mercury bulbs

lokthaire  asked:

So I've had a reptile before, a bearded dragon but like most newbies with their first I get those stupidly overpriced heat bulbs... after several years I tried to get just normal store bulbs but I have to admit all of them are rather confusing. Do you have any suggestions on how to make this LESS confusing? Although I don't have a reptile currently, I am looking for a jeweled lecerta and would just like to avoid a 15.00 for a bulb if I can get a normal 2 pack for 10.00.

YAWP. Ok, so. You need two kinds of bulbs for basking lizards. One is UVB. That’s the expensive bulb. There’s two good ways to get this. One way is the tube bulb- the fluorescent ones. Those don’t put off much heat, though. The other way is with a mercury vapor bulb. These are expensive but a good one is worth it- you only have to change it once a year. It provides heat AND UVB. So if you buy that, you’ll really only need the one bulb.

If you don’t wanna sink a lot of money into one lightbulb, though, set your lacerta up with a 10.0 reptisun and one of these suckers. Or any other halogen spotlight- I get mine at the grocery store’s home stuff section for eleven bucks for a two-pack. You’ll need to get a housing that can handle it (you might have to check the hardware store, another fantastic place to find heat lights), but they’re soooo much cheaper and honestly put out more heat than those tiddly little red or coil things anyways. 

quinn’s tank! he’s not in it at the moment. he likes to take big stinky poops on his driftwood log. he’s got a mercury vapor bulb which provides both heat and UVB!

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It’s been brought to my attention that I haven’t posted a full picture of Norbert’s enclosure on this blog, so here it is!

This is a 4 ft x 2ft x 2ft custom tank from customcages.com - they’re quite pricey, but high quality with lots of options. The doors slide open in two halves.

Since the tank is so big, I have two UVBs (a mercury bulb and a Reptisun 10 long bulb), plus a ceramic heat emitter for when it gets cold.

The pink bowl on the right is his food bowl, and the gray bowl in the left back corner is his water bowl. The substrate is slate tile with paper towels underneath.

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ATTENTION TO ANYONE LIVING IN OR AROUND RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA:

I have two wonderful bearded dragons who need homes! I rescued them from someone who had them living in horrible conditions, but now because of some issues I’m having, I’m going to have to rehome them.

First is Hubert. Hubert is estimated to be around 5 years old, but still very spunky and full of personality. He’s currently eating mainly dubia roaches, with the occasional spinach and kale mix. (He’s not a big fan of his greens.) He’s a bit territorial, so I wouldn’t house him with another dragon, but he’s a lot of fun to be with. He’d be great for anyone getting into reptiles, or anyone who’s had them for a while. He has a rehoming fee of $35, which will come with himself, his Mercury Vapor Bulb, food dish, water dish, and basking spot. He will NOT come with a terrarium.

Next is Izzie. Izzie wasn’t treated well at all, for when I got her she had layers upon layers of stuck shed skin on her, and she had severe metabolic bone disease. She’s improved so, so much in the past few months I’ve had her though! She eats like a champ, eating anything from roaches to super worms to blueberries! Any greens are great, too! Despite her condition, she moves around pretty well, and is the perfect companion to hang out with. I wouldn’t house her with another dragon either, since she’s a special case. Izzie’s rehoming fee is $25, which will come with her ReptiSun 10.0 bulb and holder, heat lamp, basking rock, food and water dishes, and of course the main gal Izzie herself. (She also won’t come with a terrarium.)

The prices are most definitely negotiable, my main goal is getting them to a home who will take good care of them. So please, even if you don’t live in North Carolina, let some people know! I need to have them in good homes by the end of the month. I love these two to bits, and it crushes me to see them go.

