megalithic site

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The Plain of Jars is an ancient megalithic archaeological site in Laos consisting of thousands of stone jars scattered through the valleys and foothills of the Xiankhoang Plateau. The Plain of Jars has been dated to the Iron Age, sometime between 500 BC and AD 500 and is considered to be one of the most important prehistoric sites in Southeast Asia.

Over 90 ‘jar sites’ have been discovered; each home to somewhere between 1 to 400 jars. Each of the jars vary in height and size, and are anywhere from 1 meter to 3 meters tall. They are hewn directly from rock, mostly sandstone, and are undecorated. While most of the jars have lipped rims, very few lids have ever been discovered.

The purpose of the jars can, of course, really only be theorized.

Lao legends describe a race of giants who, after winning a great battle, brewed huge amounts of rice wine to celebrate their victory, and built the jars to store it all. Another tells that the jars were simply molded from a mixture of clay, sand, and sugar to function as kilns for pottery. But perhaps the most practical of these explanations is that the jars were used to collect monsoon rainwater for caravan travellers. Even stagnant, the rain water in the jars could be boiled until potable, and archaeologists have observed this practice in many Eastern Eurasian countries already. Beads found inside the jars could have been a travellers offering, accompanied by a prayer for more rain.

More scientific study of the jars offers different insights. The initial study of the jars, conducted by Madeleine Colani in 1935, suggests that they were personal crematoriums. Inside many of the jars she studied, Colani found black organic soil, glass beads, and burnt teeth and bones. This conclusion was widely accepted namely because there wasn’t any further study of the site until 1994—almost 60 years later. While the 1994 study would ultimately corroborate Colani’s findings, it’s worth mentioning the nature of the delay: Laos has the unfortunate distinction of being the world’s most bombed country, and of the hundreds of thousands of bombs dropped and planted during the Vietnam War and the Laotian Civil War, 30% did not detonate, leaving 10 of the 18 provinces in Laos “severely contaminated” by both bomb-related refuse and debris, and unexploded ordinance. Of the 90 jar sites, only 7 are open to the public as a result, and further research into the stones still proves incredibly difficult to this day.

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Cromlech de Crucuno, France

The Cromlech of Crucuno (or quadrilateral of Crucuno) is a megalithic complex located in Plouharnel, France. This set of 22 menhirs (standing stones) is one of a few known megalithic quadrilaterals.  The site was restored in 1882, only 9 of the stones were standing at the time. The angles of this enclosure are aligned with the cardinal points, the longest sides (33m) being aligned east to west, and the shorter sides (25m) aligned north to south. The name, Cromlech de Crucuno, is a misnomer since a cromlech is usually circular, not rectangular.

Click here to see a fantastic video of this site and many other nearby megaliths.

Art by Mear One

Who are we? Scattered around the world are enumerable relics, writings, sculptures, paintings, hieroglyphics dating back to ancient Sumerian, Incan, Mayan, and Egyptian times, & older communicating, depicting, corroborating widespread folklore and myth about a predominant race that may have been the original architects of many of the megalithic sites around the planet. For many archaeologists their existence defies the standard taught model of Darwinian human evolution. Indigenous Peoples teach this creation story similar to the ancient Sumerian story, that we were seeded here millions of years ago to mine gold for the gods, the Annunaki, higher beings claimed to be the creators of us. The Dogon tribe from Mali also have a rich oral history and understanding of cosmic interaction with this race of humanoids. Ancient Vedic literature describes wars between extraterrestrials and humans on a global scale predating the Great Flood that changed the surface of the world. Plato’s historic writings of Atlantis and other literature describe an even more ancient civilization called Lemuria and its people who are claimed to have co-existed with these gods. One wonders how these ancient cultures all shared an understanding based on similar mythology while separated today by thousands of miles. I’m considering the possibility that it’s more than just myth. Similar to how Troy was only a myth until its discovery, or Dwarka, the mythological sunken city off the coast of India that was revealed after the 2004 tsunami, or Yonaguni out under the sea off southern Okinawa. From Peru to the isle of Santorini, Ukraine, the Gobi Desert of China, India and all throughout The Americas, ancient archaeological evidence continues to defy mankind’s current standard model. Perhaps a correction in our understanding of the past will help us be in tune with our now, guiding us toward a more hopeful future for us all.

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The Ring of Brogdar is Neolithic henge and stone circle located in Orkney, Scotland. While the site has not yet been reliably dated, it’s commonly believed to have been erected sometime between 2500 BC and 2000 BC. In 2008 an excavation was undertaken to try and settle the dating issue, but the results are still only preliminary.

The ring consists of about 60 stones, only 27 of which are still standing. They are set within a ditch that’s about 3 meters deep and carved from solid sandstone bedrock. The stone circle is 104 meters in diameter, making it the third largest in the British Isles, and is the most truly circular stone circle from the late Neolithic or early Bronze Age.

