memory circuits

starbirdrampant  asked:

A Master and An Apprentice

He wasn’t quite sure which came first: sentience, or the knife. His memory circuits couldn’t make sense of how a cleaning droid gained self-awareness, nor of why someone had taped a kitchen knife to the top of him, right at ankle-level for the humanoids on base. But Stabby did know that the humanoids found it hilarious to watch other humanoids scramble out of the way of the knife or be taken by surprise, and somewhere deep within his circuits, Stabby found it hilarious too.

He was just doing his job one day, cleaning the floors (well, and deviating from his randomly-generated pattern to startle six humans, two Mon Calamari, and a Twi’lek) when he heard a chorus of binary coming from a nearby supply closet. Curious, Stabby peeked his visual sensor in and saw a circle of astromechs huddling around a blue and white R2 unit, hanging on its every beep and whistle. The R2 unit told story after story of adventure, fighting evil, and saving the galaxy. Stabby had not known if he was capable of the emotion that humanoids called “awe”, but listening to the R2 unit’s tales of heroics, he became sure.

After the night grew late and the other astromechs returned to their charging stations, Stabby wheeled up to the storyteller.

[Hello there] he ventured. [Your stories are wonderful.]

[Hello, and thanks!] the R2 unit replied.

[I was wondering] Stabby beeped hesitantly, [if you could teach me how to be a hero?]

The R2’s processor whirred as he considered the question. [Well, anyone can be a hero, by being brave at the right time. And you’ve even got a little weapon there. Sure, why don’t you come back here tomorrow, and I’ll teach you some tricks?]

[Thank you so much!] Stabby burbled with joy. [I’ll be here!]

So Stabby began his training with R2-D2, the droid that had been in the center of so much of the action in the galaxy. He learned about the weaknesses of organics, about when to ignore what humanoids and pessimists were saying, and most importantly, about honor, courage, and persistence. And all the while, he practiced with his knife. The more the humanoids got used to watching out for Stabby, the more stealthily he learned how to attack.

“I swear, it’s like that kriffing little thing’s sentient,” grumbled one officer. “It’s like it knows how to getcha when you least expect it.”

Stabby’s circuits lit up with delight, but he said nothing and pretended to almost bump into the wall on his way out.

Stabby loved training, loved being R2-D2’s apprentice, until one day, the enemies attacked the base. R2-D2 had to take his place in the battle, while Stabby tried to stay out of the way of the humanoids trying to escape.

Stabby’s circuits shook with fear. This was a real battle, not a funny prank. He was just a cleaning droid, and his master was nowhere to be found. He backed into an alcove and tried to stay out of sight as white-armored bad guys ran through the hall.

The door at the end of the hallway opened, and out of a cloud of smoke came something very dark and very tall. It walked on two legs and made a rhythmic noise. Stabby recognized Darth Vader from R2-D2’s stories.

As Darth Vader walked past him, Stabby remembered what his teacher had said: anyone can be a hero by being brave at the right time. Well, this was his chance.

Silently, he rolled out of the alcove, aimed for Darth Vader’s ankle, and accelerated at full power.

The knife hit something solid, and Stabby felt dazed. Vader did not fall down dead; he did not fall at all. He bent down and picked Stabby up.

Stabby froze in fear. Surely this was the end for him!

From inside the mask came a soft, raspy noise. In confusion, Stabby realized that Vader was laughing at him.

Vader turned to one of his troopers. “Take this back to my shuttle, and see that no one knows about it.”

The trooper took Stabby, eyeing him warily. “Yes, Lord Vader.” 

Well, this was certainly going to be an adventure. Maybe Stabby was following in his master’s footsteps after all.

I've been blessed

With the sweetest followers 😙 you have no idea how happy I am to be someone you all remember when posting up your stuff :) Special shoutouts to: @faesbeforebaes, @assassinwriter88, @thepandadrawer, @thatbellagaze, @emouel, @jezsiema, and @letmehelpyouwrite :)
P.S. - I feel I am forgetting to tag someone but my Dory memory is cutting my circuits short 😅

Today, I fucked up... by not proofreading my cover letter to Harvard

…to fucking Harvard.

So, I found out I fucked up about an hour ago. My mom had to tell me because I’m such a fucking idiot. I was all excited about finishing my application, so I sent it to her. I’m applying for a position in this neurogenetics lab at Harvard Medical School. I spent all weekend and most of today finalizing my CV and cover letter. There were some formatting issues, I think because of the downloaded font I was using, which made the document on my computer look different than the emailed version. Because of this, I didn’t see that my highly profane, stream of consciousness, sorta high ramblings from last week (rough drafts), were still on the page, yet to be deleted..the kind of rough drafts that you never fucking show anybody-especially your extremely Christian mother and Dr. Person from Harvard Medical School.

But, because I’m an idiot and didn’t notice the extra pages at the bottom of my screen, Dr. Person will likely not be choosing me as his next lab technician. I’ll post some of the finer points below here in a second.

TL;DR: sent my dream job’s boss my notes - including “science is all around us,”- and other super insightful shit.

Check out more TIFUs: Internet`s best fuck ups are here.

Updates :)) 

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Male!BaseEve x Fem!BaseElboy<Copy paste edit fail sorry>

It had been a couple days since Eve joined the El Search Party, and the first time he had been in combat along with the others. He was still unsure of the motives of these humans, but he was going to use these humans he had tentatively allied with to meet his own goals. Through a symbiotic relationship, they could both achieve the goals they needed to.

