Inka was a medical orderly in the 4th Squadronof the 5th Wilno Brigade of the Polish Home Army. In 1946 she served with the Brigade’s 1st Squadron in Poland’s Pomorze region.
Her father (Wacław Siedzik) was a forester, in 1940 he was sent to the camp in the Russia. Her mother was murdered by Gestapo in 1943. Inka and her sister Wiesława joined to the Polish Home Army, where Danuta acquired medical skills.
After the Soviets took Białystok from the German Nazis, she started work as a clerk in the forest inspectorate in Hajnówka. She was arrested in 1945 by NKWD. She was liberated from a prison transport convoy by a patrol of a Wilno group of Home Army partisans commanded by Stanisław Wołonciej “Konus”, a subordinate of Zygmunt Szendzielarz, “Łupaszko”, who were operating in the area. Danuta joined to partisans as a medical orderly.
She was arrested by the UB again on 20 July 1946, in Gdańsk, where she came to collect medical supplies. Inka was placed in the pavilion V jail in Gdańsk as a special prisoner. Where she was beaten and humiliated but refused to testify against members of the brigades of Vilnius Home Army. In 3 August 1946 she was sentenced to death. And 28 August 1946 Inka was executed by firing squad.
Danuta Siedzikówna at the time of death was 17 years old.
Born: April 10, 1919 in Russia
Died: December 23 in Russia
Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov is most famous for developing the AK47 AKM and AK74 assault rifles. Kalashnikov, born into a peasant family in Siberia, he joined the Red Army in 1938, he began to show mechanical flair by inventing several modifications for Soviet tanks.
In the 1941 battle of Bryansk against Nazi forces, a shell hit his tank. Recovering from wounds in the hospital, Kalashnikov brooded about the superior automatic rifles he’d seen the Nazis deploy; his rough ideas and revisions bore fruit five years later when the AK-47 was produced.
One of his proudest moments was learning that even though it was a simple, and somewhat inaccurate, “During the Vietnam war, American soldiers would throw away their M-16s to grab AK-47s and bullets for it from dead Vietnamese soldiers,” Kalashnikov recalled July 2007 at a ceremony marking the rifle’s 60th anniversary.
Kalashnikov felt that his invention was nothing more than a tool. “I sleep well. It’s the politicians who are to blame for failing to come to an agreement and resorting to violence,” he said in 2007.
Wishing to help his motherland he continued working into his late 80s as chief designer of the Izmash company that first built the AK-47. He also traveled the world helping Russia negotiate new arms deals, and he wrote books on his life, about arms and about youth education.
“After the collapse of the great and mighty Soviet Union so much crap has been imposed on us, especially on the younger generation,” he said. “I wrote six books to help them find their way in life.”