middin

Obligatory acts relating to Namaz Translation of prayers

I. Translation of Surah al-Hamd

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim (I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom all excellences are combined and Who is free from all defects. The Compassionate - One Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited. The Merciful - One Whose blessings are inherent and eternal).

Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin (Special Praise be to Allah, the Sustainer of the creation).

Arrahmanir Rahim (The Compassionate, the Merciful).

Maliki yaw middin (Lord of the Day of Judgement).

Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in (You alone we worship, and to You alone we pray for help).

Ihdinas siratal mustaqim (Guide us to the straight path).

Siratal lazina an'amta 'alayhim (The path of those whom You have favoured - the Prophets and their successors).

Ghayril maghzubi 'alayhim walazzallin. (Not of those who have incurred Your wrath, nor of those who have gone astray).

II. Translation of Surah al-Ikhlas

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim (I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom all excellences are combined and Who is free from all defects. The Compassionate - One Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited. The Merciful - One Whose blessings are inherent and eternal).

Qul huwallahu Ahad (O Prophet!) Say: Allah is One - the Eternal Being).

Allahus Samad (Allah is He Who is independent of all beings).

Lam yalid walam yulad (He begot none, nor was He begotten).

Walam yakullahu kufuwan ahad. (And none in the creation is equal to Him).

ITranslation of the Zikr during Ruku and Sajdah, and of those which are Mustahab

Subhana Rabbi yal 'Azimi wa bihamdhi (Glory be to my High Sustainer and I praise Him)

Subhana Rabbi yal A'la wa bihamdih (Glory be to my Great Sustainer, Most High, and I praise Him)

Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears and accepts the praise of one who praises)

Astaghfirullaha Rabbi wa atubu ilayh ( I seek forgiveness from Allah Who is my Sustainer, and I turn to Him).

Bi haw lillahi wa quwwatihi aqumu wa aqu’d (I stand and sit with the help and strength of Allah).

Translation of Qunut

La ilaha illallahul Halimul Karim (There is none worth worshipping but Allah Who is Forbearing and Generous).

La ilaha illallahul 'Aliyyul 'Azim (There is none worth worshipping but Allah Who is Eminent and Great).

Subhanallahi Rabbis samawatis sab’ wa Rabbil arazinas sab’ (Glory be to Allah, Who is the Sustainer of the seven heavens and of the seven earth).

Wama fi hinna wama bayna hunna, wa Rabbil 'arshil 'azim (And Who is the Sustainer of all the things in them, and between them, and Who is the Lord of the great 'Arsh (Divine Power).

Wal hamdu lillahi Rabbil Aalamin (And all praise for Allah, the Sustainer of the worlds).

Translation of Tasbihat Arba'ah

Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha lallahu wallahu Akbar. (Glory be to Allah, and all praise is for Him and there is no one worth worshipping other than Allah, and He is Greater than any description).

Translation of Tashahhud and Salam

Al Hamdu lillah, Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah (All praise is for Allah, and I testify that there is none worth worshipping except the Almighty Allah, Who is One and has no partner).

Wa Ashhadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasuluh (And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).

Wa ashhadu Anna ali un waliyullah (I testify that Ali is the waliy of Allah )

Alla humma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad. (O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny).

Wa taqqabal shafa'atahu warfa’ darajatahu (And accept his intercession, and raise his rank).

Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (O Prophet! Allah’s peace, blessings and grace be upon you!).

Assalamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadil lahis salihin (Allah’s peace be on us, those offering prayers - and upon all pious servants of Allah).

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. (Allah’s peace, blessings and grace be on you believers!)

Ta'qib (Duas after prayers)

It is Mustahab that after offering the prayers, one should engage oneself in reciting Duas, and reading from the holy Qur'an. It is better that before he leaves his place, and before his Wudhu, or Ghusl or tayammum becomes void, he should recite Duas facing Qibla. It is not necessary that Duas be recited in Arabic, but it is better to recite those supplications, which have been given in the books of Duas. The tasbih of Hazrat Fatima-tuz-zahra (peace be on her) is one of those acts which have been emphasised. This tasbih should be recited in the following order:

Allahu Akbar - 34 times Alhamdulillah - 33 times Subhanallah - 33 times Subhanallah can be recited earlier than Alhamdulillah, but it is better to maintain the said order.

It is Mustahab that after the prayers a person performs a Sajdah of thanksgiving, and it will be sufficient if one placed his forehead on the ground with that intention. However, it is better that he should say Shukran lillah or Al'afv 100 times, or three times, or even once. It is also Mustahab that whenever a person is blessed with His bounties, or when the adversities are averted, he should go to Sajdah for Shukr, that is, thanksgiving.

Salawat on the Holy Prophet

It is Mustahab that whenever a person hears or utters the sacred name of the holy Prophet of Islam like, Muhammad or Ahmad, or his title like, Mustafa or his patronymic appellation like Abul Qasim, he should say, “Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad”, even if that happens during the namaz.

It is Mustahab that after writing the sacred name of the holy Prophet, Salawat also be written with it. And it is better that whenever his name is mentioned, Salawat be sent on him.