metacarpus

Hello! I’m creating this list of latin vocab mainly to help myself revise, but also for anyone else who is premed/interested in anatomy. I tried to translate as accurately as I could, but please bear in mind my first language is not English.

body parts

  • caput - head
  • auris - ear
  • facies - face
  • nasus - nose
  • bucca - face
  • mentum - chin
  • collum, cervix - neck
  • truncus - torso
  • thorax - chest
  • venter, abdomen - abdomen
  • membrum superius - upper limb
  • brachium - shoulder
  • antebrachium - forearm
  • carpus - wrist, carpus
  • metacarpus - metacarpus
  • manus - hand
  • palma (vola) manus - palm
  • dorsum manus - back
  • digitus manus - finger
  • membrum inferius - lower limb
  • femur - thigh
  • genu - knee
  • crus - shin
  • pes - foot
  • planta pedis - sole
  • dorsum pedis - back
  • digitus pedis - toe

direction and location (torso)

  • cranialis - head, in the direction of head
  • caudalis - tail, in the direction of tail, down
  • superior - upper
  • inferior - lower
  • anterior - frontal
  • posterior - back
  • ventralis - frontal, in the direction of abdomen
  • dorsalis - back, in the direction of back
  • medialis - closer to the middle
  • lateralis - closer to the side
  • externus - outer
  • internus - inner
  • superficialis - superficial, on the surface
  • profundus - profound, deep
  • dexter - right
  • sinister - left
  • rostralis - upper, frontal

direction and location (limbs)

  • proximalis - closer to torso
  • distalis - further from torso
  • ulnaris - closer to ulna bone
  • radialis - closer to radius bone
  • palmaris - palm
  • dorsalis - back
  • tibialis - closer to tibia bone
  • fibularis - closer to fibula bone
  • pantaris - sole

body and limb movements

  • flexion - bend
  • anteflexion - bend towards front
  • retroflexion - bend towards back
  • lateroflexion - bend on the side
  • extension - stretch
  • adduction - pull towards body
  • abduction - pull away from body
  • elevation - lift
  • pronation - rotation towards inside
  • supination - rotation towards outside
  • circumduction - rotation

The source I took these from also has a list of frequently used anatomical vocab, so if you are interested I could create another post (please let me know).