SALTWATER SCHOOL:  Casting a Circle for Beginners

Originally posted by thewitchystuff

Witchlings and Baby Witches, gather ‘round to learn how to cast a simple Circle.  You may be wondering, “Why do we cast Circles?” and that can be easily answered!  Most of the time, we cast Circles to create a sacred space where our spellwork and rituals can be conducted.  There are other various reasons, but you can discover that with time, research, and practice.  For this lesson, we are going to focus on creating that sacred space for you.


**Circles can be cast alone or with others.  If you are participating with other witches, you may want to print them off a “script” of what will be said and done that way everyone can participate.  Change “I” in the script to “we”, “me” to “us”, and so on and so forth.

**Circles can be cast indoors and outdoors.  However, I do caution you not to cast Circles without getting the permission of the person who owns said space, home, property, etc.  

**You can decorate and dress up for your Circle casting.  Using the appropriate colors, plants, stones, and meaningful objects can aid in powering your Circle.  This, however, is not necessary.

**Decide in advance what will be done in the Circle.  Make a plan of what you want to do inside your circle, whether it worship, prayer, spellwork, or meditation.  Don’t feel rushed and take your time.  

**Music may be used to accompany the Circle casting and rituals.  I typically choose songs that don’t have words.  (I get distracted easily by music.)

**Feel free to customize these words and tailor them to fit your own practices.  You can substitute “walls and floors” with “foliage, stones, and ground” if you are casting outside.  Names for Gods and Goddesses may be used in place of “Lord and Lady.”

**There is no right way to cast a Circle.  There are many traditions that different witches use.  Find what you like, experiment and customize your circle casting ritual.

**NOTE**  This is just one example of how to cast a Circle (one I used when I was just starting out.)


Candles, incense, matches (or a lighter), representations of the four corners, decorations, an athame (ceremonial knife) or wand. 


1.  Ground and center, and then lay out where your Circle will be cast.  This doesn’t have to be physically marked, but I have seen people use cord, chalk, and candles.  (Note: using lit candles can be dangerous.  Please take precautions when doing this.  We don’t want anyone or anything getting hurt.)  I used to create a small altar at the direction North with representations of the four elements.

2.  Light incense and candles, and make your announcement:  The Circle is about to be cast and I freely stand within to greet my Lady and my Lord.

3.  Take one candle in hand and begin walking the Circle.  Here, we are acknowledging the Four Quarters (North, South, East, and West.)  We will stop at each direction and call out the corresponding greeting found below.  For this, we will walk deosil around our Circle.  To move deosil is to move in a clockwise (or sunwise) direction.  Once you have finished acknowledging the directions, return to North.

–North:  I call upon Light and Earth at the North to illuminate and strengthen the Circle.
–East:  I call upon Light and Air at the East to illuminate and enliven the Circle.
–South:  I call upon Light and Fire at the South to illuminate and warm the Circle.
–West:  I call upon Light and Water at the South to illuminate and cleanse the Circle.

4.  Return the candle to its rightful place and raise the athame or wand into your hand facing North.  Call out:  I draw this Circle in the Presence of the Lady and the Lord that They may aid and bless me in my work.

5.  Lower the athame or wand and walk deosil once more around the Circle, envisioning a blue light shoot out from the Circle’s boundary.  Call out:  This is the boundary of the Circle, around me, through walls and floors, above me and below me as a sphere is the Circle cast and consecrated to the Lady and the Lord that They may work with and through Their child, (your name/Craft Name).  This Circle is charged by the power of the Ancient Ones!  Only love shall enter and leave.

Begin your ritual, spellcasting, meditation, or any other word you wish inside the Circle.  Within it, you will be protected.  However, a word of caution: if you are a witchling, make sure you do not over exert yourself inside the Circle.  Casting any magic can make anyone grow weary or tired, so be aware of how much energy you are expending.  Like any magic, it takes time and practice.  When you have finished your work, you will open your Circle.


6.  Take the athame or wand in hand both hands facing North.  Call out:  Lord and Lady, I have been blessed by Your sharing this time with me; watching and guarding me; guiding me here and in all things.  I came in love and I depart in love.

