mexican revolution

“I would rather die on my feet than live on my knees.”  Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata, whose Zapatista peasant army fought a long guerrilla campaign south of Mexico City.  This picture was taken in Mexico City in 1914, after the revolutionaries captured the capital.  However, the victors soon fell out, and Zapata allied with Pancho Villa against the liberal Constitutionalist faction.  He did die, assassinated in 1919, but still has an iconic legacy in Mexico today.

Emiliano Zapata, leader of the Liberation Army of the South, better known simply as the Zapatistas. One of the principal groups fighting in the Mexican Revolution, the far-left force was mostly drawn from the poor peasants of southern Mexico. Drawn together by the charisma of their leader, despite having been a major player for much of the past decade, the army didn’t last very long following his assassination in 1919.

(Fototeca Nacional del INAH)

Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary warlord, bandit chief, and politician. Known to his friends as La Cucaracha (the Cockroach), his depredations of the US border during the Mexican Revolution provoked the American Punitive Expedition to catch him. Villa eluded his pursuers, but gave up his war in 1920 when he joined the Mexican government. Mexican President Obrégon, however, soon had his old enemy assassinated. When VIlla drove home from a mistress’s house one night, assassins with automatic weapons riddled him with bullets.

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Gioconda Belli

Görsel : Mexican Woman - Mexican Revolution

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100 Years Ago Today: Zapata and Villa Take Mexico City

On December 6, 1914, a hundred years ago today, the revolutionary forces of Emiliano Zapata and Francisco “Pancho” Villa took Mexico City. In the top image, Villa, Commander of the División del Norte, and Zapata, Commander of the Ejército Libertador del Sur, pose for a now famous photo inside the National Palace along with their generals and others. It is said, Zapata insisted that Villa sit in the presidential throne.

A hundred years later, the struggle for a truly liberated Mexico continues.

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Spanish militia-women during the Spanish civil war    1936                                                                    FMLN guerrilas in El Salvador !980’s                                                                                  female IRA fighting British troops in northern Ireland 1970’s                               Mexican rebel Guerrillera in the Mexican Revolution 1910’s                                                                        

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Mexican Revolution  November 20, 103rd anniversary.   

The Mexican Revolution (Spanish: Revolución mexicana) was a major armed struggle that started in 1910, with an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Diaz, and lasted for the better part of a decade until around 1920. Over time the Revolution changed from a revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war with frequently shifting power struggles. This armed conflict is often categorized as the most import sociopolitical  event in Mexico and one of the greatest upheavals of the 20th century, which saw important experimentation and reformation in social organization