We’ve joked about the impending nuclear apocalypse for years (because let’s face it, it’s pretty damn funny), but at the rate things have been going, we’re starting to wonder if we should stop laughing and start sounding alarms. Right now it’s still hard to say, but until WWIII hits we’re going to remain confident that our suggestion to build a bunker and stock it full of survivalist gear is merely precautionary rather than prophetic.
So check out this life-saving equipment which every day seems increasingly more and more necessary (gulp). And even if you’re not preparing for the End Days, at least the stuff is pretty awesome:
Keeping all of your priceless heirlooms and field rations in that cheeky bindle might make a few world-weary souls chuckle, but you’ll need a heavy-duty backpack if you want to make it through winter. This durable satchel is made of ballistic nylon developed by military material experts, and is big enough to carry a 15" laptop … because if it’s the end of the world, you’ll definitely want to be firing off angry emails to the people who made that happen. Wait, will electronics work in this new post-apocalyptic era? Well, it can’t hurt keeping your laptop around as a tool to bludgeon squirrels to death. Grab the Ballistic Backpack for $99.99.
Hi I really love the writing you two do! AU: How about Kylo Ren as a arrogant CEO trying to seduce his new secretary.
(A/N: I apologize for taking so long! I’ve had so much to do lately, I’ve barely had time to write!)
Modern AU: Kylo Ren x Reader
Plot Summary: It’s been a few years since you accepted a job to be a personal secretary for the First Order’s CEO, Kylo Ren. It paid well, it was in the city, and you were personally satisfied with the job you had accepted. Though, it does tend to be kind of strange when one of the most successful men in the corporate world is in love with his own simple, yet enchanting secretary.
The tall, dark building loomed over you as you walked to work, wearing a silk blouse and business skirt, heels softly clacking against the pavement as you strode into the building, pushing up your glasses as you hugged a small stack of files to your chest.
“Nice to see you today, Y/N.” Phasma spoke, straightening a stack of papers as you waved to her.
“You too, Phasma. Are you still coming by for our daily coffee?” You asked, stopping in front of the elevator and pressing a button, turning your head to the side at her reception.
“Of course. The coffee’s the only thing that keeps me sane in this job.” She replied as you laughed, the elevator dinging and opening as the two of you waved, before you made your travels up to Kylo’s floor.
I keep seeing liberals talk about arming themselves to fight Trump
Yeah…..no, lets talk revolutions for a second here. Armed revolution doesn’t usually work, the vast majority of the time the rebels rise up, get slaughtered, the regime gets more authoritarian in response, a lot of innocent people get killed, the remaining rebels quickly become local warlords and ruthless oppressors to survive, and the right wing authoritarian dictatorship stays in power for decades. Particuarly when the Right wing has been spending the last 40 years stockpililng guns, vets and militia groups, so when conflict breaks out the left will just get fucking slaughtered (also you think people with shot guns can take on the US military? Really?)
Violent Revolutions usually only works if
A) The ruling regime cannot maintain its military force. In the French Revolution, the Monarchy had an economic crisis and couldn’t pay its soldiers, so no soldiers, no army, nobody to protect the regime from pissed off housewives with hatchets. Violent Revolution is great when the otherside doesn’t have any weapons. Which isn’t true in the US, the army is well payed, actually its over pays.
Also the French Revolution quickly discovered the joys of auto cannibalism and after decades of strife wound up with a military dictatorship
B) The army joins the revolution. In the Russian Revolution the Army joined up with the Communists in order to overthrow the Tsar/Provisional goverment because they were pissed about WWI. Same with the successful Arab Spring revolts, if the army stands down or joins the people, then Violent Revolution is easy. But ask the Rebels in Syria how well it works out if the whole army doesn’t defect
Also in most cases you wind up with a military dictatorship….whoops
C) The Regime is so incompetent/distracted that the Rebels have time to train, organize, equip, and drill an army without outside interference.
In the second Chinese Revolution, Chiang Kai Shek’s KMT forces were distracted fighting the Warlords and then the Japanese, which allowed Mao’s CCP forces the time they needed to organize and create an army without outside interference. I know this might be a shock to you at home who have been watching Alexander Nesky too much, but training armies is really really fucking hard, it is amazingly expensive, you need a huge logistically apperatius to make sure the army is fed, equipped, clothed, and housed, it takes forever to get an officer corp, chain of command, and army discipline going, and then you need to train the bloody thing. If the people you are fighting are busy, then yeah that is possible, but if Washington State’s liberals start organizing an army, the US military or the National Guard or the State guard or just local police will come and crush them before they get their act together
D) Foreign backing. Revolutions are a lot easier when somebody else is footing the bill, and supplying you with the guns, materials, and military advisers to make revolution possible, But again….the United States has the largest military in the world, so that isn’t an option here
E) Occupying Territory. If the oppressor is an outside country who have come in and taken your land, then yeah, you have a much better chance of rebllion, particularly if there is an ocean between you and them. But this is really only possible if you have the full support of the populace, and if the enemy getting to you is a pain in the ass. In the American Revolution, the three month travel time between Britain and the US allowed us the time to build up our own armies and form our own internal goverment. The extremely hostile climate of Haiti, Cuba, Vietnam and the Middle East allowed for the same effect, but this wouldn’t be overthrowing a foreign threat, this would be a civil war, and even in the most blue states there are going to be loyalists, and while some of them are going to be Nazis, a lot of them are going to be normal people who either like Trump or just don’t want revolution, and you are going to have to decide what to do with them. And if history is any guide, what you mr. liberal human rights rebel are going to choose will likely be rounding up anybody with non rebel sentiments and killing them so they won’t be 5th columnists.
Also the vast majority of violent revolutions end in civil war or military dictatorship, and the more violent the conflict is, the worse the following regime is, so those of you who call for revolution may find your comrades putting a bullet in your brain once its over.
Now violent revolution should still be an option on the table, but it should be the last resort option, because the moment we open that can of worms, we can’t close it again. Once you have violent revolution, then Trump is given a go ahead to embrace much more violent oppressive and authoritarian methods that will make what we see here today look like a fucking utopia, and we will be up against the army, the police, the state guard, and all of the right wing militia gun nuts who have been spending decades preparing for this. This is to say nothing of loyalists who will take up arms against us. Now if Trump suspects the constitution, the nall of that is worth it, everything is ok once the possibility of democracy is gone, but it hasn’t happened yet, We are up against a man with a 36% approval rating, a 50% disapproval, , rating and a looming civil war with his own party, we can still win this thing non violently, and trust me, the guys on the right are just asking us to do it, because they know they have the advantage in that fight.
