maya-civilizations

New research reveals clues into downfall of Maya civilization

The reasons for the downfall of the once great and powerful Maya civilization has long been debated among scientists and historians. Countless theories for their decline have been proposed ranging from overhunting to foreign invasion, climate change, deforestation, drought, disease, peasant revolt, and even supernatural explanations. A new study has been released than strengthens the theory that drought played a major role in their demise.

Read more …

This Week in Science - April 22 - 28, 2013:

  • Bone marrow stem cells here.
  • Olympic torch spacewalk here.
  • Dutch reality show for Mars volunteers here.
  • Small fairyfly here.
  • Theory of gravity test here.
  • Maya civilization origins discovery here.
  • Earth’s center here.
  • Sea-surface temperatures here.
  • Synthetic skin here.
  • Iron clumps in bird ears here.
  • Students discovered comet here.
  • Illegal drug breathalyzer here.
New research reveals clues into downfall of Maya civilization

The reasons for the downfall of the once great and powerful Maya civilization has long been debated among scientists and historians. Countless theories for their decline have been proposed ranging from overhunting to foreign invasion, climate change, deforestation, drought, disease, peasant revolt, and even supernatural explanations. A new study has been released than strengthens the theory that drought played a major role in their demise.

Read more …

theguardian.com
Mexican researchers decode name on Mayan King Pakal's tomb

Researchers in Mexico say they have decoded the hieroglyphic name on the tomb of ancient Mayan King Pakal, revealing it to read “The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears”, more than 60 years after the crypt was discovered.

Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruz Lhuillier discovered the burial crypt at the Paelenque archaeological site in 1948. But new research into the jaguar, a sacred animal for the Maya civilization, has led Guillermo Bernal, from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), to make a link with other hieroglyphics of the same form.

“This is a name linked with war and an aspect which was not previously known as the hieroglyphic (could not be) deciphered until now,” Bernal, from UNAM’s Mayan Studies Centre, told a news conference in Mexico City on Monday.

“‘The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears’ is a denomination represented by the nine warriors in the walls of the tomb.”

Born in the seventh century, King K’inich Janaab’ Pakal is said to have ascended to the throne aged 12. He led a prosperous government in the ancient city of Palenque and is believed to have been behind the building of its finest architecture.

“This expression is more commonly seen in the classical period, specifically in the eighth century between the years 700 CE to 800 CE, which is the last century of the Mayan culture and very close to its collapse,” Bernal said.

“In the years following 800 CE, the Mayan cities started to collapse. That (event) has a strong relationship with the frequency of the number of wars which began in this century.”

The Maya civilization, which developed hieroglyphic writing, a calendar and astronomical system, reached its peak of influence between AD 250 and 900, extending its reach over what is now Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.

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THE CLASSIC MAYA COLLAPSE: 

THE Terminal Classic period in Mesoamerica between c. 800 and 925 CE saw one of the most dramatic civilization collapses in history. Within a century or so the flourishing Classic Maya civilization fell into a permanent decline, so that once great cities were abandoned and left to ruin, in many cases, to be reclaimed by the jungle and so disappear from human memory for centuries. 

Some northern Maya cities, conversely, prospered like never before in this period, as did the Maya along the Gulf Coast and central highlands of Mexico; however, for the majority of the Maya in the southern lowlands, the period was nothing short of disaster and, as the historian M.E. Coe describes, “This was surely one of the most profound social and demographic catastrophes of all human history”.

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Info by Mark Cartwright on Ancient HIstory Encyclopedia 

sciencepost.fr
Le "Grand Trou Bleu" du Belize révèle une cause possible de la disparition des Mayas - SciencePost
La civilisation préhispanique des Mayas fascine par l’héritage qu’elle a laissé derrière elle à l’humanité, mais soulève aussi quelques mystères. Parmi eux, la cause de son extinction, aux alentours de 900 apr. J.-C. Une étude américaine pense avoir résolu cette question. C’est le fameux « Grand Trou Bleu » du Belize, cette dépression circulaire située dans les …
Still I Rise

You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I’ll rise.

Does my sassiness upset you?
Why are you beset with gloom?
‘Cause I walk like I’ve got oil wells
Pumping in my living room.

Just like moons and like suns,
With the certainty of tides,
Just like hopes springing high,
Still I’ll rise.

Did you want to see me broken?
Bowed head and lowered eyes?
Shoulders falling down like teardrops,
Weakened by my soulful cries?

Does my haughtiness offend you?
Don’t you take it awful hard
'Cause I laugh like I’ve got gold mines
Diggin’ in my own backyard.

You may shoot me with your words,
You may cut me with your eyes,
You may kill me with your hatefulness,
But still, like air, I’ll rise.

Does my sexiness upset you?
Does it come as a surprise
That I dance like I’ve got diamonds
At the meeting of my thighs?

Out of the huts of history’s shame
I rise
Up from a past that’s rooted in pain
I rise
I’m a black ocean, leaping and wide,
Welling and swelling I bear in the tide.

