military tribunal

Guilty Verdict of Noted Philippine Social Critic Upheld by Polavieja

In an unsurprising development on December 28, 1896, Governor-General Camilo Polavieja upheld the guilty verdict of Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realondo, better known as Jose Rizal, for subversive activities and fomenting rebellion in the Spanish colony of the Philippines. This comes on the heels of a rushed and controversial trial which some local analysts deemed a guilty outcome as fait accompli from the start.

The fallout from the decision is still to be seen, but already the Spanish government is on alert for additional restiveness in Manila and surrounding areas. The revolutionary-minded Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng̃ mg̃á Anak ng̃ Bayan, or the Katipunan, led by Andres Bonifacio (a known disciple of Jose Rizal) has been active since 1892. Since August 30, 1896 the Katipunan has been in an open state of revolution against the Spanish government.

Jose Rizal burst on the Philippine intellectual scene in the 1880s with a series of stunning essays and novels deriding the Philippine Church and challenging the political and social status quo in the Spanish colony. His portrayals of friars, especially in his first novel Noli Me Tangere, drew the ire of the Church. While his stirring polemics has effectively instilled a sense of nationalism among the Filipino people of all walks of life, much to the chagrin of the Spanish government.

Rizal’s active involvement with Bonifacio’s revolution remains controversial, he has publicly stated that he does not support the current rebellion. However, analysts have noted that he has steadfastly avoided denouncing any rebellious movement which leads to Philippine independence. A close reading of his novels and essays, including his first publicly hailed poem in 1879, indicate a fervently held hope for Philippine independence and freedom. It cannot be denied that he has become the soul of the Filipino movement in the colony.

In defending the decision, Judge Advocate General Nicolas de la Pena, who wrote the guilty decision, stated, “Rizal, like all revolutionaries, has promoted the real rebellion without specifying the moment at which it was to break out.” While it was well-known that the previous Governor-General Ramon Blanco y Erenas was inclined towards leniency with Rizal, the current Governor-General does not seem to be so. Sources within the Palace indicate that Jose Rizal’s mother, Teodora Alonso petitioned the Governor-General for clemency earlier today but was denied access to Malacanang Palace.

As of writing there has been no public statement from the Rizal clan.


A great moment from the Nuremberg Trial on 31 August 1946. Rudolf Hess asks to give his final statement to the court sitting down and is allowed to do so. Ribbentrop then holds the microphone for him. After 20 minutes, Justice Lawrence interrupts (Goering and Hess scramble to put on their headphones) to gently tell him to hurry it up with the words, “The Tribunal, therefore, hopes that the Defendant Hess will conclude his speech.”

Ranger in Uniform

(He looks very dashing in it, if I do say so myself!

I came to recognize that the Space Rangers, in the show anyhow, really didn’t have uniforms for formal events like balls or ceremonies. They did have some uniforms fitted for award ceremonies and military tribunals, I’ll give the show that, but those uniforms are a bit too similar to the near bulky and armor-like space suits the Rangers regularly use. Here, I’m going with a sleeker uniform which I felt was the best thing about this piece. The hat was a nice touch, but his pants, not going to lie, remind me of the outfits the Beatles wore in Yellow Submarine haha!

I added the Star Command logo and everything else because I wouldn’t have felt content if it was just Ty standing there looking proud against a blank background. So I gave it life by making this into a recruitment poster.

The inspiration? This WWII poster -> 

Enjoy and have happy days!

Disclaimer: Ty Parsec is stationed at Star Command in Buzz Lightyear of Star Command from Disney/Pixar!


                                                                Tappan, the 1st October, 1780

Sir, ––

          Buoy’d above the Terror of Death by the Consciousness of a Life devoted on honourable pursuits, and stained with no action that can give me Remorse, I trust the request I make to your Excellency at this serious period, and which is to soften my last moments, will not be rejected.

          Sympathy towards a Soldier will surely induce your Excellency and a military Tribunal to adapt the mode of my death to the feelings of a man of honor.

          Let me hope, Sir, that if aught in my character impresses you with esteem towards me, if aught in my misfortunes marks me as the victim of policy, and not of resentment, I shall experience the Operation of these Feelings in your Breast by being informed that I am not to die on a Gibbet.

                                        I have the honour to be
                                              Your Excellency’s
                                                        Most obedient and
                                                                most humble Servant,
                                                                        John André. Adj. Gen.
                                                                               to the British Army.

John André’s letter of appeal to General George Washington asking him to alter the mode of his execution from hanging to a firing squad. Hanging, considered the traditional method of execution for a spy, was not an honorable way to die. André wished to die a soldier’s death and pleaded to the General of the Continental Army to make that change.

André wasn’t the only one to entreat Washginton to change his sentence; notable members of Washington’s staff, Alexander Hamilton and the Marquis de Lafayette, also approached Washington on André’s behalf. Ultimately, André’s sentence was not changed, and André was hung in Tappan, New York, on October 2, 1780.