Do you guys have a member that can help me with Incan mythology/history? Well, the Inca in general.
i’m sure tripper will be delighted to help you out, but for those moments when there’s not an admin available, you should always remember that google is available and a quick search produces links like:
- Incan mythology (Wikipedia)
- Incan Mythology: The Golden Gods of the Andes (God Checker)
- Incan mythology (Mythencyclopedia)
- Native languages of the Americas: Quecha/Incan myths, legends, and stories (native-languages.org)
some of these sites may also have further resources to help you, and you can always check our resources tag or the links in the sidebar.
I’d be delighted to help you out with the Inca! :)
Also, libraries and history professors are your best friends when it comes to Incan, Mayan and Aztec mythology/history, or any mythology for that matter. I personally rarely use the internet for this stuff.
tacking on a quick intro to the incan empire:
the inca empire (tawantinsuyu, which means “the four parts together”) lasted from 1438-1533 and had its capital in cuzco. it succeeded the wari empire (~500-1100AD).
with its thatched-roofs and characteristic stone masonry, cuzco was the grandest centre of its time in south america. it consisted mainly of temples, plazas, and housing for the elite, with satellite neighbourhoods situated nearby. it was from the capital that the empire was able to perpetuate images of ideological power; people were made to believe most exclusive or “luxury” goods were produced and delivered straight from the capital (obviously, not necessarily true). the incas had a complex and regimented political economy that was contingent on staple finance—that is, corvée labour: obligatory payments in kind (e.g. grains, livestock, textiles) from citizens to the state.
major architecture within the capital include:
- hatunkacha, the house of “chosen women” in which the most privileged women dwelt
- amarukancha, a great hall
- awkaypata, a central plaza which was the locus of festivals and royal ceremonies
- qorikancha, the temple of the sun
- saqsawaman, which is actually a bit above cuzco itself but was probably the grandest architectural complex of the empire; it was initially meant to be a sun temple, but became a combination of religious/ceremonial complex and fortress
the state religion/ideology involved worship of the sun, a line of divine kings, and sacred landmarks from the past (these narratives were, ofc, manipulated to legitimise the sovereignty of whomever happened to be ruling at the time). incas used the term wak’a to refer to sacred ritual, the state of being after death or any sacred object. for they believed humans shared the cosmos with the dead, the gods, and the spirits of the landscape. inca royalty were even made to carry on in their physical bodies even after death. several assistants were employed to make sure royal mummies ate, drank, and continued to perform official functions. human sacrifice was a part of incan culture, but never to the extent of the neighbouring aztec empire.
some important deities of the incan panteon are:
- wiraqocha, the creator
- inti, the sun (a male who was often represented as a golden statue or disk); he sweated gold
- mama-quilla, “mother moon” and the wife of the sun; she cried silver and was more important than her husband in some coastal societies
- inti-illapa, the thunder god (and virtually all meteorological phenomena, like the rainbow); they saw him as a man in the sky who wielded a club in one hand and a sling in the other
- pachamama, the earth mother
- mamacocha, mother of the lakes and sea
(my reference was terence n. d’altroy’s the incas. he is among the foremost scholars studying the incan empire, so i’d advise checking google scholar or jstor, if you can, as a starting point to learn more about the empire and state religion!)