7.  Raise the athame or wand high in the air in salute.  Call out:  Love is the Law and Love is the Bond.  Merry did I meet, merry do I part, and merry will I meet again.  The Circle is cleansed.

8.  Kiss the flat of the blade or the tip of the wand.  Here, we will bid farewell to the Quarters and move widdershins.  Widdershins, which can be spelled withershins, widershins, widderschynnes, appears to come from German and Lowland Scottish. In German, widersinning means “against the senses”, that is “not the usual”, or “against the grain.”  For our purposes, it means to move counter-clockwise.  So, we will go from North to West, South, and East.  As you move, this would be the time to blow out candles if they are how you laid out your Circle.  Once you have finished saying goodbye to the Quarters, return North.

–Depart in peace, Elemental Earth.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Water.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Fire.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Air.  My blessings take with you!

9.  Raise your arms into the air with athame or wand in hand.  Call out:  Beings and powers of the visible and invisible, depart in peace!  You aid in my work, whisper in my mind, and bless me from the Otherworld.  Let there ever be harmony between us.  My blessings take with you.  The Circle is cleared!

10.  Take the athame or wand in hand, and move widdershins once more around the Circle, calling out:  The Circle is open yet the Circle remains as its magical power is drawn back into me.  The Circle has been cleared.  My ritual has ended.

11.  Place athame or wand aside, and take a seat on the floor (you may also lie on your back.)  Close your eyes and focus on grounding excess energy by touching your palms to the floor.  Let the magic in the room (or outdoors) disperse and settle.  Take a few deep breaths, open your eyes, and begin cleaning up your space.

I hope all of you find this helpful.  Again, Circle casting can be completely tailored and customized for your needs, and you don’t have to cast one this way.  It is meant to be a resource for those just starting out.  If you have any questions, you can reach me via ASK or by messaging me.

Blessings, little ones!

Other lessons in the Saltwater School series:  Making Your Own Tarot Workbook

anonymous asked:

I live in Germany (but Im arab) and in German "Kimme" means "ass crack" and in Bavarian/Austrian dialect putting an "l" or "el" at the end of words makes the word "smaller" (like book -> booklet), so "Jimmy Kimmel" to me sounds like "Jimmy little ass crack" and if I would have this name I would not make fun about other names


The German Creation Story
  • Day 1: On the first day, God created "warum".
  • Day 2: On the second day, God created "wieso".
  • Day 3: On the third day, God created "wozu".
  • Day 4: On the fourth day, God created "wofür".
  • Day 5: On the fifth day, God created "weshalb".
  • Day 6: On the sixth day, God created "weswegen".
  • Day 7: On the seventh day, after being satisfied with his creation of SIX different ways of saying WHY, with pretty much the same meaning, God rested.
Germany 101: German Federal Elections

On September 24th 61.5 million German voters will decide on the central decision in their democracy: who should represent them in Parliament and eventually govern the country? Elections to the German Bundestag (like our House of Representatives) are held about every four years, with the last election having been held in fall of 2013.

The Basics

In grade school, most Germans are taught about the five principles in the Basic Law which stipulate that the members of the Bundestag be elected in “general, direct, free, equal and secret elections”. “General” means that all German citizens are able to vote once they have reached the age of 18. The elections are “direct” because citizens vote for their representatives directly without the mediation of delegates to an electoral college. “Free” means that no pressure of any kind may be exerted on voters. “Equal” means that each vote cast carries the same weight with respect to the composition of the Bundestag. “Secret” means that each individual must be able to vote without others learning which party or candidate he or she has chosen to support.

Where Do You Vote?

Germans have the options of voting at polling stations for example in community centers or schools, or sending in their vote by mail.

So. Many. Parties.

Germany has a lot more political parties than the United States. This is due to the fact that the German electoral system uses a proportional system, which means that all parties get a share of the available seats that reflect their share of the popular vote. However, not to have too many political factions which would make the decision making process nearly impossible – and Parties can get pretty specific as to what they stand for – Germany implemented the “five per cent clause” which means a party needs at least five percent of the votes cast to be represented in the Bundestag.

