mdgs

UNIDO:Networks for Prosperity: Achieving Development Goals Through Knowledge Sharing

The report offers global connectedness ranking, says knowledge networks can achieve development goals.The report was funded by the Spanish MDG Achievement Fund (MDG-F) as part of a project that aims to establish a global knowledge system for private sector development. The report lays the basis for policy recommendations that will help developing countries acquire and adapt private sector development know-how.

The Report:

Photo: UN AIDS

odi.org.uk
A post-2015 global development agreement: why, what, who?

This paper discusses two aspects of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) agreement as global consensus on the main priorities for tackling poverty and as a political agreement about the level of accountability governments are prepared to accept for making changes. It summarises key data on progress towards the targets since the 1990s, and considers some key features of poverty and development today that are not covered by the MDGs.

Girls were left out of the original Millennium Development Goals aimed at tackling extreme poverty. That’s where the The Girl Declaration comes in – to make sure that girls’ voices are heard and their needs attended to, so that we can stop poverty before it starts. Read it, and visit The Girl Effect’s website to show your support for The Girl Declaration.

scientificamerican.com
Will Climate Change Make Life Harder for Girls?

A tough, but a necessary read. I’d be grateful if you reposted widely. Thx, m

A new study suggests that climate change will make life even more arduous for adolescent girls in the developing world.

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The report from the nonprofit Plan U.K., as well as the U.K. Department for International Development, focuses exclusively on the developing world’s 500 million adolescent girls. They are the ones, the authors note, who walk hours to find water and increasingly rare firewood, and are disproportionately killed or displaced in natural disasters.

It recommends increasing access to high-quality education as a means toward helping girls address gender discrimination as well as finding paid work and building more resilient families. That, in turn, the report argues, will help reduce girls’ vulnerability to climate change-related weather disasters.

Source: SciAm

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kadang2 saya berpikir, berapa daya tampung maksimal bumi terhadap populasi manusia? berapa banyak suplai air, makanan, dan energi yang cukup untuk memenuhi konsumsi manusia? 

DREAMERS WELCOME
Today, the United Nations Secretary-General marks 1,000 days until the target date for the Millennium Development Goals. UNICEF is seizing the opportunity to launch a digital journey through its dream for children.

The story of global development – of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Millennium Declaration – is not an easy one to tell.

Impressive gains have already been made: Over two billion people more gained access to clean and safe drinking water between 1990 and 2010; in many countries, many more children are now attending school and many more women are able to give birth safely.

What UNICEF and our partners have been striving for:

■That those children most in need are well-nourished and cared for.
■That more children go to school.
■That boys and girls look forward to equally bright futures.
■That more mothers are in good health.
■That more babies live to their fifth birthday – and beyond.
■That sick children get the care they need, and healthy children stay healthy.
■That more children have safe, happy childhoods, and adults know that it is a child’s right to have one.
■That more children drink clean and safe water.

Now, to mark the 1,000 day milestone, UNICEF is unveiling another element of that voice through a dedicated microsite: www.unicef.org/lastchild. Launched today, UNICEF is inviting the public to use the site to follow the story of the development agenda that was set in 2000, and the impact it has had on children.

The  microsite showcases the inspiring advances made for children through the joint efforts of UNICEF and its partners and draws attention to what still needs to be done to improve the life of the hardest-to-reach child – the ‘last child’.

What kind of dreamer are you?..visit our Last Child Microsite and decide for yourself.

The world has met the Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) target of halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water, according to a report issued today by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO). Between 1990 and 2010, over two billion people gained access to improved drinking water sources, such as piped supplies and protected wells.

The successful efforts to provide greater access to drinking water are a testament to all who see the MDGs not as a dream, but as a vital tool for improving the lives of millions of the poorest people.

Ban Ki-moon

Report full text (PDF)

Op-ed in The Guardian by Sanjay Wijesekera, Chief of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for UNICEF

Millennium Development Goals: Goal 7

Children are the makers and the markers of sustainable societies
Author: Richard Morgan, senior advisor on the Post-2015 Development Agenda at UNICEF
Published: Trust.org - 26 June 2013

The world is gearing up for the 2015 target date of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). At the same time, work has started on a new framework to guide priority efforts for human progress – including the eradication of poverty in all its forms.
 
Collectively, we now have another opportunity to set the course for a global sustainable development agenda. That brings many priorities and concerns different people will want to see included.
 
It will come as no surprise that the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is making the case that children are at the heart of what sustainability requires. 
 
Those of us immersed in all things “post-2015” speak about integrating the main dimensions of sustainable development - social, economic and environmental, underpinned by the principles of human rights, equality and sustainability - as the cornerstone for a new agenda. We hope it will take a people-centred approach, in which future human progress is led by and accountable to those whose lives are at stake.
 
We see children at the centre of this because they are both the makers and the markers of healthy, sustainable societies. They are the canary in the coalmine - the earliest warning we get when things go very wrong.
 