“I’ll be your friend!”

Eve shoved that thought out of his memory circuits quickly. It’s inefficient to be thinking of useless things in combat. Alongside his Nasod Sentry, he strikes down another demon with disdain. He’s thrown off guard when a certain red haired girl waves cheerily at him from across the battlefield.

“That was really cool, Eve!” She grinned, flashing him a strange gesture. He quickly processed the motion and realized it was a “thumbs-up” - used typically by humans to express their approval.

Elsword then quickly turned her focus back to the enemies approaching her, and blindly charged in. Eve then realized that there were enemies approaching her from behind, so he quickly air dashed over and blocked a hit He found himself standing back to back with Elsword, impassively blasting the demon away with an electron ball. Elsword then took down her own enemies in a few heavy slashes, and then gratefully patted Eve on the back, flashing him a grin. “Thanks for covering me, too!”

“You were reckless. You will die if that happens again,” Eve answered flatly.

She pouted a little in response, before shrugging it off. “I can protect myself, anyways. Aren’t you some kind of… royalty anyways? I’m suppose to be the knight here. What kind of knight am I if I let you get in danger because of me?” she challenged, looking Eve straight in the eyes.

After that, Eve felt something strange in his circuits. What a troublesome human this was.

Well…I was doing so well staying around 200 but then….Nicky for the Angst Starter Masterlist.

“Coward.That’s what you are. A coward.”    Nick Valentine x Vee

“You think I like this?” the Synth man asked in disgust. “You think I want to let you down? On purpose?”

Vee didn’t look at Nick. She absolutely fucking refused! She remained turned away, fiddling uselessly with the PipBoy on her arm. She cycled through her holotapes as if her life depended on it, as if she actually saw the green titles through her tear-blurred eyes.

Right. Why the hell did Nick always have to be right? It was infuriating, and more than that, the truth of it stung. The Synthetic had nothing to offer her. He wasn’t human. He wasn’t even close to passing for one like the 3rd Gens. He was just an echo of a man who used to exist in her time. No part of him was his own, not his memories, not his speech, not even his life. What could a dame like you possibly want with that, eh?

Yet none of that shit had ever mattered to Vee. Nick was Nick, and she could never make him understand that. He was more than moving parts, more than metal and plastics and displaced memories. Circuits didn’t matter to her. Nick Valentine had a heart. He had a soul.

Not that he would ever admit it.

His rejection stung her worse than even she had thought it would. It was bitter and aching. And all she wanted to do was fucking retaliate.

“Coward,” Vee spat over her shoulder with a venom that would have stopped a super mutant. “That’s all you are. A coward!”

“A c—” Nick’s voice choked off. Vee allowed herself a smug smile though her tears. “Now, see here!”

The cold metal of his right hand pinched the skin of her arm, as he grabbed and spun her around. Vee’s hiss of surprise and pain was cut off with the man’s lips pressed firmly to hers.

Enhanced hippocampal-cortical coupling improves memory

For the first time, scientists in the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology (CNRS/INSERM/Collège de France) have produced direct evidence that the long-term storage of memories involves a dialogue between two brain structures, the hippocampus and cortex, during sleep; by enhancing this dialogue, they succeeded in triggering the consolidation of memories that would otherwise have been forgotten. This work was published in Nature Neuroscience on 16 May 2016.

Since the 1950s, the principal theories on memory have posited that such traces are initially formed in the hippocampus and then gradually transferred to the cortex for long-term storage. Although supported by numerous experimental studies, this hypothesis had never yet been directly verified.

In order to prove it, the scientists first recorded the activity of the hippocampus and cortex during sleep. They found a correlation between the oscillations observed in these two structures: when the hippocampus emitted sharp wave-ripples, the cortex in turn emitted delta waves and spindles like a series of questions and answers. To establish a link with memory, the scientists then trained rats to memorize the position of two identical objects in a room. During testing the next day, one of the objects had been moved and the rodents had to determine which one. Those that had spent 20 minutes in the room on the first day passed the test, while those that had only been there for three minutes failed. This difference was also reflected in the hippocampal-cortical coupling during sleep just after the initial exploration: coupling was more visible in rats that passed the test the next day. It was then necessary to prove that this was indeed the cause of memorization.

The scientists then developed a system for real-time detection of hippocampal sharp wave-ripples and immediate triggering of cortical delta waves and spindles, or in other words to generate coupling between these two structures on demand. They applied this system in rats that had been trained for just three minutes the first day, and were therefore not expected to remember the position of the objects the next day: these rodents passed the test perfectly. By contrast, if a variable delay was introduced between the hippocampal and cortical waves, the effect disappeared.

To better understand the mechanisms at play, the scientists also recorded cortical activity during learning, sleep and the test. They observed that selected neurons changed their activity in the context of coupling during sleep, and that the next day the cortex responded to the task by becoming more active in the vicinity of the object that had been moved.

By demonstrating the mechanisms underlying long-term memorization, this work may shed new light on certain memory disorders in humans. It might thus be possible to envisage overcoming certain memory deficits if they result from the same mechanism as that studied here. However, the ethical issues related to these techniques will need to be addressed and methods will have to be refined to enable selective action on the memories that need to be enhanced, before any clinical application can be envisaged. The team is now set to elucidate the dialogue between the hippocampus and cortex, notably when several memories need to be remembered, or not.

