medina valley


Deir-El-Medina, ancient Egyptian village once populated by workers and administrators who had been gathered together for the purpose of building the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings (ca. 1550–1080 BC). 

They were a community of craftsmen, painters, masons, scribes, and sculptors, together with their families. 

Images taken by Paul Beckers

Egyptian Ostrakon, 19th or 20th Dynasty, 1292-1070 BC

From Deir el-Medina, painted on limestone, depicting an acrobat. An ostrakon is a piece of pottery (or stone), usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel.

The ancient workmen’s village of Deir el-Medina is nestled in a small wadi north of the Valley of the Queens on the Theban west bank. The village was founded during or before the reign of Thutmose I (1504–1492 BC) and flourished until the end of the 20th Dynasty (c. 1070 BC). It was home to the workmen responsible for constructing the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.