Born (possibly out of wedlock?) in a stable, this jobless
thirty-something of Middle Eastern origin had had previous run-ins with
local authorities for disturbing the peace, and had become increasingly
associated with the members of a fringe religious group. He spent the
majority of his time in the company of sex workers and criminals.
had had prior run-ins with local authorities — most notably, an
incident of vandalism in a community center when he wrecked the tables
of several licensed money-lenders and bird-sellers. He had used violent
language, too, claiming that he could destroy a gathering place and
At the time of his arrest, he had not held a fixed
residence for years. Instead, he led an itinerant lifestyle, staying at
the homes of friends and advocating the redistribution of wealth.
had come to the attention of the authorities more than once for his
unauthorized distribution of food, disruptive public behavior, and
participation in farcical aquatic ceremonies.
Some say that his
brutal punishment at the hands of the state was out of proportion to and
unrelated to any of these incidents in his record.
But after all, he was no angel.
Both scathing current events commentary and probably the best media writing I’ve seen on Jesus’ death, tbqh.
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i want to remind everyone that in literary analysis and film analysis, any analysis is valid as long as it uses all the information given
i want to remind everyone that content creator(s) sometimes don’t fully understand what they created. for example, jk rowling does not seem to realize she made draco malfoy inherently good in the end
i want to remind everyone that media, but especially art, is given value and meaning by the consumers. it can mean different things to different people and in fact that’s what i find most valuable about media. the best art does not give everyone the same emotions and thoughts.
so WE WERE RIGHT. we did not see stuff that wasn’t there just because the stuff we found wasn’t what the creators thought they were putting in.
Through trial and error across my academic career, I’ve developed a system of textbook studying that’s been very successful for me even in graduate school. This post outlines my basic procedure. Of course, different techniques work for different people, so be sure to pick and choose which ideas you add to your own strategies. Thanks in advance for reading!
Reading a textbook is a formidable task; after all, they contain a lot of information per page across a lot of pages. Therefore, it’s useful to divide the book into more manageable pieces. Most textbooks do a pretty good job of this by pre-dividing the material into sections (or even subsections). If there’s no pre-existing division (or if each division is fairly lengthy), I recommend focusing on about 10 pages at a time. However you choose to divide, my basic strategy amounts to this:
Tackle the textbook section-by-section, only moving onto a new section once you’re comfortable with the previous section.
If you’re under a time constraint, then I’d say make yourself as comfortable as you can within that constraint.
This begs the question: how do you become comfortable with a section? Well, you’ll need to read it more than once. Today I’m primarily discussing how to make your first reading as useful as possible, especially for future readings.
First off, I suggest reading through the section in its entirety on your first pass. There will be material you don’t understand, but that’s okay: spend a couple of minutes trying to understand it and then move on. During your first reading, you’re getting the lay of the land; you don’t have to understand everything perfectly (or even at all).
Along the way, I keep track of my understanding via sticky notes, flags, and index cards.
My Index Cards Strategy
I keep three types of index cards as I read, each with its own theme:
Questions: This index card lists questions I think of while reading, usually organized by the page number on which I have the question. Questions include things like “What’s [specific terminology] mean?”, or “Is this related to [some other topic]?”, or even as generic as “What is [this subsection] talking about?”
Definitions: When a new word is introduced, I write it down on my definitions card. Beside each word I draw a bubble in one of three colors, with each color representing my current understanding of the word and related concepts: green means “fine as is”, orange means “could use attention”, and red means “absolutely needs attention.”
Notations: Some textbooks use abbreviations or symbols that I don’t recognize, so I keep an index card of these notations for quick reference.
You can easily replace this system’s index cards with notebook pages or similar media. Whatever works best for you!
My Sticky Notes and Flags Strategy
Using sticky notes placed within the textbook, I summarize challenging paragraphs and recap important ideas. This process forces me to grapple with the text, ultimately resulting in nice one-sentence summaries. These summaries help concepts stick in my brain and are extremely useful on subsequent reads of the text. I also use sticky notes to write questions that I couldn’t fit on my questions card. For the most difficult passages, I use flags: a quick, wordless way of saying “What in the world is this author talking about???”
