mexican revolutionary

102-FOLKLORA [Folkloric-Flora]
-The Dancing Cacti Pokemon
-Ability:  Storm Drain/Rain Dish - Dancer(HA)
-Dex: “This very social pokemon live in large and very festive groups that can often be found dancing to the sounds of nature. The fruit on top of its head is incredibly delicious, but this pokemon requires lots of water to grow a new one.”
    -Petal Dance
    -Rain Dance
    -Pin Missile
    -Cotton Guard

–>Evolves with waterstone<–

103-ADELACTI [Adelita-Cacti]
-The Rebel Pokemon
-Ability: Storm Drain/Rain Dish- Dancer(HA)
-Dex: “This fierce pokemon travel in group across the desert looking for water sources where they can establish their homes. This pokemon will defend its water hole with astounding ferocity, using its arms positions to hit the opponent high and low at the same time.”
    -Cross Chop
    -Needle Arm
    -Drain Punch
    -Spiky Shield

This pokemon is female only

Emiliano Zapata, leader of the Liberation Army of the South, better known simply as the Zapatistas. One of the principal groups fighting in the Mexican Revolution, the far-left force was mostly drawn from the poor peasants of southern Mexico. Drawn together by the charisma of their leader, despite having been a major player for much of the past decade, the army didn’t last very long following his assassination in 1919.

(Fototeca Nacional del INAH)

“I would rather die on my feet than live on my knees.”  Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata, whose Zapatista peasant army fought a long guerrilla campaign south of Mexico City.  This picture was taken in Mexico City in 1914, after the revolutionaries captured the capital.  However, the victors soon fell out, and Zapata allied with Pancho Villa against the liberal Constitutionalist faction.  He did die, assassinated in 1919, but still has an iconic legacy in Mexico today.

Happy international women’s day! (Self Portrait with Braid, 1941 - Frida Kahlo) Frida Kahlo was a revolutionary Mexican artist who, as well as being a feminist, defied gender stereotypes, was openly bisexual and overcame a great number of monumental challenges in her life. Frida defies gender stereotypes in this portrait with her exaggerated mono-brow and faint moustache. These features became iconic to some as a symbol of defiance and further as a symbol of self acceptance.

Happy Birthday, Emiliano Zapata! 

Today marks the birth of one of Mexico’s most celebrated revolutionaries – Emiliano Zapata. Zapata was from Morelos, Mexico in the south of Mexico and was born to a family who was profoundly impacted by the massive land grabs during the Porfiriato (1830-1915). These events would shape Zapata’s ideologies and revolutionary spirit from a young age.

Zapata led the Ejército Libertador del Sur or the Liberation Army of the South. He amassed a group of approximately 27,000 peasants, primarily Indigenous and mestizo peasants, to fight during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920).

Besides his charismatic leadership, what led many to Zapata’s army was his historical declarations in the ‘Plan de Ayala’. The 15-point platform was delivered in Ayala, Morelos on November 25, 1911 after President Madero took power upon the defeat of Diaz. Madero failed to fulfill his promises and continued repression of poor campesinos which promoted Zapata to deliver his plan. The most significant points in the declaration called for redistribution of lands to peasants, land reforms, and a nationalization of elite’s lands/resources. The 'Plan de Ayala’ is where Zapata also wrote the phrase most commonly associated with him, “Reform, Liberty, Justice, and Law!” later shortened to “Land and Liberty!“.

Alongside Pancho Villa, Zapata successfully defeated the government of Madero and took Mexico City in 1914. During the time in the capital, Zapata reportedly refused to sit in the presidential chair. In fact, during most of his life, Zapata would refuse positions of power, instead choosing to lead a life away from politics after the triumph over Madero.

Zapata was then assassinated by federal troops in 1919 but remained a revolutionary hero in Mexico and throughout the world.

Via teleSUR English

September 16, 1810: Grito de Dolores (“Cry of Dolores”)

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, launches the Mexican War of Independence with the issuing of his Grito de Dolores, or “Cry of Dolores,” The revolutionary tract, so-named because it was publicly read by Hidalgo in the town of Dolores, called for the end of 300 years of Spanish rule in Mexico, redistribution of land, and racial equality. Thousands of Indians and mestizos flocked to Hidalgo’s banner of the Virgin of Guadalupe, and soon the peasant army was on the march to Mexico City. Since October 1825, the anniversary of the event is celebrated as Mexican Independence Day.

In the early 19th century, Napoleon’s occupation of Spain led to the outbreak of revolts all across Spanish America. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla–“the father of Mexican independence”–launched the Mexican rebellion with his “Cry of Delores,” and his populist army came close to capturing the Mexican capital. Defeated at Calderón in January 1811, he fled north but was captured and executed. He was followed by other peasant leaders, however, such as José María Morelos y Pavón, Mariano Matamoros, and Vicente Guerrero, who all led armies of native and racially mixed revolutionaries against the Spanish and the Royalists.

