medina valley

Egyptian Ostrakon, 19th or 20th Dynasty, 1292-1070 BC

From Deir el-Medina, painted on limestone, depicting an acrobat. An ostrakon is a piece of pottery (or stone), usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel.

The ancient workmen’s village of Deir el-Medina is nestled in a small wadi north of the Valley of the Queens on the Theban west bank. The village was founded during or before the reign of Thutmose I (1504–1492 BC) and flourished until the end of the 20th Dynasty (c. 1070 BC). It was home to the workmen responsible for constructing the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.