Nadine was one of my favorite characters in Uncharted 4. The original
design for Nadine was done by the super talented Ashley Swidowski
working closely with Neil Druckmann.
The Scotland setting is the first time the player sees Nadine in her
usual state, in the field commanding a private military. So it was
important to give her a costume that would establish her character at a
glance. Neat simple shape language, limited values, military details and
limited material changes give Nadine a disciplined and powerful look.
Shoulderboard of Marshal of the Soviet Union. USSR Marshal was the highest rank in the Red Army and only 41 people were awarded to this rank (Stalin was also promoted to Generallisimus, but even after that was wearing Marshal’s uniform). I bought this shoulderboard at the military exhibition. The material and quality says it was made by TsEPK43 (a Moscow factory which made uniform for Stalin, Brezhnev, Gagarin, Budenny, etc). However this shoulderboard is a “novodel” made by the same people from the same materials in 1990’s - means no Soviet Marshal even wore it.
Hi! So I've seen some questions about Chelsea manning? I though she was a criminal who released sensitive military materials? Why is everyone on tumblr in love with her if she released top secret info? Is it just because she successfully transitioned? I'm happy for her, I just don't understand the story, I don't mean to sound offensive. I tried to look it up online but nothing really makes sense.
the situation is definitely complicated, so it’s not surprising what you might have found online was confusing. long story short, chelsea manning was a contributor to the wikileaks database, back in 2010. she was convicted of leaking that classified military information, but at least some of that information, from what i understand, was basically whistleblowing the american military for doing inhumane things in the middle east. (firing on possible civilians, etc.) so it’s always been kind of a fine line between “betraying your country” and “making sure your country isn’t out there murdering randos under the guise of justice” — which is why so many people had called for her sentence to be commuted, or even for her conviction to be overturned, in some cases. before leaving office, president obama commuted her sentence to 7 years instead of the previous 35, and so she was just released a few days ago. on top of all this, yes she’s a trans woman, and she actually came out i think after her conviction? but definitely after she was in the national spotlight already. so people are likely celebrating the fact that a) she’s not in prison anymore for arguably whistleblowing, b) she’s able to express her gender identity for the first time in at least a long while, if not ever, and c) she’s no longer subject to some arguably inhumane prison conditions (including possible solitary confinement, and other alleged human rights violations).
disclaimer that i’m not an expert, and i was about 15 when most of this #drama went down, but this is the story as far as i remember/mildly researched just now. i hope this helps clear things up!
Love fashion AND want to do all you can for the environment? This Wednesday, our stylish friend Myriam, Founder of Eco Fashion Week, talks about 7 things you can do to be more fashionably responsible. Take it away Myriam!
1. Ask yourself: “Do I really need it?”
Most of our purchases are impulsive. You will often surprise yourself by answering “no” to the question.
2. Be curious and be informed.
Ask the salesperson in store questions, read labels (where is it made? what is it made of?), follow eco fashion-focused blogs like Ecouterre, Eco-salon, or Tree Hugger.
3. Be proud of bringing your re-usable shopping bags, even if it is in a high-end store.
Does your t-shirt need to be wrapped in a paper with a ribbon, in a box, in a fancy bag with even more paper? There is totally a prestige factor to it, but what happens to all of this after? Re-use? Recycle? Garbage? Being “eco” is not only with your actions, but with your attitude as well.
4. Wear your clothes!
There is no wrong in wearing the same pair of pants or sweater twice or even three times in a week. Be creative and style those differently. Take a minute and look at your closet right now. How many things have you only worn once, or never? Once you are done going through your closet, DONATE!
5. Buy quality.
If you really must buy, make sure your clothes have long lifespans. The higher the quality, the longer the life. Basic and classic pieces should always be part of your wardrobe. Look for well-made clothes with high-end fabrics and materials, and timeless patterns. If you shop this way, you will wear your clothes over and over again without getting tired of them.
6. Take the leap and try second hand clothing.
If you buy around 10 clothing items per month, try to get at least 1 out of 10 of them used. You can find stylish used pieces from vintage and thrift stores. Better yet, exchange clothes with other fashionable friends (it’s free!), or have a fashion swap event. Stop being scared of wearing second hand clothing; there is nothing to fear. Start with accessories, like a purse or a belt, and see how you feel; you’ll start to notice how people compliment you for your fashionably responsible finds..
7. Find your own “Eco Recipe”.
There are many ways of being fashionably responsible, and we do not have the same personal, human and financial resources. Find what fits you and commit to improve every year. Between second hand clothing, local manufacturing, organic or recycled material, fair labor, upcycling… you have many options. It’s simpler than you think, and guess what, it feels amazing to take action and be the change!
Did you know organic and eco fashion labels live on Wantering? Take for example, Greg Lauren, Ralph Lauren’s nephew that creates stylish fashion pieces with military-motif from vintage materials. Check out his work now!
During Key’s ‘The Moment’ talk, there was a part where he explained the design of the outfits (of this year’s Arena tour & Tokyo Dome) that he participated in creating with a presentation file. The pictures of the outfits that I included on this post are the same outfits that he showed in his presentation (but not the exact picture).
The following translations are a mixture of the talk that were done at 5pm and at 8pm. Enjoy!
※ Do not re-translate into another language.
Key: At that time, I was really into the movie ‘Chicago’
so I thought it would be really fun if SHINee could put on classic suits of the 1920′s & 1930’s but in a not-too-boring way. We would keep the patterns classic
but the materials would look powerful even on its own and would also form a sense of unity when
5 members were standing together. I wanted us to put on hats and have walking
sticks too and fortunately our director Izumi selected ‘Password’ as our opening
stage – a rare case when the opening song of our concert is a song without
dance. So we were able to put on hats and use walking sticks during the opening
because it was a powerful song where we could stand out even only with the
lights and a few other stage equipment. There
is a member that I consider as the main member for each section or each
concept. Onew hyung was the main for this one. It’s because I think his clothes
was the prettiest (laughs). When we were selecting outfits, I wanted that outfit the
most but I’m in a position where I have to step back and look objectively on who
would suit the best. Thinking that, I thought Onew hyung would look the best
with things that were classic. It’s difficult to pull off that vest without
looking countrified but since hyung has been working out lately, it looked
pretty. The tie was originally red but I switched to a soft black ribbon. He
preferred that too.