According to the German Research Institute the following parties are likely to be represented in the next German Bundestag, as they are expected to satisfy the five per cent clause:

  • CDU/CSU (the Union parties): a political alliance of the two parties representing conservative Christian-democratic policies, political home of the current Chancellor Angela Merkel and part of the governing “grand coalition”
  • SPD: the center-left social democratic party promoting “socially just” policies, the other member of the currently governing “grand coalition”
  • Die Linke: “the left” party – a democratic socialist and left-wing populist party
  • BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN: the green party which traditionally focuses on topics such as environmental protection
  • FDP: the “free democratic” party - a (classical) liberal political party
  • AfD: a right-wing populist and Eurosceptic party newly founded in 2013

First and Second Vote

Voters actually have two decisions to make when they go to their polling booth.  This part can get tricky.

The first vote is for the representative of your district. There are 299 electoral districts in Germany and the winner of each district gets a seat in the Bundestag.

The second vote is debatably the more important vote, which is cast not for a person but for a party. The number of seats a party gets in the Bundestag is based on what proportion they get of the second votes. Since the first votes for district representatives take up 299 seats of the Bundestag, the remaining 299 seats are filled up by representatives of each party until each party is proportionally represented.

And now it’s going to get really complicated (also for Germans, believe it or not): In case a party gets more directly elected candidates by the first votes than proportional seats by the second votes, these candidates nonetheless remain part of the new Bundestag. This is called an “Überhangmandat”. The other parties then get seats added proportionally which makes the Bundestag even bigger. The last four years, because of this phenomenon there were in total 631 Members of the German Bundestag instead of the legally foreseen 598.


“Coalition” is not a word used in American politics. Coalitions are alliances formed by different parties in the Bundestag to end up with a group that makes up more than 50% of the seats. Traditionally the party with the most votes tries to form a coalition first. Typically coalitions have been comprised by two parties in the past, but in the future coalitions of three or more parties could be a reality. Why do this? Due to the voting system which is a proportional and not a majority one, this is in most cases the only way to create a majority in the Bundestag which is necessary to pass laws. The coalition parties tend to negotiate a coalition agreement at the start of their cooperation which lays out their policy goals for the coming legislative period. Though the majority party within the coalition typically has more sway in what stance the coalition will take on certain issues – such as who the Chancellor will be – the smaller party benefits from the coalition by typically receiving several Minister positions (think Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, etc.) which are filled with members of their party. They might also enforce some stances on their core political issues as long as they can get the “bigger” coalition partner to agree in the negotiations.

Wrap Up

  • German elections are general, direct, free, equal, and secret
  • Germans vote in person or via mail
  • There are a bunch of parties to choose from representing the full political spectrum from far left to far right
  • Two votes: a first vote for a specific candidate representing your district and a second vote for your party determining the number of seats per party
  • A Coalition is formed after all votes are in to create a group that holds more than 50% of the Bundestag seats

Got more questions? Shoot them to us in the comments below!

  • Soldier 76: Come on guys, why would I lie? We’re all Americans here!
  • Mercy: Well, not all of us, obviously. I mean, Reinhardt’s German and Zarya’s from Russ-
  • Zarya: *Elbows Mercy*
  • Mercy: Ow! What?? Oh…
  • Zarya: Haha! Germany! Russia! Is big joke! Big American joke on Soldier 76!
  • Soldier 76: Haha! You got me!
  • Zarya: Ohh, America. It is the place I am from.
  • Submitted by psychiclion

Porpentina “Tina” Goldstein:  

“Porpentina is derived from the archaic word “Porpentine”. Porpentine is a form of the term “porcupine”, used by William Shakespeare in the play Hamlet. Tina originates from the Old English “Tyne” meaning river. Goldstein is an occupational German name, meaning “gold” with Stein being translated to “stone”.

German Is Weird

In German we have two words for owner: “Besitzer”, which is used for inanimate objects and “Halter” (which literally translates to “holder”), which is used for livestock and pets.

But sometimes we also call car owners “Fahrzeughalter” (literally translated: vehicle holder) and this means that, to Germans, cars are alive, similar to pets and livestock and I think that’s beautiful.

