mexican revolutionary

102-FOLKLORA [Folkloric-Flora]
-Grass
-The Dancing Cacti Pokemon
-Ability:  Storm Drain/Rain Dish - Dancer(HA)
-Dex: “This very social pokemon live in large and very festive groups that can often be found dancing to the sounds of nature. The fruit on top of its head is incredibly delicious, but this pokemon requires lots of water to grow a new one.”
-Moveset:
    -Petal Dance
    -Rain Dance
    -Pin Missile
    -Cotton Guard

–>Evolves with waterstone<–

103-ADELACTI [Adelita-Cacti]
-Grass/Fighting
-The Rebel Pokemon
-Ability: Storm Drain/Rain Dish- Dancer(HA)
-Dex: “This fierce pokemon travel in group across the desert looking for water sources where they can establish their homes. This pokemon will defend its water hole with astounding ferocity, using its arms positions to hit the opponent high and low at the same time.”
-Moveset:
    -Cross Chop
    -Needle Arm
    -Drain Punch
    -Spiky Shield

This pokemon is female only

“I would rather die on my feet than live on my knees.”  Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata, whose Zapatista peasant army fought a long guerrilla campaign south of Mexico City.  This picture was taken in Mexico City in 1914, after the revolutionaries captured the capital.  However, the victors soon fell out, and Zapata allied with Pancho Villa against the liberal Constitutionalist faction.  He did die, assassinated in 1919, but still has an iconic legacy in Mexico today.

Happy international women’s day! (Self Portrait with Braid, 1941 - Frida Kahlo) Frida Kahlo was a revolutionary Mexican artist who, as well as being a feminist, defied gender stereotypes, was openly bisexual and overcame a great number of monumental challenges in her life. Frida defies gender stereotypes in this portrait with her exaggerated mono-brow and faint moustache. These features became iconic to some as a symbol of defiance and further as a symbol of self acceptance.

Emiliano Zapata, leader of the Liberation Army of the South, better known simply as the Zapatistas. One of the principal groups fighting in the Mexican Revolution, the far-left force was mostly drawn from the poor peasants of southern Mexico. Drawn together by the charisma of their leader, despite having been a major player for much of the past decade, the army didn’t last very long following his assassination in 1919.

(Fototeca Nacional del INAH)

On This Day: May 8
  • 1450: Jack Cade’s Rebellion begins. Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI, eventually capturing and looting London.
  • 1753: Birth of Mexican priest and revolutionary Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, who was executed in July 1811 for leading an uprising.
  • 1911: The anarchist Mexican Liberal Party captured Tijuana.
  • 1912: George Woodcock was born in Winnipeg. He was a writer of political biography and history, an anarchist thinker, an essayist and literary critic.
  • 1916: Ben Reitman was sentenced to 60 days in jail for advocating birth control.
  • 1916: Foundation of American Federation of Teachers in United States.
  • 1916: Éamonn Ceannt executed for his role in the Irish Easter Uprising.
  • 1919: Vera Zasulich, Menshevik writer and revolutionary, dies in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1925: A Philip Randolph and Milton P Webster found Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. First black led union to become part of AFL.
  • 1926: During the British General Strike, Police make baton-charges on strikers in Glasgow, Hull, Middlesbrough, Newcastle and Preston.
  • 1926: Rail union secretary JH Thomas begins secret talks with the mine owners, beginning process of selling out the General Strike.
  • 1930: Gary Snyder was born in San Francisco. Perhaps best known as a poet, he is also an essayist, lecturer, and environmental activist.
  • 1933: Gandhi begins a 3 week hunger strike over mistreatment of lower castes.
  • 1937: In Barcelona, police find the horribly mutilated bodies of 12 murdered young men. Eight of the bodies are so mutilated that they cannot be identified. The four identified bodies belong to young anarchists, illegally arrested together with eight friends on May 4 outside the Communist militia barracks in Barcelona, when they were passing by on a truck with “CNT” written on it. The names of the identified young men are: Cesar Fernández Neri, Jose Villena, Juan Antonio, and Luis Carneras. Police also found the dead bodies of the Italian anarchist professor Berneri and two of his friends, who were arrested during the May incidents by Communist militias.
  • 1940: While in Toronto, Emma Goldman has a stroke.
  • 1945: Sétif massacre: At a demo by Muslim Algerian population, police attack pro-independence protesters.
  • 1945: German anarcho-syndicalist Fritz Kater was injured by a dud bazooka shell.
  • 1945: End of the Prague Uprising, an insurrection against the Nazi occupation.
  • 1962: Nine million Belgians participate in a 10 minute work stoppage protesting nuclear weapons.
  • 1963: South Vietnamese soldiers open fire on Buddhists defying a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag. Nine are killed.
  • 1969: City College of New York closes following a 14-day-long student takeover demanding minority studies; riots among students break out when CCNY tries to reopen.
  • 1970: Hard Hat Riot: Construction workers confront anti-war demonstrators, Wall St., New York City.
  • 1971: Nguyen Thi Co immolates herself protesting Vietnam War.
  • 1973: Members of the American Indian Movement who had held South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee surrender to federal agents after a 10 week siege.
  • 1991: 1,400 United Steelworkers of America end 10 month strike at Brunswick Mining and Smelting, winning health and safety assurances.
On This Day: June 5

