A French author, poet and secretary, Perrault impacted on the fairy tale genre in a profound way. Writing Histoires ou Contes du Temps passé (with the subtitle ‘Mother Goose’ -
Les Contes de ma Mère l’Oye). In this collection, stories such as ‘Cinderella’ ‘Puss In Boots’ ‘Bluebeard’ ‘Little Red Riding Hood’ and ‘Beauty And The Beast’. Scholars themselves are mixed about the originality of the tales- whether they are entirely his own or he received inspiration from other sources. He is remembered as a strong figure in the fairy tale genre, as well as the epic poetry.
literature meme // ten novels (5/10): madame bovaryby gustave flaubert
“She turned despairing eyes upon the solitude of her life, seeking afar off some white sail in the mists of the horizon. She did not know what this chance would be, what wind would bring it her, towards what shore it would drive her, if it would be a shallop or a three-decker, laden with anguish or full of bliss to the portholes. But each morning, as she awoke, she hoped it would come that day; she listened to every sound, sprang up with a start, wondered that it did not come; then at sunset, always more saddened, she longed for the morrow.”
Engage people with what they expect; it is what they are able to discern and confirms their projections. It settles them into predictable patterns of response, occupying their minds while you wait for the extraordinary moment — that which they cannot anticipate.
Narrative devices are the building blocks of literature - poetry or prose, and you can seriously improve any literature essay by knowing these terms. Here is my - hopefully! - handy glossary of some of the most important narrative devices.
Climax: The decisive moment of maximum intensity, or a major turning point within the narrative. Often comes towards the end of the narrative, before the denouement.
Denouement: The final part of the narrative, in which the strands of the plot are brought together, and matters resolved.
Dual/Multiple Narrative: A form of narrative that tells the story from the perspective of two or more different people, or at two different points in time, such as Dickens’ Great Expectations.
Epistolary: A narrative device in which a novel is comprised of a series of documents, such as letters, telegrams, diary entries, newspaper clippings, or, in modern novels, texts and emails. Epistolary forms are often used when an author wishes to add greater realism to a story, or as a method of introducing more than one viewpoint into the narrative.
Exposition: The act of explaining. Any passages of explanation within the narrative, mostly used to introduce background info.
Foreshadowing: Where the author hints at what is to come later in the story. A hint designed to mislead the reader is called a red herring.
Linear Narrative: a.k.a., chronological narrative, a narrative that takes place in chronological order.
Non-Linear Narrative: A narrative that does not take place in chronological order. It might begin in media res, i.e., in the middle of things, and go back to the beginning later, such as in Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights.
Prolepsis: also known as a flash-forward. A scene that takes the narrative forward in time.