the loyalty of the people of London and he gave to Mary a gold thread purse that contained 1,000 gold coins. Near to St. Paul’s an oration was read out to her in English and Latin.
From here Mary’s procession continued to Whitehall. On October 1st, Mary went by the Thames to the old Whitehall Palace. From here she went on foot to St. Peter’s Church where she was crowned and anointed by Stephen Gardner, the Bishop of Winchester. The whole coronation ceremony lasted until late afternoon.
The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I – 15 January 1559
Elizabeth Tudor was crowned Queen Elizabeth I on this day in British history, 15 January 1559. She became queen at age 25 following the death of her sister, Mary I. Elizabeth would be the fifth and last Tudor monarch.
Coat of arms of Sir Rhys ap Thomas - a Welsh soldier and landholder who rose to prominence during the Wars of the Roses, and was instrumental in the victory of Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Some sources claim that he personally delivered the death blow to King Richard III with his poleaxe.