Element Names: Earth

Word Names

  • Abelia
  • Acacia
  • Agate
  • Alder
  • Aloe
  • Amaryllis
  • Amber
  • Amethyst
  • Anethum (“Dill”)
  • Arabis
  • Aralia
  • Artemisia
  • Ash
  • Atlas
  • Azalea
  • Bassia
  • Birch
  • Blossom
  • Bluebell
  • Borax
  • Bud
  • Buttercup
  • Cactus
  • Calla
  • Calopyxis
  • Carnelian
  • Cedar
  • Cedrela
  • Cinnamon
  • Citrine
  • Citrus
  • Clay
  • Copper
  • Crocus
  • Cypress
  • Daffodil
  • Dahlia
  • Delonix
  • Dirt
  • Drynaria
  • Dypsis
  • Elettaria
  • Elm
  • Emerald
  • Ephedra
  • Fig
  • Flint
  • Freesia
  • Garden
  • Garnet
  • Ginger
  • Gloxinia
  • Gold
  • Grass
  • Hazel
  • Holly
  • Iris
  • Ivy
  • Jasmine
  • Jet
  • Lavender
  • Lilac
  • Lotus
  • Marigold
  • Meadow
  • Mint
  • Moss
  • Nemesia
  • Oak
  • Obsidian
  • Olivine
  • Onyx
  • Opal
  • Orchid
  • Oregano
  • Oxlip
  • Palm
  • Peridot (pronounced like “Pear-e-doe”)
  • Pine
  • Pollen
  • Poppy
  • Primrose
  • Quartz
  • Ravenna [Grass]
  • Rose
  • Sand
  • Sage
  • Sepal
  • Silver
  • Soil
  • Stalk
  • Styx
  • Terrain
  • Thistle
  • Thyme
  • Topaz
  • Trillium
  • Verbena
  • Vine
  • Wren
  • Yarrow
  • Zephyr
  • Zeolite
  • Zinnia
  • Zircon

Words with “Earth” related meanings

  • Abilene: Hebrew; meaning “land of meadows”
  • Ajax: Greek; meaning “of the earth”
  • Artemis: Greek mythology; goddess of the hunt, wild animals, etc.
  • Artois: French, place name
  • Avalon: Welsh; place name related to the myth of King Arthur
  • Avani: Hindi; meaning “man from the red earth”
  • Caius: Latin; meaning “person of earth”
  • Candana: Hindi; meaning “sandalwood”
  • Chloris: Greek mythology: goddess of flower
  • Cyllene: Greek mythology; a “oread” i.e. a mountain nymph
  • Dacia: Latin; place name
  • Demeter: Greek mythology; meaning “earth mother”
    • Variations: Demetria/Demetri/Demetrius
  • Echo: Greek mythology; a “oread” i.e. a mountain nymph
  • Eurydice: Greek mythology; a “dryad” i.e. tree nymph
  • Fan: Chinese; meaning “earth”
  • Flora: Roman mythology: goddess of flowers and the spring
  • Gaia: Greek mythology; meaning: “earth”
  • Holden: English; meaning “hollow valley”
  • Inika: Sanskrit; meaning “small earth”
  • Ivo: German; meaning “yew wood”
  • Kiah: Welsh; meaning “person of earth”
  • Leilani: Hawaiian; meaning “heavenly flower”
  • Rikuto: Japanese; meaning “land + person”
  • Silas: English; meaning “wood, forest”
  • Silvanus: Roman mythology; deity of the woods
  • Terra: English; meaning “land, earth”
  • Veles: Slavic mythology; god of earth/waters/underworld
  • Viridios: Celtic mythology; god of vegetation…
  • Zola: Latin; meaning “earth”

Last Names

  • Ebner: German; meaning “dweller on a flat piece of land”
  • Edgeworth: plant
  • Garland: English; meaning “triangle land”
  • Goldenrod: flower
  • Harlan: English; meaning “hare land”
  • Hawthorn: tree
  • Knotweed: plant
  • Larkspur: flower
  • Sandwort: flower
  • Silverberry: plant/bush
  • Whitlow: grass
  • Yarley: English: meaning “fenced meadow”
  • Zeman: Czech; meaning “landowner”

Not a complete list, but hopefully good for inspiration.