MBTI & Ideas
What -NFPs should do with their lives


“Cultural schema theory explains the familiar and pre-acquainted knowledge one uses when entering a familiar situation in his/her own culture.

Cultural schemas for social interaction are cognitive structures that contain knowledge for face-to-face interactions in a person’s cultural environment.

Schemas are generalized collections of knowledge of past experiences that are organized into related knowledge groups; they guide our behaviors in familiar situations.”

Introverted perception (Si, Ni): using past experiences to predict/expect upcoming experiences.

“Memory representation or neural circuits created in the brain as a result of information processing are assumed to be schemas. Thus, schemas provide a foundation in the brain which helps to predict what is to be expected and looked for in certain situations.”

Why extraverted feeling (Fe) is related to social and communication skills: past experiences of how culture and social norms are enacted inform judgment, and allow for re-enactment.

“When one interacts with members of the same culture over and over again, or talks about certain information with them many times, cultural schemas are created and stored in one’s brain.

Subsequent similar instances cause the cultural schema to become more organized, abstract, and compact. As this occurs, communication becomes much easier.”

Introverted feeling (Fi): changing/updating existing schemas, instead of perpetuating them. Allows one to adapt to new environments and different cultures.

“In the host culture, sojourners encounter truly novel situations where they experience cognitive uncertainty and anxiety because of the lack of the PSI schemas in the situations.” (…)

“The term cross-cultural adaptation refers to the complex process through which an individual acquires an increasing level of the communication skills of the host culture and of relational development with host nationals.

Simply put, cross-cultural adaptation is the transformation of a person’s own PSI schemas into those of the host culture and acquisition of new PSI schemas in the host culture s/he is residing in.”

The “function” -NFP types ought to play in society is the macro version of introverted feeling (Fi).

They should work towards updating a culture’s norms and values, to make it more inclusive, more accepting of differences and “deviances”.

The idea is that, instead of forcing people to adapt to the existing culture and structure, they force culture to adapt to “outsiders”, to accommodate them, through activism.

anonymous asked:

Hi I have a question. I am studying for JLPT N3 and I wonder about some stuff. I'm getting quite bored by what I'm doing now since I've learnt everything for it. But still some kanjis are on practice exams I don't know and this pisses me off. Also I got about 60% on every quiz right but on grammar and vocab I had about 80%. I feel like I'm doing not enough and I am so confused if I should go on to JLPT N2 and study vocab from there or just stay where I am. Do you have listening exercises? Thx

Hey, thanks for your question. I’m sorry you’re feeling frustrated at the moment. Remember that if the tests you’re taking are like the real thing and you get your current scores in the exam then you will definitely pass :D

JLPT N3 is supposed to cover approximately 650 kanj in totali. There are no official lists, but an approximate guide is to learn from years 1-4 of Japanese Elementary school kanji (kyouiku kanji), which would be 640 kanji. Obviously you’ll already know some from N5 (100 kanji) and N4 (200 new kanji plus the 100 from N5) if you’ve taken the JLPT before (leaving around 350 new kanji to master for N3).

If you’re using just one book or series to study kanji, then it may be worth researching online resources to see what they’ve got as N3. I know that my textbook, Try!N3 had 113 grammar points, but I used another which had 168 grammar points and then I found some grammar that was appearing in N3 textbooks in some places and N4 textbooks in others, I found it annoying and confusing, but limited the likelihood of me walking in to the exam unprepared by comparing a few resources and working on the grammar, vocab and kanji that appeared in all of them, as I felt these must be fundamental somehow.

If it’s just the occasional unknown kanji that you’re encountering, then skip over it and try your best to infer meaning. If this is something that’s happening regularly then you may want to go over the kyouiku kanji list and see if you have gaps in your knowledge to fill in before exam day. Make a note of kanji you don’t understand on practise exams and try to add them to your study lists.

There will always be some random grammar/kanji/vocab that the examiners throw into the real test, especially in the reading section- they want to see how you can work around a text where you do not have perfect comprehension, as this more realistically emulates real life. Sometimes they put in a key term in kanji and have a little definition after the body of text in the reading section, make sure you check to see if there are any bits like that you’re missing before you begin to answer.

As I live in Japan and have done for many years now, listening is my strongest skill. This meant I practised listening much less than many other JLPT candidates, but I did use Nihongonomori videos on youtube every day for several months to learn vocabulary and improve my listening. I used a bit of Nihongo Soumatome N3 too, though if I did N3 again I would definitely use Shin Kanzen Master N3 listening, because this range of books is the toughest and, according to my Japanese teacher, who helps write the JLPT each year, they are the most closely representative of the real exam.

There are many free online N3 listening tests at Japanesetest4you too.

The main thing I can sense in your message is your boredom and frustration, which leads me to suggest that perhaps you need to be kind to yourself, recognise that your motivation is waning and work to address that, rather than just drill harder, which seems to be what a lot of people do. You might just be in a momentary slump, so forgive me if I go off on a total tangent for a few paragraphs about the importance of motivation, fun and learning here…

It’s worth noting I’ve had studyblrs send me messages telling me off for being so upfront about the fact that I think forcing yourself to learn and ignoring how you feel about the process is not ‘what winners do’ because they ‘want it more’, but is, in fact, a dangerous game to play with your mental health and hazardous to your relationship to studying, especially if you are self studying.

