militarization of the border

If you believe in a massive and active military, militarized borders and restrictive immigration policies, support for law enforcement as they currently exist, traditional family values, and the need to preserve a national culture, you’re not a libertarian. You’re not fooling anyone. You want a highly ordered and hierarchical society enforced by state coercion, just give us all a break and stop pretending like your beliefs about taxes and firearms make you a freedom fighter

The Khoja family’s arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport Tuesday night marked the end of an odyssey they feared they would never complete.

Beginning three years ago in the Syrian city of Aleppo, it has taken them through streets patrolled by snipers and across a militarized border where guards shoot to kill.

It has taken them through three years eking out a living in Turkey as Syria’s war killed hundreds of thousands and turned their old street into piles of shattered stone.

And last week, just when they thought they were finally safe, it left them trapped in Istanbul after one of the Trump administration’s most contentious decisions to date.

Their bags had been packed for a flight when the White House announced on Jan. 27 a ban on Syrian refugees entering the United States. “At first I thought it was a joke, that she was joking with me,” said Mahmoud Khoja, 58, remembering the phone call telling them their flights had been canceled. “I just froze.”

Read more here: Trump’s executive order crushed a Syrian family’s dream. A judge gave them new hope. 

anonymous asked:

People are asking why we need DACA or why we shouldn't get rid of if. Why do we need DHS/ICE? They didn't exist before 2001. Why do we need a militarized border and deportation force? Why do we also need militarized police?

Dismantling ICE should be part of the immigration platform of every 2020 Dem candidate.

It will get worse unless we stop it

In the years to come police brutality and surveillance and the militarization of our borders will only get worse. This is not a matter of who gets elected. This is what states do when they see ‘law & order’ threatened. This is no great conspiracy, this is just how states are designed to work. 

 As our climate spirals further out of control there will be more floods, more droughts, more famine, more wars for what resources remain. Countries in the worst effected areas will destabilize, countries in the least effected areas will put more guns and fences on their borders and on their streets to make sure that the suffering they have created does not reach them. 

If we are white, have a passport in the northern hemisphere and are not too poor or to queer, we may be given the choice of quiet survival under the protection of a police state while mass murder plays out just beyond our view. We’ll lose most of our freedoms and all of our humanity but we’ll be safe. If we are poor, if we are queer, if we are people of color, if we do not have a passport in the northern hemisphere, we have only one option: resist.

anonymous asked:

can you do a post on how each of the founding fathers felt about native americans?

I couldn’t find enough information to make a formal presentation- which I initially tried at first (which it took me to long to answer this- I apologize!) But I typed it up instead. 

Benjamin Franklin, felt sympathy for the Native Americans. He had acquired this first by publishing treaty accounts, then by taking part in treaty councils. On December 14, 1763, fifty-seven vigilantes from Paxton and Donegal, two frontier towns, rode into Conestoga Manor, an Indian settlement, and killed six of twenty Indians living there. Two weeks later, more than 200 “Paxton Men” (as they were now called) invaded Lancaster, where the remaining fourteen Conestoga Indians had been placed in a workhouse for their own protection. Smashing in the workhouse door as the outnumbered local militia looked on, the Paxton Men killed the rest of the Conestoga band, leaving the bodies in a heap within sight of the places where the Anglo-Iroquois alliance had been cemented less than two decades before. Franklin responded to the massacres with the an enraged piece of writing-  A Narrative of the Late Massacres in Lancaster County of a Number of Indians, Friends of this Province, by Persons Unknown. It displayed a degree of entirely humorless anger that Franklin rarely used in his writings. 

“But the Wickedness cannot be Covered, the Guilt will lie on the Whole Land, till Justice is done on the Murderers. THE BLOOD OF THE INNOCENT WILL CRY TO HEAVEN FOR VENGEANCE!”