Post-Reading Analysis and Subsequent Reading
I love this system because it not only lets me know how I feel about the material, but also generates specific concrete tasks to better my understanding. The vague task that is “learn this subject” becomes the more manageable tasks of “answer these questions”, “learn these words”, and “summarize these topics.”
I try to do the first reading in a single study session (although it’s not imperative to do so). Then, in a separate study session, I look up topics and words that I struggled with. The internet is particularly useful for this! Once I’ve improved my understanding some, I begin reading through the section again, this time with a fine-toothed comb. I use the notes I made the first time as guidelines for where I should spend my time and energy.
It’s very likely that during my second (and subsequent) reads I’ll think of new questions or come up with new ways of recapping material; in that case, I record them just as I did during the first reading.
In this way, I keep revisiting material I don’t understand until I feel like I understand it; again, external resources can be very useful for this! I only consider the section completed once I have a solid understanding of the section’s terminology and big ideas. Chances are I’ll still have questions at that point, but that’s okay:
I aim to be comfortable with the material, which is not the same as understanding 100% of what’s written in the textbook.
So, yeah! That’s my method in a nutshell. I hope you find parts of it useful in your own studies!
Thanks for reading! I’m wishing you the best of luck!
Can I talk about one line I especially appreciate in Undertale?
On it’s own, this line is a huge wham line of feelings on its own. It’s one of the pinnacles of the Pacifist run. It’s a single sentence basically summing up the morals used through said run, and it’s pretty heavy. But it also has a personal meaning to me, and I’d like to talk about the way the lowercase ‘love’ is used.
Throughout the game of Undertale there is no direct romance involving Frisk. (They’re a child, first of all, and that’s just not the focus of the game in general), yet, this term is used.
‘Love’. In media you never really hear that outside of sexual and/or romantic relationships. You only hear the term ‘love’ when kisses or romantic partners are being described. And as an Aromantic it’s almost alienating to me. You can’t ‘love’ your friends in media. You’re ‘best friends’. Or you ‘Care about each other’. And in familial relationships only young children tend to say they ‘love’ each other. It’s never used like that. It’s as if media treats those two types of love as somehow less real.
But they’re not. They’re just as, if not more, important as romantic ‘love’. And frankly I love that this one line throws that idea down the drain.
let’s compare kara’s love interests (canon and non-canon):
cat: owns a huge media company that can spread news to millions of people. while she does support supergirl, she wants to actively show those who don’t have superpowers that they can be heroes too. she knows the importance of the media and does her best to spread messages of hope and empowerment. this is an especially important message after recent events.
james: he never wanted to be a hero to get close to kara, he wants to be a hero because he wants to help people the way his superpowered friends do. while this season the writers seem to have forgotten about the importance of regular people being heroes, james, at least season 1 james, does know. for example, in human for a day, his picture of kara getting the robber to hand over his gun was meant to empower those who were scared after the earthquake.
winn: like james, winn has been friends with a superhero and he wants to help people in that way as well. he doesn’t do it through combat but by helping james, he is a hero. he also most likely wants to prove himself to those who know about his father.
lena: despite her upbringing, lena genuinely wants to change and lose those ideologies she learned. she has constantly been proving herself by saving the people at the gala, saving all the aliens in national city (and maybe the world), and helping kara in any way she can to go against her mother and cadmus. she does not have any ulterior motives besides wanting to do the right thing and help show that not every luthor is bad
mon-el: the only reason, and i mean only reason, why he ever wanted to be a hero was because he wanted to get in kara’s pants.
This is Gus. I adopted him a year ago after he was found running loose with no tag, microchip or any responses to his picture being shared on the shelters social media. He’s my best hiking buddy, nap partner and all around friend. He loves his car rides and is just about the friendliest dog I’ve ever met. I’m very lucky to have him ❤️
I’ve been on the internet long enough to know that pretty much every fanbase is shit. Even for the best media, there’s always that handful of shitty fans. What that handful consists of depends on what you don’t like and the media in question. Don’t let those people ruin a thing for you. Minecraft is great for chilling out for a while, Homestuck is genuinely interesting because of its scope, Undertale had some interesting commentary on rpgs. You don’t have to interact with something’s fanbase if you don’t want to.
