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The first sign is Cipactli, or Alligator, which symbolizes the earth. The Earth is imagined metaphorically as a great beast, floating on a dark body of water. It is ruled by Tonacatecuhtli, Lord of Our Sustenance, Our Flesh. He is the Grandfather, the Father of the Teteo, who creates and provides our sustenance. A great maize plant grows from him headdress. He rules the Tonalli of those born on this day.

The mantic sign depicts a man and a woman laying under a blanket. They are Xochiquetzal and Piltzintecuhtli, the first man and woman, and also the Teteo of love and the morning sun, respectively. This is the symbolic representation of sex, and therefore, birth and generation. Between them is the mist-rattle of the Teteo of wet season; it symbolizes fertility and abundance.

As the first day of the calendar, it pertains to the East; those born on this day are gifted with generosity and wisdom, and have the good fortune of a Tonalli filled with abundance and freedom from want.

La primera señal es Cipactli, o cocodrilo, que simboliza la tierra. La Tierra es imaginado metafóricamente como una gran bestia, flotando en aguas oscuras. Está regido por Tonacatecuhtli, Señor de Nuestro Sustento, Nuestra Carne. Él es el abuelo, el padre de los Teteo, que crea y provee nuestro sustento. Una planta de maíz crece desde su gran tocadol. Él gobierna el tonalli de los nacidos en este día.

El signo mántico representa a un hombre y una mujer, por debajo de una manta. Son Xochiquetzal y Piltzintecuhtli, el primer hombre y mujer, y también los Teteo del amor y el sol de la mañana, respectivamente. Esta es la representación simbólica de las relaciones sexuales, y por lo tanto, el nacimiento y generación. Entre ellos está la niebla-sonaja del Teteo del Verano; que simboliza la fertilidad y la abundancia.

Como el primer día del calendario, que se refiere al Oriente; los nacidos este día son dotados con generosidad y sabiduría, y tienen la suerte de un Tonalli lleno de abundancia y libertad de la necesidad.

The Tonalli Amaxtli is the first of the three main almanacs, which relates to the three souls that inhabit the human body, as well as to the three different levels of the cosmos. The Tonalli Amaxtli determines the Tonalli of a given day; which is to say, its destiny. The Tonalli is a sacred force which links all creation, and which imparts vigor, strength, and growth to the cosmos. At the moment of conception, the Teteo implant our Tonalli within our skulls, spinning a bone awl so that the spark of life and vitality ignites and links us to the universe. The day-sign determines the Tonalli; the Sign and number together form the secret, spiritual name of the individual born on that day.

Tonalli and the Human Body

In the human body, the Tonalli is the Shadow Soul, the soul which inhabits the head and is related to the heavens. It is the receptacle of thought, intuition, perception, and reasoning. The Tonalli soul is capable of leaving our bodies; during dreams our Tonalli travels to the spirit realm, and if it is lost there, as sometimes happens, the body eventually sickens and dies.

Because the spiritual and the physical cannot be divided from one another and are, in fact, simply two aspects of the same thing, the Tonalli soul is expressed physically in the body as growth; hair and nails are both physical manifestations of Tonalli.

The three souls which inhabit the body work in concert to determine our personalities and our destinies; two or more souls might determine the same quality, which explains our conflicting desires and impulses.

Tonalli and the Cosmos

Tonalli transcends the body, and can take up residence in physical things; all things are possessed of Tonalli, although those things that move and possess warmth and vigor have the greatest Tonalli. Ritual objects, precious stones, feathers, and tools also posses great stores of Tonalli.

Furthermore, the Tonalli Amaxtli determines the character of the day, quite apart from the personality and destiny of the individual born on the day. Therefore, the Tonalli Amaxtli can be used as part of the process by which one determines the appropriate day to plan a wedding, begin a journey, or make offerings in the temple, for example.

While free will does exist, our Tonalli limits and gives shape to our experience of existence. Within the constraints of what our Tonalli determines, in combination with our other three souls, we are free to create our lives and give shape to our world.

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