Franklin went on to defend the Native Americans who were massacred. Franklin continued to develop his philosophy with abundant references to the Indian societies he had observed so closely during his days as envoy to the Six Nations. Franklin’s writings on Native Americans were remarkably free of ethnocentricism, although he often used words such as “savages,” . Franklin’s cultural relativism was perhaps one of the purest expressions of Enlightenment assumptions that stressed racial equality and the universality of moral sense among peoples. His writing seemed like he admired the simple life that the Native Americans lived.

George Washington’s presidency established much of the basis for the federal Native American policies we have today. Like others who were not Native Americans of this era, he viewed them as a vanishing people, or at least a people who at some time in the near future would cease to exist in the United States. Native Americans were to either die out, migrate, or become totally assimilated. Near the beginning of his first term as President, George Washington declared that a just Indian policy was one of his highest priorities, explaining that,

 "The Government of the United States are determined that their Administration of Indian Affairs shall be directed entirely by the great principles of Justice and humanity.“

Congress proceeded to approve a treaty with seven northern tribes (the Shawnee, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, Iroquois, Sauk, and Fox). This agreement, however, lacked meaningful protection of tribal land. Members of the northern tribes believed it was necessary to use force to prevent further incursions. Washington’s sent American military response. In 1790 and 1791, Washington dispatched armies to confront native forces, and in both instances the Americans were defeated. Washington sought to provide safe havens for native tribes while also assimilating them into American society. 

Washington believed that if they failed to at least make an effort to secure Native American land, their chances of convincing Native Americans to transform their hunting culture to one of farming and herding would be undermined. As the two reluctantly came to recognize, however, it was the settlers pouring into the western frontier that controlled the national agenda regarding Native Americans and their land. 

During John Adams’s presidency, in his first annual message to Congress, Adams referred to relationships with the Indians as, “this unpleasant state of things on our western frontier.” Foreign agents, he said, were trying to “alienate the affections of the Indian nations and to excite them to actual hostilities against the United States.”

The same year, the newly formed Tennessee legislature informed Adams that the Cherokee Indians were occupying their territories as “tenants at will,” or at the forbearance of whites. In response, Adams sent a letter to “his beloved chiefs, warriors and children of the Cherokee Nation,” explaining that squatters had gone beyond the boundary established in a 1791 treaty and had protested when the federal government tried to remove them.

In the letter, Adams asked the Cherokee to acknowledge the “sincere friendship of the United States,” but said his “stronger obligations” were to “hear the complaints, and relieve, as far as in my power, the distresses of my white children, citizens of the United States.” The result was the 1798 Treaty of Tellico, in which the Cherokee ceded more of their homelands in eastern Tennessee.

The treaty was the last of four enacted during Adams’ four years in office, from 1797 to 1801. He also oversaw treaties with the Mohawk, Seneca and Oneida, who relinquished all their lands in the state of New York. His first encounter with Native Americans occurred when he was a boy and leaders of the Punkapaug and Neponset tribes called on his father. In a letter penned to a friend, Adams called Natives “blood hounds” who, let loose, could scalp men and butcher women and children. Much like the other founding fathers, Adams held conflicted beliefs about Natives and their role in the nation’s future.

In his inauguration speech, Adams pledged himself to a spirit of “equity and humanity” toward the Indians. He promised to “meliorate their condition by inclining them to be more friendly to us, and our citizens to be more friendly to them.” But Adams also ignored existing treaties and established the Indiana Territory in 1800.

Thomas Jefferson viewed American Indians or Native Americans as subjects of intellectual curiosity or saw them in political terms as enemies in war or partners in peace. Jefferson’s long public career during a time period allowed him to shape the relations between the United States and the various Native American nations.

“I beleive the Indian then to be in body and mind equal to the whiteman,“ 

Only their environment needed to be changed to make them fully American in Jefferson’s mind. Even though many American Indians lived in villages and many engaged in agriculture, hunting was often still necessary for subsistence. Jefferson believed that if American Indians were made to adopt European-style agriculture and live in European-style towns and villages, then they would quickly "progress” from “savagery” to “civilization” and eventually be equal, in his mind, to white men.