Ironically, it was the Royalists–made up of Mexicans of Spanish descent and other conservatives–who ultimately brought about independence. In 1820, liberals took power in Spain, and the new government promised reforms to appease the Mexican revolutionaries. In response, Mexican conservatives called for independence as a means of maintaining their privileged position in Mexican society.

In early 1821, Agustín de Iturbide, the leader of the Royalist forces, negotiated the Plan of Iguala with Vicente Guerrero. Under the plan, Mexico would be established as an independent constitutional monarchy, the privileged position of the Catholic Church would be maintained, and Mexicans of Spanish descent would be regarded as equal to pure Spaniards. Mexicans of mixed or pure Indian blood would have lesser rights.

Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence. On August 24, 1821, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, which approves a plan to make Mexico an independent constitutional monarchy. In 1822, as no Bourbon monarch to rule Mexico had been found, Iturbide was proclaimed the emperor of Mexico. However, his empire was short-lived, and in 1823 republican leaders Santa Anna and Guadalupe Victoria deposed Iturbide and set up a republic, with Guadalupe Victoria as its first president.

“Mexican War of Independence Begins.” A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

Pancho Villa, photographed mere moments from his planned execution on the orders of Victoriano Huerta in 1912. Villa had been a commander of Maderista forces, rebelling against the Mexican government, for which Huerta then fought. A competent commander, Huerta remained in the Army once Madero came to power, and, tasked with quelling the uprising under Orozco a year later, had to operate with Villa, despite his extreme dislike for the man.

Once Orozco had been defeated and Villa’s men no longer needed, Huerta accused Villa of insubordination and horse theft, and sentenced him to be executed. Crying - I leave it to the world to assess whether my tears in these supreme moments were due to cowardice or to despair at seeing that I was to be killed without knowing why,” he would later write - and begging to be allowed to appeal his case to Huerta as the firing squad was drawn up before him, he was spared only by the timely arrival of a telegram from President Madero pardoning Villa for whatever crimes he had supposedly committed.

When Madero was overthrown by Huerta a year later, Villa would quickly join up with Venustiano Carranza’s Constitutionalists against the new government.

(Fototeca Nacional del INAH)

Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary warlord, bandit chief, and politician. Known to his friends as La Cucaracha (the Cockroach), his depredations of the US border during the Mexican Revolution provoked the American Punitive Expedition to catch him. Villa eluded his pursuers, but gave up his war in 1920 when he joined the Mexican government. Mexican President Obrégon, however, soon had his old enemy assassinated. When VIlla drove home from a mistress’s house one night, assassins with automatic weapons riddled him with bullets.

anonymous asked:

(1/2) Hey! I just read all of Always Human in one day and I'm absolutely floored by its beauty! I love your style, the colours and how vibrant the art is, I love how the characters developed and how healthy the relationships were, I love how diverse queer representation beside the main characters wasn't thrown under the bus, and I think the sentence 'when I see you, the universe comes into focus' is one of the most beautiful things I've ever heard. Thank you so much for the world you built.

(2/2) But besides making me feel warm and fuzzy, AH also raised a lot of questions for me that I haven’t seen answered in the ask tag. 1. A basic wage was mentioned- does this mean there is no more poverty at all? Are mods accessible for everybody who hasn’t got Egan’s? 2. Is it possible for Trans people to transition permanently with mods? 3. Why exactly are there new colonies in outer space? The climate seemed to be fine and the cities wasn’t to crowded - is it just human curiosity?

(3/3) 4. Is Austen named after Jane Austen? 5. She mentioned being in therapy - how is mental illness handled in the society? Is there still some sort of stigma, are there mods for it? 6. The talk like a pirate day is still a thing - does the flying spaghetti monster still have believers? 7. Clearly the gay and lesbian kingdom of the coral sea islands isn’t at war with Australia anymore, but does it still exist? The Real Questions™ Thanks for answering all that stuff, have a wonderful day!

Thank you so much anon, you’re too kind to me ;_____;
I’m really happy you liked Always Human, this is such a nice ask *blushes*

Sticking the answers under a cut :)

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Obregonia denegrii, a Mexican cactus known locally to natives as “peyotl” due to it’s close relation to the peyote cactus. This plant was named after Alvaro Obregon, an influential revolutionary figure and the president of Mexico from 1920-1924.    

Today in history: April 10, 1919 – Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and killed by a Mexican military colonel who tricked Zapata into meeting with him to supposedly arrange for the colonel’s defection to Zapata’s side. 

Zapata was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution which broke out in 1910. He formed and commanded the Liberation Army of the South. He wrote the Plan of Ayala which raised the cry of “Tierra y Libertad!” (Land and freedom!). Zapata is still revered today. At marches the chant can often be heard, “Zapata vive - la lucha sigue!” (Zapata lives - the struggle continues!)

Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)