(On the slide, he showed a picture of the outfits that SHINee wore in the above video on the left-hand side and a picture of the outfits in the screenshot on the right-hand side)
Key: It’s a military look. I could describe
it as a military look.. but I didn’t want to use military materials directly. It’s
because I thought then it would seem too obvious. As you can see, the main
member for this concept was definitely Taemin. He’s wearing what is considered as
the completion type of that outfit and the other four members kept the balance
by wearing it in a different style. For example, Jonghyun hyung and I wore
different colours & Onew hyung wore a relatively simple shirt with that
armband. Later on, we changed Onew hyung’s jacket to one that was similar to
Taemin’s. For Tokyo Dome, the second section (during the Arena tour) was changed
as the first section. So the opening stage was a dance song. My purpose was
that I wanted to make a completely new outfit for all the stages but there were
several problems. I totally understand that. Our company is such a big company.
It’s difficult to spend money because of several problems like the management
team. The process of getting an approval is very systematic. I asked for a
change of outfit but it was impossible in terms of time. So I asked for a
change in the opening section and the approval for that was very slow too. So
then I said, since Taemin and Onew hyung’s look is completed, I would only ask
for a change for the other three members’ outfits. The approval was slow that
time too. So I called the manager hyung who was on his way to give a report to
for something else
and told him that I wanted to change only two of the outfits (laughs).
So as a result, the outfits that were changed were Jonghyun hyung’s and mine.
Minho’s look was completed to some extent in the first place. I thought in
order to maintain the balance, we needed to change the two outfits. I actually
wanted us to all wear that striped outfit that I’m wearing in the opening and
have that gold ornamentation like Taemin’s. But that was sort of not
possible.. So I decided at least I’d wear the stripe (laughs). Jonghyun hyung was
originally wearing that beige coloured shirt so I gave him a colourful burgundy
jacket. So that’s the completed look. I feel thankful even with that.
Key: This was the ballad section. I wanted us to
wear shirts but I wanted this ballad section to have a sense of unity, not like
the styling we did before where we wore differently. I thought of what we could
do and I was really into embroidery at that time. So I thought we could just
put on some embroidery on the shirts but have the tattooist or illustrator draw
the designs. So I roughly drew a quick drawing and gave it to the stylist and
the stylist handed over to the illustrator. That is how that outfit was
completed. I am really satisfied with this one. Isn’t it pretty?
Key: This was done with the designer Go Taeyong.
I think it’s a boring paradigm to wear cute outfits during a cute section so I
wanted to break away from it. I thought of Taeyong hyung’s school uniform
collection and thought we could wear a school uniform look because we are not a
team who wears school uniforms or team outfits often. But since wearing a real
school uniform wasn’t creative, I thought of wearing a juvenile-delinquent-styled school uniform.
But it wasn’t in a way that was too delinquent, it was just to the extent that the
look of delinquency looked cute. I wanted to create a wearable look by mixing
school uniform and training clothes. So it came out pretty like that. The main
concept member for this section is me. It’s because it was a project that I
started and we used that Comme Des & Garcons pattern. The reason behind
using that was really simple. We had registered the trademarks for it (during
when they made Comme Des & Garcons shirt last year) and didn’t want to
waste it. I didn’t have any other intentions on using it other than that. I
think this look came out with a relatively good degree of completion.
was really simple. I receive inspirations from a lot of thing…and I found a pair of
trousers that I wore back when I sang Tik Tok in England while cleaning up my
wardrobe. I thought of this idea from it. This section involved a lot of dances
so it’s normal to just wear uniforms but I wanted to add in elements of rock
since this was the last part. I learn many things from doing this and one of
them was… I didn’t know I liked the colour red this much. Think about it
(laughs). It was red just before too and now it’s red again. It just happened
to be all red. If I were to wrap up this beautifully, I could say that the
concept is red in order for an intense impression but I’m an honest person.
This was an error (laughs). Please excuse me as I’ll have it more colourful next time.
was really into Sukajan jackets that time so I wanted to make a new set of
Sukajan jackets for us. There were a lot of celebrities who already wore Sukajan
jackets so I thought there was no point for us in doing that so I wanted to make
something new. The image that I wanted to create was something wearable but
also something that looked like a team outfit. Something like a university jumper.
Minho really likes his university jumper. Maybe he feels proud. I don’t understand how he can wear
that as a daily outfit. He really seems to like it (laughs).
And this outfit was introduced when Kimi no seide was added as part of the
encore section. I decided to do a wearable double-denim look… The member that I
think would suit double-denim the best is Minho.. He’s long… I don’t know why but I think the material of denim suits Minho the best. I paid a lot of
attention to Minho’s outfit but looking at it now, we all look similar. The
patchworks on here are done by a tattooist. We made embroideries from the
drawings that were done by a tattooist. The writings were done by me.
Saudi Arabia’s and Turkey’s support of the “Islamic State” and the repression of the Kurdish resistance
The so called “Islamic State” (IS) is dominating the news for months. Its atrocities – killing thousands of innocents as well as destroying the Middle East’s rich cultural heritage – are resonating all over the world. The fatal mixture of religious fanaticism with military expertise and material are making them a tough enemy. Undoubtedly, this massive problem had to be addressed adequately. Many countries, including the West’s most powerful one, the United States, formed alliances to fight the IS which was expanding rapidly in Syria and Iraq. They relied solely on air strikes
– not a single ground offensive was launched. Recently, Russia has entered the conflict by almost indiscriminately shelling the “Islamic State” as well as various rebel troops. (Their goal
– besides the fight against the IS
– is to support the Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, an autocrat suspected of attacking his own population with the extremely toxic sarin gas.)
However, it’s nearly uncontroversial that the biggest support for the IS is coming from Saudi Arabia, both materially and ideologically:
“Saudi Arabia is influential because its oil and vast wealth make it powerful in the Middle East and beyond. But it is not financial resources alone that make it such an important player. Another factor is its propagating of Wahhabism, the fundamentalist, eighteenth-century version of Islam that imposes sharia law, relegates women to the status of second-class citizens, and regards Shia and Sufi Muslims as non-Muslims to be persecuted along with Christians ans Jews.”(Patrick Cockburn, The Rise of Islamic State)
An interesting fact, too: around 95 percent of the school books used in the IS’s territory are the same as in Saudi Arabia – obviously, the IS has much in common with one of the most strongly supported countries.
But of course, the gulf monarchies are not the only supporters of the “Islamic State”
– Turkey, as well, is backing the terrorists. Although not as actively as the Saudis, Turkey’s
“most important action has been to keep open its 560-mile border with Syria. This gave ISIS, al-Nusra, and other opposition groups a safe rear base from which to bring in men and weapons.”
