metalwork

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Armor Garniture of George Clifford (1558 – 1605), Third Earl of Cumberland. Appointed Queen’s Champion in 1590 and was made a Knight of the Garter two years later. A favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, he chose for the decoration of this armor the Tudor rose, the French fleur-de-lis, and the cipher of Elizabeth, two E’s back to back.

Made under the direction of Jacob Halder in 1586.

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Burgonet: A mermaidlike siren forming the helmet’s comb holds a grimacing head of Medusa by the hair. The sides of the helmet are covered with acanthus scrolls inhabited by putti, a motif derived from ancient Roman sculpture and wall paintings. Dated 1543.

Filippo Negroli (ca. 1510–1579)

Golden pendant with repoussé decoration, bearing a portrait of Alexander the Great.  Artist unknown; 4th cent. CE.  Found at Aboukir, Egypt; now in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.  Photo credit: Walters Art Museum.