I didn’t add every single flower or plant or animal, etc.—the list would be ridiculous—just my favorites. Feel free to look up any others you may like (example: food, minerals, flowers, animals except birds), and add them on here!

Happy writing!

English speakers often struggle with German word order and verb forms. But here are three situations which are especially confusing for English speakers when learning German! If you have any questions, let me know.


Wenn, as you’ll come to realise, is often times a false friend. It sounds like when, and in some cases it does mean when, but not always. Take a look at these examples:

Wann muss ich nach Hause? - Wenn es dunkel wird.
When do I have to come home? - When it’s getting dark.

Ich weiß noch nicht, wann ich nach Hause komme.
I don’t know when I’ll be coming home.

If it’s a question or a negated statement, you always use wann!

The first is a question, so you use wann. The second is the reply. In the second example the speaker can’t pinpoint the exact time of his return. He uses a negation (nicht). Therefore, he has to say wann.


In this case, ‘if’ is the confusing word. Germans also struggle with this when learning English. If and when don’t correlate the same way as wenn/falls and ob do. Take a look at the following examples:

Kommst du mit an den See? - Ja, wenn/falls es nicht regnet.
Are you coming along to the lake? - Yes, if/in case it doesn’t rain.

Weißt du, ob das Wetter morgen schön sein soll?
Do you know if/whether the weather is supposed to be nice tomorrow?

‘wenn’ - used in if / in case situations. 
‘falls’ - can be used as a synonym for wenn, though it’s more formal. When in doubt, use wenn.
‘ob’ - used for conditional sentences and questions with a definite yes or no answer. If you can use ‘whether’ in English, it’s ‘ob’. Hint: there’s always a comma before ob.


Bekommen does not mean to become. It means to get/receive. Germans also mix these up when speaking English sometimes. To become is werden in German.

Ich bekomme ein Fahrrad zu Weihnachten!
I’m getting a bike for Christmas.

Kann ich Lehrer werden, wenn ich groß bin?
Can I become a teacher when I’m grown up?

NOTE: In some cases, to get can translate to werden. But to become NEVER means bekommen!!!!

Ich werde alt.
I’m getting old.

Just so we’re clear.

I’m not here for white tears about the fact that y'all can’t have white pride without being seen as racist. I know some people haven’t opened a history book in the last decade, but that doesn’t make the historical context of it go away.

Whiteness is a construct made specifically to oppress non-whites. And yes, some Europeans weren’t considered white, like the Irish. But guess what? They assimilated to whiteness. Today in the United States, they are considered white and they reap the benefits of whiteness. There are no longer “Irish Need Not Apply” signs in businesses. Gingers are not oppressed for their hair color. “Leprechaun” is not equivalent to the n-word or slurs hurled at Latinxs or other POC. Saying you have “white pride” is literally saying that you are proud of your oppressor status.

You can have your German pride, your Irish pride, your French pride. Those are nationalities, not races. This means that Irish/German/French Pride is NOT the same as White Pride. There are Black Irish, Black Germans, Black French, who could all have pride in the country they are born in. They may be a small percentage of those populations, but they still exist. Erasing them is an act of racism, point blank.

White Pride is the precursor to violence against non-white people. That is the historical context we have today. If I’m out and about and I hear someone shouting “White Pride!” I have to worry about my safety. White Pride rallies call for violence against Black people, Jewish people, Latinx people (and even if they are just saying “Mexican,” you know they’re talking about all of us), Asian people.. basically if you’re not white, they want you gone. And whether that’s voluntarily or by force, they don’t care. hell, I know some of them would love to try and violently force us out.

This is not the case for Black/Latinx Pride.

Black/Latinx Pride rallies don’t lead up to violence against whites. We are showing pride in our cultures, which white people have tried over and over to destroy or steal. We are showing pride in ourselves and our families and our ancestors for making it. For surviving the violence that has etched our history. We are showing that we still love ourselves despite being taught that we should be ashamed.

It’s not the same. 

Like at all.

And saying so, quite frankly, is racist as fuck.

So is coming to a person of color, a person who would be targeted by the neo nazis at UVA, with tears because saying that “white pride” is equivalent to “”“pale shaming”“”“ which is not a thing, but that’s a whoLe ‘nother argument.