This is a rundown on the total cost for a bearded dragon set up with all items being brand new. Keep in mind most of these items can be purchased on Craigslist for much cheaper

Husbandry:

  • 40 Gallon breeder: During a dollar per gallon sale you would be looking at $40+ tax for a basic top opening 40 gallon breeder. If you want a front opening cage or can’t get a tank for a dollar per gallon, expect to pay $100+ for a larger tank
  • Dome fixture for Heat Lamp: $13 dollars plus tax
  • Heat lamp bulb + spare: $20-30
  • Proper UVB bulb (reptisun 10.0, arcadia 12%, or a mercury vapor bulb*): $30 online or $50+ instore(depending on which brand/style)+tax
  • Fixture for UVB: $10-20+tax
  • Timer: $15+Tax
  • Substrate like Repticarpet/tiles (sand is very expensive and very detrimental to your beardies health): $10+tax

Food per day based on one baby dragon eating 100 crickets+ another feeder a day purchased ONLINE (Note: adult bearded dragons eat less bugs than babies so the cost goes down significantly if you start off with an adult):

  • Crickets: $35 for 1000 crickets, $3.5 a day for ten days
  • Greens: $2 a week, $.25 a day
  • Other Feeders:
    Horns: Approx $2 at Petsmart/Online each, approx 3-4 a day when fed, total $6-$8 per day
    Supers: 50 for $6 at Petsmart, approx 15 per day when fed, $2 a day
    Silkworms: $2 each approx 3-4 day when fed, $6-$8 a day
    Reptiworms: $45 for a thousand, 100 per day when fed, $4.5 a day
  • Caging/Food for feeders: Between $.50 - $2 a day depending on if you use a homemade or commercial chow and water crystal. Crickets and roaches need a 20G tank, which would cost between $20-$40 initial
  • Supplements for one year: $25


Maintenance costs per year:

  • Lighting:
    UVB replaced twice a year: $60-$80
    UVB replaced once a year: $120 
  • Heat lamp replacement 
  • Substrate:
    Repticarpet replaced twice a year: $20
  • Cleaning Supplies: $10-20

Animal**: $30-$800

*you do not need a heat bulb and a UVB bulb if you get a mercury vapor bulb

**Dependent on breeder, morph, colouration etc.

Total for Everything including feeders for one year: $2000-6000

Thermostats are all around my dash today, but I haven’t seen mentions of the different kinds of thermostats and how they are best used. So I’ll get into that a bit now.

Dimming Proportional Thermostats: these thermostats will dim when the temperature gets too high. They’re best used with incandescent heat sources (like heat lamps) and ceramic heat emitters. They won’t work in lamps that have a ballast, like mercury vapor or fluorescent bulbs. They can also be used with under-the-tank heaters, heat tape, and heat cables.

Pulse Proportional Thermostats: These are the most accurate thermostats and are ideal for species with really sensitive heat requirements. They supply heat constantly. They control heat in small pulses; the longer the pulse, the more heat. These should not be used with lights of any kind, and are best suited for UTHs, heat tape, ceramic heat emitters, and heat cables.

On/Off Thermostats: These are the least accurate and the cheapest. They simply turn the heat element off when it gets too warm. For species who aren’t too sensitive to temperature, these are fine. Again, they’re not suited for lamps of any kind and are best for UTH’s and ceramic heat emitters.

crestedglory  asked:

What kind of enclosure do you have kaiju in? I'd like to get a tegu someday but I'm unsure of what to do about the adult enclosure.

I don’t!

Kaiju free roams. She has the run of the apartment during the day (though she’s not allowed in my bedroom unsupervised, as there’s a few spaces a lizard can fit but a human arm can’t very easily), and when I’m asleep or gone for more than a few hours at a time, she has a little fenced-in area with her hide box (a 4-foot sterilite container with damp towels in it), her food (I usually leave her some fruit or veggies to snack on during the day) and water dishes, and her basking spot, which uses a ceramic heat emitter and a mercury vapor bulb to get a surface temp that’s around 118-120 degrees. It’s been going really well so far, but it’s also taken a lot of work to lizard-proof my entire apartment and make sure that her humidity needs are met. The rewards have DEFINITELY been worth the work, though- there’s nothing quite like being ambushed for attention by your two and a half foot lizard when you get home from work!