Do you think Westeros would be able to function if Dany tried to reorganize the government into a republic like Rome
Dany would never reorganize Westeros into a republic, as she believes in rule via an absolute central monarchy. She has no experience or understanding of rule by republic either in the fashion of the ancient Valyrian Freehold or in the oligarchic, plutocratic style of the Free Cities, so expecting her to rearrange the very nature of the government to a Late Middle Age/Early Renaissance republic is unlikely.
In fact, given her experiences with people such as Illyrio, Xaro, and the Masters of Slaver’s Bay, I don’t think Daenerys would look too fondly at giving the wealthy landholders of Westeros, especially those who ousted her family from power (which was half of the most powerful houses of Westeros), the chance to place checks on her authority, set policy direction, to say nothing about giving them the chance to oust her from power. From a political standpoint, Daenerys wishes to reassert the authority of House Targaryen and set herself as the sole head of state, as the previous time she made concessions, she saw much of her anti-slavery efforts in Meereen get quietly undone. She would much rather prefer a much more centralized ruling structure to better enforce her vision.
Given the limited state of administration, bureaucracy, logistics, communication, finance, and all of the other limitations of medieval governments, I’d say that adopting a single Westeros-wide republic is nigh-on impossible. Arguably one of the reasons why Aegon I went with a weak feudal monarchy model of government for Westeros is how freaking huge it is. The principal vassals of the Iron Throne enjoy much autonomy and power in their own respective regions, as we find out when Eddard Stark thinks as such in the difference in his power between being Lord of Winterfell in the North versus in King’s Landing. He’s not wrong about that, either, it’s just that he’s not considering all the circumstances, since the Handship gives him such broad-reaching and significant powers. Eddard might also be wrong in that power in feudalism depends largely on the ear of the king, and as Robert’s BFF, Eddard can get Robert to listen to him.
In our own history, the growth of republics out of the system of the Middle Ages was varied. In the city-states of Italy like Venice and Genoa, arguably the most famous of the merchant republics, the rising merchant class, sidelined from power by traditional feudal forms of feudal government. The weak central authority combined with the financial and human power of the city and the merchant class to become independent city states. That’s at odds with Dany’s vision of greater central powers.
These republics hardly had universal suffrage, and voting was typically dominated by an elite caste determined by property holdings (as property taxes were one of the few taxes assessed), guild membership, or by having a council seat and appointing a successor directly.
Thanks for the question, Anon.
SomethingLikeALawyer, Hand of the King