World Environment Day

  • 1832: The June Rebellion, an unsuccessful uprising by Republicans begins in Paris in an attempt to overthrow Louis-Philippe.
  • 1868: Socialist James Connolly born in Edinburgh. He was an Irish revolutionary and a key figure in the Easter Rising.
  • 1870: Mikhail Bakunin breaks relations with Sergey Nechayev.
  • 1871: Anarchist Michele Angiolillo born in Foggia, Italy. He was a typographer and a proponent of propaganda of the deed.
  • 1873: Proclamation of the First Spanish Republic. Francisco Pi y Margall assumes Presidency. Advocates Federalist program inspired by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, becoming popular among Spanish anarchists. Andalusia and several cities in the southeast establish a libertarian federalism. Pi y Margall is promptly overthrown by Monarchist forces. The town of Carthagène resists a government takeover for several months.
  • 1878: Pancho Villa born in La Coyotada, Mexico. He was a Mexican Revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1906: Leaders of Cananea copper strike in Sonora, Mexico, arrested.
  • 1915: Denmark amends its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.
  • 1919: 67 anarchists are arrested and face deportation in the wake of a bomb explosion marking the beginning of the Palmer raids in the USA.
  • 1919: Winnipeg General Strike: Winnipeg mayor disallows parades.
  • 1919: Merchants and workers strike in Shanghai in support of students in May the Fourth movement.
  • 1925: Mine owners attack striking workers in nitrate mine encampment in La Coruna, Chile. Over 500 workers tortured in Iquique.
  • 1945: John Carlos born in Harlem. He and Tommie Smith made the Black Power salute while on the medals podium at the 1968 Olympics.
  • 1951: The Japanese Anarchist Federation reconstituted this month. Simultaneously, the anarchist communists set up the Japan Anarchist Club (Nihon Anakisuto Kurabu).
  • 1956: The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) is founded at a mass meeting in Birmingham, Alabama.
  • 1963: Protests against the arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini by the Shah of Iran. In several cities protesters confronted by tanks and paratroopers.
  • 1966: James Meredith begins a solitary March Against Fear from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi. Shortly after starting, he is shot with birdshot and injured. Civil rights leaders and organizations rally and continue the march leading to, on June 16, Stokely Carmichael first using the slogan Black power in a speech. Twenty-five thousand marchers entered the capital.
  • 1966: Mass demonstration in London in support of national seafarers strike.
  • 1967: Israel attacks Egypt and Syria leading to illegal occupation of Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights.
  • 1969: 250 imprisoned US soldiers, arredted for going AWOL during the Vietnam War, riot at stockade in Fort Dix over barbarous conditions and torture.
  • 1998: GM workers strike in Flint, Michigan over fears of job losses. Leads to 7 week strike at plants across US.
  • 2005: Spanish militant trade unionist and anarchist. Pepita Carpeña dies in Marseille.
  • 2013: Anti-fascist activist Clement Meric murdered by fascists in Paris.

Pancho Villa, photographed mere moments from his planned execution on the orders of Victoriano Huerta in 1912. Villa had been a commander of Maderista forces, rebelling against the Mexican government, for which Huerta then fought. A competent commander, Huerta remained in the Army once Madero came to power, and, tasked with quelling the uprising under Orozco a year later, had to operate with Villa, despite his extreme dislike for the man.

Once Orozco had been defeated and Villa’s men no longer needed, Huerta accused Villa of insubordination and horse theft, and sentenced him to be executed. Crying - I leave it to the world to assess whether my tears in these supreme moments were due to cowardice or to despair at seeing that I was to be killed without knowing why,” he would later write - and begging to be allowed to appeal his case to Huerta as the firing squad was drawn up before him, he was spared only by the timely arrival of a telegram from President Madero pardoning Villa for whatever crimes he had supposedly committed.

When Madero was overthrown by Huerta a year later, Villa would quickly join up with Venustiano Carranza’s Constitutionalists against the new government.

(Fototeca Nacional del INAH)

Today in history: April 10, 1919 – Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and killed by a Mexican military colonel who tricked Zapata into meeting with him to supposedly arrange for the colonel’s defection to Zapata’s side. 

Zapata was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution which broke out in 1910. He formed and commanded the Liberation Army of the South. He wrote the Plan of Ayala which raised the cry of “Tierra y Libertad!” (Land and freedom!). Zapata is still revered today. At marches the chant can often be heard, “Zapata vive - la lucha sigue!” (Zapata lives - the struggle continues!)

Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)

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Obregonia denegrii, a Mexican cactus known locally to natives as “peyotl” due to it’s close relation to the peyote cactus. This plant was named after Alvaro Obregon, an influential revolutionary figure and the president of Mexico from 1920-1924.    

Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary warlord, bandit chief, and politician. Known to his friends as La Cucaracha (the Cockroach), his depredations of the US border during the Mexican Revolution provoked the American Punitive Expedition to catch him. Villa eluded his pursuers, but gave up his war in 1920 when he joined the Mexican government. Mexican President Obrégon, however, soon had his old enemy assassinated. When VIlla drove home from a mistress’s house one night, assassins with automatic weapons riddled him with bullets.