(Patrick Cockburn, The Rise of Islamic State)
In fact, nearly the only ones achieving military success against the “Islamic State” and other terrorist groups are the Kurds (notably the PKK and PYD, who are also establishing grassroots democratic institutions in their autonomous regions). As if the fight against the IS were not enough to deal with, the Kurds also have to struggle against Turkish repression, which is primarily a result of president Erdoğan’s imperialistic, nationalistic and fascist policies.
“In the course of the siege of Kobani it became clear that Turkey considered the Syrian Kurdish political and military organizations the PYD (Democratic Union Party) and YPG (People’s Protection Units) as posing a greater threat than the Islamic fundamentalists.
Moreover, the PYD is the Syrian branch of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has been fighting for Kurdish self-rule in Turkey since 1984. Ever since Syrian government forces withdrew from the Syrian Kurdish cantons on the border with Turkey in July 2012, Ankara has feared the impact of self-governing Syrian Kurds on its own fifteen-million-strong Kurdish population. President
Erdoğan would clearly prefer ISIS to control Kobani rather than the PYD.” (Patrick Cockburn, The Rise of Islamic State)
This situation is alarming; but the only thing we can do is to show solidarity with the Kurds who are risking their lives for a better world. We condemn the Turkish repression and support our Kurdish comrades who are fighting against fascism and imperialism
– and for freedom.
In his first sit-down television interview at the White House, with ABC News, Trump defended his most controversial policy proposals.
Trump discussed denying visas to persons from seven Muslim-majority countries. “We are excluding certain countries, but for other countries we are having extreme vetting.”
Trump reiterated his belief the U.S. should have plundered Iraq’s oil reserves in 2003, raising fears he still thinks Iraq is ripe for pillaging.
“We should’ve taken the oil,” Trump said “And if we took the oil you wouldn’t have ISIS. And we would have had wealth.”
Taking Iraq’s oil would be a grave violation of international law, specifically the Hague Convention of 1907 and 1949 Geneva Convention, which prohibits signatories from pillaging territories under private or military control for material gain.
The president also defended a baseless lie that millions of undocumented immigrants voted for his opponent Hillary Clinton in the general election. Read more
He also said that intelligence officials have assured him torture is “absolutely” an effective way of extracting information from captives.
Torture does not, in fact, “absolutely” work. An exhaustive 2014 Senate report on CIA detention programs launched during Bush’s term found no evidence torture was a reliable or effective intelligence tool. Read more
gal godot is a racist and palestinian lives are worth more than your right for media figures to be free of critique for their ideological and material military support for israel’s genocidal military regime
gal godot is complicit in the genocide of palestinians and that genocide must absolutely be the center of any analysis of her role in some movie
Westall UFO Incident - At about 11 am, April 6th, 1966, numerous school children and some teachers at Westall High school, in Clayton, a Melbourne suburb, observed a UFO which landed nearby. It was described as a classic flying saucer made of a silver metallic material. Military personnel appeared on the scene, apparently telling the children to keep quiet about their encounter and that what they saw was just a weather balloon. See an interview with some of the witnesses on a recent program, Studio 10: https://youtu.be/sPHVvg-dXOs
As an amateur historian with interests who focuses on Civil War and both World Wars, I usually take the time to study these events, their causes and effects, and how they impact the world.
While I was cruising around Tumblr, I came across a post by a user named hyperb0rean about WW2. Since I am a History Major, I decided read what he posted. Here is the post for all to read in its entirety:
“The so-called “D-Day”, the invasion of the Fortress Europe by the allied forces of the United Kingdom and the United States of America on the 6th of June, 1944, was preluded by the Battle of Dunkirk, in May and June of 1940. When the German armed forces swept through France and Belgium in their victorious Blitzkrieg, the expeditionary army from the United Kingdom, which was sent to assist the French ally on the battlefield, made a last stand in the coastal town of Dunkirk. The German Wehrmacht was about to utterly vanquish their enemy, when the troops and tanks were ordered to halt their assault. Adolf Hitler himself decided to spare the British soldiers trapped in Dunkirk, as a good-will signal to Winston Churchill and the British people: Make peace, and stop the fratricidal slaughter among fellow Europeans! The British expeditionary force was eventually evacuated, but the United Kingdom remained at war with Germany. The soldiers, whose lives were spared by Adolf Hitler, became the core of the huge army sent over the Channel on “D-Day”. Adolf Hitler never wanted to wage war against any other nation in Europe or in America, for that matter. He was the one offering peace to the British government, time and again. Be it his proposal of peace in 1939; be it his decision to don’t conquer Dunkirk in 1940; or be it the fateful flight of Rudolf Hess on his behalf in 1941: Adolf Hitler wanted to avoid the enormous bloodshed and devastation between European nations, but it was in vain. The “D-Day” arrived; and after another eleven months of titanic struggle, the heroic resistance of the German Reich was eventually vanquished by the relentless onslaught of hostile Armies from all corners of the Earth. Even though the “D-Day” is celebrated as a day of victory among the veterans of the Allies, it is actually a day of infamy for everyone of European descent. It was on this very day that Europe, the cradle of Western Civilization and Culture, went up in flames and burned to ashes leaving us, those who were born many a years later, without a home where our souls can be at peace. It would be wrong to blame this tragedy on any of the soldiers who stormed up the beaches of Normandy, fighting their way through minefields and a hail of bullets, because they were told they would liberate Europe when in truth their enemy, the German soldiers entrenched in the Atlantikwall, were the ones defending Europe. However, courage, bravery and loyalty were to be found on both sides equally, and the fallen ones as well as the veterans ought to be treated with respect and dignity regardless on which side in the war they have been fighting. What we must remember on this day, 70 years after the Allied invasion of Normandy, is the unparalleled tragedy that arises from fratricide among soldiers who are of the same blood, descendents of the same distant ancestors, but who were mercilessly pitched against eachother not by fate but by the sinister scheme of their mutual, eternal adversary. This “D-Day” was nothing but a doomsday for Europe, when horrible woes were begotten by the brother who raised his sword against his brother. They fought valiant, they died as heroes – but their war knew no victors, only vanquished.”
Yet, after reading this post, I have to make some major corrections. It seems that hyperb0rean needs to retake history class. Yet, being the nice guy I am, I will take the time to teach him for free!