Unbelievable that this has to be explained.

your daily reminder that “klein” means “small” in german. so “jared kleinman” means “jared smallman” and i think that’s beautiful.

Okie dokie, artichokeys! I reckon it’s probably been long enough that I should make another one of these posts; This blog, its writer (hey, that’s me) and all original (and also, I should very well hope, reblogged) posts on it are staunchly, vehemently, and unapologetically: 
and just generally,
ANTI-bigotry, in general (feel free to remind me of something I may have missed, if you’d like to see it specifically listed).

and thus, in logical-conjunction, are also:
PRO-”antifa” (~oooo!~)
PRO-poc lives and rights
PRO-lgbtqia+ (and NO the “A” doesn’t stand for “allies”, fuck me…)
PRO-working class
and just generally,
PRO-fucking everything that should just be inherent to being a decent person!! (again - tell me if i missed something you’d like to see specifically listed: I’ll edit the post. Plus, I try to do my best to make/keep this as a safe space, so please let me know if i have failed in anyway at anytime and I will work to fix it and to do better in the future).

If you are, or if you align yourself with, or if you even sympathise with: the people included in the “ANTI”-portion of this listing, kindly give yourself an habanero-salsa enema and get the fuck off this blog; I hate you. I despise you more than I could ever put into words but the curses i’ve posted on here might possibly give you an inkling of an understanding.
This space is not for you, these works are not for you - I am not for you; In fact it, they, and I are all very specifically against you (lemme give you a quick idea of what i mean; I am a German/Ashkenazi-Jew, agender, bisexual, anarchist) so leave! There are so many different and colourful ways for me to say it but they all boil down to one very simple and easy to understand command:


Dr. Flug Headcanons:

  • He has vitiligo, and is hereditary in Flug’s case.
  • Scars are littered across his body. After all the things I can assume that have happened during his employment at Black Hat Inc, he is bound to have them. 
  • FTM Flug.
  • I remember reading in a post somewhere that Flug’s name means flight in German and Slys (crash) in Icelandic (correct me if I’m wrong, please). Connect this with Flug being multilingual in Spanish, English, and German, I present you biracial Flug (German and Mexican!).
  • His favourite colour is yellow.
  • Flug absolutely adores all models of planes and aircraft’s. He can name many models from different eras, including their history. Black Hat finds this information useless, but Flug could care less.
  • This one is more of a fact (and canon by Alan Turiel): Flug has received his driver’s and pilot’s license.
  • Black Hat takes advantage of this and has promoted Flug to his chauffeur and personal pilot.
  • Flug probably has a pet he keeps in the lab. (I headcanon a ferret named Flossie.)

More headcanons to come!

I just remembered this gem from when I visited Paris:

We were staying at an AirBnb and we could not figure out how to leave the building (the trick was to press a button halfway down a dark hall and THEN the door would unlock to let you out).

So this old lady saw us struggling and she came out and started barking at us, and she kept pointing at the button and then the door until we figured it out, and then kept shouting at us as we left. She wasn’t being NICE but she was being HELPFUL in a crotchety-old-woman-who-is-sick-of-dumb-Americans kind of way.

“Tell her ‘Thank you. We are so sorry, we don’t speak French.” I said to Meghan, the only person in our party who knew French. I was already one foot out the door.

Megs had taken French in high school. She was currently taking French 1 at college, and was way past the class level. I really did not think this was a lot to ask.

“Um, um,” she spluttered. I could see she was frazzled. Her forehead was beaded with sweat. Her hair was doing that frightened stand-on-end anime thing. The air was tense. Everyone’s aura went dark.

The pressure was just too much.

Ich spreche kein Deutsch,” she blurted. 

  • This means “I don’t speak German”
  • …………………in German
  • Megs does not speak German. Presumably this is why the only phrase she knows is “I don’t speak German”

Anyway we got SCREAMED out the door and I swear this lady was about to beat her ass but I was absolutely crying with laughter. 

ladies and gentlemen my autocorrect

i mean sure

(also, German??? wat)

yeah yeah mhm cool cool let’s go on

i mean, do you guys know how many words in polish start with “gło” or “głó” but noo apparently i use glorfindel more often yes I do

okay autocorrect i admit this time you suggested my main character’s name and not Elrond or Elladan or Elrohir okay you got a point

and yet

not even three letters

should i start being concerned or-

ooh sibling combo

yep my tumblr tags….. obviously

autocorrect are you even trying to come up with something else

and to crown it all

*squints eyes at Melkor and Sauron*

(Simply because we know the articles to 98% of the words, we still make a lot of mistakes.)