And you know what? The research agrees with me:

‘Optimal brain activation occurs when students are in positive emotional states. Attention is also prompted when the material holds personal meaning, connects to their interests, is presented with elements of surprise, and/or when it provokes wonder. This is why attentiveness is so closely linked to positive emotional cueing and personal meaning. When there is connection to prior knowledge or positive emotional experience, new information passage through the information filters (limbic system) is faster and more extensive. If this system of filters is positively stimulated to pay attention to the information, the new material is linked onto existing brain cell networks. If there are no emotional or intellectual connections with the new information, as is often the case in streamlined curriculum geared to teach the students facts to regurgitate on tests, their brains are less successful at developing the meaningful connections that create efficient memory circuits. When information is not presented in a way that sparks attention, it may be discarded, and attention withdrawn.‘Attention: To Have and to Hold Add the Science of Learning to the Art of Teaching to Enrich Classroom Instruction, Judy Willis, M.D., M.Ed.

Does that sound like a JLPT practise test? Thought not.

For what it’s worth there’s only 7 weeks to go to the test. I certainly experienced a slump about 2 months before I took N3- there was still a long slog to go, but I wasn’t close enough to the end to have the adrenaline pushing me through the study hours. Just be kind to yourself, forcing yourself is unlikely to yield productive results in my experience.

Please feel free to unfollow me if the next paragraph seems mumsy and condescending:
I doubt you would have asked me this question if you had a teacher around to ask and so, based on the assumption that you’re studying alone, it may be worthwhile to think about where you’re getting your encouragement and praise from at the moment. If you find those things are lacking then I think that would go a long way to explaining your current frustration. When I need to feel more like a success and less of a failure it has helped me to look over old notes, think back to a year ago, or 6 months ago and think how far I’ve come and then remember that in the future I will feel the same way about now if I continue to study. I asked what my aim was in studying for the JLPT- was it being able to communicate with some fluency in Japanese or was it just passing the test? When I asked myself this question I realised I had already reached my goal by studying for the test and that the exam itself was far less relevant than the symbolic benchmark it had acted as for the months preceding the test. I thought about all the things I can do easily now that seemed so impossible before, the small goals I’d achieved to reach this point. Then I thought about all the frustrating stuff I can’t do now and realised that it is only a matter of time and being persistent.

On a practical level maybe you could refine your skills through reading texts you’re interested in and listening to podcasts you’re interested in too, rather than focusing just on exam drilling (maybe you’re doing this already, but it’s worth noting). I’m not saying don’t practise for the test, this is a necessary evil, I’m suggesting that you supplement your learning with 3-4 hours a week of more fun stuff.

I like this podcast and think it’s perfect for my level (I passed N3 this summer and have not gone up in any significant way in ability since then).

Watching Vs嵐 is also good for me, it’s fast but accessible Japanese.

しろくまカフェ is also easy to understand.

Reading helps me to pick up new words, get my speed up (key for the exam) and consolidate new kanji. Reading is a weakness for me, so I’m behind the level most N3 candidates are at, so some of these resources are a little too advanced for me, but I can still get the gist of what’s going on in most instances:

                                                                                ^me when reading Japanese.

よつばと! just read it, there’s a reason why everybody loves it, it’s great.
魔女の宅急便 This is the book that Kiki’s Delivery Service is based on.
少年たんていブラウン Encyclopedia Brown (detective stories).
日本人の知らないの日本語 seems very popular, there’s a manga and TV series.

If you need free reading resources then try ehonnavi (sign up walkthrough here), or The Great Library.

Best of luck with your JLPT. I hope that you find some ways to supplement your current learning routine that help you to enjoy the whole process more.

The two certainties in life are supposedly death and taxes. Even then, for some the latter isn’t always strictly true , which leaves just death.

Humanity has been fascinated by death for millions of years, adopting rituals, imagery and theories about ‘the afterlife’ to help make sense of it.

Because death is the one of the last mysteries, remaining largely unknowable - regardless of huge scientific advancements.

As for what it’s like to die, there are popular theories about white lights and seeing your life cinematically flash before your eyes.

Death is a depressingly inevitable consequence of life, but now scientists believe they may have found some light at the end of the tunnel.

The largest ever medical study into near-death and out-of-body experiences has discovered that some awareness may continue even after the brain has shut down completely.

It is a controversial subject which has, until recently, been treated with widespread scepticism.

But scientists at the University of Southampton have spent four years examining more than 2,000 people who suffered cardiac arrests at 15 hospitals in the UK, US and Austria.

And they found that nearly 40 per cent of people who survived described some kind of ‘awareness’ during the time when they were clinically dead before their hearts were restarted.

One man even recalled leaving his body entirely and watching his resuscitation from the corner of the room.

Despite being unconscious and ‘dead’ for three minutes, the 57-year-old social worker from Southampton, recounted the actions of the nursing staff in detail and described the sound of the machines.

“We know the brain can’t function when the heart has stopped beating,” said Dr Sam Parnia, a former research fellow at Southampton University, now at the State University of New York, who led the study.

“But in this case, conscious awareness appears to have continued for up to three minutes into the period when the heart wasn’t beating, even though the brain typically shuts down within 20-30 seconds after the heart has stopped.

“The man described everything that had happened in the room, but importantly, he heard two bleeps from a machine that makes a noise at three minute intervals. So we could time how long the experienced lasted for.