While this person is correct in their facts about the war, mainly D-Day, hyperb0rean is also very wrong on so many levels it reaches the sky. First of all, the state of Europe at the time. From 1938 to 1940, the Nazis had subjugated the Austrians, the Czechs, the Slovakians, the Poles, the Danes, the Norwegians, the Belgians and eventually the French. During this time, The Nazis were systematically murdering Jews, Poles, Slavs, the mentally/physically disabled, and various other peoples whom the Nazis hated outright. Tell me what is so honorable about murdering people because your ideology states these people were not worthy of life because they lived a certain way? Nothing I can tell you.
Then this person has the nerve to write, “Adolf Hitler wanted to avoid the enormous bloodshed and devastation between European nations, but it was in vain.” Wow, does Operation Barbarossa come to mind? How about the battles of Stalingrad? Leningrad? Moscow? I guess not. For those who are unfamiliar with the Eastern Front of World War 2, Eastern Europe was literally Hell on Earth! To give you an idea of the scale of this war:
Soviet victory, despite huge losses in men,materiel and landmass
Allied Nations: Soviet Union
Axis Nations: Germany
Weapons and Material for Allies:
2.6–2.9 million personnel
7,133–9,100 military aircraft
Weapons and Material for Axis:
3.8 million personnel
7,200 artillery pieces
Total Casualties for Allies:
4,000,000 for the Soviet Union.
When we break this down, we get.
566,852 killed in action
235,339 died of non-combat causes
1,336,147 sick or wounded via combat and non-combat causes
2,335,482 missing in action
~500,000 Soviet reservists captured while still mobilizing
3,355,499 captured by the Germans (according to AOKWehrmacht reports)
21,200 aircraft lost
20,500 tanks destroyed
Total Casualties for Axis:
167,347 killed in action for the three army groups
600,584 wounded in action for the three army groups
34,527 missing in action for the three army groups
28,445 killed, wounded or missing in action for Army Norway
11,000 captured by the Soviets (according to Red Army reports)
2,827 aircraft destroyed
2,400+ tanks destroyed
Based on these figures, it is safe to assume the Eastern Front was a War within a War.
As we read more into this, hyperb0rean writes,
“The “D-Day” arrived; and after another eleven months of titanic struggle, the heroic resistance of the German Reich was eventually vanquished by the relentless onslaught of hostile Armies from all corners of the Earth. Even though the “D-Day” is celebrated as a day of victory among the veterans of the Allies, it is actually a day of infamy for everyone of European descent. It was on this very day that Europe, the cradle of Western Civilization and Culture, went up in flames and burned to ashes leaving us, those who were born many a years later, without a home where our souls can be at peace. It would be wrong to blame this tragedy on any of the soldiers who stormed up the beaches of Normandy, fighting their way through minefields and a hail of bullets, because they were told they would liberate Europe when in truth their enemy, the German soldiers entrenched in the Atlantikwall, were the ones defending Europe. However, courage, bravery and loyalty were to be found on both sides equally, and the fallen ones as well as the veterans ought to be treated with respect and dignity regardless on which side in the war they have been fighting. What we must remember on this day, 70 years after the Allied invasion of Normandy, is the unparalleled tragedy that arises from fratricide among soldiers who are of the same blood, descendents of the same distant ancestors, but who were mercilessly pitched against eachother not by fate but by the sinister scheme of their mutual, eternal adversary. This “D-Day” was nothing but a doomsday for Europe, when horrible woes were begotten by the brother who raised his sword against his brother. They fought valiant, they died as heroes – but their war knew no victors, only vanquished.”
Pardon me while I go puke. First of all, there was nothing heroic about the Third Reich, it was a dictatorship which sought to destroy all traces of Jewry in Europe, enslave the Slavic peoples and conquer the world! They are not heroes but evil men who murdered countless peoples in the name of Nazism! As for “the D-Day”, the was NOT the name of the invasion! Anyone with a slight knowledge of WW2 would know the real name was Operation Overlord. “D-Day” was a code name for any landing!
As for the Europeans who were alive at the time, the Allied invasion was seen as a sign of relief for nations and peoples who’d been under Nazi Tyranny for over five years! The older generations of Europe still living regard those brave men who fought at Normandy as heroes because they were what lead to the End of the War and Nazism in general!!
As for the Atlantic Wall, it was built by the Nazis to keep out any potentiality invasions from the Allied nations as it was a time of war. As for “defending Europe” I guess you ignore the various resistance groups within the occupied nations and the fact many Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, and various others in the Death Camps! Defending Europe my ass!
Operation Overlord was not a “doomsday for Europe”, but a massive liberation which eventually lead to the end of the war and Nazi oppression. The brave Allied Soldiers who died that day are still regarded as heroes for their sacrifice for the Free World. Rather than destroy “Western Civilization”, it was preserved so that Free Nations would continue to exist. Free nations that allow you the freedom to write such insulting tumblr posts which insult the brave Allies that day and enable me to correct you as to why you are wrong.
“Thanks for such a warm welcome. I could almost feel at home… In fact
we’re not far from where I grew up in East London, but as a young man, I
never thought I’d come here. In fact as an older man, I never thought
I’d come here. But Oona invited me to speak here today. You know what
she’s like, she’s a bit obsessed with diversity. I told her to get out
more, & stop watching TV. Thing is, when you get out more, you see
there’s a disconnect between the real world & TV world. People in
the TV world often aren’t the same as people in the real world. And
there’s an even bigger gap between people who make TV, and people who
watch TV. I should know, I live in the TV world. And although there’s a
lot of reality TV, TV hasn’t caught up with reality.
Change is coming, but it’s taking its sweet time.
1. Because the TV world helps SHAPE the real world. It’s also a window
on our world. But when we look out the window, none of us live in Downton Abbey.
2. Because the creative industries are the foundation of Britain’s future economy.
You guys want to safeguard Britain’s economy, right? That’s your job?
3. If you want to safeguard the economy, you have to safeguard the
Creative Industries; and they rely on TALENT.
Talent is our lifeblood – we can’t afford to WASTE it, or give it away.
But when you don’t reflect the real world, too much talent is trashed.
Talent is everywhere, opportunity isn’t.
And talent can’t reach opportunity.
Especially on our small island – that’s why British talent gets exported all over the world.
We haven’t done enough to nurture our diverse talent.
