military victories


December 15th 1890: Sitting Bull killed

On this day in 1890, the Native American Lakota Sioux chief, Sitting Bull, was killed at the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. Formal peaceful relations between the Sioux and the United States government began in 1868 upon the signing of the Fort Laramie Treaty. However, the discovery of gold in the Black Hills - which were in Sioux territory - in the 1870s led to a torrent of white prospectors invading the Sioux lands. The numerous Sioux tribes united under Sitting Bull’s leadership, and initially secured some major military victories over American forces. The most famous battle of the Great Sioux War of 1876 was the Battle of Little Bighorn, where Sioux and Cheyenne warriors defeated the famed General Custer. Sitting Bull then led his people to Canada, only to come back to America in 1881. It was around this time that he joined Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show, but he soon returned to his people to protect the rights of indigenous Americans. Sitting Bull was killed on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in 1890 by U.S. troops, who were trying to arrest him under fears he would join the Ghost Dance movement.

“I would rather die an Indian than live a white man”

The Sword of Tiberius, Roman, c. 15 AD

Iron sword and tinned and gilded bronze scabbard (sheath). This object illustrates the ceding of military victory to Augustus by Tiberius after a successful Alpine campaign. Augustus is shown semi-nude, and sits in the pose of Jupiter, flanked by Victory and Mars Ultor (‘the Avenger’), while Tiberius, in military dress, presents Augustus with a statuette of Victory. The shield on which the seated figure rests his left arm is inscribed in Latin, Felicitas Tiberi, while the shield held by Victory nears the legend, Vic[toria] Aug[usti].


The Arch of Constantine. This amazing piece of architecture was built in memory of Constantine’s victory over the Roman tyrant, Maxentius. It’s the largest triumphal arch and the last great monument if Imperial Rome. This arch presents Constantine as a living continuation of the most successful Roman emperors, renowned for their military victories and good government.


HMS Victory, Flagship of the First Sea Lord at the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard

104-gun first-rate ship of the line made famous for being Vice Admiral Nelsons flagship at the battle of Trafalgar. After the battle it was so badly damaged it was no longer used in warfare.

“The bombardment of Sabang [note: northern tip of Sumatra, Indonesia.] 25 July 1944, on board the destroyer HMS Quilliam.

Left to right: the cruiser HMS Black Prince, aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, a destroyer, HMS Illustrious, FS Richelieu, HMS Renown, HMS Queen Elizabeth, and another destroyer.”

(IWM: A 25118)
The Electoral College Was Created to Stop Demagogues Like Trump
Trump promises to bring to the presidency precisely the 'tumult and disorder' that Hamilton warned against

👏👏👏 Thank you, TIME Magazine. I know that people are very quick to blame the electoral college, but as Hamilton so eloquently explains in the Federalist Papers, our founding fathers built the system precisely for instances such as this.

Yes, the electoral college helps ensure that all states have a voice in national governance, but it also serves as our final fail safe against the “military despotism of a victorious demagogue" - a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument. (Sound familiar? It should.)

Hamilton also wrote that the Electoral College was designed to protect against “the desire in foreign powers to gain an improper ascendant in our councils.” Considering that the NSA Chief came out today to tell us that Russia hacked the election to benefit their preferred candidate, I would consider this an appropriate use of that power.

Tl;dr, Call your electors. Remind them that they are meant to be more than a rubber stamp.


Victory Day - May 9th, 2016

Russia marked the Soviet Union’s role in defeating Nazi Germany 71 years ago by holding one of the largest Victory Day military parades in Moscow in years today.

President Vladimir Putin presided over the parade, which included tanks, aircraft, and ballistic missiles.

The parade in Moscow was a strong reminder of Russia’s dedication in recent years to modernize its military. It is also a show of strength by Putin as he continues his claims of being the defender of Russians even outside of the Russian border. 


The Battle of Trafalgar

by J.M.W. Turner.


210 years ago today the Royal Navy under the command of Viscount Horatio Nelson defeated the combined fleets of Spain and France, thus destroying the hopes of Napoleon Bonaparte to gain control of the seas.

The painting by Turner displays several events of the battle occurring simultaneously. Nelson’s famous signal “England expects everyman to do his duty” can be see flying from HMS Victory (11:50); the top-mizzenmast of Victory falls (13:00); the HMS Achille is on fire in the background (late afternoon) and the French ship Redoutable sinks in the foreground (following day).

The above painting can be seen on display at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London.


Totaling 195 individual blocks, Albrecht Durer’s Triumphal Arch (1515) is one of the largest woodcuts ever created. The Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I, originally commissioned three woodcuts as part of a series, but only the Triumphal Arch was completed during his lifetime. Johann Stabius, court historian and mathematician, designed the program of images, which is explained in text below, while Durer executed the design. Large woodcuts such as these were hand colored and served as wall hangings or decoration. Scenes from Maximilian’s life including his marriage to Mary of Burgundy and military achievements dominate the program  For Maximilian, the Arch is a grand testament to his authority as an imperial ruler and German king. Roman emperors raised arches to celebrate military victories; busts of the great leaders of antiquity such as Alexander the Great and Julius Cesar can be found on the left panel. The family tree in the central panel is a blend of myth and reality, dating back to Clovis I, first king of the Franks and founder of the Merovingian dynasty, and includes mythical representations of early Germanic kingdoms.