mikolaj kopernik

HISTORICAL FIGURES YOU MAY NOT KNOW WERE OF POLISH DESCENT

1. Mikołaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus, 1473–1543) – a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the centre of the universe. The publication of this model in his book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) just before his death in 1543 is considered a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making an important contribution to the Scientific Revolution.

2. Fryderyk Chopin (Frédéric Chopin, 1810–1849) – a composer and a virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era.

3. Józef Konrad Korzeniowski (Joseph Conrad, 1857–1924) – a novelist and short-story writer, considered an early modernist.

4. Maria Skłodowska-Curie (Marie Curie, 1867–1934) – a physicist, famous for her work on radioactivity and twice a winner of the Nobel Prize. With Henri Becquerel and her husband, Pierre Curie, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and she is the only woman to win the award in two different fields.