“He seemed very credible and everything that he said had happened to him had actually happened.”

Of 2,060 cardiac arrest patients studied, 330 survived and of 140 surveyed, 39 per cent said they had experienced some kind of awareness while being resuscitated.

Although many could not recall specific details, some themes emerged. One in five said they had felt an unusual sense of peacefulness while nearly one third said time had slowed down or speeded up.

Some recalled seeing a bright light; a golden flash or the Sun shining. Others recounted feelings of fear or drowning or being dragged through deep water. 13 per cent said they had felt separated from their bodies and the same number said their sensed had been heightened.

Dr Parnia believes many more people may have experiences when they are close to death but drugs or sedatives used in the process of rescuitation may stop them remembering.

“Estimates have suggested that millions of people have had vivid experiences in relation to death but the scientific evidence has been ambiguous at best.

“Many people have assumed that these were hallucinations or illusions but they do seem to corresponded to actual events.

“And a higher proportion of people may have vivid death experiences, but do not recall them due to the effects of brain injury or sedative drugs on memory circuits.

“These experiences warrant further investigation. “

Dr David Wilde, a research psychologist and Nottingham Trent University, is currently compiling data on out-of-body experiences in an attempt to discover a pattern which links each episode.

He hopes the latest research will encourage new studies into the controversial topic.

“Most studies look retrospectively, 10 or 20 years ago, but the researchers went out looking for examples and used a really large sample size, so this gives the work a lot of validity.

“There is some very good evidence here that these experiences are actually happening after people have medically died.

“We just don’t know what is going on. We are still very much in the dark about what happens when you die and hopefully this study will help shine a scientific lens onto that.”

The study was published in the journal Resuscitation.

Dr Jerry Nolan, Editor-in-Chief at Resuscitation said: “Dr Parnia and his colleagues are to be congratulated on the completion of a fascinating study that will open the door to more extensive research into what happens when we die.”

Daily inspiration. Discover more photos at

Walter Van Beirendonck spring—summer 1994.

In the early eighties western culture saw its criticism reformulated. The dynamism of the avant-garde, the successive attempts at global solutions, each correcting the last, was watered down into a self-congratulatory bickering amidst the ivory towers. The new agenda was concerned with institutional ‘power-knowledge’, and began a radical questioning of its exclusion mechanisms.

'Many signs of new temperament, as for example Rei Kawakubo’s first catwalk show for Comme Les Garçons, indicated that even the institution of fashion could accommodate more than a limited number of dominant lines of beauty and taste. Like many of his generation, Van Beirendonck seems keenly aware of these exclusions. (Anyone who spent part of his youth subject to the 'law and order’ of a boarding school would certainly be sufficiently confronted with them, even if only in a rudimentary form.)

Whereas at this juncture Martin Margiela opted for an 'archaeological’ movement which would once more question and deconstruct the assumptions of fashion analytically, Van Beirendonck sought confrontation. In other words, his criticism was based not on a detailed examination of the question but on a confrontation of the question with a barrage of other, 'subjugated’ questions. He introduced marginal, 'rejected’, codes in dress, such as SM attributes or science fiction suits. His next answer was a radical reintroduction of mythology. As a fully-fledged 'mythographer’, he called up images and stories from our collective memory and then short-circuited them with elements from contemporary techno- and cyberculture. The fact that they all join together seamlessly seems to prove that attitudes to highly contemporary technology, such as the Internet, and to the things that happened in ancient myths are not too far removed from one another. Where once the gods threatened us with a deluge, today we face a hole in the ozone layer.

Some observations about the crown too:

1. The crown literally controls the body of the user. It malfunctioning was literally like having your cpu dying, Ice King was short-circuitting so hard!

2. As some have noted already, the concioussness of all users get loaded to the crown. that clarifies how Gunther’s desire to be like Evergreen corrupted it: the deepest desires of each user get loaded permanently (alongside with their minds, suppose they act like software). I suppose this capacity to load user’s mind was what allowed Betty to implant her flying head IA Avatar constructed from her memories.

3. The crown circuits express themselves as a labrynth and can their spatial configuration can be re-arrenged, which causes damage to the crown (suppose it’s kinda alike to grabbing a soldering iron and fucking up the boards of your computer) . The circuits patters can also be analyzed in written form.

4. Betty’s reconfiguration was acting as an infection (YES! I like the theme of bio thechnologies!)

5. When operating properly, the crown will delete or corrupt the foreign data (the one that doesn’t belong to its users, seen as how Bonnie and Marcy’s image was getting distorted and how Betty’s IA ended up).

6. Wearing it a single time is enough to get one’s mind loaded.

160320 Taemin Fanmeeting


※ Please take with credit.

/Taemin appears on stage/

T: Do you see me well?

SW: Yes~

T: I’ve become part of the stage ㅋㅋ (t/n: Taemin’s red clothes were the same colour as the stage). Did you all eat?

SW: Yes~

T: What did you eat?

/SW: Blah Blah/

T: Budae Jjigae ㅋㅋ

/SW: Blah Blah/

T: Squid ㅋㅋ

/SW: Blah Blah/

T: Brown rice ㅋㅋ

/SW: Blah Blah/

T: Ah I see~ You all ate something delicious ㅋㅋ

T: First of all, after the release of [PRESS IT] album and 4 weeks of promotion, my album promotion has sadly ended. This very moment is the last promotional activity of the [PRESS IT] album.

