metroon

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Metroon

Olympia, Greece

400 - 300 BCE

10.62 m x 20.67 m. 


Doric peripteral temple, 6 x 11 columns, with cella opening east onto a pronaos distyle in antis. It had a distyle in antis opisthodomos on the west. A colonnade of unknown order along the north and south cella walls.

Dedicated to the Mother of the Gods, sometimes called Cybele. The cult of the Mother of the Gods was displaced in Roman times by that of Augustus and Rome.

Diogenes sitting in his tub. Painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1860)
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The Greek philosopher Diogenes (404-323 BC) is seated in his abode, the earthenware tub, in the Metroon, Athens, lighting the lamp in daylight with which he was to search for an honest man. His companions were dogs that also served as emblems of his “Cynic” (Greek: “kynikos,”) philosophy, which emphasized an austere existence. Three years after this painting was first exhibited, Gerome was appointed a professor of painting at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where he would instruct many students, both French and foreign.

Jean-Léon Gérôme - Diogenes [1860]
The Greek philosopher Diogenes (404-323 BC) is seated in his abode, the earthenware tub, in the Metroon, Athens, lighting the lamp in daylight with which he was to search for an honest man. His companions were dogs that also served as emblems of his “Cynic” philosophy, which emphasized an austere existence. Three years after this painting was first exhibited, Gérôme was appointed a professor of painting at the École des Beaux-Arts where he would instruct many students, both French and foreign.

[Oil on canvas, 74.5 x 101 cm]