mexican states

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ʟᴏᴄᴀᴛɪᴏɴs: Tʜᴇ 31 Sᴛᴀᴛᴇs ᴏғ Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ + ᴛʜᴇ ᴄᴀᴘɪᴛᴀʟ

➥The United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic composed of 32 federal entities: 31 states and 1 federal district.

The territory of the Federal District, commonly known and referred to as Mexico City, serves as the national capital.

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The Muxes of Juchitán 

Juchitán is a town in the southeast of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. The town which is largely inhabited by the Zapotec Indigenous people, has not only preserved it’s precolonial language and culture, but has also retained gender identities and roles that transcend the traditional western ones. Those which were subjected onto much of the rest of Mexican society by European colonizers. 

This contrasting expression of gender that survives among the Zapotec and Mestizo communities of southern Oaxaca, takes its form in the concept of the muxe. Muxe is a term used to refer to those assigned male at birth, but who identify either as women or as a distinct third-gender. They are an intrinsic part of Zapotec society, and highly respected for the roles they play in families, such as taking care of their elderly parents when their siblings have moved out of the household. Despite the acceptance of them in many rural areas, they face discrimination in more urban areas, mainly by non-Indigenous people who have inherited the Spanish cultural attitude of machismo. 

The Signs as Natural Attractions in México.

• Aries: Popocatépetl. Is an active volcano, located in the states of Puebla, México, and Morelos.

• Taurus: Cave of the Crystals. Is a cave in Naica, Saucillo Municipality, Chihuahua, México.

• Gemini: Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve. Is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in the state of Yucatán, México.

• Cancer: Arch of Cabo San Lucas. Is a distinctive rock formation at the southern tip of Cabo San Lucas.

• Leo: Gran Desierto de Altar. Is one of the major sub-ecoregions of the Sonoran Desert, located in Sonora, México.

• Virgo: Lacandon Jungle. Is an area of rainforest which stretches from Chiapas, México.

• Libra: Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve. Is a World Heritage Site containing most of the over-wintering sites of the eastern population of the monarch butterfly. And is located in Michoacán, México.

• Scorpio: Sistema Sac Actun. Is a cenote located in Tulum, Quintana Roo, México.

• Sagittarius: Tequila Volcano. Is a volcano located near Tequila, Jalisco, in México. This volcano is not dangerous to its nearby communities, which are famous for producing tequila.

• Capricorn: Nevado de Toluca. Is a large stratovolcano in Texcaltitlán, México, México.

• Aquarius: Hierve el Agua. Is a set of natural rock formations in the Mexican state of Oaxaca that resemble cascades of water.

• Pisces: Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park. Is off the coast of the island of Cozumel in the state of Quintana Roo, México.

“The photos are not mine”

To all the people feeling defeated, I’d like to quote Luna Lovegood: “We’re all still here, we’re still fighting.”

This Harry Potter quote has stuck with me more than any others over the years, and it’s my light today. 

Dear people from the US:

I’ve never celebrated the 4th of July, not even once. It’s your independence day, a big important date, we are neighbor countries, but México didn’t participate in any way in it, it’s not our day to celebrate, we have nothing to do with that. 

So why are you still obsessed with celebrating a minor battle of México? and don’t get me wrong, is not the fact that you would, for some unknown and strange reason, wanna “celebrate” this battle, the problem fellow americans, is how yo do it and the implications of your hypocrisy. 

You dress up in a sombrero, a poncho and a mustache, yes, we do have sombreros and ponchos in México, the thing is, that’s the only way you have to represent mexicans, sombreros, mustaches, ponchos and donkey piñatas, because you see us like that, sombrerudos with mustaches, riding donkeys and wearing ponchos, because you don’t have any respect for our culture, your respect goes so low you don’t mind eating taco bell and calling it mexican, you couldn’t care less about us, about our country, about our traditions, all you care about is getting drunk. 

And you would think, “why do you care? why me eating fake Mexican food and getting unconsciously drunk on fake tequila margaritas and eating “guac and chips” is making any harm to anyone?” I’ll tell you how you harm others, you belittle us to a stereotype, you erase our culture in order to have it your way, to enjoy your “5 de drinko”. 

And tomorrow, 6 de mayo, like any other day you will cure your hangover at your favourite McDonalds and won’t look twice at the mexican immigrant who is gonna serve you your food and you just yelled at, because you don’t care. And you won’t raise your voice to help a woman who is being screamed at in a public place “speak english, we are in America” as you raised your voice to scream for tequila shots yesterday, because you don’t care. And you will keep voting for people that are passing bills to randomly check for the documents of people who looks “suspiciously illegal”, because you don’t care. 