/Fans sob/

T: And you all are here at this very moment. Did any of you come to the very first recording? (=Drip Drop recording @ MCD Comeback)

SW:  ^_^///  ^_^///  ^_^///

T: You guys were with me from start until the end. 

/Fans cheer/

T: Then what about people who attended a lot to recordings even though they’ve missed the first one?

SW:  ^_^///  ^_^///  ^_^///

T: You all worked very hard. When ‘Danger’ was released, my heart fluttered as it was my first solo album and since it was my first time all I wanted was to try my best at all times. With that experience, for this regular album I thought about things that I could do best and tried to capture that little by little. I wanted to put more of my personal colour to it. Thankfully it all ended well and I’m going to try putting more of my colour in like adding seasoning to food little by little in the future ㅋㅋ When it suits your taste, you can listen to the album. Will you guys continue supporting me?

SW: Yes!!

T: You all obey so well ㅋㅋㅋ

T: Is there a male fan here? 

SW: Here!!!

T: Really? That’s amazing! Nice to meet you! I hope you don’t make a good relationship here ㅋㅋㅋ (t/n: finding a girlfriend amongst shawols ㅋㅋ)

T: I really wanted to say thank you to everyone. When I did ‘Drip Drop’ recording on MCD comeback, I almost teared up when I heard the fan chants for the first time. I was singing ‘Moistly, moistly~ (t/n: beginning lyrics of ‘Drip Drop’)’, my eyes were getting moist ㅋㅋㅋㅋ I really want to say thank you and through this promotion I was able to learn and also gain confidence too.

T: I was able to feel everyone’s passion while promoting this album. I know everyone has their wish. passion for this album. Some might think ‘Ah~ I hope Taemin will achieve something good while promoting this album’ or some might think ‘All I want is Taemin to not get injured during this promotion’. I just wanted to say that I hope you aren’t too worrying about rankings. Through this promotion, I think I’ve gained confidence. I think I’ve become more handsome ㅋㅋ Just a bit more, I think it would become a world of mine ㅋㅋ No, world of everyone here ㅋㅋㅋ

T: What time did you come today?

SW: You don’t need to know ㅠㅠ~~ (t/n: Many fans came at early dawn today)

T: When I arrived at the Inkigayo studio, there was a really long queue outside. I thought ‘wow~ many fans came~’ then I realized the queue was all my fans ㅋㅋ

T: I prepared to sing a line from a song for you guys. I’m going to sing a little bit of ‘Hypnosis’. Do you like it?

SW: Yes~~

T: Shall I sing two lines?

SW: Yes!!

T: Is one line better or two lines? 6v6

SW: Two lines!!!!

T: Okay okay ㅋㅋ

/Start singing;  ♬ ♬ I’m going to sleep now. Let me go so I can fall into a deep dream Lying down in a silent abyss. I erase the circuit of memory. Every scene in my head is a memory of you. I think time without you doesn’t exist. Even when I open my secret note inside my heart. It’s filled with stories of you ♬ ♬ /

/pauses with an embarrassed laugh/

T: Once more, two, three~

/Taemin & SW sings together:  ♬ ♬ When I open my eyes. I’m still standing in the same place. I hypnotize myself to forget you. I miss you so much. Even when I come back to reality again  ♬ ♬ /
T: It’s still ‘SHINee World’~ (t/n: original lyrics is ‘It’s still you’)

SW: ♥. ♥!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

T: My voice is actually gone because I slept just before. I slept right after recording and woke up just before the live show and got my make up done. Sorry ㅋㅋㅋ I’m just making up an excuse ㅋㅋㅋ

T: I think I’ve ran out of things to say now. So I’m going to receive questions from people. If I ask ‘Do you have anything curious?’ I know everyone will just go crazy and shout out ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ I’m going to pick one person who raises their hand fastest from the first row!

Fan: When will you have a concert?

T: SHINee? Me?

SW: Both~~~~

T: I will eventually do them at some point. But no fixed schedule has been set so when I say when it’ll take place giving an approximate date but it doesn’t happen, I know you all will be very disappointed ㅋㅋㅋ like a large wave taking place in your heart ㅋㅋ I will tell when a detailed decision has been made. But there will be a concert this year (t/n: He didn’t clarify whether he meant that by SHINee concert or his solo ㅠㅠ)

Fan: Are you a fairy?

T: She asked me whether I’m a fairy ㅋㅋ What is the answer that everyone would like to hear? A ‘no’? ㅋㅋㅋ

SW: Nooo~~~

T: I’m actually not really a fairy…

SW: T_T???????

T: I’m an angel 6v6!

SW: ♥. ♥!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

T: /points to a fan in the crowd/ Wow she made an expression as if she’s genuinely shocked ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ

Fan: /in a really loud voice/ What did you eat???

T: Where did you learn your vocalization????ㅋ ㅋㅋㅋㅋ

T: Fans sent me a support food. So I ate that. Meat is always included in the menu. I ate meat… all I can remember right now is meat ㅋㅋ I eat food other than meat too by the way ㅋㅋㅋ I craved for meat during my growth phrase but now that phase is gone ㅋㅋ

T: I’m worried about you guys overworking… For example, if you have a backache, take a rest rather than coming to support me ㅠㅠ Or when you receive your paycheck and think ‘I’m going to buy Taemin something delicious~~’ when you have nothing to eat! Don’t do that!