But before I go any further I want to say something really important:
I’m not here to talk about black people; I’m here to talk about
diversity. Diversity in the modern world is more than just skin colour –
it’s gender, age, disability, sexual orientation, social background,
and – most important of all, as far as I’m concerned – diversity of
thought. Because if you have genuine diversity of thought among people
making TV & film, then you won’t accidentally shut out any of the
groups I just mentioned. Anyway, on the whole, I don’t think of myself
as just a ‘black actor’. I’m an actor, not a number. Just like anyone
Yo u know what I mean; all the MPs in the room, (by the way, thanks so many of you for coming.
Oona tells me it’s really unusual to get 100 MPs to turn up, she says
often she can’t even get one.) But you guys know what I mean, about not
just being a number. I suspect, for those of you who have children, you
don’t just speak as a politician, you speak as a parent. Well I’m not
just a black man, and you’re not just a politician.
None of us are just one flavour or one colour. If we were, we’d be
one- dimensional. And that’s what used to drive me mad as an up and
coming actor. My agent and I, we’d get scripts and we were always asked
to read the “black male” character. Or “the athletic type.” And that was
just Crimewatch… But when a script called for a “black male”, it wasn’t
describing a character. It was a describing a skin colour. A white man –
or a caucasian – was described as “a man with a twinkle in his eye”.
My eyes may be dark, but they definitely twinkle! (Ask the Mrs…) And I
was like “I wanna play the character with a twinkle in his eyes!” So I
got to a certain point in my career, and I saw that glass ceiling;
I was very close to hitting my forehead on it.
I was busy, I was getting lots of work, but I realised I could only play
so many “best friends” or “gang leaders”. I knew I wasn’t going to land
a lead role. I knew there wasn’t enough imagination in the industry for
me to be
seen as a lead.
In other words, if I wanted to star in a British drama like Luther,
then I’d have to go to a country like America. Now some people might say
“but back then, Britain hardly had any black detectives, so how could
you expect us to have a TV show about one? How could you expect the BBC
to have the imagination to put Luther on TV? …because it’s TELEVISION?!
And the other thing was, because I never saw myself or my culture on TV,
I stopped watching TV. Instead I decided to just go out and become TV.
If I aspired to be on a level with the Denzil Washingtons, and the Robert de Niro’s, I had to reinvent myself.
I had to transform the way industry saw me. I had to climb out of the box.
In other words I didn’t go to America because I couldn’t GET parts.
I went to America because I was running OUT of parts. They were all the
same sort of parts. But 20 or 25 years ago there were a handful of
casting directors, without whom I wouldn’t be here today:
– Doreen Jones
– Priscilla John
– The Hubbards
– Leo Davis
– Mary Selwaye
These people regularly auditioned me, they saw the twinkle in my eyes,
and put me up for roles that definitely weren’t written for me or my
type. At which point I’d like to add, the BBC was the broadcaster to
give me my first break. In all honesty they’ve been incredible to me,
not to mention our country, and the WORLD. They also had the
It’s that same imagination casting director Nina Gold had, when she cast the film Attack The Block. She searched the whole of London for raw talent, much of it diverse. She found John Boyega, a British African.
Nina then put Boyega up to be the hero in the latest Star Wars blockbuster.
Since when did the lead character in Star Wars come from Peckham? Since a woman with imagination became the casting director.
It’s the vision of people like Nina, and those 5 original casting directors, that allows me to stand before you today.
That, and the fact I refused to be pigeon-holed.
I’m not gonna lie, it was really hard work.
What all this taught me, is too often people get locked inside boxes. And it’s not a great place to be.
Ask women, they’ll say the same thing. Or disabled people. Or
gay people. Or any number of under-represented groups. So today I’m
asking the TV & film industry to think outside the box, and to GET
outside the box. This isn’t a speech about race, this is a speech about
imagination. Diversity of thought.
Thankfully in our country, we’re free to say what we want. But we’re not
as free as we think, because our imagination isn’t that free. We can’t
help putting people inside boxes, it’s a national pastime… Funny thing
is, it’s not good for the people locked in the box; but it’s also not
good for the people deciding what’s ON the box. Audiences don’t want to
see caricatures Because the point about a caricature is this: you’ve
seen it all before. So I want our incredibly creative and successful TV
industry to be more imaginative with the cultural exports we send around
We have an amazing record. Think about Britain’s place in history. For half a millennia we shaped the world.
Winston Churchill said he could save the British Empire from anything
– except the British… Like all great men he had his flaws. He wasn’t too
hot on gender equality… All the women MPs here today, you probably know
what he said to the first woman MP:- – that having her in Parliament
was as embarrassing as if she’d walked into the men’s toilets! Some of
Churchill’s attitudes were plain wrong. But he was truly visionary when
he said this: “the empires of the FUTURE are empires of the MIND.” Now
before I leave the subject of Empire, I should mention I’m honoured –
just the other day – to have become an Officer of the British
The exact title is “Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire” – a snappy little number.
And of course the word “Empire” is laden with meaning – especially to
the son of a Ghanaian mother and Sierra Leonean father. The irony is not
lost on me. The British Empire brought great progress to many, and for
others, great suffering. But history isn’t always neat and tidy, the
sums don’t always add up.
What’s for sure, though, our Empire gave birth to the multi-cultural
miracle that is modern Britain. And for that I’m grateful. So back to
“Empires of the Mind”: That’s my theme: how can we change our mindset?
How can we be more imaginative to make our creative industries
more successful? How can Britain influence the world to embrace
diversity, and be more tolerant?
When you look at the news today, nothing could be more important.
But just because we do better than most countries, doesn’t mean we have nothing to learn.
Look at the lesson of the Olympics. What did we learn?
* We learned that if you invest in sports, you win gold;
* that our country is a nation of volunteers;
* that disabled sport can be more thrilling than NON-disabled sport
* and that VIPs can find their way to Newham
(if they have their own bus lane)…
We came third in the medal table – an amazing achievement.
But make no mistake, we could have won more gold. Here are two incredible statistics:
50% of British medal winners went to private school. Yet only 7% of British kids GO to private school.
How many Mo Farah’s did we miss? How many Jessica Ennis’ will never be
discovered? Think what we could have achieved if we’d fished for
talent consistently among the other 93% of British kids. And that’s what
we SHOULD BE DOING in ALL industries, including the TV & film
– be more consistent about looking for talent everywhere
Even so, when Mo Farah is wrapped in the British flag, (Somalian
born, raised in Newham); – and when the entire British nation cheers him
fanatically, the world intuitively learns more about diversity and
We show the world that Britain thinks outside the box. That’s how we
changed from an empire based on raw materials and military might; to a
cultural power exporting talent & creativity. We don’t steal gold
any more. We WIN it. From hard power to soft power. And in terms of soft
power, nothing is more powerful than the media. Only one other country
in the world influences what people watch more than us. In terms of real
estate on this earth, we’re a small island. But in terms of culture
we’re a continent. The Britain I come from is the most successful,
diverse, multicultural country on earth. But here’s my point: you
wouldn’t know it if you turned on the TV. Too many of our creative
decision-makers share the same background.