Leaving behind nights of terror and fear
I rise
Into a daybreak that’s wondrously clear
I rise
Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,
I am the dream and the hope of the slave.
I rise
I rise
I rise.

-
A poem by Maya Angelou

Maya Angelou

Birthed on April 4th 1928. Raised in St. Louis, Missouri and Stamps, Arkansas. Maya is world known for her arts of poetry. She was also an educator, a producer, an actress, a historian, a filmmaker, and an activist. Ms. Angelou had tremendous Faith and values. Her grandmother, Annie Henderson, built the first Johnson grocery store where Maya and her brother Bailey lived along with her injured uncle. Maya dropped out of school (San Francisco’s Labor School) to be the first African-American female cable car conductor. She gave birth to her son, Guy, after graduating high-school. as a single mother she overcame poverty, aimed for a higher education, and dealt with racism of all sorts. Maya Angelou is more than a poet. She was a leader, a voice, a skilled woman, an independent woman, a person who defined perseverance, and will against all odds be the greatest of them all.

Exciting Maya Riviera Adventure Tours

Exciting Maya Riviera Adventure Tours

The Mayan Riviera or also called Riviera Maya is in the Yucatan Peninsula’s southeastern portion. This region is blessed with tropical climate, crystal clear sea as well as unspoiled beaches. Also, this region is one of the main centers of the ancient Maya civilization. The Mayan Riviera is the best place to be if you are up form some outdoor adventures that will take you the Mayan ruins.…

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 Augustus Le Plongeon  #THE#CODEX#TROANO                                 
Maya manuscript

“In the year 6 Kan, 11 muluc, in the month of zrc, occurred terrible earthquakes which continued without interruption until 13 Chuen.
The country of the hills of mud, the land of Mu, was sacrificed. ”
“After two commotions, it disappeared during the night, being constantly shaken by subterranean fires that caused the land to sink and reappear several times and in various places *, At last the surface gave way and ten countries were separated and disappeared.
64 million inhabitants sank 8000 years before writing this book. ”

The work of Le Plongeon, who propose the simultaneity of the Mayan and Egyptian civilizations and Maya “contact” with Atlantis is now in the Getty Center in Los Angeles, California. Having no acceptance in the scientific community

image.-
Twin statues of ancient Mayan dignitaries
The detail of the headdress bears an uncanny resemblance to those of the Egyptian pharaohs, who also highlighted the point in front of the third eye.

youtube

Water and Classical Civilizations: Crash Course World History 222  

In which John Green teaches you about water! So, we talk about resources a lot on Crash Course, and today is no exception. It turns out people can’t live without water, which means it’s absolutely necessary for civilization. Today John talks about water in the context of classical civilizations, but not like Greece or Rome or something. We’re talking about the Maya civilization in Central America, and the Khmer civilization in what is now Cambodia. So this is an awesome video, OK?

Mexican researchers decode name on Mayan King Pakal's tomb

More than 60 years after the crypt was discovered, researchers have revealed its name as ‘The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears’

Researchers in Mexico say they have decoded the hieroglyphic name on the tomb of ancient Mayan King Pakal, revealing it to read “The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears”, more than 60 years after the crypt was discovered.

Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruz Lhuillier discovered the burial crypt at the Paelenque archaeological site in 1948. But new research into the jaguar, a sacred animal for the Maya civilization, has led Guillermo Bernal, from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), to make a link with other hieroglyphics of the same form.

Related: Liquid mercury found under Mexican pyramid could lead to king’s tomb

Continue reading…

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Mexico researchers decode name on Mayan King Pakal's tomb

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Researchers in Mexico say they have decoded the hieroglyphic name on the Palenque tomb of ancient Mayan King Pakal, revealing it to read “The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears”, more than sixty years after the crypt was discovered.
Mexican archaeologist Alberto Ruz Lhuillier discovered the burial crypt in 1948 and new research into the jaguar, a sacred animal for the Maya civilization, led Guillermo Bernal, from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), to make a link with other hieroglyphics of the same form.
“This is a name linked with war and an aspect which was not previously known as the hieroglyphic (could not be) deciphered until now,” Bernal, from UNAM’s Mayan Studies Centre, told a news conference in Mexico City on Monday.
“‘The House of the Nine Sharpened Spears’ is a denomination represented by the nine warriors in the walls of the tomb.”
Born in the seventh century, King K'inich Janaab’ Pakal is said to have ascended to the throne aged 12. He led a prosperous government in the ancient city of Palenque and is believed to have been behind the building of its finest architecture.
“This expression is more commonly seen in the classical period, specifically in the eighth century between the years 700 CE to 800 CE, which is the last century of the Mayan culture and very close to its collapse,” Bernal said.
“In the years following 800 CE, the Mayan cities started to collapse. That (event) has a strong relationship with the frequency of the number of wars which began in this century.”
The Maya civilization, which developed hieroglyphic writing, a calendar and astronomical system, reached its peak of influence between AD 250 and 900, extending its reach over what is now Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.

(Reporting By Reuters Television; Writing by Marie-Louise Gumuchian)