1. dasselbe vs das gleiche:
I can’t tell you how many Germans get this wrong. English speakers are at a disadvantage here because both translate to ‘the same’ but there is, in fact, a difference. (Note: some Germans spell it ‘das selbe’. This is incorrect.)

Wir fahren das gleiche Auto und schlafen mit derselben Frau.
We drive the same car and sleep with (one and) the same woman.

As you can see, there is no difference in English and you’d have to get the meaning from context. German is more detailed. Of course the men in this do not own one car that they both drive. They both have their own cars but they are exactly the same in terms of brand/looks/mechanics/etc. But they are sleeping with one and the same woman.

Simple rule: if you could replace ‘the same’ with ‘one and the same’, it’s dasselbe. It not, it’s das gleiche. This works in German as well: if you can replace it with ‘ein und dasselbe’, it’s dasselbe

Of course this applies to derselbe/der gleiche and dieselbe/die gleiche just the same.

2. das vs dass: 
This one is difficult for Germans because you pronounce them exactly the same and for English speakers learning German because you say ‘that’ for both of them in English. Some Germans also seem to believe that every das that comes after a comma has a double s. This is simply not true. Here’s an example.

Er liest das Buch, das seine Mutter ihm gab. Sie wollte, dass er es in den Ferien liest.

The first das here is an article. Those always only have one s.
The second das is a relative clause. In that case, it is always written with one s.
The dass is a conjunction and marks the beginning of an accessory sentence (that is not a relative clause). This is the only case in which you use dass.

For the more advanced or the native speakers: if you could replace das with dieses or jenes or welches, then it’s das

For students of German: before our spelling reform, you used to write dass as daß. You might stumble across it in some books or texts and some newspapers still use the old way of spelling today. Don’t let that confuse you. There is no difference to dass, we simply write it differently now. This applies to a lot of ss vs ß.

3. einzige vs einzigste:
A lot of Germans use einzigste as an increase of einzige to exaggerate or stress it. This is incorrect. The adjective einzig cannot be put in comparison. (Though apparently it is acceptable in poetry, Idk.)

Ich war die einzige, die zu dem Treffen kam!
Ich war die einzigste, die zu dem Treffen kam! 
I was the only one who came to the meeting!

There are a lot more mistakes we make but this should be the most common. I hope this helps you! I’ll be making a post about common mistakes by English speakers learning German soon as well.

Element Names: Darkness/Night

Word Names

  • Abyss
  • Charcoal
  • Chasm
  • Cimmerian
  • Coal
  • Crow
  • Ebony
  • Eerie
  • Erebus
  • Gloom
  • Ink
  • Jet
  • Night
  • Noir
  • Obsidian
  • Onyx
  • Panther
  • Raven
  • Shade
  • Shadow
  • Smoke
  • Somber
  • Soot
  • Stygian
  • Void

Names with meanings related to “darkness”