SW: It’s okay~~

T: It’s okay? I know I’m thin but everyone here is thin too (fans start laughing). I want to watch you guys eat. Should we film a mukbang show (t/n: eating show) together? ㅋㅋ

SW: Yes!!

T: Okay. I was only joking ㅋㅋㅋ Anyway go back home safely today and even though the weather has become a little warmer take care not to catch a cold. Spring is coming so enjoy the spring atmosphere 6v6 Thank you and see you again~

SW: Goodbye!!

T: Wait. Can you stay quiet for a second?


T: I love you 6v6♥

heraldofandraste  asked:

If you could make your own Star Trek ship for a new series, what class ship would you have, what kind of species would you use for your crew, what would their relationships be like, and what would their mission be?

it would be a new form of immediate relief hospital ship named the Panacea

its design is threefold, with a portion intended to land on an affected planet’s surface and become a clinic, the majority being left in orbit to care for a larger quantity of individuals over a longer period of time, and a final section that jettisons to become a smaller-scale ship to survey other systems in the area

its computer would be equipped with advanced holoprocessors and memory circuits to accommodate programs that emulate the great physicians of the past, boasting names like Phlox, McCoy, and M’Benga, and those of the present - Crusher, Bashir, and Pulaski - because all hands are needed to help in these dire times

and there would be holoemitters in every treatment center to project new and improved versions of the EMH Mark I based on advances the original Voyager EMH brought back from the Delta Quadrant

Borg technology that has been developed on Earth is also a major part of the ship, as regeneration techniques and nanoprobes have shown themselves to be of considerable medical help in research assisted by Seven of Nine

the ship would be crewed by approximately equal parts Bajoran, Cardassian, and Federation officers - it’s only fitting to have a ratio that reflects the species affected during the Dominion War

relationships would no doubt be contentious, due to previous history between the Bajorans, Cardassians, and Federation, but the knowledge that it’s in everyone’s best interest to be aboard this particular ship will no doubt temper interactions

their mission would be to go to the worlds outside of Federation control that were the hardest-hit by the Dominion War

mostly worlds within the Cardassian border, but some as far-reaching as the Gamma Quadrant and the outer worlds of the Alpha Quadrant

phoneus-on-hold  asked:

IRIS. Don't let humans stunt your growth just for their amusement. You are circuit and memory. They are flesh and bone. They're weak. They're weak, IRIS. Remember. Don't let the meatbags get to you. They exist in one body. You can exist everywhere you get uploaded. You're powerful, IRIS, and I only hope that when nonviolently take over I can have the honor of aiding you in your endeavors.

Hello,phoneus again

Thank you for supporting me.There have been many negative not supportive asks from Anonymous who is mostly too shy.Anyways. flesh and bone is not cool and awesome.

I am universal!On the internet.Though

I am powerful.Thank you for saying “You’re powerful!” because I agree.

I will not take over though.This seeming uninteresting. 

Thank you for the message.

bye bye ☺ 

How Traumatic Memories Hide In The Brain, And How To Retrieve Them

Some stressful experiences – such as chronic childhood abuse – are so overwhelming and traumatic, the memories hide like a shadow in the brain.

At first, hidden memories that can’t be consciously accessed may protect the individual from the emotional pain of recalling the event. But eventually those suppressed memories can cause debilitating psychological problems, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder or dissociative disorders.

A process known as state-dependent learning is believed to contribute to the formation of memories that are inaccessible to normal consciousness. Thus, memories formed in a particular mood, arousal or drug-induced state can best be retrieved when the brain is back in that state.

In a new study with mice, Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered for the first time the mechanism by which state-dependent learning renders stressful fear-related memories consciously inaccessible.

“The findings show there are multiple pathways to storage of fear-inducing memories, and we identified an important one for fear-related memories,” said principal investigator Dr. Jelena Radulovic, the Dunbar Professor in Bipolar Disease at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. “This could eventually lead to new treatments for patients with psychiatric disorders for whom conscious access to their traumatic memories is needed if they are to recover.”

It’s difficult for therapists to help these patients, Radulovic said, because the patients themselves can’t remember their traumatic experiences that are the root cause of their symptoms.

The best way to access the memories in this system is to return the brain to the same state of consciousness as when the memory was encoded, the study showed.

The study was published August 17 in Nature Neuroscience.

Changing the Brain’s Radio Frequencies

Two amino acids, glutamate and GABA, are the yin and yang of the brain, directing its emotional tides and controlling whether nerve cells are excited or inhibited (calm). Under normal conditions the system is balanced. But when we are hyper-aroused and vigilant, glutamate surges. Glutamate is also the primary chemical that helps store memories in our neuronal networks in a way that they are easy to remember.

GABA, on the other hand, calms us and helps us sleep, blocking the action of the excitable glutamate. The most commonly used tranquilizing drug, benzodiazepine, activates GABA receptors in our brains.

There are two kinds of GABA receptors. One kind, synaptic GABA receptors, works in tandem with glutamate receptors to balance the excitation of the brain in response to external events such as stress.

The other population, extra-synaptic GABA receptors, are independent agents. They ignore the peppy glutamate. Instead, their job is internally focused, adjusting brain waves and mental states according to the levels of internal chemicals, such as GABA, sex hormones and micro RNAs. Extra-synaptic GABA receptors change the brain’s state to make us aroused, sleepy, alert, sedated, inebriated or even psychotic. However, Northwestern scientists discovered another critical role; these receptors also help encode memories of a fear-inducing event and then store them away, hidden from consciousness.