Thomas Jefferson believed Native American peoples to be a noble race. Nevertheless, Jefferson developed plans for Indian removal to lands West of the Mississippi. Before and during his presidency, Jefferson discussed the need for respect, brotherhood, and trade with the Native Americans. Yet beginning in 1803, Jefferson’s private letters show increasing support for a policy of removal.

Jefferson was fascinated with the Indian culture and language. His home at Monticello was filled with Indian artifacts obtained from the Lewis and Clark expedition. He had compiled a dictionary and assorted grammars of the Indian language. Jefferson refuted these notions in his book, Notes on the State of Virginia, where he defended American Indian and their culture.  Andrew Jackson is often credited with initiating Indian Removal. But Jackson was merely legalizing and implementing a plan laid out by Jefferson in a series of letters that began in 1803, although Jefferson did not implement the plan during his own presidency. Jefferson advocated for the militarization of the Western border, along the Mississippi River. He felt that the best way to accomplish this was to flood the area with a large population of white settlements.

In his first Inaugural Address upon assuming office, James Madison stated that the federal government’s duty was to convert the American Indians by the, “participation of the improvements of which the human mind and manners are susceptible in a civilized state.” Like most American leaders at the time, Madison had a paternalistic and discriminatory attitude toward American Natives. He encouraged American Native men to give up hunting and become farmers and supported the conversion of American Natives to a European way of life. 

Yet for a president who “pushed hard” for expansion, Madison rarely spoke about Indians. Privately, however, Madison was skeptical of the beliefs behind federal Indian policy, which at that time focused on civilization, or transitioning Indians from their “savage” state to agricultural societies. Madison believed that Indians would resist civilization.

The Hamilton-Oneida Academy in Clinton, New York was created with the idea of educating Indian and white children side by side to build cultural understanding. The charter for the academy was granted in 1793. Hamilton was incorporated as a trustee and a namesake of the school soon after. Hamilton had an equally enlightened opinion of Indians even after some of them, in the pay of the British, threatened to attack the home of his father-in-law, Philip Schuyler, in Albany in 1781 while Hamilton’s pregnant wife was living there. The Native Americans and their fellow British raiders were scared off when one of the Schuyler women bluffed that a group of rebel soldiers was on its way (by the way- it was Margarita “Peggy”). 

In spite of their presence in the raiding party, Philip Schuyler negotiated with neighboring tribes to keep them neutral during the war. After the war, when speculators wanted to push Indians out of western New York, Hamilton warned that only friendly relations with the natives would guarantee peace. He also became a trustee of what was later named Hamilton College, a school that accepted Indian students as well as whites.

James Monroe during his presidency recommended that Indians who wanted to own land as individuals should be allowed to do so and should be given a fee simple title to their land. This would, of course, break up the communal land holdings of the tribes and allow lands to be acquired and developed by non-Indians.

In 1824, President James Monroe presented Congress with a plan for “civilizing” Indians by sending them voluntarily west of the Mississippi River.

And if it does start a war, hopefully people will say, ‘You know what? It was worth it. It was a good movie!’
— 

Seth Rogen

–In the mid-twentieth century, the United States, which set the stage for bloodshed by cleaving the Korean peninsula in two with no Korean input in 1945, and by supporting separate elections in the South in 1948, then militarily intervened in 1950 on behalf of its South Korean ally Syngman Rhee (a ruthless dictator, no doubt, but “our guy,” in the parlance of the Cold War State Department) in a war of national reunification that followed. That war, the Korean War, remains tragically unresolved to this day. During the war’s battle-phase, the United States wielded near-total aerial superiority, an index of asymmetrical warfare, to devastating consequences, especially in the North. When the dust settled, an estimated four million Koreans has been killed, seventy percent of whom were civilians, millions more were transformed into refugees, and one in three Korean families was separated by a dividing line that had been hardened by war into an impassable, intensely fortified, militarized border, which U.S. presidents ever since have referred to as “Freedom’s Frontier.” As historian Bruce Cumings notes, memory plays out differently north of the DMZ: “What is indelible is the extraordinary destructiveness of the American air campaigns against North Korea, ranging from the widespread and continuous use of firebombing (mainly with napalm), to threats to use nuclear and chemical weapons, and finally to the destruction of huge North Korean dams in the final stages of the war.”11 This memory of ruin, so central to North Korea’s consolidation as a state, registers little, if at all, within the United States where the Korean War is tellingly referred to as “the Forgotten War.” Indeed, few in the United States realize that this war is not over, whereas no one in North Korea can forget it.
~Christine Hong, Stranger Than Fiction: The Interview and US Regime-Change Policy Toward North Korea