  • Braith: Welsh; meaning “black and white”
  • Catahecassa: Native America Shawnee; meaning “dark hoof”
  • Cronan: Irish; meaning “dark one”
  • Darcy: Irish; meaning “dark”
  • Delaney: Irish; meaning “dark challenger”
  • Donovan: Irish; meaning “dark”
  • Hadrian: Latin; meaning “dark-haired”
  • Inali: Native America; meaning “black fox”
  • Isra: Arabic; meaning “journey of the night”
  • Itzal: Basque; meaning “shadow”
  • Kali: Indian/ Hindu goddess; meaning “the dark one”
  • Keir: Irish; meaning “dark/black”
  • Kieran: Irish; meaning “dark”
  • Layla: Arabic; meaning “night/black”
  • Lilith: Arabic; meaning “of the night”; Jewish mythology (female demon)
  • Melanie: Greek; meaning “black/dark skinned”
  • Melantha: Greek; meaning “dark flower”
  • Mercel: Dutch; meaning “black bird”
  • Nox: Latin; meaning “night”; also Roman mythology (equivalent to Greek goddess Nyx)
  • Nyx: Greek mythology (goddess of the night); meaning “night”
  • Orpheus: Greek; meaning “the darkness of night”
  • Perran: Cornish; meaning “little dark one”
  • Rajani: Sanskrit; meaning “dark; of the night”
  • Ravenna: English; meaning “raven”
  • Senka: Serbian/Croatian; meaning “shadow”
  • Shyam: Indian (Sanskrit); meaning “dark”
  • Sullivan: English; meaning “dark eyes”
  • Tamal/Tamala: Indian (Sanskrit); meaning “dark tree”
  • Tzila: Hebrew; meaning “shadow”
  • Umbrielle: Latin; meaning “one in the shadow”
  • Zilla: Hebrew; meaning “shadow”

 Last Names

  • Duff: Scottish; meaning “dark”
  • Dunkle: German; meaning “dark”
  • Rapp: German/Jewish; meaning “dark haired or raven-like”
Quote Prompts

1.       “Fancy meeting you here.” “I live here.”

2.       “Can you kiss my boo-boo?”

3.       “Why did this happen?” “Because sometimes life sucks.”

4.       “So I was thinking-“ “That’s a first.”

5.       “Disney World is the happiest place on earth, so smile.”

6.       “So before you go out there I just want to warn you someone broke in and destroyed our lamp. Thank god nothing was stolen.”

7.       “You can’t marry him.” “Why?” “Because you are supposed to marry me.”

8.       “Okay but hear me out, I’m pretty sure Bruce Wayne is Batman.”

9.       “I loved you. Do you understand that? I LOVED YOU!”

10.   “I hate you.” “No you don’t.”

11.   “Do you think birds are scared of heights?”

12.   “It’s always been you.”

13.   “How do you burn water?”

14.   “I think we should date.” “I think you should leave.”

15.   “If T-Rex’s had such big heads, how did they even sleep without falling over?”

16.   “It was an accident, I swear.”

17.   “I can’t. I’m sorry, I just can’t.”

18.   “You don’t like chocolate?” “No I’m not a fan of candy.” “Who are you?!” 

19.   “It’s like this every Thursday.”

20.   “Come get me?” “I’m on my way.”

21.   “So let me get this straight, Vader in German means father? He was literally called Darth Father!?”

22.   “So is that a no?”

23.   “I never wanted any of this to happen, you have to believe me.”

24.   “I wish for once, things would work out in my favor.”

25.   “Keep your head up kiddo.” “I’m older than you.”

26.   “Do you ever sleep?”

27.   “I think if dogs could talk they would get annoying quick.”

28.   “Once upon a time this was entertaining, now I just want to die of boredom.”

29.   “You jump, I jump.” “Oh my God, quit it with the Titanic references.” 

30.   “We should run away.”

31.   “Does anything ever last?”

32.   “You’ll be there right?” “Stop me if you can babe.”

33.   “I just think the life of a hobo wouldn’t be all that bad.” “You are literally homeless.” “So much freedom!”

34.   “Aww look at the happy couple.” “We’re brother and sister.”

35.   “If you tell them it’s my birthday to get free cake, so help me I will strangle you.”

36.   “Please. Please stay.”

37.   “I can’t live like this.”

38.   “That’s your third cookie.” “So what’s your point?”

39.   “Is this how it really ends?”

40.   “That’s it, I’m leaving.”

41.   “Someone is grumpy.” “Someone wants to die today.”

42.   “Weird, in that sweater you look just like my mom.”

43.   “How do you do that?” “What?” “Make me fall for you all over again?”

44.   “There was a time that line would have worked.”

45.   “How do I look?” “Well if you are going for drop dead sexy you nailed it, now change.”

46.   “What if we get caught?” “Then I bail and blame everything on you.”

47.   “I just wanted this to work out.”

48.   “I can’t live without you, why did you have to go?”

49.   “Hans Solo shot first, just saying.” “Oh so that’s what we are going to do today? Fight?”

50.   “I still love you.”