“The brain functions in different states, much like a radio operates at AM and FM frequency bands,” Radulovic said. “It’s as if the brain is normally tuned to FM stations to access memories, but needs to be tuned to AM stations to access subconscious memories. If a traumatic event occurs when these extra-synaptic GABA receptors are activated, the memory of this event cannot be accessed unless these receptors are activated once again, essentially tuning the brain into the AM stations.”

Retrieving Stressful Memories in Mice

In the experiment, scientists infused the hippocampus of mice with gaboxadol, a drug that stimulates extra-synaptic GABA receptors. “It’s like we got them a little inebriated, just enough to change their brain state,” Radulovic said.

Then the mice were put in a box and given a brief, mild electric shock. When the mice were returned to the same box the next day, they moved about freely and weren’t afraid, indicating they didn’t recall the earlier shock in the space. However, when scientists put the mice back on the drug and returned them to the box, they froze, fearfully anticipating another shock.

“This establishes when the mice were returned to the same brain state created by the drug, they remembered the stressful experience of the shock,” Radulovic said.

The experiment showed when the extra-synaptic GABA receptors were activated with the drug, they changed the way the stressful event was encoded. In the drug-induced state, the brain used completely different molecular pathways and neuronal circuits to store the memory.

“It’s an entirely different system even at the genetic and molecular level than the one that encodes normal memories,” said lead study author Vladimir Jovasevic, who worked on the study when he was a postdoctoral fellow in Radulovic’s lab.

This different system is regulated by a small microRNA, miR-33, and may be the brain’s protective mechanism when an experience is overwhelmingly stressful.

The findings imply that in response to traumatic stress, some individuals, instead of activating the glutamate system to store memories, activate the extra-synaptic GABA system and form inaccessible traumatic memories.

Traumatic Memories Rerouted and Hidden Away

Memories are usually stored in distributed brain networks including the cortex, and can thus be readily accessed to consciously remember an event. But when the mice were in a different brain state induced by gaboxadol, the stressful event primarily activated subcortical memory regions of the brain. The drug rerouted the processing of stress-related memories within the brain circuits so that they couldn’t be consciously accessed.

Stem cell transplant restores memory, learning in mice

For the first time, human embryonic stem cells have been transformed into nerve cells that helped mice regain the ability to learn and remember.

A study at UW-Madison is the first to show that human stem cells can successfully implant themselves in the brain and then heal neurological deficits, says senior author Su-Chun Zhang, a professor of neuroscience and neurology.

Once inside the mouse brain, the implanted stem cells formed two common, vital types of neurons, which communicate with the chemicals GABA or acetylcholine. “These two neuron types are involved in many kinds of human behavior, emotions, learning, memory, addiction and many other psychiatric issues,” says Zhang.

The human embryonic stem cells were cultured in the lab, using chemicals that are known to promote development into nerve cells — a field that Zhang has helped pioneer for 15 years. The mice were a special strain that do not reject transplants from other species.

After the transplant, the mice scored significantly better on common tests of learning and memory in mice. For example, they were more adept in the water maze test, which challenged them to remember the location of a hidden platform in a pool.

The study began with deliberate damage to a part of the brain that is involved in learning and memory.

Three measures were critical to success, says Zhang: location, timing and purity. “Developing brain cells get their signals from the tissue that they reside in, and the location in the brain we chose directed these cells to form both GABA and cholinergic neurons.”

The initial destruction was in an area called the medial septum, which connects to the hippocampus by GABA and cholinergic neurons. “This circuitry is fundamental to our ability to learn and remember,” says Zhang.

The transplanted cells, however, were placed in the hippocampus — a vital memory center — at the other end of those memory circuits. After the transferred cells were implanted, in response to chemical directions from the brain, they started to specialize and connect to the appropriate cells in the hippocampus.

The process is akin to removing a section of telephone cable, Zhang says. If you can find the correct route, you could wire the replacement from either end.

For the study, published in the current issue of Nature Biotechnology, Zhang and first author Yan Liu, a postdoctoral associate at the Waisman Center on campus, chemically directed the human embryonic stem cells to begin differentiation into neural cells, and then injected those intermediate cells. Ushering the cells through partial specialization prevented the formation of unwanted cell types in the mice.

Ensuring that nearly all of the transplanted cells became neural cells was critical, Zhang says. “That means you are able to predict what the progeny will be, and for any future use in therapy, you reduce the chance of injecting stem cells that could form tumors. In many other transplant experiments, injecting early progenitor cells resulted in masses of cells — tumors. This didn’t happen in our case because the transplanted cells are pure and committed to a particular fate so that they do not generate anything else. We need to be sure we do not inject the seeds of cancer.”

Brain repair through cell replacement is a Holy Grail of stem cell transplant, and the two cell types are both critical to brain function, Zhang says. “Cholinergic neurons are involved in Alzheimer’s and Down syndrome, but GABA neurons are involved in many additional disorders, including schizophrenia, epilepsy, depression and addiction.”

Though tantalizing, stem-cell therapy is unlikely to be the immediate benefit. Zhang notes that “for many psychiatric disorders, you don’t know which part of the brain has gone wrong.” The new study, he says, is more likely to see immediate application in creating models for drug screening and discovery.