theguardian.com
'Over my dead body': The Tohono O’odham Nation aims to block Trump's border wall on their land

Donald Trump’s proposed border wall could face a major obstacle in Arizona, where an indigenous tribe has vowed to oppose construction on its land, paving the way for potential mass resistance following the model of Standing Rock.

The Tohono O’odham Nation, a federally recognized tribe with a reservation that spans 75 miles of the US-Mexico border, announced on Thursday that it does not support the wall and criticized the White House for signing an executive order without consulting the tribe.

The Tohono O’odham’s statement calls for a meeting with the president and comes after a tribal vice-chairman declared the government would build the wall “over my dead body”. Earlier in his first week in office, Trump also promised to push forward with the the Dakota Access pipeline, which last year attracted an unprecedented gathering of indigenous groups to back the Standing Rock Sioux tribe in its fight against the oil project.

The Tohono O’odham tribe, which has roughly 28,000 members and controls 2.8m acres of a reservation in south-western Arizona, has long struggled with the militarized international border that was drawn through the middle of its traditional lands.

The O’odham people historically inhabited lands that stretched south to Sonora, Mexico, and just north of Phoenix, Arizona, and there are tribe members who still live in Mexico. The tribe today has the second largest Native American land base in the country, and indigenous people say the US Border Patrol has for decades significantly disrupted tribal communities and their day-to-day life.

[President Obama’s] speech is horrific, just as expected. I can’t. If this isn’t the ultimate wake up call for the Latin@ Community I don’t know what is. 8 years later, 2 million people later…this should make it crystal clear who the Democrats are. The hypocrisy is unbearable in everything that the Deporter in Chief aka Barack Obama is saying.

So just to summarize:

1. The border will be further MILITARIZED, more of our people will be MURDERED by State Sponsored Agents.

2. “Highly Skilled” immigrants will get priority.

3. Immigrants who migrated 5 years ago will get TEMPORARY Status after they pay ridiculous fees to USCIS, despite having a Tax ID number for years paying taxes that they will never see used for them, and with ZERO PATH TO CITIZENSHIP.

4. Those who came after 5 years will be FOUND and DEPORTED with more urgency.

5. This country should embrace immigrants because they will SERVE IN THIS IMPERIALIST MILITARY.

F* this shit! It’s a beautiful time to organize y'all!

—  Andrea Carolina via Facebook

Recreational use of marijuana is great and all, but I really wish the conversation was more about the violence perpetuated in other countries, particularly in Latin America. Also, I wish more focus was on the militarization of borders, the empowering of drug cartels, and the perpetuation the prison industrial complex over personal use of a plant.

closing of Colombian-Venezuelan border (personal) updates
  • it went from being closed for 72 hours to being closed indefinitely
  • the government, in all their political hypocrisy, is blaming Colombian immigrants for the rise of crime rates and for the “unbalanced situation” we are living now
  • the border is becoming heavily militarized and curfew will be applied to nearby municipalities 
  • Venezuelans who work in Colombia, as well as thousands of Venezuelan students who go to school in Colombia haven’t been able to cross either
  • my mom is still stuck in Colombia
  • i’m realizing how citizens are powerless against the whims of a government, i’m realizing how many families, here and all around the world, can be torn apart in mere seconds because of a fucking border. i feel for them.  
  • i’m feeling extremely anxious right now
  • i want to cry but of course that won’t solve shit

So way back in my I think second year of High School, I went to get my wisdom teeth removed because they were really bothering me

Right next door the the dentists office was Border’s Bookstore. I had arrived early with my dad and so I was wondering around the bookstore looking for new books to buy, when my giant feet tripped over a book that was peeking out of the shelf

Like a generic movie, I picked up the book to return it, but thought that it looked really neat, and ended up buying it. 

