medical models

anonymous asked:

Do believe conditions like epilepsy count as invisible disabilities, or disabilities at all?

Certainly, friend ❤ I would think having a diagnosis of almost any sort is under the disability umbrella? Through medical model of disability?

Can we please stop with the “autism isn’t REALLY a disability so autistic people should be accepted and included in society”? Like, a) autism is a disability in our current society regardless of whether we’re using the social or the medical model of disability and b) we don’t have to separate ourselves from disabled people to be deserving of accept and inclusion.

I appreciated this point about prioritizing the social model of disability, over the medical model, which Laura Bates explains in Everyday Sexism:

Medical Model of Disability: “…a person is disabled by their impairment (i.e. mental-health issue prevents them from getting a job, or a physical impairment restricts their ability to access certain venues)…”

Social Model of Disability: “…it is not the impairment in itself but the lack of accessibility created by our [ableist] society that makes a person disabled (i.e. our stigma around mental health issues prevents that person from getting a job, or a lack of adequate measures to make a venue fully accessible prevents certain people being able to enter).”

Medical model thinking is enshrined in the liberal term “people with disabilities,” and in approaches that seek to count the numbers of people with impairment, or to reduce the complex problems of
disabled people to issues of medical prevention, cure or rehabilitation. Social model thinking mandates barrier removal, anti-discrimination legislation, independent living and other responses to social oppression. From a disability rights perspective, social model approaches are progressive, medical model approaches are reactionary.
—  The Social Model of Disability by Tom Shakespeare
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The Medicalization of Suffering

‘Why, in Western psychology, have we been so focused on the dark side of human nature? Even before Freud, Western psychology was based on a medical model, and it still focuses primarily on pathology. The psychiatric profession’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which orients the work of most therapists, clinics and health care providers, is a comprehensive listing of hundreds of psychological problems and diseases. Categorizing problems helps us to study them and then, it is hoped, cure them in the most scientific and economically efficient way. But often we give so much attention to our protective layers of fear, depression, confusion, and aggression that we forget who we really are.

As a teacher, I see this all the time. When a middle-aged man named Marty came to see me after a year of painful separation and divorce, he was caught in the repetitive cycles of unworthiness and shame that he had carried since childhood. He believed there was something terribly wrong with him. He had forgotten his original goodness. When a young woman, Jan, came to Buddhist practice after a long struggle with anxiety and depression, she had a hard time letting go of her self-image as a broken and damaged person. For years she had seen herself only through her diagnosis and the various medications that had failed to control it.

As psychology becomes more pharmacologically oriented, this medical model is reinforced. Today, most of the millions of adults seeking mental health support are quickly put on medication. Even more troubling, hundreds of thousands of children are being prescribed powerful psychiatric drugs for conditions ranging from ADHD to the newly popular diagnosis of childhood bipolar disorder. While these medications may be appropriate, even lifesaving, in some cases, laypeople and professionals increasingly look for a pill as the answer to human confusion and suffering. It need not be so.’

- Jack Kornfield, The Wise Heart: Buddhist Psychology for The West.

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Ever since heavy’s heart transplant, he didn’t just become stronger and more badass. Nope. He also decided to go into the medical field and learn how to fix slimy, bloody and just blown up people B)