The first formal survey of the ring was performed in 1849 by Captain F. W. L. Thomas and crew. They were in the area drawing up admiralty charts when they decided to perform archaeological surveys. Since then, surveys and studies are routine, and the site is currently the target of ongoing excavations by Orkney College. Over the course of several years the ring has come to be understood as an area of significant ritual important after discoveries of chambered tombs, barrows, cairns, arrowheads, flint, some fallen stones, and the remains of a 100 meter stone wall. The exact purpose is not known, but in 1999 the ancient monument because a UNESCO World Heritage Site and recognized as part of the “Heart of Neolithic Orkney.”

That said, the site is a complex archaeological find for another reason as well. It was slightly augmented by Nordic invaders sometime around the 9th century during a series of Viking incursions into the British Isles. Various runes and runic carvings have shown up on stones and artefacts at the site, and serve as yet another example of how the Vikings imposed their complex theology onto existing monuments.

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The Callanish Stones, Outer Hebrides, Scotland. 

The construction of this site is thought to have taken place between 2900 and 2600 B.C.E.

In one of the most remote corners of Britain stands one of the country’s most impressive megalithic monuments.

[…] The site, dating to the third millennium B.C.E., consists of a ring of tall menhirs -the ring is 13 meters across and the stones vary from 3 meters to 4 meters in height- surrounding a small, chambered tomb. 

[…] it has been suggested that the standing stones of Callanish and the various smaller megalithic monuments in the surrounding area incorporated numerous alignments upon prominent horizon features and extreme lunar rising and setting positions. The Callanish stones, it was proposed, stood at the heart of a complex that encapsulated a variety of relationships between built monuments, prominent natural features in the landscape, and the motions of the moon.

The general idea is not implausible: indigenous societies commonly organize sacred space to reflect cosmic relationships perceived in the wider visual setting, and the visible environment included the sky. But in the absence of corroborating evidence, it is almost impossible to argue convincingly for any particular scheme. We have no way of knowing which relationships actually were perceived as significant in the past, and any choice that we make is ultimately subjective. Whether the Callanish stones really represent a temple whose significance related to the moon appearing in a special way in every nineteenth year remains an open question.

This segment is from Clive L. N. Ruggles's Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth. Clive Ruggles is Emeritus Professor of Archaeoastronomy in the School of Archaeology and Ancient History at the University of Leicester, UK.

Photos courtesy & taken by Grégory Tonon.

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Tiwanaku, Part 5: The Gate of the Sun

The Gate of the Sun is probably the most recognizable megalith at the Tiwanaku site. Located in the Kalasasaya courtyard, it is 3 meters tall, 4 meters wide, and constructed entirely from a single piece of stone. Weighing 10 tons, the gate prominently features a large crack: when it discovered by Europeans in the 19th century, it was lying on the ground, broken.

The gate has since been repaired and stands upright once again, though its purpose mains a mystery. There is some evidence that it may have been a type of calendar, but it’s difficult to say. The intricate and complex carvings and stone work on the gate unfortunately do not add much to our understanding, as some scholars believe they are depictions of a Sun God in various states of being, where others have linked it to the ancient God Viracocha, the Incan Creation deity whose countenance was so ugly and fearsome that he had to wear a mask, lest his subjects run away from him.

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Here’s a full tour of the inside and outside of my secondary character’s house! Her name is Rosehip and she’s a witch, her house is situated in the middle of a forest, complete with a fairy ring and the remains of a mysterious ancient megalithic site. The downstairs functions as a shopfront for her potion-brewing and fortune-telling businesses, while the upstairs is a studio apartment-type living space. Be sure to click on the pictures to see more captions.

I had a lot of fun setting up the house, landscaping, and making all the patterns and I hope you enjoy it too! If you want to come visit Rosehip’s house and the rest of Starfall, my dream address is 4100-2479-0291!

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A Trilithon is a general term for a megalithic structure consisting of two large vertical stones (called ‘posts’), and a third horizontal stone lying on top (called a ‘lintel’). The nomenclature derives from the Greek meaning “having three stones.” It is also loosely used to describe specific components that are part of larger megalithic sites. Examples include Stonehenge and other henges found in Malta and Egypt, as well as the Roman Temple of Jupiter at Baalbek, Lebanon.

dailymotion

Ancient Aliens - S07E15 - Hidden Pyramids - Full Episode

Published on Apr 18, 2015
Ancient Aliens - S07E15 - Hidden Pyramids - Full Episode
With infrared satellite technology detecting pyramids hidden underneath the sand in Egypt and airborne laser sensors discovering long lost pyramids beneath the jungles of Central America, many believe we have entered a new pyramid era–an age of discovery that will be marked by unimaginable new findings. 21st century excavations are also revealing fascinating new facts about pyramids that could potentially rewrite history. Archaeologists now believe the ancient pyramids in Peru are older than the Egyptian pyramids, and a recently surveyed megalithic site in Indonesia is now suspected to be a step pyramid built by a long lost civilization 20,000 years ago.