The book was called “House of Leaves”

The book itself seemed like a really neat, involved read. It had pages where text was all funky, and…well here are some pictures because it’s just easier that way

Point is, I thought it looked really cool and cryptic and I bought it

A few months later, I left to Palestine and brought the book as a carry-on to read on the plane. 

Along the way, when placing my luggage onto the conveyor belt to be taken onto the plane or wherever, I accidentally left my book on it and it was whisked away, never to be seen again

I was irritated a bit, but we were on the last leg of our trip so I figured I’d get over it, w/e

We landed in Amman, Jordan, and gathered our belongings. It’s important to note at this point that upon landing in Jordan, the plane’s luggage is emptied and everyone goes their separate ways, just like any other airport. Our destination was the Jisir/border crossing to get into the West Bank of Palestine. 

We gathered our luggage, and began the painfully long journey of crossing into Palestine.

Upon reaching the border, we must cross through numerous, numerous checkpoints. First, the Jordanian checkpoint, then an Israeli one, followed by a Palestinian one, followed by a final Israeli checkpoint, carrying our luggage with us the entire time, while having to abandon it in some places to meet up with it later after the various security forces rummage through it all [the crossing is notorious for its rampant racism by Israeli border guards and how more and more of your valuables mysteriously go missing as you pass though the various checkpoints].

There’s even a point at which your luggage is literally dumped on the sidewalk along with the luggage of dozens and dozens of other families, and you have to scramble to find all of your items/luggages and pray that nobody else has stolen them.

This part of the crossing is literal hell, as it’s over 100 degrees out [37+ Celsius], you’re surrounded by dozens and dozens of other families scrambling to gather their belongings as well, and you’re only halfway through the crossing.

Like I said, they literally THROW your luggage into a giant, unsorted pile, with no tags or identification beyond what you yourself put on them prior to arriving, and there’s no way to verify what bag belongs to who, so it’s a free-for-all.

At this point it’s been maybe 6 hours or so since we’ve landed, factoring in the hour long drive to the border and the time it takes being detained/let go at various checkpoints.

EVENTUALLY you make it to the final Israeli checkpoint, where in my case [as it is with many Palestinians], you are taken to a room alone, questioned, have all your belongings ripped from your suitcase and thrown to the floor, and are interrogated for a long while. 

After being released and cleaning up my belongings and repackaging it all yet again, we are finally free to enter into the West Bank. There are only two things standing in the way now - the final carousel to retreive your larger suitcases, and customs [where they charge you hundreds of dollars to bring in your own freaking phones or other belongings, claiming that they believe you’re only bringing it in to sell or some other BS]

ANWAYS, as I retrieve our luggage from the carousel and am waiting for the rest of my family, what do I see making its way towards me amidst everyone’s luggage?

MY FREAKING HOUSE OF LEAVES BOOK

The same freaking book that tripped me and caused me to buy it

It somehow made it from freaking Germany to Jordan, was then picked up in Jordan and freaking taken to the Jisir, where it was then repeatedly picked up and eventually placed in the large container of bags for security, and SOMEHOW made it back out, right as I was standing there waiting for the rest of our luggage

Like I can’t possibly stress enough how unlikely the whole thing was - from one airport to another, to a border crossing, across at least 4 HEAVILY militarized checkpoints over the course of a day, to come out on the carousel at the same moment I happen to be standing there

It was a little beat up, with the front cover ripped off [but still on top of the book], but there it was.

[I have since taped the cover back on, as you can see here]

I have treasured this book ever since

Sad things is I went to re-read it recently after all these years and found one of the main characters to be the epitome of dark brooding misogynistic trash so I hate the book now but I keep it around because of this freaking story

GOVERNOR GARY JOHNSON ANNOUNCES 2016 CANDIDACY FOR PRESIDENT

Two-term New Mexico Governor to seek Libertarian Nomination

January 6, 2016, Santa Fe, NM – Former New Mexico Governor and 2012 presidential candidate Gary Johnson announced today that he is seeking the 2016 Libertarian nomination for President of the United States.