And probably in one or 2 summers you will visit Cancun and get your ego bigger every 5 de mayo, “I’ve been to México, that’s how they do it there” while you drink another margarita, meanwhile millions of mexicans are struggling on your country daily, wether they are legal or illegal, wether they are lawyers or they are lawnmowers, you won’t see them and give them a hand, because you’ve never cared, because the disrespect of our traditions, food, clothes and appearance is just the first step of a bigger ladder, full of struggles, discrimination, hate, aggression, and fear, that mexicans have to go through every single day, and you never cared, and I’m afraid that with your poncho and your donkey piñata, you never will. 

The Wall

$15 BILLION for a wall along a small stretch of the southern border does nothing but cost taxpayers.

We have over 100,000 miles of border, 5,525 with Canada, 1,989 with Mexico, and 95,000 with the oceans… You really think a wall on 2% of the border is going to do anything?

If you’re worried about drugs, remember that 3.1 million Americans admit to abusing non prescription cough medicine (Addiction Center). 2.4 million Americans admit to abusing prescription drugs (National Institute on Drug Abuse). And that is just stuff you get from your doctor or medicine store, so is a wall going to stop that?

Worried about “illegal” immigrants? Well if we ignore the fact that borders are a human concept and that no human is actually illegal, and we ignore our moral obligation to help our fellow man, then let’s just remember that migration from Mexico is LOWER in recent years than before. It peaked in 2007 and now is at or around NET ZERO PERCENT (Politifact, Center for Immigration Studies).

Guns… This is America, I can buy a gun from a family member and it does not have to be registered, nor do I have to be licensed. Only if I want to carry it in public would I need a permit, which is just a matter of a background check and $20. In 2013, there were more than 10.9 million manufactered guns in America (Bureau of Alcohol, Tabacco, Firearms, and Explosives), in 2009, it was estimated that Americans possessed at 310 million (2012 Congressional Research Service report)… Think about that considering our population is 318 million. So is a border wall going to stop anyone from getting a gun? No.

But ‘illegals’ don’t pay taxes! Wrong - undocumented immigrants pay more than $10.6 billion in local taxes every year (Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy), and 50%-70% pay income taxes (Congressional Budget Office), and if we provided a pathway for citizenship, they would contribute even more.

‘Illegal’ immagrants cannot receive welfare, food stamps, Medicaid, or any other benefit (CNN Money), so don’t go there either.

I think it is also worth mentioning that Trump’s proposed 20% tariff on Mexican imports to ‘reimberse’ American taxpayers, would actually cost us. Mexico is our third largest trading partner (U.S. Trade Representative) and a terrif would raise CONSUMER prices… In layman’s terms, Mexico will increase the price of car parts, food, medical equipment, etc, to cover the cost of the tarrif, passing the burden onto American consumers (Tax Policy Center).

And lastly, let me just remind you that in August of 2005, Mexico literally sent us their best - for the first time since 1942, Mexican troops entered the United States to respond to Hurricane Katrina. Then President Vicente Fox -the same one who called Donald Trump a child and said “I am not paying for that fucken wall”- offered us his condolences on behalf of Mexico, the Mexican Red Cross sent experts, the Mexican Navy sent ships, rescue vehicles, and helicopters, personnel, and 250 tonnes of food. The Mexican Air Force sent planes with 200 tonnes of food. 349 sailors and 184 solders, as well as other personnel and experts, crossed our borders to help us as our citizens across the region faced unimaginable disaster.

So let’s take a moment to think this through, ignoring every aspect of the fact that these are human beings and Mexico is a partner, based on our own economic benefits, this wall makes no sense, and when you think about it, we will only be hurting ourselves.

Locals stumble across ancient Mayan god monument while clearing debris in Mexico

Locals accidentally uncovered an ancient Mayan artefact while clearing debris on privately-owned land in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

The monument, believed to be the head of the Mayan god of maize and abundance, dates back to the late classical period between 600 and 900 AD. It was found underneath a house in the city of Suchiapa.

Archaeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) identified the authenticity and antiquity of the artefact.

The monument has been kept at the Regional Museum of Chiapas since it was found in September 2016.

The Maya civilisation emerged from the Yucatan Peninsula, in the south of what is now Mexico and parts of Belize and Guatemala. It was one of the most advanced and iconic pre-Colombian civilisations. Read more.

I can’t agree that placing the last family of an animal in a cage is saving them. Vaquitas are already inbred beyond repair and were declared functionally extinct even when I did my last painting of them years ago. This might be among the first extinct species whose extinction is 100% credited to humans. Despite combined efforts of the Mexican government, the United States, Sea Shepherd volunteers, and many others–stopping both legal and illegal fisheries from dragging the small porpoises in on their nets was a complete failure. Mexico now wants to capture the remaining handful of members (vaquitas never been captured alive before) for a captive breeding program. I can’t imagine a worse fate for a cetacean than extinction in a concrete pool.