maya-civilizations

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Eric S. Thompson - Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs, 1962.

The Mayan script, also known as Mayan glyphs or Mayan hieroglyphs, is the writing system of the Maya civilization of Mesoamerica, currently the only Mesoamerican writing system that has been substantially deciphered. The earliest inscriptions found, which are identifiably Maya, date to the 3rd century BCE in San Bartolo, Guatemala. Maya writing used logograms complemented by a set of syllabic glyphs, somewhat similar in function to modern Japanese writing. Mayan writing was called “hieroglyphics” or hieroglyphs by early European explorers of the 18th and 19th centuries who did not understand it but found its general appearance reminiscent of Egyptian hieroglyphs, to which the Mayan writing system is not at all related.

The Maya hieroglypic writing is arguably one of the most visually striking writing systems of the world. It is also very complex, with hundreds of unique signs or glyphs in the form of humans, animals, supernaturals, objects, and abstract designs. These signs are either logograms (to express meaning) or syllabograms (to denote sound values), and are used to write words, phrases, and sentences. In fact, the Maya can write anything that they can say.

The Ancient Maya: New Perspectives

Temples lost in the rainforest. Strange inscriptions and ritual bloodletting. Such are the images popularly associated with the ancient Maya of Central America. But who really were the people of this lost civilization? How and why did their culture achieve regional dominance? Could such pressing contemporary problems as climate change and environmental degradation hold the key to the collapse of Maya civilization?

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tsyele asked:

Alistair and Merrill :)

Alistair: Describe something someone could do to make your heart melt.

Already answered 


Merrill: Do you like history? If so, what culture is most fascinating?

omg, I love, love, love, LOVE history!!!

I took AP World History in High School and I took a few African American History courses in college with some amazing professors. One course was on the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (with a unit on Africa before the slave trade) and another one about Masculinity and Feminism in the Black Community (which covered American History from approx. the 1830s-1960s and was very in-depth). 

In terms of “fascinating” cultures, I wouldn’t say these cultures were “fascinating” so much as I’d love to learn more about these societies because I didn’t learn that much to begin with and I always wanted to know more than what I’ve been taught:

  • Mesoamerican societies before European colonization (specifically the Maya civilization)
  • The ancient Indus Valley
  • African societies before the trans-Atlantic slave trade - I know some basic stuff about West African Empires like Ghana, Mali and Songhai and I know about some of the major Swahili city-states, but I know nearly nothing about South Africa or Great Zimbabwe.

Thank you for the ask and sorry for the long ramble!

MAYA 2012: Lords of Time
Penn Museum
Genre: History
Price: Get
Publish Date: April 13, 2012

Ancient Maya civilization flourished long ago in what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. Their distinctive culture gave rise to major cities by 500 BCE. For the next two thousand years, the Maya ruled this area, an independence that ended only with the Spanish Conquest of the New World. The 9th and 10th centuries CE saw a dramatic decline in population in cities that had once been the Maya heartland. Each city faced unique problems including drought, warfare, soil exhaustion, and overpopulation. However, the Maya did not disappear. People of Maya descent, speaking a range of Mayan languages, some using aspects of the ancient Maya Calendar, live today in many parts of Mexico and Central America. Online, in movies, on television, and in print, news has been spreading that a world-transforming apocalypse will happen in December 2012. In recent years, some have claimed that this cataclysmic event was foretold centuries ago in the calendar of the ancient Maya. Beliefs about the exact nature of this cataclysm vary. Some believe that a celestial alignment will bring a series of devastating natural disasters. Others argue that this event will bring enlightenment and a new age of peace. As this date draws closer, new predictions continue to emerge. But what did the Maya really believe?

7

Eric S. Thompson - Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs, 1962.

The Mayan script, also known as Mayan glyphs or Mayan hieroglyphs, is the writing system of the Maya civilization of Mesoamerica, currently the only Mesoamerican writing system that has been substantially deciphered. The earliest inscriptions found, which are identifiably Maya, date to the 3rd century BCE in San Bartolo, Guatemala. Maya writing used logograms complemented by a set of syllabic glyphs, somewhat similar in function to modern Japanese writing. Mayan writing was called “hieroglyphics” or hieroglyphs by early European explorers of the 18th and 19th centuries who did not understand it but found its general appearance reminiscent of Egyptian hieroglyphs, to which the Mayan writing system is not at all related.