They decide which stories get told, and those stories decide how Britain is viewed.
Even to ourselves. Especially to ourselves. Furthermore, how Britain is
viewed on the world stage should concern all of us. It’s all our
business. And that’s why everyone should care about our media industry –
it’s the custodian of our global identity. But everyone knows British
broadcasting these days can be a tough gig.
Execs running TV companies, (Hi there) you need to make cash, grab audience, and please Government.
And these days you’re in a fight to the death with the streaming people. And the platform people. And the content people.
The war never ends. Technology has turned TV on its head. The audience is now consumer and “commissioner”.
If young people don’t see themselves on TV, they just switch off the TV, and log on. End of.
They create their own channels. Their own audience. They become their own CEOs. They don’t need us.
Because as the experts in the room know, the TV industry is about two
– the pipes, and what you send down the pipes.
The pipes used to be just the broadcasters. And the broadcasters
were the only ones who could send content down the pipes.
Now, anyone can send stuff down those pipes.
Before, there were only 4 broadcasters. Now, everyone’s a broadcaster.
A lot of young people never switch on a TV. They’re on their mobiles
all day long.
Times are truly changing. The times when TV was the only window to the outside world, are long gone.
Kids have windows in their pockets.
But what will bring the change we need?
1. A change of mindset: get all commissioners and content creators to
think about diversifying at the beginning of the creative process, not
2. Transparency: friendly competition between broadcasters. See who’s
actually doing the best creative diversity. Benchmark it.
That encourages everyone to do better.
3. A different approach towards risk. The story of Netflix is that risk- taking delivers audiences
Let’s be honest. Too often commissioners look at diverse talent, and all they see is risk.
Black actors are seen as a commercial risk.
Women directors are seen as a commercial risk.
Disabled directors aren’t even seen at all.
In general, if broadcasters want to stay in the game, their commissioners must take more risk with diverse talent.
Now if you’re thinking “who’s he to say all this?”, I asked myself the same question.
I asked Oona, actually, “who am I to say all this?!”
And she started going on about me being a “British export…” (She was
talking about me as if I was a crate of Nigerian Guinness…) If some
people see me as an export, that’s fine, but I only come with my
story and my observations. I don’t pretend to be anything I’m not. So
what am I? I’m a product of my imagination. Made in Hackney. Made in
Newham. Made in Dagenham. But above all, made in my mind:
Seeing it, thinking it, doing it. I used to fit tyres in Dagenham, now I make films in Hollywood.
And the difference between those two lives comes down to one single word
– OPPORTUNITY. By the way, I got my tyre-fitting job through a Youth
Training Scheme. Good old YTS Schemes, who remembers them in the
80s?? Before that, for a while I went to a school for disabled kids. I
had severe asthma.
I finally got my first break in the creative industries from the
Prince’s Trust. Yeah, the good old Prince Charles stepped straight up
for me, right in there, well done! Helped me break into theatre, and
from there tv and film. The Prince’s Trust subsidised my first ever
audition for the National Music Youth Theatre. They gave me £1,500,
because my parents didn’t have enough money; – there were hardly any
black kids there, none of us could afford it. And although back then
obviously I never met Prince Charles, we both had one thing in
common: We both fell into the same line of work as our parents. Yeah it
just sort of happens…
My Dad worked in a car factory, so before I could get work as an actor, I
ended up doing night shifts at Ford Dagenham. In fact Ford Dagenham
turned out to have more opportunity, and more diversity, than the TV
industry I was trying to break into. And without the Prince’s Trust I
probably wouldn’t have made it – because so many invisible chains can
hold you back. Historically in Britain, you never escaped.
If you started at the bottom of the heap, you most likely died at the
bottom of the heap. Things started to change inside this incredible
building; the building where every British monarch has been crowned
1066. While I’m on the subject of 1066, I should say my history’s not
all that. A long time after I left school, someone explained what the
Magna Carta was. For people in your industry, Magna Carta is the basis
of modern democracy: For people in the music industry, Magna Carta is a
rap album by friend Jay-Z. So Magna Carta was a peace treaty between the
King and the Barons (shout out to the Barons in the room today). The
idea was, the King couldn’t just take things off people on a whim. IT
WAS ABOUT THINGS BECOMING FAIRER. It was preceded by the Doomsday book, a
big map of Britain which counted up what everybody had. Back then,
King’s always had their eye on everyone else’s stuff.
They weren’t sorting out drama auditions for YTS kids… But back to my
point: in a funny way, broadcasting needs a Magna Carta. We need to
start doing things more fairly. It’s not so much a Peace treaty; more an
Opportunity Treaty. We need to count up what everybody has, see the lay
of the land, and see who has which careers in TV? Who makes TV? Who’s
allowed ON TV? And when they get the opportunity, which roles do they
play, both on and offscreen. Are black people often playing petty
Are women always playing the love interest or talking about men? Are gay people always stereotyped?
Are disabled people hardly ever seen? Do some people have their careers taken away on a whim?
Is their talent unfairly ignored? So yeah, back to the box; Back to the
stereo-typing. Take gender stereo-typing: “girls love dolls, boys love
Well actually I DO love cars. I’m a stereotypical boy who loves his
fast cars. Yeah, I don’t mind playing Achilles in Tr oillus &
Cressida, but I’d rather break the land speed record in a Bentley at
nearly 200 mph.
Just can’t help it. And I just have to ask myself, “is it because I’m a man?” (The answer is probably “yes.”)
So women also have to ask themselves a question: When they disappear off
our screens over the age of 40, “is it because they’re FEMALE??” (The
answer is probably “yes.”)
And is that why they always get paid less than their male co-stars? (The answer is DEFINITELY “yes!”)
That brings me on to Channel 4’s conference on Diversity in the Media
tomorrow. I agreed to speak in Parliament today, because I want to
highlight the important discussion taking place tomorrow The CEOs of
Channel 4, ITV, and the BBC, are just some of those industry leaders
meeting to discuss diversity.