Johnson made the announcement during an appearance Wednesday on Neil Cavuto’s “Coast to Coast” on the Fox Business Network. Johnson placed third in the 2012 presidential race, receiving more votes than any Libertarian candidate in history.

Announcing his candidacy, Johnson said, “One need only to look at the Republican and Democrat nomination races to see that 2016 may very well be a ‘tipping point’ election year. The American people are clearly fed up and running out of patience with the status quo. I’m fed up with it also.

“By the time Barack Obama leaves office, the national debt will have reached $20 trillion. It has doubled while he has been in office, just as it doubled while George W. Bush was President. Obviously, it doesn’t really matter which of the two so-called ‘major’ parties is in control of the White House or Congress. The government just keeps growing, the spending just keeps increasing, and the debt keeps piling up.

“After two wars, seemingly endless foreign interventions and failed attempts at nation-building, can anyone credibly suggest that we are somehow safer today than we were 15 years ago? To the contrary, the threats to our safety and our liberty from violent jihadists are increasing, and if anything, we are less safe. The American people are tired of chaotic foreign and military policies that are obviously not fulfilling the government’s fundamental duty to keep the homeland and our freedoms secure. Voters are correctly demanding that their leaders focus on that most basic responsibility of the federal government.

“And the American people are fed up with politicians – both Republican and Democrat – who are determined to replace liberty with government overreach, control and intrusion into our daily lives. The United States was founded on a rejection of warrantless searches, oppressive taxation, and government interference with the free exercise of speech, religion, and personal choices. Today, we have a generation of young people growing up believing their own government to be the greatest threat to their privacy and their freedom to pursue their dreams.

“Our politicians and their refusal to abandon failed policies have sadly turned the governance of America into something the Founders would hardly recognize, much less embrace.

“America needs a President who will push back against the growth of government – and mean it. That begins with proposing a federal budget that doesn’t spend more than it takes in, and using the veto pen to enforce it if necessary. Government spends too much because it does too much, and a President who is serious about making government do and spend less can make it happen.

“America needs a President whose idea of national security isn’t to spy on American citizens and pry into their personal and financial lives without warrants or due process. The failed War on Drugs needs to end, along with the surveillance, incarceration rate and needless prosecution it has given us.

“And we need leaders whose idea of immigration reform consists of something more thoughtful – and effective – than building bigger walls, imposing unconstitutional religious tests, and militarizing our borders.

“Our system is broken. The two ‘major’ parties have become slightly different shades of the same big government, big debt and ineffective status quo. I am convinced that Americans are ready to send Washington, DC, a message, to reject the status quo and break up the political duopoly that can’t even come up with a real budget and that is fundamentally incapable of change. What is missing is a belief that there is an alternative, a belief that the rigged game can, indeed, be broken up.

“As a successful former Governor, an entrepreneur and a proven advocate for smaller government and greater freedom, I intend to offer Americans the alternative they seek.

“Liberty and the freedom to succeed are the real American values, and I’m running for President to restore those values, make America genuinely safe, and put an end to a tired status quo that has given us nothing but debt, less freedom and well-founded fears about the future we are creating for our children and grandchildren.”

7

Pictures taken of today’s human wall demonstration by Students for Justice in Palestine at UF and chispasuf in which the groups protested against Elbit Systems for its complicity in the apartheid wall that annexes Palestinian land and war crimes as well as making the connection to the recent contract that Elbit has received from the United States government to further militarize the US/Mexico border.

The name of the event was titled “We Didn’t Cross the Border, the Border crossed us” and is apart of UF Students for Justice in Palestine’s 4th annual Palestinian solidarity month which this year has the theme of Joint Struggle with the goal of connecting the struggle for Palestinian liberation to the movements of other oppressed peoples.

Photo Credit: Michela Martinazzi