“Can you smell that? Like rotting flesh. Just like back in Antiva City. Now if only you could find me a prostitute or two, a bowl of fish chowder and a corrupt politician, I’d really feel like I was home!”
1. What’s your middle name, and do you like it?
2. Have you had your first kiss?
3. What is your life goal?
4. Who’s your biggest inspiration?
5. Do you have any cool talents?
6. What’s your worst fear?
7. Are you a morning person?
8. How do you feel about pet names?
9. Do you like to read?
10. What’s the best dream you’ve ever had?
11. Have you ever kissed someone of your same gender?
12. What’s something that makes you vulnerable?
13. What would you name your children?
14. Who’s your celebrity crush?
15. Dogs or Cats?
16. Most used social media?
17. Best friends’/’s name/s?
18. Chocolate or Sugar?
19. Do you like roller-coasters?
20. What would you do it the event of an apocalypse?
21. What’s your favorite colour?
22. Favorite singer?
23. Do you see yourself being famous someday?
24. Do you like dresses?
25. Favorite song right now?
26. Are you a horror girl?
27. Are you good at giving advice?
28. Tell us a story about your childhood.
29. Can you dance?
28. Is there anything you can do that you can’t remember never doing?
29. Have you ever made a huge fool of yourself?
30. Do you have good friends?
31. List all the TV shows you are watching.
32. Are you organized?
33. What was the last movie you saw? Opinion?
34. Which TV character can you relate to the most?
35. What would you change about your life if you knew you would never die?
36. What would you do differently if no one was judging you?
37. If you could start over, what would you do differently?
38. What did you want to be when you were a kid?
39. When did you not speak up, when you know you really should’ve?
40. Describe the next five years of your life, in a single sentence.
41. If you could live forever, how would you spend eternity?
42. How would you spend a billion dollars?
43. If you could time travel, would you go to the past of the future?
44. What’s your fondest childhood memory?
45. What would you have to see to cry tears of joy?
46. What would you do if you could be invisible?
47. What’s something you can’t do no matter how hard you try?
48. How did your first crush develop?
49. Have you ever shot a gun?
50. What is the hardest lesson you ever learnt in life?
Let’s talk about the amazing women in Louis’ life, then.
I want to give a shout out on this International Women’s Day to the amazing, beautiful and caring women in Louis Tomlinson’s life.
1. His late mother, Johannah Deakin. amazing mother of seven, wife and dedicated nurse. She, alongside to Louis, created and encouraged various charities and activities to advocate these. She ran Louis’ first ever label along with him and constantly interacted with fans and encouraged and celebrated an projects like Project No Control.
2. The oldest of his younger siblings, Charlotte “Lottie” Tomlinson, an accomplished stylist hired by Selena Gomez and Louisa Johnson, She’s also the very proud creator and owner of her own, very successful, cosmetic collection in which she collaborated with Matchbox. She’s also the person who very actively raised the younger twins along with Dan and her boyfriend Tommy.
3. The second oldest of his younger siblings, Felicite “Fizzy” Tomlinson, a beautiful young woman with incredible intelligence and education. She’s a very active person on social media for the best reasons possible. She’s an incredibly intelligent young woman with interest in human rights and feminism and is very vocal about the issues the world faces. A lovely human all around.
4. The oldest twins, Phoebe and Daisy Tomlinson. Regardless of their young age, these girls have both managed to gain and sustain quite the social media standing and have even managed to create their own cosmetics collection just like their eldest sister, Lottie. (I’ve not put a picture of them here because i feel they’re too young.)
So, yes, let’s talk about the absolutely amazing women in Louis’ life that contributed to his growth as a person, let’s talk about the women that have been there every step of the way without being rude or offensive in any way. Lte’s talk about the women in his life that have not been racist, ableist, homophobic, fatphobic, islamophobic or just generally rude. If you want to talk about the amazing women in his life then I’m all for it but make sure you talk about the ones who have time and time again shown they deserve that title.