And Channel 4’s research for the conference is really
interesting. The headline finding is that British TV is awash with
low-level sexism. The interesting comparison, is that the same figure
for low-level racism
was only a tenth of that. This means women on TV are 10 times more likely to be treated
negatively than black people on TV. That’s crazy, right? I’m not saying
you expect black people to be treated worse than women (although God
help black women) But as Viola Davies said last year when she became the
first-ever black woman to win an Emmy for drama, “you can’t win an Emmy
for a role that’s never been written.” That’s why we need more
imagination from our directors, our producers, our casting directors,
our writers – especially our writers. So I’m just saying we need to be
more aware. In the 1970s, popular TV programmes like the Black & White Minstrels, and Love Thy Neighbour were awash with what you might call “light- hearted racism”.
At the time, though, everyone thought it was absolutely fine to go
along with it. The same with homophobia. The same with disability. Well I
want to say something very clear to all the women in the TV & film
industry, onscreen and offscreen: I don’t think it’s absolutely fine to
go along with it. Audiences shouldn’t think it’s absolutely fine to go
along with it. Above all: the industry shouldn’t think it’s absolutely
fine to go along with it. Instead we need to educate ourselves out of
it. And however far we have to travel ONscreen, we have many more rivers
to cross OFFscreen. When we take this problem in the round, this lack
of opportunity leads to me being asked the same question again and
again. This is what every young actor asks me: “should I go to America
to become a successful actor?” I’m always in a quandry. Because it’s not
always true that the grass is greener: But the reason I went to
America, is because the USA has the most famous diversity policy of
all: It’s called the American Dream.
The problem is the GAP between the dream and reality. That gap is
what Martin Luther King set out to fill with his dream. To champion
diversity is to champion the American dream. It’s to say that if you
work hard and you have great talent, you will have the same chance as
anyone else to succeed.
It guarantees no more than that, but that in itself is a golden guarantee.
And I want that guarantee here in Britain. I want that British dream.
The stats show we haven’t had it in the past. In fact we don’t really
have it in the present. It’s a shocking fact that only 1.5% of British
TV is made by B.A.M.E directors. But the other thing we haven’t had, is
this commitment from those at the very top of broadcasting, combined
with the current level of strategy, finance, transparency, and
accountability. This is the new system they’ve put in place, working
together within the
Creative Diversity Network. Yes we are trying to turn a tanker. But the tanker is turning.
And we have so many great people to learn from, like Keli Lee at
DisneyABC, who has done so much to change the face of American TV. Keli
made sure that one of the most powerful people in American TV
got their break. That is Shonda Rhymes, and those of you who haven’t heard of her, well you will…
– She’s the creator of Grey’s Anatomy and Scandal among many other hit shows
Shonda isn’t just THE ONLY black woman in America to have her own night
on TV (with 3 hit shows back-to-back on one night). Shonda is the only
person in America to have that. She’s done what no one else has. At
least partly thanks to Keli. And Keli’s own Diverse Casting Initiative
is responsible for a lot of the diverse talent we see onscreen, so it’s
great news we’re looking to do something similar in the UK.
And now, for the last time – I promise you – back to fast cars… I was
surprised to hear, the CAR industry and steel industry combined don’t
bring in as much cash to Britain as our creative industries. So let’s
make sure our creative industries get all the talent this country has to
offer:- whether that talent just walked out of Oxbridge, or off the
In conclusion, then, let’s have a bit of a Magna Carta moment in British
Broadcasting. Let’s make things fairer. And let’s see who’s got what. Luckily we have just the thing.
– It’s taken British Broadcasting several years to develop, but it’s called Project DIAMOND.
For the first time we’ll have hard data across the TV industry on who’s
doing exactly what, where, and when. Let’s take the guesswork out of
it. Our broadcasting industry will be the first in the world to have
hard data about which groups are locked inside the box. It’ll show us
which Broadcasters’ diversity policies work best. Once we know that, we
can benchmark progress.And that’s all I’m asking: let’s make some
serious progress. It’s what Lenny Henry and so many others have asked
for. In conclusion, these are the things that will bring about change:-
being more imaginative in all we do
– fishing for talent more consistently across all groups, not just some
– implementing transparent systems to benchmark what Broadcasters actually do
– understanding “risk”, and re-evaluating commercial risk
– implementing dozens of targeted policies, like those you heard at the beginning of this meeting
– If you’re really interested (and I hope you’re ALL really interested),
make Channel 4’s Diversity Charter your bedtime reading. Google it. (It
might keep you awake longer than you think!)
– Check out what the BBC, Sky, ITV and others are doing to be more diverse.
So my message today is let’s get more professional about this whole area;
– our economy depends on it;
– our future depends on it.
Nelson Mandela said “anything difficult always seems impossible until
it’s done.” But the good news is, we’re not trying to put a man on the
moon. We’re just trying to redesign the face of British TV. And because
British TV helps shape our world, and is the window onto our world, this
is a debate for everyone.
And yes, let’s make our cultural empire even more successful than
our military empire. I’ll leave you with this thought: I don’t want to
give away any spoilers, but in the new Star Wars film, isn’t it
amazing the princess grows up to be a General??! Seriously: let that
sink in: the princess grows up to be a General!
That’s all I’m asking for:-
some proper imagination,
– untold stories
– the road less travelled
Let’s think outside the box. In fact let’s smash the box. Given we’re in
London let’s “MASH the box.” G’wan, mash it up! Lords, Ladies and
gentlemen, officers of the Empire, and anyprincesses,
Thank you for listening!
In 2001 at the 49th Venice Biennale, he exhibited photographs from a 2000 action in which he scattered the contents of ten large bags of coal across the main boulevard in the center of Guatemala City where a military parade was to take place. The action was intended to remind the military of the crimes and massacres it committed against the country’s citizens during the 36-year civil war when more than 200 000 civilians were killed - mostly members of the indigenous Maya Indian community. The military committed human rights abuses including some acts that have been judged to be genocide, as documented by Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchú and others.
In an interview with Biennale organizers, the artist stated,
"There is a close relationship namely, between the coal, the massacres, and the military, because this material can always be found in the mass graves. In most cases, houses and corpses are burned. I knew that the coal would be cleared away before the parade. I scattered it at about two o'clock in the morning, and at seven o'clock it had already been removed. But there were still traces left. I wanted the military to walk over these traces, and to be able to take photos of the marching army. Since I work with signs that have somehow established themselves, in this case the coal that points to the massacres and the mass graves, I refer with the action to existing problems, without becoming too obvious. It wasn’t my intention for the spectators to perceive these signs, but rather that the military itself should notice them.“