They are the first to suffer the adult sins of omission (neglect of their needs) and commission (violence and other violations of their rights). Children’s nutrition, health, safety, education and other rights are inextricably linked to future economic growth and shared prosperity, to a safe environment and more stable societies. We neglect these rights at our peril.
 
Evidence shows that how a child develops in the first 1,000 days of life will have lifelong implications for that child, and for society as a whole. Safe, healthy and well-educated children make up the foundation for society to thrive.
 
A lack of investment in child nutrition, health, care and education can lock individuals and their families into cycles of poverty for generations, and can be an entrenched barrier to their countries’ future progress.
 
Take stunting, for example. Dozens of countries report up to 40 percent of young children still suffering from stunted growth, with six countries exceeding 50 percent, according to the World Bank’s Global Monitoring Report 2012.
 
Preventing childhood stunting can help break the cycle of poverty and increase a country’s GDP by at least 2 to 3 percent annually, avoiding billions of dollars in lost productivity and healthcare spending. Childhood deaths and stunting are warning signs of failing, unsustainable development.
 
Exposure to violence also has life-long implications – from brain injury and physical trauma to depression and development delays. Children exposed to violence can often turn to drug abuse, criminal, violent and other risk-taking behaviours later in life. 
 
Because their bodies and brains are still developing, children are also more vulnerable to environmental pollution and the stresses of climate change. They are physiologically less able than adults to adapt to heat and other climate-related extremes. The effects on children of scarce and contaminated water and food are well-known.
 
INNOVATORS
 
Children today will shape and determine the societies in which they live. When a child is in poor health, has compromised brain functionality due to poor nutrition or trauma, does not receive a quality education, or does not feel safe at home, school or in the community, that child will be less likely to fulfil his/her potential as a parent, employee or entrepreneur, consumer or environmental protector.
 
Denying the individual child his or her rights deprives the entire human family of the benefits that derive from those rights.
 
Lastly, children are not passive recipients of development. They are the group with the most to win or lose from its success or failure.
 
At a recent U.N. Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals in June, a young woman called Ralien Bekkers spoke on behalf of the Major Group on Children and Youth. She challenged governments to “Talk, listen and work together with us for the challenges of our futures…We must become partners and allies for sustainable development.”
 
She pointed to examples of young people who are coming up with innovative solutions to major global challenges: an 18-year old Indian-American student who built an energy-efficient 20-second cell phone charger; a high school student in the U.S. who invented a fast and inexpensive cancer detector; and a 19-year-old boy from the Netherlands who has proposed a system to help clean plastic from the oceans.
 
We need children and young people to be empowered, supported and motivated to address the challenges we face globally and in our own societies. And they will only be able to meet those challenges if we invest in their health, nutrition, safety and learning opportunities today. Our common future depends on them.
 
UNICEF has recently released a position paper: Sustainable Development Starts and Ends with Safe, Healthy and Well-Educated Children.

Photo caption: Swaziland, 2009:  Children clap at a morning assembly at a UNICEF-supported child-friendly school in Mbabane.

Photo credit: © UNICEF/Giacomo Pirozzi

ghana180.co.uk
Sanitation Issues in Ghana

My former Kumasi housemate, Nathan, just wrote this well-researched blog post discussing one of the biggest development problems in Ghana: lack of sanitation.  Nathan returned to the UK in December, but during his six months in Ghana he worked to build latrines in a rural village near Kumasi.  He and I were chatting the other day about a World Bank statistic I found: less than 20% of Ghana’s urban population has access to sanitation facilities.  Among African countries, Ghana ranks second to last.

My experience with the lack of access to “excreta disposal facilities" has been disturbing.  It still upsets me that some schools have computer labs but don’t have any toilets.  NO TOILETS.  No pit toilets, no running water, nowhere for students to go but the bushes or the "urinals” (which just drain into the bushes), nowhere for a girl to attend to herself during menstruation, and nowhere for a student to go #2.  For the schools that do have toilets, they are so disgusting that some students still choose to defecate in the bushes.  The amount of shit on the floors and walls of these toilets, not to mention the flies and bugs in some of these facilities, is appalling.  As gross as it is, the fact that it is such a problem makes me wish I was doing work to solve this basic need.

So, kudos to Nathan, to the great work he did on water and sanitation with Ashanti Development, and to his continued dedication to bringing these problems to the forefront of development conversations.

We could see an end to extreme poverty by 2030, but inequality is getting in the way.
Right now, the UN is setting new global goals – and ending extreme poverty in 15 years is one of them. But to achieve this, world leaders have got to even up the gap between the richest and the rest with a fairer global tax system, decent wages for all and investment in vital public services like health and education.
If an end to extreme poverty is something you want to see, tell David Cameron to tackle inequality. Sign our petition: http://po.st/cVlBYU