The Maya hieroglypic writing is arguably one of the most visually striking writing systems of the world. It is also very complex, with hundreds of unique signs or glyphs in the form of humans, animals, supernaturals, objects, and abstract designs. These signs are either logograms (to express meaning) or syllabograms (to denote sound values), and are used to write words, phrases, and sentences. In fact, the Maya can write anything that they can say.

Wikipedia article of the day for January 27, 2016

The Wikipedia article of the day for January 27, 2016 is Maya civilization.
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. The earliest villages developed before 2000 BC. The first Maya cities developed around 750 BC, and by 500 BC these cities possessed monumental architecture. Two hundred years later, the Maya were using Hieroglyphic writing, the most advanced script in the pre-Columbian Americas. Only three of their books of history and ritual knowledge are known for certain to remain. Beginning in the mid third century, the Classic period saw the Maya civilization develop a large number of city-states linked by a complex trade network. In the 9th century, there was a widespread political collapse in the central Maya region. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire colonised the region; the last Maya city fell in 1697. The Maya developed highly sophisticated artforms, complex calendars, and mathematics that included one of the earliest instances of the explicit zero in the world. Maya architecture included palaces, pyramid-temples, and ceremonial ballcourts.

“ Nakum ” (Mayan Ruins) ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
#Maya #Mayan #Mayasite #mayanruins #mayanhistory #abandoned #abandonedplaces #abandonedMayanRuins #History #Mexico #precolumbian #Columbian #guatemala ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Nakum (“House of the pot”) is a Mesoamerican archaeological site, and a former ceremonial center and city of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the northeastern portion of the Petén Basin region, in the modern-day Guatemalan department of Petén. The northeastern Petén region contains a good number of other significant Maya sites, and Nakum is one of the three sites forming the Cultural Triangle of “Yaxha-Nakum-Naranjo”. Nakum is approximately 17 kilometres (10.6 mi) to the north of Yaxha and some 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) to the east of Tikal, on the banks of the Holmul River. Its main features include an abundance of visibly restored architecture, and the roof comb of the site’s main temple structure is one of the best-preserved outside of Tikal. ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
This city has evidence of occupation dating from the Middle Preclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology. For the most part of the Classic period, Nankum appeared to be subordinate to Tikal. Nakum particularly flourished during the Late Classic (c. 8th century—10th century), due to its strategic situation north of Holmul river which was an important trade and communication route during this era. All the visible architecture belongs to this period, there are 15 stelae, Structure A with a triadic top, form along with structure C an astronomical complex. Structure V has vaults and vertical walls. Outside Tikal, it shows the largest corpus of ancient Maya script graffiti in a Classic Maya site. Nankum reached its apogee in the Terminal Classic period and might have achieved political independence around this time. However, it was abandoned soon after its apogee.

Sian Ka’an Adventure

Text and pics by Creamhotel

On our fourth year extended stay in Tulum (Riviera Maya, Mexico) we finally decided to explore the Sian Ka’an biosphere until its tip: Punta Allen. A jeep, a camera and a group of good friends it’s all you need!

The Sian Ka’an biosphere is a UNESCO world heritage site because of its unique natural environment: in addition to hundreds of plant and animal species, including jaguars, crocodiles and cranes, Sian Ka’an is where sea water and fresh water meet. The ocean and the lagoon are, in fact, separated only by the sole narrow road that stretches from the biosphere’s entrance gate to Punta Allen. The proximity of sea and fresh water creates a very particular energy - an empowering one -  that you can feel as you make your way through the reserve.

The lagoon has over 23 archeological sites of the Maya civilization including the Muyil canals, the ancient passages that the Mayans used for their commerce and goods transportation. 

The road was super bumpy but so worth it! Punta Allen is a cute and peaceful fishermen village with a couple of little restaurants on the beach where we ate delicious lobster and ceviche. From the shore you can see the waves breaking on the coral reef, where snorkeling is highly recommended.

The sunrise on the sea side is stunning and the sunset on the lagoon is absolutely breathtaking!


For an authentic Sian Ka’an experience check out Creamhotel’s Sian Ka’an Mansion, situated deep inside the biosphere, right on the beach and with view on the lagoon from the rooftop!

[Daily article] January 27: Maya civilization

[Daily article] January 27: Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. The earliest villages developed before 2000 BC. The first Maya cities developed around 750 BC, and by 500 BC these cities possessed monumental architecture. Two hundred years later,…

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